short circuit


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short circuit

n.
A low-resistance connection between two points in an electric circuit through which the current tends to flow rather than along the intended path. A short circuit can damage the circuit by overheating.

short circuit

n
(Electronics) a faulty or accidental connection between two points of different potential in an electric circuit, bypassing the load and establishing a path of low resistance through which an excessive current can flow. It can cause damage to the components if the circuit is not protected by a fuse
vb
1. (Electronics) to develop or cause to develop a short circuit
2. (tr) to bypass (a procedure, regulation, etc)
3. (tr) to hinder or frustrate (plans, etc)
Sometimes (for senses 1, 2) shortened to: short

short′ cir′cuit


n.
an abnormal condition of relatively low resistance between two points of differing potential in a circuit, usu. resulting in a flow of excess current.
[1875–80]

short′-cir′cuit



v.t.
1.
a. to make (a switch, etc.) inoperable by establishing a short circuit in.
b. to carry (a current) as a short circuit.
2. to bypass, impede, or frustrate.
v.i.
3. to form or become disabled by a short circuit.
[1870–75]

short circuit

(shôrt)
A path that allows most of the current in an electric circuit to flow around or away from the principal elements or devices in the circuit. Short circuits can cause too much current to flow through one part of the circuit, often causing the circuit to break.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.short circuit - accidental contact between two points in an electric circuit that have a potential difference
circuit, electric circuit, electrical circuit - an electrical device that provides a path for electrical current to flow
tangency, contact - (electronics) a junction where things (as two electrical conductors) touch or are in physical contact; "they forget to solder the contacts"
Translations
عُطل تَماس
krátké spojenízkrat
kortslutning
oikosulku
rövidzárlat
skammhlaup
ショート短絡短絡する
krátke spojenie
kısa devre

short circuit

n (Elec) → cortocircuito

short

(ʃoːt) adjective
1. not long. You look nice with your hair short; Do you think my dress is too short?
2. not tall; smaller than usual. a short man.
3. not lasting long; brief. a short film; in a very short time; I've a very short memory for details.
4. not as much as it should be. When I checked my change, I found it was 20 cents short.
5. (with of) not having enough (money etc). Most of us are short of money these days.
6. (of pastry) made so that it is crisp and crumbles easily.
adverb
1. suddenly; abruptly. He stopped short when he saw me.
2. not as far as intended. The shot fell short.
ˈshortness noun
ˈshortage (-tidʒ) noun
a lack; the state of not having enough. a shortage of water.
ˈshorten verb
to make or become shorter. The dress is too long – we'll have to shorten it.
ˈshortening noun
(especially American) the fat used for making pastry.
ˈshortly adverb
soon. He will be here shortly; Shortly after that, the police arrived.
shorts noun plural
short trousers for men or women.
ˈshortbread noun
a kind of crisp, crumbling biscuit.
ˌshort-ˈchange verb
to cheat (a buyer) by giving him too little change.
short circuit the missing out by an electric current of a part of an electrical circuit (verb ˌshort-ˈcircuit)
ˈshortcoming noun
a fault.
ˈshortcut noun
a quicker way between two places. I'm in a hurry – I'll take a shortcut across the field.
ˈshorthand noun
a method of writing rapidly, using strokes, dots etc to represent sounds.
ˌshort-ˈhanded adjective
having fewer workers than are necessary or usual.
ˈshort-list noun
a list of candidates selected from the total number of applicants for a job etc.
verb
to put on a short-list. We've short-listed three of the twenty applicants.
ˌshort-ˈlived (-ˈlivd) , ((American) -ˈlaivd) adjective
living or lasting only for a short time. short-lived insects; short-lived enthusiasm.
ˌshort-ˈrange adjective
1. not reaching a long distance. short-range missiles.
2. not covering a long time. a short-range weather forecast.
ˌshort-ˈsighted adjective
seeing clearly only things that are near. I don't recognize people at a distance because I'm short-sighted.
ˌshort-ˈsightedly adverb
ˌshort-ˈsightedness noun
ˌshort-ˈtempered adjective
easily made angry. My husband is very short-tempered in the mornings.
ˌshort-ˈterm adjective
1. concerned only with the near future. short-term plans.
2. lasting only a short time. a short-term loan.
by a short head
by a very small amount. to win by a short head.
for short
as an abbreviation. His name is Victor, but we call him Vic for short.
go short
to cause oneself not to have enough of something. Save this carton for tomorrow, or else we'll go short (of milk).
in short
in a few words.
in short supply
not available in sufficient quantity. Fresh vegetables are in short supply.
make short work of
to dispose of very quickly. The children made short work of the ice-cream.
run short
1. (of a supply) to become insufficient. Our money is running short.
2. (with of) not to have enough. We're running short of money.
short and sweet
His reply was short and sweet: `Get out!' he shouted.
short for
an abbreviation of. `Phone' is short for `telephone'; What is `Ltd.' short for?
short of
not as far as or as much as. Our total came to just short of $1,000; We stopped five miles short of London.
References in classic literature ?
Wherefore East and Tom, for no earthly pleasure except that of doing what they are told not to do, start away, after second lesson, and making a short circuit through the fields, strike a back lane which leads into the town, go down it, and run plump upon one of the masters as they emerge into the High Street.
According to the details, suddenly a shop of weapons had caught fire due to electricity short circuit and rapidly spread to other three shops of weapons at Aslam Market of Dara Adam Khel on early Wednesday morning.
The NCP112x series regulators feature 650V avalanche rated MOSFET; frequency foldback down to 26kHz and skip cycle in light load conditions; 50ms timer-based auto-recovery short circuit protection; option for auto-recovery or latched short circuit protection; has less than 100mW stand-by power at high line; fixed frequency 65kHz or 100kHz current mode control operation; adjustable current limit with external resistor; frequency jittering in normal and frequency foldback modes; and come in Pb-free PDIP-7 packages.
The reason being that different cable cleats are designed to withstand specific forces, meaning the only thing underspecified cleats will do in a short circuit situation is add to the shrapnel.
The adaptive pulsed GMAW process with combined metal transfer mode such as spray and short circuit is designed so as to adjust for parameter variations and disturbances of the process, improving weld quality, process effectiveness and efficiency.
The test laboratory in Arnhem already has four ALSTOM short circuit generators in operation since 1970 for the testing of electrical grid components such as high power transformers, circuit breakers and switch gear.
The fire broke out due to short circuit in the air-conditioner.
CHICAGO-Boeing engineers investigating problems with the new Dreamliner 787's batteries say the short circuits might have been caused by metal whiskers.
They said the fire started following a short circuit in an air-conditioner.
The report revealed that the fire was caused by a short circuit in the AC system due to a wrong wire connection.
It said the the cause was most likely to be an electrical short circuit.
The power grid at Kondli caught fire after a cat entered and caused a short circuit.