shorten


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short·en

 (shôr′tn)
v. short·ened, short·en·ing, short·ens
v.tr.
1. To make short or shorter.
2. To reduce in force, efficacy, or intensity.
3. To add shortening to (dough) so as to make flaky.
4. Nautical To take in (a sail, sails, or part of a sail) so that less canvas is exposed to the wind, thereby reducing speed: shortened sail in advance of the storm.
v.intr.
To become short or shorter.

short′en·er n.
Synonyms: shorten, abbreviate, abridge, curtail, truncate
These verbs mean to reduce something in length, duration, or extent: shortened his life by smoking; abbreviated the speech for the television news show; abridged the book as an essay; curtailed their visit by a week; truncated the conversation by saying goodbye.
Antonym: lengthen

shorten

(ˈʃɔːtən)
vb
1. to make or become short or shorter
2. (Nautical Terms) (tr) nautical to reduce the area of (sail)
3. (Cookery) (tr) to make (pastry, bread, etc) short, by adding butter or another fat
4. (Gambling, except Cards) gambling to cause (the odds) to lessen or (of odds) to become less
ˈshortener n

short•en

(ˈʃɔr tn)

v.t.
1. to make short or shorter.
2. to reduce, decrease, take in, etc.: to shorten sail.
3. to make (pastry, bread, etc.) short, as with butter or other fat.
v.i.
4. to become short or shorter.
5. (of odds) to decrease.
[1425–75]
short′en•er, n.
syn: shorten, abbreviate, abridge, curtail mean to make shorter or briefer. shorten is a general word meaning to make less in extent or duration: to shorten a dress; to shorten a prison sentence. The other three terms suggest methods of shortening. abbreviate usu. means to shorten a word or group of words, as by omission of letters: to abbreviate a name. To abridge is to reduce in length or size by condensing, summarizing, and the like: to abridge a document. curtail suggests a lack of completeness due to the omission of some part: to curtail an explanation.

shorten


Past participle: shortened
Gerund: shortening

Imperative
shorten
shorten
Present
I shorten
you shorten
he/she/it shortens
we shorten
you shorten
they shorten
Preterite
I shortened
you shortened
he/she/it shortened
we shortened
you shortened
they shortened
Present Continuous
I am shortening
you are shortening
he/she/it is shortening
we are shortening
you are shortening
they are shortening
Present Perfect
I have shortened
you have shortened
he/she/it has shortened
we have shortened
you have shortened
they have shortened
Past Continuous
I was shortening
you were shortening
he/she/it was shortening
we were shortening
you were shortening
they were shortening
Past Perfect
I had shortened
you had shortened
he/she/it had shortened
we had shortened
you had shortened
they had shortened
Future
I will shorten
you will shorten
he/she/it will shorten
we will shorten
you will shorten
they will shorten
Future Perfect
I will have shortened
you will have shortened
he/she/it will have shortened
we will have shortened
you will have shortened
they will have shortened
Future Continuous
I will be shortening
you will be shortening
he/she/it will be shortening
we will be shortening
you will be shortening
they will be shortening
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been shortening
you have been shortening
he/she/it has been shortening
we have been shortening
you have been shortening
they have been shortening
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been shortening
you will have been shortening
he/she/it will have been shortening
we will have been shortening
you will have been shortening
they will have been shortening
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been shortening
you had been shortening
he/she/it had been shortening
we had been shortening
you had been shortening
they had been shortening
Conditional
I would shorten
you would shorten
he/she/it would shorten
we would shorten
you would shorten
they would shorten
Past Conditional
I would have shortened
you would have shortened
he/she/it would have shortened
we would have shortened
you would have shortened
they would have shortened
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.shorten - make shorter than originally intended; reduce or retrench in length or duration; "He shortened his trip due to illness"
foreshorten - shorten lines in a drawing so as to create an illusion of depth
curtail, cut short, clip - terminate or abbreviate before its intended or proper end or its full extent; "My speech was cut short"; "Personal freedom is curtailed in many countries"
syncopate - omit a sound or letter in a word; "syncopate a word"
cut short, truncate - make shorter as if by cutting off; "truncate a word"; "Erosion has truncated the ridges of the mountains"
cut down, reduce, trim back, trim down, cut, cut back, trim, bring down - cut down on; make a reduction in; "reduce your daily fat intake"; "The employer wants to cut back health benefits"
lengthen - make longer; "Lengthen this skirt, please"
2.shorten - reduce in scope while retaining essential elementsshorten - reduce in scope while retaining essential elements; "The manuscript must be shortened"
bowdlerise, bowdlerize, expurgate, castrate, shorten - edit by omitting or modifying parts considered indelicate; "bowdlerize a novel"
edit out, edit, cut - cut and assemble the components of; "edit film"; "cut recording tape"
condense, concentrate, digest - make more concise; "condense the contents of a book into a summary"
minify, decrease, lessen - make smaller; "He decreased his staff"
3.shorten - make short or shorter; "shorten the skirt"; "shorten the rope by a few inches"
alter, change, modify - cause to change; make different; cause a transformation; "The advent of the automobile may have altered the growth pattern of the city"; "The discussion has changed my thinking about the issue"
cut - shorten as if by severing the edges or ends of; "cut my hair"
4.shorten - become short or shorter; "In winter, the days shorten"
decrease, diminish, lessen, fall - decrease in size, extent, or range; "The amount of homework decreased towards the end of the semester"; "The cabin pressure fell dramatically"; "her weight fell to under a hundred pounds"; "his voice fell to a whisper"
lengthen - become long or longer; "In Spring, the days lengthen"
5.shorten - edit by omitting or modifying parts considered indelicate; "bowdlerize a novel"
abbreviate, abridge, foreshorten, shorten, contract, reduce, cut - reduce in scope while retaining essential elements; "The manuscript must be shortened"

