shoulder


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Related to shoulder: rotator cuff, frozen shoulder, shoulder muscles, Shoulder pain

shoul·der

 (shōl′dər)
n.
1.
a. The joint connecting the arm with the torso.
b. The part of the human body between the neck and upper arm.
2.
a. The joint of a vertebrate animal that connects the forelimb to the trunk.
b. The part of an animal near this joint.
3. often shoulders The area of the back from one shoulder to the other.
4. A cut of meat including the joint of the foreleg and adjacent parts.
5. The portion of a garment that covers the shoulder.
6. An angled or sloping part, as:
a. The angle between the face and flank of a bastion in a fortification.
b. The area between the body and neck of a bottle or vase.
7. The area of an item or object that serves as an abutment or surrounds a projection, as:
a. The end surface of a board from which a tenon projects.
b. Printing The flat surface on the body of type that extends beyond the letter or character.
8. The edge or border running on either side of a roadway.
v. shoul·dered, shoul·der·ing, shoul·ders
v.tr.
1. To carry or place (a burden, for example) on a shoulder or on the shoulders.
2. To take on; assume: shouldered the blame for his friends.
3. To push or apply force to with a shoulder: shouldered the dresser against the wall.
4. To make (one's way) by shoving one's shoulders.
v.intr.
1. To push with a shoulder.
2. To make one's way by shoving one's shoulders.
Idioms:
put (one's) shoulder to the wheel
To apply oneself vigorously; make a concentrated effort.
shoulder to shoulder
1. In close proximity; side by side.
2. In close cooperation.
straight from the shoulder
1. Delivered directly from the shoulder. Used of a punch.
2. Honestly; candidly.

[Middle English shulder, from Old English sculdor.]

shoulder

(ˈʃəʊldə)
n
1. (Anatomy) the part of the vertebrate body where the arm or a corresponding forelimb joins the trunk: the pectoral girdle and associated structures
2. (Anatomy) the joint at the junction of the forelimb with the pectoral girdle
3. (Cookery) a cut of meat including the upper part of the foreleg
4. (Printing, Lithography & Bookbinding) printing the flat surface of a piece of type from which the face rises
5. (Tanning) tanning the portion of a hide covering the shoulders and neck of the animal, usually including the cheeks
6. (Clothing & Fashion) the part of a garment that covers the shoulder
7. anything that resembles a shoulder in shape or position
8. (Automotive Engineering) the strip of unpaved land that borders a road
9. (Mechanical Engineering) engineering a substantial projection or abrupt change in shape or diameter designed to withstand thrust
10. (Photography) photog the portion of the characteristic curve of a photographic material indicating the maximum density that can be produced on the material
11. (Jewellery) jewellery the part of a ring where the shank joins the setting
12. a shoulder to cry on a person one turns to for sympathy with one's troubles
13. give someone the cold shoulder informal
a. to treat someone in a cold manner; snub
b. to ignore or shun someone
14. put one's shoulder to the wheel informal to work very hard
15. rub shoulders with See rub11
16. shoulder to shoulder
a. side by side or close together
b. in a corporate effort
vb
17. (tr) to bear or carry (a burden, responsibility, etc) as if on one's shoulders
18. to push (something) with or as if with the shoulder
19. (tr) to lift or carry on the shoulders
20. (Military) shoulder arms military to bring the rifle vertically close to the right side with the muzzle uppermost and held at the trigger guard
[Old English sculdor; related to Old High German sculterra]

shoul•der

(ˈʃoʊl dər)

n.
1. the part on either side of the human body where the arm joins with the trunk, extending from the base of the neck to the upper arm.
2. Usu., shoulders. these two parts together with the part of the back joining them.
3. a corresponding part in animals.
4. the upper foreleg and adjoining parts of a sheep, goat, etc.
5. the part of a garment that fits over the shoulder.
6. a shoulderlike part or projection.
7. a cut of meat that includes the upper joint of the foreleg.
8. Often, shoulders. capacity for bearing responsibility or blame: The duty rests on our shoulders.
9. a steplike change in the contour of an object.
10. the flat surface on a type body extending beyond the base of the letter or character.
11. a border alongside a roadway.
v.t.
12. to push with or as if with the shoulder.
13. to support or carry on the shoulder or shoulders: to shoulder a knapsack.
14. to assume as a responsibility: We shouldered the expense.
v.i.
15. to push with or as if with the shoulder: shouldering through a crowd.
Idioms:
shoulder to shoulder, side by side; with united effort.
[before 900; Middle English sholder, s(c)hulder, Old English sculdor, c. Old Frisian skuldere, Old High German sculter(r)a]

