shirk


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shirk

 (shûrk)
v. shirked, shirk·ing, shirks
v.tr.
To avoid or neglect (a duty or responsibility).
v.intr.
To avoid work or duty.

[Perhaps from German Schurke, scoundrel; akin to Old High German fiurscurgo, demon : fiur, fire + scurigen, to stir up.]

shirk′er n.

shirk

(ʃɜːk)
vb
to avoid discharging (work, a duty, etc); evade
n
a person who shirks
[C17: probably from German Schurke rogue; see shark2]

shirk

(ʃɪːk)
n
(Islam) Islam
a. the fundamental sin of regarding anything as equal to Allah
b. any belief that is considered to be in opposition to Allah and Islam
[from Arabic: association]

shirk

(ʃɜrk)

v.t.
1. to evade (work, duty, etc.).
v.i.
2. to evade work, duty, etc.
n.
3. a shirker.
[1625–35; obscurely akin to shark2]

shirk


Past participle: shirked
Gerund: shirking

Imperative
shirk
shirk
Present
I shirk
you shirk
he/she/it shirks
we shirk
you shirk
they shirk
Preterite
I shirked
you shirked
he/she/it shirked
we shirked
you shirked
they shirked
Present Continuous
I am shirking
you are shirking
he/she/it is shirking
we are shirking
you are shirking
they are shirking
Present Perfect
I have shirked
you have shirked
he/she/it has shirked
we have shirked
you have shirked
they have shirked
Past Continuous
I was shirking
you were shirking
he/she/it was shirking
we were shirking
you were shirking
they were shirking
Past Perfect
I had shirked
you had shirked
he/she/it had shirked
we had shirked
you had shirked
they had shirked
Future
I will shirk
you will shirk
he/she/it will shirk
we will shirk
you will shirk
they will shirk
Future Perfect
I will have shirked
you will have shirked
he/she/it will have shirked
we will have shirked
you will have shirked
they will have shirked
Future Continuous
I will be shirking
you will be shirking
he/she/it will be shirking
we will be shirking
you will be shirking
they will be shirking
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been shirking
you have been shirking
he/she/it has been shirking
we have been shirking
you have been shirking
they have been shirking
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been shirking
you will have been shirking
he/she/it will have been shirking
we will have been shirking
you will have been shirking
they will have been shirking
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been shirking
you had been shirking
he/she/it had been shirking
we had been shirking
you had been shirking
they had been shirking
Conditional
I would shirk
you would shirk
he/she/it would shirk
we would shirk
you would shirk
they would shirk
Past Conditional
I would have shirked
you would have shirked
he/she/it would have shirked
we would have shirked
you would have shirked
they would have shirked
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.shirk - avoid (one's assigned duties); "The derelict soldier shirked his duties"
avoid - refrain from doing something; "She refrains from calling her therapist too often"; "He should avoid publishing his wife's memories"
scrimshank - British military language: avoid work
malinger, skulk - avoid responsibilities and duties, e.g., by pretending to be ill
slack - avoid responsibilities and work, be idle
2.shirk - avoid dealing with; "She shirks her duties"
avoid - stay clear from; keep away from; keep out of the way of someone or something; "Her former friends now avoid her"

shirk

verb
1. dodge, avoid, evade, get out of, duck (out of) (informal), shun, sidestep, body-swerve (Scot.), bob off (Brit. slang), scrimshank (Brit. military slang) We will not shirk the task of considering the need for further action.
2. skive (Brit. slang), slack, idle, malinger, swing the lead, gold-brick (U.S. slang), bob off (Brit. slang), bludge (Austral. & N.Z. informal), scrimshank (Brit. military slang) He was sacked for shirking.

shirk

verb
1. To avoid the fulfillment of:
Idiom: let slide.
2. To pass time without working or in avoiding work:
bum (around), idle, laze, loaf, loiter, lounge.
Slang: diddle, goldbrick, goof (off).
Translations
يَتَهَرَّب، يَتَمَلَّص
vyhnout se
unddrage sig
koma sér undan
išsisukinėtojas
izvairītiesnovelt

shirk

[ʃɜːk]
A. VT [+ duty] → esquivar, zafarse de
B. VIgandulear

shirk

[ˈʃɜːrk]
vt [+ duty, responsibility] → se dérober à
vi (= avoid work) → tirer au flanc
to shirk from sth
He will not shirk from his responsibilities → Il ne se dérobera pas à ses responsabilités.

shirk

vtsich drücken vor (+dat), → ausweichen (+dat)
visich drücken; you’re shirking!du willst dich drücken!

shirk

[ʃɜːk]
1. vt (duty) → sottrarsi a, sfuggire a; (issue) → ignorare; (work) → scansare
to shirk doing sth → evitare di fare qc
2. vifare lo/a scansafatiche

shirk

(ʃəːk) verb
to avoid doing, accepting responsibility for etc (something one ought to). She shirked telling him the bad news that night.
ˈshirker noun
References in classic literature ?
At seven o'clock the next morning Jurgis was let out to get water to wash his cell--a duty which he performed faithfully, but which most of the prisoners were accustomed to shirk, until their cells became so filthy that the guards interposed.
In fact, I had to simply shirk argu- ment and do the diplomatic instead.
The minute after a step traversed the hall; the open house was too tempting for Heathcliff to resist walking in: most likely he supposed that I was inclined to shirk my promise, and so resolved to trust to his own audacity.
Let him live outside his income, or shirk the resolute honest work that brings wages, and he will presently find himself dreaming of a possible benefactor, a possible simpleton who may be cajoled into using his interest, a possible state of mind in some possible person not yet forthcoming.
Does he think he can shirk his responsibility to his wife because she is my daughter?
When Carlotta heard of the astounding reception bestowed upon her understudy, she was at once cured of an incipient attack of bronchitis and a bad fit of sulking against the management and lost the slightest inclination to shirk her duties.
The gallant combatant came well primed by his master the duke as to how he was to bear himself against the valiant Don Quixote of La Mancha; being warned that he must on no account slay him, but strive to shirk the first encounter so as to avoid the risk of killing him, as he was sure to do if he met him full tilt.
But next morning I perceived clearly enough that my curiosity regarding the Palace of Green Porcelain was a piece of self-deception, to enable me to shirk, by another day, an experience I dreaded.
You may call a lake-fish that will weigh twenty or thirty pounds a serious matter, but to a man who has hauled in a shovel-nosed shirk, d’ye see, it’s but a poor kind of fishing after all.
Well; I didn't mean to dabble in witchcraft to-day, further than the lighting of my pipe, but a witch I am, and a witch I'm likely to be, and there's no use trying to shirk it.
Martin would work, and work hard; he was no shirk, but would he ever feel any responsibility toward his younger brother and sister?
Only thus may we carry the truth to those without, and though the likelihood of our narrative being given credence is, I grant you, remote, so wedded are mortals to their stupid infatuation for impossible superstitions, we should be craven cowards indeed were we to shirk the plain duty which confronts us.