shrink


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shrink

 (shrĭngk)
v. shrank (shrăngk) or shrunk (shrŭngk), shrunk or shrunk·en (shrŭng′kən), shrink·ing, shrinks
v.intr.
1.
a. To become or appear to become smaller: The shadows shrank as the sun rose higher. The mountains shrank in the distance as we drove away.
b. To become smaller from exposure to heat, moisture, or cold: The sweater shrank in the wash.
2. To become reduced in amount or value; dwindle: His savings quickly shrank. The market for that product has been shrinking.
3. To move back or away, especially in fear: "She shrank back against the wall and flattened her palms against it" (Pearl S. Buck).
4. To show reluctance; hesitate: We should not shrink from making such a sacrifice.
v.tr.
To cause to shrink: The treatment shrank the tumor.
n.
1.
a. The act of shrinking.
b. The degree to which something shrinks; shrinkage.
2. Slang A psychotherapist.

[Middle English shrinken, to wither, shrivel up, from Old English scrincan; see sker- in Indo-European roots.]

shrink′a·ble adj.
shrink′er n.

shrink

(ʃrɪŋk)
vb, shrinks, shrinking, shrank, shrunk, shrunk or shrunken
1. to contract or cause to contract as from wetness, heat, cold, etc
2. to become or cause to become smaller in size
3.
a. to recoil or withdraw: to shrink from the sight of blood.
b. to feel great reluctance (at): to shrink from killing an animal.
n
4. the act or an instance of shrinking
5. (Psychiatry) slang a psychiatrist
[Old English scrincan; related to Old Norse skrokkr torso, Old Swedish skrunkin wrinkled, Old Norse hrukka a crease, Icelandic skrukka wrinkled woman]
ˈshrinkable adj
ˈshrinker n
ˈshrinking adj
ˈshrinkingly adv

shrink

(ʃrɪŋk)

v. shrank, often, shrunk; shrunk shrunk•en; shrink•ing; v.i.
1. to contract or lessen in size: cloth that shrinks if washed.
2. to become reduced in extent, compass, or value.
3. to draw back; recoil: to shrink from danger.
v.t.
4. to cause to shrink or contract; reduce.
n.
6. an act or instance of shrinking.
8. Slang. a psychotherapist, psychiatrist, or psychoanalyst.
[before 900; Middle English schrinken, Old English scrincan, c. Middle Dutch schrinken, Swedish skrynka to shrink]
shrink′er,

n.
syn: See decrease.

shrink

1. shrink

If something shrinks, it becomes smaller.

Sometimes the rains fail and the rivers shrink or dry up.
Be generous, as the tomatoes will shrink as they cook.
2. 'shrank'

The past tense of shrink is shrank, not 'shrinked' or 'shrunk'. The past participle is shrunk.

Last year the economy shrank by 7 per cent.
Their workforce of 25,000 has shrunk to 8,000.
3. 'shrunken'

Shrunken is an adjective, used in front of a noun. A shrunken thing or person has become smaller.

...old women selling shrunken baboon heads.
...a shrunken old man.