shoulder

  • hobo - A style of handbag or purse that is typically large and characterized by a crescent shape, a slouchy posture and a long strap designed to wear over the shoulder.
  • lane - A narrow, often bucolic, path that lacks a shoulder or median; it can also be a division of a larger road.
  • jowl - The head and shoulders of certain fishes, such as salmon and sturgeon.
  • trousseau - The French diminutive of truss or bundle—the thing that tramps or runaways carry tied to a stick over their shoulders.

shoulder


Past participle: shouldered
Gerund: shouldering

Imperative
shoulder
shoulder
Present
I shoulder
you shoulder
he/she/it shoulders
we shoulder
you shoulder
they shoulder
Preterite
I shouldered
you shouldered
he/she/it shouldered
we shouldered
you shouldered
they shouldered
Present Continuous
I am shouldering
you are shouldering
he/she/it is shouldering
we are shouldering
you are shouldering
they are shouldering
Present Perfect
I have shouldered
you have shouldered
he/she/it has shouldered
we have shouldered
you have shouldered
they have shouldered
Past Continuous
I was shouldering
you were shouldering
he/she/it was shouldering
we were shouldering
you were shouldering
they were shouldering
Past Perfect
I had shouldered
you had shouldered
he/she/it had shouldered
we had shouldered
you had shouldered
they had shouldered
Future
I will shoulder
you will shoulder
he/she/it will shoulder
we will shoulder
you will shoulder
they will shoulder
Future Perfect
I will have shouldered
you will have shouldered
he/she/it will have shouldered
we will have shouldered
you will have shouldered
they will have shouldered
Future Continuous
I will be shouldering
you will be shouldering
he/she/it will be shouldering
we will be shouldering
you will be shouldering
they will be shouldering
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been shouldering
you have been shouldering
he/she/it has been shouldering
we have been shouldering
you have been shouldering
they have been shouldering
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been shouldering
you will have been shouldering
he/she/it will have been shouldering
we will have been shouldering
you will have been shouldering
they will have been shouldering
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been shouldering
you had been shouldering
he/she/it had been shouldering
we had been shouldering
you had been shouldering
they had been shouldering
Conditional
I would shoulder
you would shoulder
he/she/it would shoulder
we would shoulder
you would shoulder
they would shoulder
Past Conditional
I would have shouldered
you would have shouldered
he/she/it would have shouldered
we would have shouldered
you would have shouldered
they would have shouldered
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.shoulder - the part of the body between the neck and the upper armshoulder - the part of the body between the neck and the upper arm
body part - any part of an organism such as an organ or extremity
armpit, axilla, axillary cavity, axillary fossa - the hollow under the arm where it is joined to the shoulder; "they were up to their armpits in water"
torso, trunk, body - the body excluding the head and neck and limbs; "they moved their arms and legs and bodies"
teres, teres muscle - either of two muscles in the shoulder region that move the shoulders and arms
2.shoulder - a cut of meat including the upper joint of the foreleg
cut of meat, cut - a piece of meat that has been cut from an animal carcass
chuck - the part of a forequarter from the neck to the ribs and including the shoulder blade
3.shoulder - a ball-and-socket joint between the head of the humerus and a cavity of the scapulashoulder - a ball-and-socket joint between the head of the humerus and a cavity of the scapula
scapula, shoulder blade, shoulder bone - either of two flat triangular bones one on each side of the shoulder in human beings
arteria circumflexa humeri, circumflex humeral artery - an artery that supplies the shoulder joint and shoulder muscles
arteria circumflexa scapulae, circumflex scapular artery - an artery that serves the muscles of the shoulder and scapular area
torso, trunk, body - the body excluding the head and neck and limbs; "they moved their arms and legs and bodies"
articulatio spheroidea, ball-and-socket joint, cotyloid joint, enarthrodial joint, enarthrosis, spheroid joint - a freely moving joint in which a sphere on the head of one bone fits into a rounded cavity in the other bone
rotator cuff - a supporting structure of the shoulder consisting of the muscles and tendons that attach the arm to the shoulder joint and enable the arm to move
4.shoulder - the part of a garment that covers or fits over the shoulder; "an ornamental gold braid on the shoulder of his uniform"
cloth covering - a covering made of cloth
garment - an article of clothing; "garments of the finest silk"
5.shoulder - a narrow edge of land (usually unpaved) along the side of a roadshoulder - a narrow edge of land (usually unpaved) along the side of a road; "the car pulled off onto the shoulder"
edge - the outside limit of an object or area or surface; a place farthest away from the center of something; "the edge of the leaf is wavy"; "she sat on the edge of the bed"; "the water's edge"
hard shoulder - a paved strip beside a motorway (for stopping in emergencies)
road, route - an open way (generally public) for travel or transportation
Verb1.shoulder - lift onto one's shoulders
lift, raise, elevate, get up, bring up - raise from a lower to a higher position; "Raise your hands"; "Lift a load"
2.shoulder - push with the shoulders; "He shouldered his way into the crowd"
thrust - push forcefully; "He thrust his chin forward"
3.shoulder - carry a burden, either real or metaphoric; "shoulder the burden"
carry, transport - move while supporting, either in a vehicle or in one's hands or on one's body; "You must carry your camping gear"; "carry the suitcases to the car"; "This train is carrying nuclear waste"; "These pipes carry waste water into the river"

