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shock 1

1. A violent collision, impact, or explosion, or the force or movement resulting from this: The shock of the explosion blew out windows of every building on the street.
a. Something that suddenly causes emotional distress: The news of his death was a shock to all of us.
b. A sudden feeling of distress: The shock of the news has not yet worn off.
3. A massive, acute physiological reaction usually to physical trauma, infection, or allergy, characterized by a marked loss of blood pressure, resulting in a diminished blood flow to body tissues and a rapid heart rate.
4. The sensation and muscular spasm caused by an electric current passing through the body or a body part.
5. A sudden economic disturbance, such as a rise in the price of a commodity.
6. A shock absorber.
v. shocked, shock·ing, shocks
1. To surprise and disturb greatly: We were shocked by his admission of wrongdoing.
2. To induce a state of physical shock in (an animal or person).
a. To subject (an animal or person) to an electric shock.
b. To administer electric current to (a patient) to treat cardiac arrest or life-threatening arrhythmias.
c. To administer electroconvulsive therapy to (a patient).
v.intr. Archaic
To come into contact violently, as in battle; collide.

[French choc, from choquer, to collide with, from Old French chuquier, perhaps of Germanic origin.]

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shock 2

1. A number of sheaves of grain stacked upright in a field for drying.
2. A thick heavy mass: a shock of white hair.
tr.v. shocked, shock·ing, shocks
To gather (grain) into shocks.

[Middle English shok.]


1. very upset; in a state of shock
2. surprised and scandalized
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adj.1.shocked - struck with fear, dread, or consternationshocked - struck with fear, dread, or consternation
afraid - filled with fear or apprehension; "afraid even to turn his head"; "suddenly looked afraid"; "afraid for his life"; "afraid of snakes"; "afraid to ask questions"


[ʃɒkt] ADJ
1. (= horrified) → espantado; (= surprised) → estupefacto
I was shocked at the verdictel veredicto me dejó espantado
don't look so shocked!¡no pongas esa cara de sorpresa!
there was a shocked silencehubo un silencio de estupefacción
the jury listened to the tape in shocked silenceel jurado escuchaba la cinta enmudecido por el espanto
2. (= outraged, offended) → escandalizado
shocked listeners/viewers rang up in their thousandsmiles de oyentes/espectadores llamaron escandalizados


[ˈʃɒkt] adj
(= scandalized) → choqué(e)
He'll be shocked if you say that → Il va être choqué si tu dis ça., Tu vas le choquer si tu dis ça.
(= upset) → bouleversé(e)


adjerschüttert, bestürzt; (= indignant, outraged)schockiert, empört; (= amazed)geschockt (inf); to be shocked (Med) → unter Schock stehen, in einem Schockzustand sein; the patient is badly shockedder Patient hat einen schweren Schock (erlitten)
References in classic literature ?
Laurie smiled but didn't seem shocked, and answered with a shrug.
One Sunday morning in the summer as he sat by his desk in the room with a large Bible opened be- fore him, and the sheets of his sermon scattered about, the minister was shocked to see, in the upper room of the house next door, a woman lying in her bed and smoking a cigarette while she read a book.
Shimerda; I gathered that the neighbours were all disturbed and shocked about something.
David began to utter sounds that would have shocked his delicate organs in more wakeful moments; in short, all but Hawkeye and the Mohicans lost every idea of consciousness, in uncontrollable drowsiness.
At another time Christie would have questioned the convincing quality of this proof, but she was too much shocked at her father's first suggestion, to think of anything else.
She shocked no canon of taste; she was admirably in keeping with herself, and never jarred against surrounding circumstances.
It perplexed, as well as shocked her, by the irreverent inopportuneness of the occasions that brought it into vivid action.
It seemed as though, by some nameless, interior volition, he would fain have shocked into them the same fiery emotion accumulated within the Leyden jar of his own magnetic life.
Because I feel sure that in the crowd that has come to me tonight, no matter how many may be dull and heedless, no matter how many may have come out of idle curiosity, or in order to ridicule--there will be some one man whom pain and suffering have made desperate, whom some chance vision of wrong and horror has startled and shocked into attention.
The trader was not shocked nor amazed; because, as we said before, he was used to a great many things that you are not used to.
A man who has not seen a friend for a generation, keeps him in mind always as he saw him last, and is somehow surprised, and is also shocked, to see the aging change the years have wrought when he sees him again.
He laughed at the idea, and went rambling on with a detailed account of his talk with the judge, and how shocked and ashamed the judge was to find that he had a coward in his family.