shiver


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Idioms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

shiv·er 1

 (shĭv′ər)
v. shiv·ered, shiv·er·ing, shiv·ers
v.intr.
1. To shake or tremble, as from cold or fear. See Synonyms at shake.
2. To quiver or vibrate, as by the force of the wind.
v.tr. Nautical
To cause (a sail) to flutter by sailing too close to the wind.
n.
1. An instance of shivering or trembling.
2. shivers An attack of shivering. Used with the.

[Middle English chiveren, shiveren.]

shiv·er 2

 (shĭv′ər)
v. shiv·ered, shiv·er·ing, shiv·ers
v.intr.
To break into fragments or splinters; shatter.
v.tr.
To cause to break suddenly into fragments or splinters.
n.
A fragment or splinter.

[Middle English shiveren, from shivere, splinter; see skei- in Indo-European roots.]

shiver

(ˈʃɪvə)
vb (intr)
1. to shake or tremble, as from cold or fear
2. (Nautical Terms)
a. (of a sail) to luff; flap or shake
b. (of a sailing vessel) to sail close enough to the wind to make the sails luff
n
3. the act of shivering; a tremulous motion
4. the shivers an attack of shivering, esp through fear or illness
[C13 chiveren, perhaps variant of chevelen to chatter (used of teeth), from Old English ceafl jowl1]
ˈshiverer n
ˈshivering adj

shiver

(ˈʃɪvə)
vb
to break or cause to break into fragments
n
a splintered piece
[C13: of Germanic origin; compare Old High German scivaro, Middle Dutch scheveren to shiver, Old Norse skīfa to split]

shiv•er1

(ˈʃɪv ər)

v.i.
1. to shake or tremble with cold, fear, excitement, etc.
2.
a. (of a fore-and-aft sail) to shake when too close to the wind.
b. (of a sailing vessel) to be headed so close to the wind that the sails shake.
n.
3. a tremulous motion; a tremble or quiver.
4. the shivers, an attack of shivering or chills.
[1400–50]

shiv•er2

(ˈʃɪv ər)

v.t., v.i.
1. to break or split into fragments.
n.
2. a fragment; splinter.
[1150–1200; (n.) Middle English schivere slice, fragment, c. Old High German scivaro splinter]

shiver


Past participle: shivered
Gerund: shivering

Imperative
shiver
shiver
Present
I shiver
you shiver
he/she/it shivers
we shiver
you shiver
they shiver
Preterite
I shivered
you shivered
he/she/it shivered
we shivered
you shivered
they shivered
Present Continuous
I am shivering
you are shivering
he/she/it is shivering
we are shivering
you are shivering
they are shivering
Present Perfect
I have shivered
you have shivered
he/she/it has shivered
we have shivered
you have shivered
they have shivered
Past Continuous
I was shivering
you were shivering
he/she/it was shivering
we were shivering
you were shivering
they were shivering
Past Perfect
I had shivered
you had shivered
he/she/it had shivered
we had shivered
you had shivered
they had shivered
Future
I will shiver
you will shiver
he/she/it will shiver
we will shiver
you will shiver
they will shiver
Future Perfect
I will have shivered
you will have shivered
he/she/it will have shivered
we will have shivered
you will have shivered
they will have shivered
Future Continuous
I will be shivering
you will be shivering
he/she/it will be shivering
we will be shivering
you will be shivering
they will be shivering
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been shivering
you have been shivering
he/she/it has been shivering
we have been shivering
you have been shivering
they have been shivering
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been shivering
you will have been shivering
he/she/it will have been shivering
we will have been shivering
you will have been shivering
they will have been shivering
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been shivering
you had been shivering
he/she/it had been shivering
we had been shivering
you had been shivering
they had been shivering
Conditional
I would shiver
you would shiver
he/she/it would shiver
we would shiver
you would shiver
they would shiver
Past Conditional
I would have shivered
you would have shivered
he/she/it would have shivered
we would have shivered
you would have shivered
they would have shivered
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.shiver - a reflex motion caused by cold or fear or excitementshiver - a reflex motion caused by cold or fear or excitement
2.shiver - an almost pleasurable sensation of frightshiver - an almost pleasurable sensation of fright; "a frisson of surprise shot through him"
fear, fearfulness, fright - an emotion experienced in anticipation of some specific pain or danger (usually accompanied by a desire to flee or fight)
Verb1.shiver - tremble convulsively, as from fear or excitement
tremble - move or jerk quickly and involuntarily up and down or sideways; "His hands were trembling when he signed the document"
2.shiver - shake, as from cold; "The children are shivering--turn on the heat!"
move involuntarily, move reflexively - move in an uncontrolled manner

shiver

verb
1. shudder, shake, tremble, quake, quiver, palpitate He shivered in the cold.
noun
1. tremble, shake, shudder, quiver, thrill, trembling, flutter, tremor, frisson (French) Alice gave a shiver of delight.
the shivers the shakes, a chill (informal), goose pimples, goose flesh, chattering teeth My boss gives me the shivers.