shoulder

verb
1. bear, carry, take on, accept, assume, be responsible for, take upon yourself He has to shoulder the responsibilities of his father's mistakes.
2. push, thrust, elbow, shove, jostle, press He shouldered past her and opened the door.
a shoulder to cry on comfort, help, support, relief, encouragement, consolation, succour He sometimes saw me as a shoulder to cry on.
give someone the cold shoulder snub, ignore, blank (slang), put down, shun, rebuff, kick in the teeth (slang), ostracize, send someone to Coventry, cut (informal) He was given the cold shoulder by his former friends.
rub shoulders with someone (Informal) mix with, associate with, consort with, hobnob with, socialize with, fraternize with I was destined to rub shoulders with the most unexpected people.
shoulder to shoulder
1. side by side, abreast, next to each other walking shoulder to shoulder with their heads bent against the rain
2. together, united, jointly, as one, in partnership, in cooperation, in unity My party will stand shoulder to shoulder with the Prime Minister and his Government.
straight from the shoulder frankly, directly, straight, plainly, candidly, outright, unequivocally, man to man, pulling no punches (informal), with no holds barred I want you to give me the truth, straight from the shoulder.

shoulder

verb
To take upon oneself:
Translations
كَتِفكَتِف المِعْطَفكُل ما يُشْبِه الكَتِفمنْكَبيَتَحَمَّل المَسْؤولِيَّه
ramenoúbočívzít na sebedát si na ramenaprodrat se
skulderbærebovrabatskubbe
ŝultro
õlg
olkapäähartia
épauleaccotementaccotement stabilisébande d'arrêt d'urgenceendosser
rame
tolakszikvállvállalvállára veszútpadka
öxlryîjast áframaxlaaxla, setja á öxl séraxlarstykki
어깨
iš petiespetukaspetyspetys į petįprisiimti
ciskagurnsizcilnisizlauztiesizspraukties
umăr
dať si na pleceplecevziať na seba
rama
naplećnikplećkarame
axel
ไหล่
omuzomuz atarak ilerlemekomuzlamaksırtyüklenmek
vai

shoulder

[ˈʃəʊldəʳ]
A. N
1. (Anat) → hombro m
to have broad shoulders (lit) → ser ancho de espaldas (fig) → tener mucho aguante
they carried him shoulder highle llevaron a hombros
he was carried out on their shouldersle sacaron a hombros
all the responsibilities fell on his shoulderstuvo que cargar con todas las responsabilidades
to look over one's shouldermirar por encima del hombro
to look over sb's shoulder (lit) → mirar por encima del hombro de algn (fig) → vigilar a algn
to carry sth over one's shoulderllevar algo en hombros
to stand shoulder to shoulderestar hombro con hombro
to give sb the cold shoulderdar de lado a algn
to cry on sb's shoulderdesahogarse con algn
to put one's shoulder to the wheelarrimar el hombro
to rub shoulders with sbcodearse con algn
to give sb sth straight from the shoulderdecir algo a algn sin rodeos
see also round-shouldered
2. [of coat etc] → hombro m
padded shouldershombreras fpl
3. [of meat] → lomo m
4. [of hill, mountain] → lomo m
5. [of road] → arcén m
B. VT
1. (= carry) → llevar al hombro; (pick up) → poner al hombro
shoulder arms!¡armas al hombro!
2. (fig) [+ burden, responsibility] → cargar con
to shoulder the blamecargar con la culpa
3. (= push)
to shoulder sb asideapartar a algn a un lado de un empujón
to shoulder one's way throughabrirse paso a empujones
C. CPD shoulder bag Nbolso m de bandolera
shoulder blade Nomóplato m
shoulder flash N (Mil) → charretera f
shoulder holster Npistolera f
shoulder joint Narticulación f del hombro
shoulder pad Nhombrera f
shoulder patch N = shoulder flash shoulder strap Ntirante m; [of satchel] → bandolera f (Mil) → dragona f