shorten

verb
2. turn up, trim It's a simple matter to shorten trouser legs.
3. get shorter, contract, diminish, dwindle, shrink When the days shorten, some people suffer from depression.

shorten

verb
To make short or shorter the duration or extent of:
Translations
يُقَصِّر
zkrátit
forkorte
megrövidít
stytta
krajšatikrajšati seskrajšati
kısal mak

shorten

[ˈʃɔːtn]
A. VT (gen) → acortar; [+ journey etc] → acortar, abreviar; [+ rations etc] → reducir
B. VI (gen) → acortarse, reducirse
the days are shorteninglos días se están acortando
the odds have shortenedlos puntos de ventaja se han reducido

shorten

[ˈʃɔːrtən]
vt
[+ visit, life] → abréger; [+ journey time] → raccourcir; [+ working hours] → réduire
[+ dress, skirt, trousers] → raccourcir
[+ book, text, programme] → raccourcir, abréger
[+ name, word] → abréger
vi [days, nights] → raccourcir

shorten

vt
(= make shorter)verkürzen; life, nameabkürzen; dress, ropekürzer machen, kürzen; book, programme, letter, syllabus etckürzen; oddsverringern; sailreffen
pastryFett beigeben (+dat)
vi (evenings, days)kürzer werden; (odds)sich verringern