shrink


Past participle: shrunk
Gerund: shrinking

Imperative
shrink
shrink
Present
I shrink
you shrink
he/she/it shrinks
we shrink
you shrink
they shrink
Preterite
I shrank
you shrank
he/she/it shrank
we shrank
you shrank
they shrank
Present Continuous
I am shrinking
you are shrinking
he/she/it is shrinking
we are shrinking
you are shrinking
they are shrinking
Present Perfect
I have shrunk
you have shrunk
he/she/it has shrunk
we have shrunk
you have shrunk
they have shrunk
Past Continuous
I was shrinking
you were shrinking
he/she/it was shrinking
we were shrinking
you were shrinking
they were shrinking
Past Perfect
I had shrunk
you had shrunk
he/she/it had shrunk
we had shrunk
you had shrunk
they had shrunk
Future
I will shrink
you will shrink
he/she/it will shrink
we will shrink
you will shrink
they will shrink
Future Perfect
I will have shrunk
you will have shrunk
he/she/it will have shrunk
we will have shrunk
you will have shrunk
they will have shrunk
Future Continuous
I will be shrinking
you will be shrinking
he/she/it will be shrinking
we will be shrinking
you will be shrinking
they will be shrinking
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been shrinking
you have been shrinking
he/she/it has been shrinking
we have been shrinking
you have been shrinking
they have been shrinking
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been shrinking
you will have been shrinking
he/she/it will have been shrinking
we will have been shrinking
you will have been shrinking
they will have been shrinking
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been shrinking
you had been shrinking
he/she/it had been shrinking
we had been shrinking
you had been shrinking
they had been shrinking
Conditional
I would shrink
you would shrink
he/she/it would shrink
we would shrink
you would shrink
they would shrink
Past Conditional
I would have shrunk
you would have shrunk
he/she/it would have shrunk
we would have shrunk
you would have shrunk
they would have shrunk
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.shrink - a physician who specializes in psychiatryshrink - a physician who specializes in psychiatry
alienist - a psychiatrist and specialist in the legal aspects of mental illness
psychoanalyst, analyst - a licensed practitioner of psychoanalysis
medical specialist, specialist - practices one branch of medicine
Verb1.shrink - wither, as with a loss of moistureshrink - wither, as with a loss of moisture; "The fruit dried and shriveled"
atrophy - undergo atrophy; "Muscles that are not used will atrophy"
decrease, diminish, lessen, fall - decrease in size, extent, or range; "The amount of homework decreased towards the end of the semester"; "The cabin pressure fell dramatically"; "her weight fell to under a hundred pounds"; "his voice fell to a whisper"
blast - shrivel or wither or mature imperfectly
die back, die down - suffer from a disease that kills shoots; "The plants near the garage are dying back"
dry up, mummify - dry up and shrivel due to complete loss of moisture; "a mummified body was found"
2.shrink - draw back, as with fear or pain; "she flinched when they showed the slaughtering of the calf"
move - move so as to change position, perform a nontranslational motion; "He moved his hand slightly to the right"
shrink back, retract - pull away from a source of disgust or fear
3.shrink - reduce in size; reduce physically; "Hot water will shrink the sweater"; "Can you shrink this image?"
scale down, reduce - make smaller; "reduce an image"
reef - reduce (a sail) by taking in a reef
miniaturise, miniaturize - design or construct on a smaller scale
minify, decrease, lessen - make smaller; "He decreased his staff"
depopulate, desolate - reduce in population; "The epidemic depopulated the countryside"
downsize - make in a smaller size; "the car makers downsized the SUVs when fuel became very expensive"
contract - make smaller; "The heat contracted the woollen garment"
4.shrink - become smaller or draw together; "The fabric shrank"; "The balloon shrank"
decrease, diminish, lessen, fall - decrease in size, extent, or range; "The amount of homework decreased towards the end of the semester"; "The cabin pressure fell dramatically"; "her weight fell to under a hundred pounds"; "his voice fell to a whisper"
flex - contract; "flex a muscle"
stretch - become longer by being stretched and pulled; "The fabric stretches"
5.shrink - decrease in size, range, or extent; "His earnings shrank"; "My courage shrivelled when I saw the task before me"
decrease, diminish, lessen, fall - decrease in size, extent, or range; "The amount of homework decreased towards the end of the semester"; "The cabin pressure fell dramatically"; "her weight fell to under a hundred pounds"; "his voice fell to a whisper"

shrink

noun
1. (Informal) psychiatrist, psychologist, psychotherapist, psychoanalyst, head shrinker (informal) I've seen a shrink already.
shrink back recoil, cringe, draw back, withdraw, wince, shy away, flinch, quail, cower, hang back She shrank back with an involuntary gasp.

shrink

verb
1. To reduce in size, as by drawing together:
2. To draw away involuntarily, usually out of fear or disgust:
noun
An act of drawing back in an involuntary or instinctive fashion:
Translations
طَبيب عَقْلييَتَقَلَّصُيَجْفَل، يَرْتَديُحْجِم، يَتَجَنَّبيَنْكَمِش
couvatcvokařpsychiatrsrazitsrazit se
krympepsykiaterhjernevrider
kutistua
smanjiti se
hika viî aî gera e-îhlaupahörfa, hrökkva
縮む縮める縮小するしりごみする短縮する
줄어들다
atrautiesdekatētizvairītiespsihiatrssarauties
zdráhať sa
skrčiti se
krympa
หด
çekmekdaralmakkorkuyla geri çekilmekpsikiyatristsinir/ruh doktoru
co lại

shrink

[ʃrɪŋk] (shrank (pt) (shrunk (pp)))
A. VI
1. (= get smaller) → encogerse
to shrink in the washencogerse al lavar
"will not shrink""no se encoge", "inencogible"
to shrink away to nothingreducirse a nada, desaparecer
2. (also shrink away, shrink back) → retroceder, echar marcha atrás
I shrink from doing itno me atrevo a hacerlo
he did not shrink from touching itno vaciló en tocarlo
B. VTencoger
to shrink a part on (Tech) → montar una pieza en caliente
C. N (= psychiatrist) → psiquiatra mf

shrink

[ˈʃrɪŋk] [shrank] (pt) [shrunk] (pp)
vi
(= become smaller) [clothing, fabric] → rétrécir; [wood] → se contracter; [area, forest] → se réduire; [budget, income, sales, profits] → diminuer; [market] → se réduire; [economy] → se replier; [tumour] → rapetisser
(= recoil) → reculer
He shrank against the wall → Il a reculé jusqu'à toucher le mur.
to shrink from sth [+ danger, responsibility] → se dérober devant qch
not to shrink from doing sth → ne pas hésiter à faire qch
to shrink from the use of sth, to shrink from using sth → hésiter à utiliser qch, être réticent(e) à utiliser qch
vt [+ wool, clothing] → (faire) rétrécir
n (= psychiatrist, psychoanalyst) → psy mf
shrink away
shrink back vi (= recoil) → reculer
The boys shrank away in horror → Les garçons ont reculé, horrifiés.