shoulder

[ˈʃəʊldər]
n
[person] → épaule f
She had her arm round his shoulder → Elle le tenait par l'épaule.
He had his bag over his shoulder
BUT Il tenait son sac en bandoulière.
on one's shoulders (lit)sur ses épaules
He carried the child on his shoulders → Il portait l'enfant sur ses épaules. (fig)sur ses épaules
He has a heavy burden on his shoulders → Il porte un lourd fardeau sur ses épaules.
to look over one's shoulder (lit)regarder derrière soi (en tournant la tête) (fig) (= feel threatened) → se sentir menacé(e)
to stand shoulder to shoulder (lit)être coude à coude (= support each other) → se serrer les coudes
a shoulder to cry on → une oreille à qui se confier
to stand head and shoulders above sb (= be taller than) → dépasser qn de la tête et des épaules (= be better than) → être bien meilleur(e) que qn
She stands head and shoulders above him
BUT Il ne lui arrive pas à la cheville.
to stand head and shoulders above sth (= be better than) → être bien meilleur(e) que qch
to give sb the cold shoulder → battre froid à qn
[garment] → épaule f
(COOKERY)épaule f
a shoulder of lamb → une épaule d'agneau
modif [injury, pain] → à l'épaule; [massage] → des épaules
at shoulder height → à hauteur d'épaule
vt
(= accept) [+ responsibility, blame] → endosser
(= carry on one's shoulders) [+ bag, load] → mettre sur ses épaules
(= push) to shoulder sb aside → écarter qn d'un coup d'épaule
to shoulder one's way
He shouldered his way into the house → Il a réussi à entrer dans la maison en jouant des épaules.
vi
to shoulder past sb → écarter qn d'un coup d'épauleshoulder bag shoulder-bag [ˈʃəʊldərbæg] nsac m à bandoulièreshoulder blade nomoplate fshoulder high advà hauteur d'épauleshoulder-high [ˌʃəʊldərˈhaɪ] adjà hauteur d'épauleshoulder-length [ˈʃəʊldərlɛŋθ] adjmi-long(mi-longue)shoulder pad népaulette f (rembourrage)shoulder strap n [garment, bra] → bretelle f; [bag] → bandoulière f

shoulder

n
(of person, animal)Schulter f; (of bird)Schultergürtel m; (of meat)Bug m; (of pork)Schulter f, → Schulterstück nt; (of garment)Schulter(partie) f; to shrug one’s shouldersmit den Schultern or Achseln zucken; to have broad shoulders (lit)breite Schultern haben; (fig also)einen breiten Rücken or Buckel (inf)haben; to put one’s shoulder to the wheel (fig)sich ins Zeug legen; to cry on somebody’s shouldersich an jds Brust (dat)ausweinen; a shoulder to cry onjemand, bei dem man sich ausweinen kann; shoulder to shoulderSchulter an Schulter ? cold, rub, straight
(of mountain)Schulter f; (of road)Seitenstreifen m, → Bankett nt; (US: = hard shoulder) → Seitenstreifen m; (of vase, bottle)Ausbuchtung f
vt
(lit) load, case, personschultern, auf die Schulter nehmen; (fig) responsibilities, blame, taskauf sich (acc)nehmen; expensetragen; shoulder arms! (Mil) → das Gewehr über!; the fans shouldered him off the pitchdie Fans trugen ihn auf den Schultern vom Platz
(= push)(mit der Schulter) stoßen; to shoulder somebody aside (lit)jdn zur Seite stoßen; (fig)jdn beiseitedrängen; to shoulder one’s way through (the crowd)sich durch die Menge drängen or boxen

