sodium


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Related to sodium: sodium hydroxide, sodium chloride, low sodium

so·di·um

 (sō′dē-əm)
n. Symbol Na
A soft, light, extremely malleable silver-white element that is an alkali metal, reacts violently with water, is naturally abundant in combined forms, especially in common salt, and is used in the production of a wide variety of industrially important compounds. Sodium ions are essential to numerous biological processes in animals. Atomic number 11; atomic weight 22.9898; melting point 97.80°C; boiling point 883°C; specific gravity 0.971 (20°C); valence 1. See Periodic Table.

sodium

(ˈsəʊdɪəm)
n
(Elements & Compounds)
a. a very reactive soft silvery-white element of the alkali metal group occurring principally in common salt, Chile saltpetre, and cryolite. Sodium and potassium ions maintain the essential electrolytic balance in living cells. It is used in the production of chemicals, in metallurgy, and, alloyed with potassium, as a cooling medium in nuclear reactors. Symbol: Na; atomic no: 11; atomic wt: 22.989768; valency: 1; relative density: 0.971; melting pt: 97.81±0.03°C; boiling pt: 892.9°C
b. (as modifier): sodium light.
[C19: New Latin, from soda + -ium]

so•di•um

(ˈsoʊ di əm)

n.
1. a soft, silver-white, chemically active metallic element that occurs naturally only in combination: a necessary element in the body for the maintenance of normal fluid balance and other physiological functions. Symbol: Na; at. wt.: 22.9898; at. no.: 11; sp. gr.: 0.97 at 20°C.
2. any salt of sodium, as sodium chloride or sodium bicarbonate.
[1807; sod (a) + -ium2]

so·di·um

(sō′dē-əm)
Symbol Na A soft, lightweight, silvery-white metallic element that reacts explosively with water. It is the most abundant alkali metal on Earth, occurring especially in common salt. Sodium is very easily shaped, and its compounds have many important uses in industry. Atomic number 11. See Periodic Table.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.sodium - a silvery soft waxy metallic element of the alkali metal groupsodium - a silvery soft waxy metallic element of the alkali metal group; occurs abundantly in natural compounds (especially in salt water); burns with a yellow flame and reacts violently in water; occurs in sea water and in the mineral halite (rock salt)
metal, metallic element - any of several chemical elements that are usually shiny solids that conduct heat or electricity and can be formed into sheets etc.
halite, rock salt - naturally occurring crystalline sodium chloride
brine, saltwater, seawater - water containing salts; "the water in the ocean is all saltwater"
Translations
natrium
صوديومكلوريد الصوديوم، مِلْح الطَّعام
натрий
sodi
sodík
natrium
natrio
naatrium
سدیم
natrium
सोडियम
natrij
nátrium
natrium
natrínnatríum, natrín
ナトリウム
natrium
natris
nātrijs
സോഡിയം
natriusodiu
sodík
natrij
natrijumнатријум
natrium
natiri
โซเดียม
sodyum
натрiй
natri

sodium

[ˈsəʊdɪəm]
A. Nsodio m
B. CPD sodium bicarbonate Nbicarbonato m sódico
sodium carbonate Ncarbonato m sódico
sodium chloride Ncloruro m sódico, cloruro m de sodio
sodium lamp Nlámpara f de vapor de sodio
sodium nitrate Nnitrato m sódico
sodium sulphate Nsulfato m sódico

sodium

[ˈsəʊdiəm] nsodium msodium chloride nchlorure m de sodium

sodium

nNatrium nt

sodium

:
sodium bicarbonate
nNatron nt, → doppeltkohlensaures Natrium
sodium carbonate
nNatriumkarbonat nt, → Soda nt
sodium chloride
nNatriumchlorid nt, → Kochsalz nt
sodium glutamate
nNatriumglutamat nt
sodium hydroxide
nNatriumhydroxid nt, → Ätznatron nt
sodium nitrate
nNatriumnitrat nt

sodium

[ˈsəʊdɪəm] nsodio

sodium

(ˈsədiəm) noun
an element from which many substances are formed, including common salt (sodium chloride).
sodium bicarbonate/carbonatesoda

sodium

n sodio; — benzoate benzoato sódico or de sodio; — bicarbonate bicarbonato sódico or de sodio; — chloride cloruro sódico or de sodio; — fluoride fluoruro sódico or de sodio; — hydroxide hidróxido sódico or de sodio; — lauryl sulfate lauril sulfato de sodio; — stibogluconate estibogluconato de sodio
References in classic literature ?
You see, then, that chloride of sodium forms a large part of it.
Lloyd's discovery of the "death bacillus" of the sea toad, and his experiments on it with potassium cyanide, sent his name and that of his university ringing round the world; nor was Paul a whit behind when he succeeded in producing laboratory colloids exhibiting amoeba-like activities, and when he cast new light upon the processes of fertilization through his startling experiments with simple sodium chlorides and magnesium solutions on low forms of marine life.
Robert Earl, a registered dietitian and the senior director for nutrition policy at the National Food Processors Association, said consumers who buy processed foods have the tools and the choices to reduce sodium in their diets without new industrywide measures.
Sodium is key not only to maintain blood volume but also to help nerves fire and muscles work.
To his disappointment, his hero had left the field of sodium channels.
No one on any side of the salt controversy doubts that sodium reduction, combined with exercise, reduces blood pressure in older patients who have been diagnosed with hypertension.
In addition to the analytical part, the report provides a range of tables and figures which all together give a true insight into the national, regional and global markets for sodium sulfate.
In the food sector, sodium chloride is mainly used for seasoning, colouring, curing meats, preserving fish, etc.
The second chapter focuses on sodium lignosulfonate end-uses, the third one gives summary on a number of patents.
In tests, Burbank and Norkotah potato slices were dipped into 3% sodium acid sulfate, citric acid, sodium erythorbate, malic acid, sodium acid pyrophosphate, or a combination of sodium acid, sulfate citric acid and sodium erythorbate.
Yet the big brands typically squeeze some 250 to 500 milligrams of sodium into a modest serving (two tablespoons).
Diets high in sodium lead to urine high in sodium, which results in high levels of calcium in urine and contributes to an increased loss of calcium.