socialism


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Related to socialism: fascism, communism

so·cial·ism

 (sō′shə-lĭz′əm)
n.
1. Any of various theories or systems of social organization in which the means of producing and distributing goods is owned collectively or by a centralized government that often plans and controls the economy.
2. The stage in Marxist-Leninist theory intermediate between capitalism and communism, in which the means of production are collectively owned but a completely classless society has not yet been achieved.

socialism

(ˈsəʊʃəˌlɪzəm)
n
1. (Economics) an economic theory or system in which the means of production, distribution, and exchange are owned by the community collectively, usually through the state. It is characterized by production for use rather than profit, by equality of individual wealth, by the absence of competitive economic activity, and, usually, by government determination of investment, prices, and production levels. Compare capitalism
2. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) any of various social or political theories or movements in which the common welfare is to be achieved through the establishment of a socialist economic system
3. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) (in Leninist theory) a transitional stage after the proletarian revolution in the development of a society from capitalism to communism: characterized by the distribution of income according to work rather than need

so•cial•ism

(ˈsoʊ ʃəˌlɪz əm)

n.
1. a theory or system of social organization in which the means of production and distribution of goods are owned and controlled collectively or by the government.
2. (in Marxist theory) the stage following capitalism in the transition of a society to communism, characterized by the imperfect implementation of collectivist principles.
[1830–40]

socialism

1. a theory or system of social organization advocating placing the ownership and control of capital, land, and means of production in the community as a whole. Cf. utopian socialism.
2. the procedures and practices based upon this theory.
3. Marxist theory. the first stage in the transition from capitalism to communism, marked by imperfect realizations of collectivist principles. — socialist, n., adj. — socialistic, adj.
See also: Politics
a theory of government based upon the ownership and control of capital, land, and means of production by the community as a whole.
See also: Government

socialism

A political theory advocating public ownership of the means of production and the sharing of political power by the whole community.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.socialism - a political theory advocating state ownership of industrysocialism - a political theory advocating state ownership of industry
ideology, political orientation, political theory - an orientation that characterizes the thinking of a group or nation
Fabianism - socialism to be established by gradual reforms within the law
guild socialism - a form of socialist theory advocating state ownership of industry but managements by guilds of workers
utopian socialism - socialism achieved by voluntary sacrifice
2.socialism - an economic system based on state ownership of capital
communism - a form of socialism that abolishes private ownership
International - any of several international socialist organizations
national socialism, Naziism, Nazism - a form of socialism featuring racism and expansionism and obedience to a strong leader
managed economy - a non-market economy in which government intervention is important in allocating goods and resources and determining prices
capitalism, capitalist economy - an economic system based on private ownership of capital

socialism

noun Marxism, communism, leftism, social democracy, Leninism, progressivism, syndicalism, labourism, Trotskyism, Fabianism the steady rise of socialism in this country
Quotations
"If Socialism can only be realized when the intellectual development of all the people permits it, then we shall not see Socialism for at least five hundred years" [Vladimir Ilyich Lenin speech at Peasants' Congress]
"The worst advertisement for Socialism is its adherents" [George Orwell]
"The language of priorities is the religion of Socialism" [Aneurin Bevan]
"To the ordinary working man, the sort you would meet in any pub on Saturday night, Socialism does not mean much more than better wages and shorter hours and nobody bossing you about" [George Orwell The Road to Wigan Pier]
"Idleness, selfishness, fecklessness, envy and irresponsibility are the vices upon which socialism in any form flourishes and which it in turn encourages. But socialism's devilishly clever tactic is to play up to all those human failings, while making those who practise them feel good about it" [Margaret Thatcher Nicholas Ridley Memorial Lecture]
"Socialism can only arrive by bicycle" [José Antonio Viera Gallo]
Translations
إشْتِراكِيَّهاشْتِرَاكِيَّة
socialismussocializmus
socialisme
sosialismi
socijalizam
szocializmus
sósíalismi, jafnaîarstefna
社会主義
사회주의
socializmus
socialism
ระบบสังคมนิยม
chủ nghĩa xã hội

socialism

[ˈsəʊʃəlɪzəm] Nsocialismo m

socialism

[ˈsəʊʃəlɪzəm] nsocialisme m

socialism

nSozialismus m

socialism

[ˈsəʊʃəˌlɪzm] nsocialismo

social

(ˈsəuʃəl) adjective
1. concerning or belonging to the way of life and welfare of people in a community. social problems.
2. concerning the system by which such a community is organized. social class.
3. living in communities. Ants are social insects.
4. concerning the gathering together of people for the purposes of recreation or amusement. a social club; His reasons for calling were purely social.
ˈsocialism noun
the belief or theory that a country's wealth (its land, mines, industries, railways etc) should belong to the people as a whole, not to private owners.
ˈsocialist noun
a person who believes in and/or practises socialism.
adjective
of or concerning socialism. socialist policies/governments.
ˈsocialize, ˈsocialise verb
to mix socially (eg with guests at a party etc).
ˈsocially adverb
in a social way. I've seen him at various conferences, but we've never met socially.
social work work which deals with the care of people in a community, especially of the poor, under-privileged etc ( noun social worker)

socialism

اشْتِرَاكِيَّة socialismus socialisme Sozialismus σοσιαλισμός socialismo sosialismi socialisme socijalizam socialismo 社会主義 사회주의 socialisme sosialisme socjalizm socialismo социализм socialism ระบบสังคมนิยม sosyalizm chủ nghĩa xã hội 社会主义
References in classic literature ?
That was the competitive wage system; and if Jurgis wanted to understand what Socialism was, it was there he had best begin.
And how inexpressibly sad it was to hear him prattling on of the ideal life, of socialism, of Walt Whitman and what not,--all the dear old quackeries,--while I was already settling down comfortably to a conservative middle age.
I find that socialism is often misunderstood by its least intelligent supporters and opponents to mean simply unrestrained indulgence of our natural propensity to heave bricks at respectable persons.
As the parson has ever gone band in hand with the landlord, so has Clerical Socialism with Feudal Socialism.
The chief advantage that would result from the establishment of Socialism is, undoubtedly, the fact that Socialism would relieve us from that sordid necessity of living for others which, in the present condition of things, presses so hardly upon almost everybody.
Athelny had lately added socialism to the other contradictory theories he vehemently believed in, and he stated now:
Why, Socialism is the progeny of Romanism and of the Romanistic spirit.
He was the darling of the Imperialist spirit in German, and the ideal of the new aristocratic feeling--the new Chivalry, as it was called--that followed the overthrow of Socialism through its internal divisions and lack of discipline, and the concentration of wealth in the hands of a few great families.
For example, although she liked Cassandra well enough, her fantastic method of life struck her as purely frivolous; now it was socialism, now it was silkworms, now it was music--which last she supposed was the cause of William's sudden interest in her.
For the first time he heard of socialism, anarchism, and single tax, and learned that there were warring social philosophies.
I threw all precaution to the winds, threw myself with fiercer zeal into the fight for socialism, laughed at the editors and publishers who warned me and who were the sources of my hundred porterhouses a day, and was brutally careless of whose feelings I hurt and of how savagely I hurt them.
Following upon Capitalism, it was held, even by such intellectual and antagonistic giants as Herbert Spencer, that Socialism would come.