shoulder

:
shoulder bag
shoulder blade
nSchulterblatt nt
shoulder flash
n (Mil) → Dienstgradabzeichen nt, → Schulterstück nt
shoulder-high
advschulterhoch; his hands were raised shoulderer hatte seine Hände schulterhoch erhoben; to carry somebody shoulderjdn auf den Schultern tragen; to stand shoulder to somebodyjdm bis an die Schultern reichen
adj predschulterhoch, schulterhohe(r, s) attr
shoulder holster
nSchulterholster nt
shoulder-length
adj hairschulterlang
shoulder loop
shoulder pad
shoulder strap
n (Mil) → Schulterklappe f; (of dress)Träger m; (of satchel, bag etc)(Schulter)riemen m

shoulder

[ˈʃəʊldəʳ]
1. n
a. (gen) → spalla
to carry sth over one's shoulder → portare qc a spalla
to cry on sb's shoulder → piangere sulla spalla di qn
to look over one's shoulder → guardarsi alle spalle
to look over sb's shoulder → guardare da dietro le spalle di qn (fig) → stare addosso a qn
shoulder to shoulder → spalla a spalla
to have broad shoulders (also) (fig) → avere le spalle larghe
to put one's shoulder to the wheel (fig) → mettersi all'opera
to rub shoulders with sb (fig) → frequentare qn
to give sb the cold shoulder (fig) → trattare qn con freddezza
he stands head and shoulders above everybody else → è di gran lunga superiore a tutti gli altri
2. vt (fig) (responsibilities) → accollarsi, addossarsi
to shoulder sb aside → spingere qn da parte a spallate
to shoulder one's way through the crowd → farsi largo a spallate tra la folla

shoulder

(ˈʃəuldə) noun
1. the part of the body between the neck and the upper arm. He was carrying the child on his shoulders.
2. anything that resembles a shoulder. the shoulder of the hill.
3. the part of a garment that covers the shoulder. the shoulder of a coat.
4. the upper part of the foreleg of an animal.
verb
1. to lift on to the shoulder. He shouldered his pack and set off on his walk.
2. to bear the full weight of. He must shoulder his responsibilities.
3. to make (one's way) by pushing with the shoulder. He shouldered his way through the crowd.
ˈshoulder-blade noun
the broad flat bone of the back of the shoulder.
put one's shoulder to the wheel
to begin to work very hard.
shoulder to shoulder
close together; side by side. We'll fight shoulder to shoulder.

shoulder

كَتِف rameno skulder Schulter ώμος hombro olkapää épaule rame spalla 어깨 schouder skulder ramię ombro плечо axel ไหล่ omuz vai 肩膀

shoul·der

n. hombro, unión de la clavícula, la escápula y el húmero;
___ dislocationdislocación del ___;
___ jointarticulación escapulohumeral;
[delivery]
___ presentationpresentación de ___.

shoulder

n hombro; frozen — hombro congelado; — blade (fam) omóplato or omoplato, escápula
References in classic literature ?
Jo wasn't ashamed of the great tear that dropped off the end of her nose, and Amy never minded the rumpling of her curls as she hid her face on her mother's shoulder and sobbed out, "I am a selfish girl
She had the dream three times, then she became in the family way to the one who said noth- ing at all but who in the moment of his passion actually did bite her shoulder so that for days the marks of his teeth showed.
Grandmother swung the bag of potatoes over her shoulder and went down the path, leaning forward a little.
She was holding the back of her chair with one hand; her loose sleeve had slipped almost to the shoulder of her uplifted arm.
But he stole up to us again, and suddenly clapping his hand on my shoulder, said -- Did ye see anything looking like men going towards that ship a while ago?
She put her hand on his shoulder and smiled the mist out of her eyes.
Stryver had left them in the passages, to shoulder his way back to the robing-room.
Drummle, edging me a little away with his shoulder.
And when they had gone a little way they came upon a hunter, who was on his knees, his gun on his shoulder, aiming at something.
He gave me one look, and a slight smile touched his grim lip as, touching my shoulder, he said,
He was awakened by the touch of a hand upon his shoulder.
Dominic's brother, going home with a gun on his shoulder, found a sudden offence in this picture of content and rest so obviously calculated to awaken the feelings of hatred and revenge.