shorten

[ˈʃɔːtn]
1. vt (gen) → accorciare
2. viaccorciarsi

short

(ʃoːt) adjective
1. not long. You look nice with your hair short; Do you think my dress is too short?
2. not tall; smaller than usual. a short man.
3. not lasting long; brief. a short film; in a very short time; I've a very short memory for details.
4. not as much as it should be. When I checked my change, I found it was 20 cents short.
5. (with of) not having enough (money etc). Most of us are short of money these days.
6. (of pastry) made so that it is crisp and crumbles easily.
adverb
1. suddenly; abruptly. He stopped short when he saw me.
2. not as far as intended. The shot fell short.
ˈshortness noun
ˈshortage (-tidʒ) noun
a lack; the state of not having enough. a shortage of water.
ˈshorten verb
to make or become shorter. The dress is too long – we'll have to shorten it.
ˈshortening noun
(especially American) the fat used for making pastry.
ˈshortly adverb
soon. He will be here shortly; Shortly after that, the police arrived.
shorts noun plural
short trousers for men or women.
ˈshortbread noun
a kind of crisp, crumbling biscuit.
ˌshort-ˈchange verb
to cheat (a buyer) by giving him too little change.
short circuit the missing out by an electric current of a part of an electrical circuit (verb ˌshort-ˈcircuit)
ˈshortcoming noun
a fault.
ˈshortcut noun
a quicker way between two places. I'm in a hurry – I'll take a shortcut across the field.
ˈshorthand noun
a method of writing rapidly, using strokes, dots etc to represent sounds.
ˌshort-ˈhanded adjective
having fewer workers than are necessary or usual.
ˈshort-list noun
a list of candidates selected from the total number of applicants for a job etc.
verb
to put on a short-list. We've short-listed three of the twenty applicants.
ˌshort-ˈlived (-ˈlivd) , ((American) -ˈlaivd) adjective
living or lasting only for a short time. short-lived insects; short-lived enthusiasm.
ˌshort-ˈrange adjective
1. not reaching a long distance. short-range missiles.
2. not covering a long time. a short-range weather forecast.
ˌshort-ˈsighted adjective
seeing clearly only things that are near. I don't recognize people at a distance because I'm short-sighted.
ˌshort-ˈsightedly adverb
ˌshort-ˈsightedness noun
ˌshort-ˈtempered adjective
easily made angry. My husband is very short-tempered in the mornings.
ˌshort-ˈterm adjective
1. concerned only with the near future. short-term plans.
2. lasting only a short time. a short-term loan.
by a short head
by a very small amount. to win by a short head.
for short
as an abbreviation. His name is Victor, but we call him Vic for short.
go short
to cause oneself not to have enough of something. Save this carton for tomorrow, or else we'll go short (of milk).
in short
in a few words.
in short supply
not available in sufficient quantity. Fresh vegetables are in short supply.
make short work of
to dispose of very quickly. The children made short work of the ice-cream.
run short
1. (of a supply) to become insufficient. Our money is running short.
2. (with of) not to have enough. We're running short of money.
short and sweet
His reply was short and sweet: `Get out!' he shouted.
short for
an abbreviation of. `Phone' is short for `telephone'; What is `Ltd.' short for?
short of
not as far as or as much as. Our total came to just short of $1,000; We stopped five miles short of London.

shorten

v. acortar.
References in classic literature ?
She bore it very well, and quietly submitted to the family decree that she should not shorten her visit, for since it was too late to say goodbye to Beth, she had better stay, and let absence soften her sorrow.
They're seen only across, as it were, and beyond--in strange places and on high places, the top of towers, the roof of houses, the outside of windows, the further edge of pools; but there's a deep design, on either side, to shorten the distance and overcome the obstacle; and the success of the tempters is only a question of time.
There were a thousand pathetic protests, but I couldn't shorten up any, for I couldn't remember how long a total eclipse lasts.
The captain said we ought to shorten sail anyway, out of common prudence.
I could see that if I wanted to go a-visiting any distance from home, and the wind was ahead, I might have to wait days, maybe, for a change; and I could see, too, that these things could not be any use at all in a gale; if you tried to run before the wind, you would make a mess of it, for there isn't anyway to shorten sail - like reefing, you know - you have to take it ALL in - shut your feathers down flat to your sides.
By-and-by, fatigue began to assert its claims; the children tried to pay attention, for it was dreadful to think of sitting down when time was grown to be so precious, moving, in some direction, in any direction, was at least progress and might bear fruit; but to sit down was to invite death and shorten its pursuit.
The visit was of course short; and there was so much embarrassment and occupation of mind to shorten it, that Emma would not allow herself entirely to form an opinion of the lady, and on no account to give one, beyond the nothingmeaning terms of being "elegantly dressed, and very pleasing.
She recommended it to her daughters, therefore, by all means not to shorten their visit to Mrs.
The best service which I can now render you is to shorten the period of your suspense.
Well, if it was noways wrong to shorten the name, it 'ud be a deal handier.
In that torment they held the poor man, till that often he cried for God's sake to dispatch him; for he had as meikle gold in his awin purse as would buy powder enough to shorten his pain.
We send him forth through our crowded cities, proclaiming that he is the source of all good and evil in the nation, and he, knowing that many people believe it, knowing that it is a lie, and that he is powerless to shorten the working day by one hour, raise wages one penny, or annul the smallest criminal sentence, however unjust it may seem to him; knowing that every miner in the kingdom can manufacture dynamite, and that revolvers are sold for seven and sixpence apiece; knowing that he is not bullet proof, and that every king in Europe has been shot at in the streets; he must smile and bow and maintain an expression of gracious enjoyment whilst the mayor and corporation inflict upon him the twaddling address he has heard a thousand times before.