shiver 1

verb
To move to and fro in short, jerky movements:
noun
1. A nervous shaking of the body:
2. A state of nervous restlessness or agitation.Used in plural:
fidget (often used in plural), jitter (used in plural), jump (used in plural), tremble (often used in plural).
Informal: all-overs, shake (used in plural).

shiver 2

verb
To crack or split into two or more fragments by means of or as a result of force, a blow, or strain:
Translations
إرْتِجافيَرْتَجِفيَرْتَعِشُ
třást sechvění
skælveskælvenrysterysten
hytistä
drhtati
dideregdidergés
hrollur, skjálftiskjálfa, nötra
震える
덜덜 떨다
drebuliodrebulysšiurpulyssukeliantis drebulįtirtantis
drebētdrebuļitrīcēttrīsas
tresti se
skaka
สั่นเพราะหนาวหรือความกลัว
titremekürpermeürpermektitreme
lạnh run

shiver

1 [ˈʃɪvəʳ]
A. N (with cold) → tiritón m; [of horror etc] → escalofrío m
it sent shivers down my spineme dio escalofríos
it gives me the shivers (fear) → me da horror
to get the shivers (fear) → aterrorizarse, sentir escalofríos de miedo
B. VI (with cold) → tiritar; (with emotion) → temblar, estremecerse

shiver

2 [ˈʃɪvəʳ]
A. VT (= break) → romper, hacer añicos

shiver

[ˈʃɪvər]
n (from cold)frisson m; (from fear, pleasure, excitement)frisson m
a shiver of delight → un frisson de plaisir
to send shivers down sb's spine (with fear)faire froid dans le dos à qn; (with pleasure)faire frissonner qn de plaisir
vi (with cold)frissonner; (with fear)trembler; (with pleasure, excitement)frissonner
to be shivering with cold → frissonner de froid
to be shivering with fear → trembler de peur

shiver

1
n
(of cold)Schauer m; (of horror)Schauder m, → Schauer m; a shiver of coldein kalter Schauer; a shiver ran down my spinees lief mir kalt den Rücken hinunter; a little shiver of fear ran down my spineein Angstschauer überlief mich; the sight sent shivers down my spinebei dem Anblick lief es mir kalt den Rücken hinunter or überlief es mich kalt; his touch sent shivers down her spinees durchzuckte sie bei seiner Berührung
(fig) to get the shiverseine Gänsehaut kriegen; it gives me the shiversich kriege davon eine Gänsehaut
vizittern (→ with vor +dat); (with fear also) → schaudern

shiver

2
nSplitter m, → Scherbe f

shiver

1 [ˈʃɪvəʳ]
1. nbrivido
it sends shivers down my spine, it gives me the shivers → mi fa venire i brividi
2. vi to shiver (with) (cold, fear) → rabbrividire (da), tremare (da)

shiver

2 [ˈʃɪvəʳ] (liter)
1. vtfrantumare
2. vifrantumarsi
3. n (of glass) → scheggia

shiver

(ˈʃivə) verb
to quiver or tremble (with cold, fear etc).
noun
an act of shivering.
ˈshivery adjective
inclined to shiver. The mention of ghosts gave her a shivery feeling.
the shivers
a feeling of horror. The thought of working for him gives me the shivers.

shiver

يَرْتَعِشُ třást se skælve zittern ριγώ tiritar hytistä frissonner drhtati rabbrividire 震える 덜덜 떨다 rillen skjelve zadrżeć tremer дрожать skaka สั่นเพราะหนาวหรือความกลัว titremek lạnh run 颤抖

shiv·er

n. estremecimiento, escalofrío, temblor;
v. tener escalofríos; tiritar de frío; estremecerse.

shiver

n escalofrío; vi tiritar, temblar (de frío o miedo)
References in classic literature ?
It's cold and dull out, and I advise you to stay warm and dry by the fire, as I do," said Meg with a shiver.
With a shiver of dread the boy arose and went along the road toward town.
was the guide's remark, and something like a cold shiver of fear passed over the white members of the party.
It was a day of amber sunlight, but there was a shiver of coming winter in the air.
They shiver in their loneliness, be it on a mountain-top or in a dungeon.
As he went back he did not shiver so, he had more courage for his task; the deadly brutalizing monotony of it did not afflict him so,--he had ideas while he worked, and took a more cheerful view of his circumstances.
A city cemetery could contain the coffins filled by that brief Terror which we have all been so diligently taught to shiver at and mourn over; but all France could hardly contain the coffins filled by that older and real Terror -- that unspeakably bitter and awful Terror which none of us has been taught to see in its vastness or pity as it deserves.
A kind of cold shiver went through me, and then I struck out for her.
At last, when Tom was describing one of the roughest and raggedest ones, he gave a shiver and a gasp and says:
A change had taken place in the weather the preceding evening, and a keen north-east wind, whistling through the crevices of our bedroom windows all night long, had made us shiver in our beds, and turned the contents of the ewers to ice.
On that bleak hill-top the earth was hard with a black frost, and the air made me shiver through every limb.
Crux -- a room about as long as your street here -- so dreary, so dirty, and so dreadfully cold that I shiver at the bare recollection of it.