shrink

vb: pret <shrank>, ptp <shrunk>
vteinlaufen lassen; the fabric is shrunk before it is usedder Stoff wird vor Gebrauch gewaschen, damit er danach nicht mehr einläuft; to shrink a part on (Tech) → ein Teil aufschrumpfen
vi
(= get smaller)kleiner werden, schrumpfen; (clothes etc)einlaufen; (metal etc)sich zusammenziehen, schrumpfen; (wood)schwinden; (fig, popularity) → abnehmen, schwinden; (trade)zurückgehen; to shrink away to nothingauf ein Nichts zusammenschrumpfen
(fig: = recoil) → zurückschrecken; to shrink from doing somethingdavor zurückschrecken, etw zu tun; to shrink from saying somethingsich davor scheuen, etw zu sagen; to shrink from the truthvor der Wahrheit die Augen verschließen; to shrink backzurückweichen; to shrink away from somebodyvor jdm zurückweichen
n (inf)Seelenklempner(in) m(f) (inf), → Psychiater(in) m(f)

shrink

[ʃrɪŋk] (shrank (vb: pt) (shrunk (pp)))
1. vt (wool) → far restringere
2. vi
a. (clothes) → restringersi, ritirarsi; (metal) → contrarsi; (gums) → ritirarsi; (piece of meat) → ridursi; (area, person) → rimpicciolirsi
to shrink in the wash → restringersi con il lavaggio
b. (also shrink away, shrink back) → ritrarsi, tirarsi indietro
to shrink from doing sth → rifuggire dal fare qc
he didn't shrink from telling her the truth → non ha esitato a dirle la verità
3. n (fam, pej) → strizzacervelli m/f inv

shrink1

(ʃriŋk) past tense shrank (ʃrӕŋk) : past participle shrunk (ʃraŋk) verb
1. to (cause material, clothes etc to) become smaller. My jersey shrank in the wash; Do they shrink the material before they make it up into clothes?
2. to move back in fear, disgust etc (from). She shrank (back) from the man.
3. to wish to avoid something unpleasant. I shrank from telling him the terrible news.
ˈshrinkage (-kidʒ) noun
the act of shrinking, or the amount by which something shrinks.
shrunken (ˈʃraŋk(ən)) adjective
having been made or become smaller.

shrink2

(ʃriŋk) noun
(slang) a psychiatrist.

shrink

يَتَقَلَّصُ srazit se krympe schrumpfen ζαρώνω encoger, encogerse kutistua rétrécir smanjiti se restringersi 縮む 줄어들다 krimpen krympe skurczyć się encolher уменьшать(ся) krympa หด çekmek co lại 萎缩

shrink

n. pop. psiquiatra o alienista, psicólogo;
v. encoger; encogerse.

shrink

n (fam) psiquiatra mf; vt, vi (pret
References in classic literature ?
The professor seemed to shrink back in his chair, collapsing like an automobile tire when the air is let out.
It appeared as if the delicate and sensitive form of Alice would shrink into itself, as she listened to this proposal.
Thus, she was fain to shrink deeper into herself, as it were, as if in the hope of making people suppose that here was only a cloak and hood, threadbare and woefully faded, taking an airing in the midst of the storm, without any wearer!
With calm and intent scrutiny, he felt her pulse, looked into her eyes -- a gaze that made her heart shrink and shudder, because so familiar, and yet so strange and cold -- and, finally, satisfied with his investigation, proceeded to mingle another draught
How often did he shrink with curdling awe at the sound of his own steps on the frosty crust beneath his feet; and dread to look over his shoulder, lest he should behold some uncouth being tramping close behind him
The only thing indeed that in this early outlook might have made me shrink again was the clear circumstance of her being so glad to see me.
an arm that never can shrink, d'ye see; and a leg that never can run.
She was more diligent in teaching Topsy,--taught her mainly from the Bible,--did not any longer shrink from her touch, or manifest an ill-repressed disgust, because she felt none.
I watched this engagement as I watched the others--with rapt interest and strong excitement, and with a shrink and a shudder for every blow that laid open a cheek or a forehead; and a conscious paling of my face when I occasionally saw a wound of a yet more shocking nature inflicted.
that opened upon a careful observer, now and then, in his eye, and closed again before one could fathom the strange depth partially disclosed; that something which used to make me fear and shrink, as if I had been wandering amongst volcanic-looking hills, and had suddenly felt the ground quiver and seen it gape: that something, I, at intervals, beheld still; and with throbbing heart, but not with palsied nerves.
I've prayed often,' he half soliloquised, 'for the approach of what is coming; and now I begin to shrink, and fear it.
The mowld o' the churchyard don't hold any that the folk shrink away from, more.