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n. pl. so·le·i (-lē-ī′)
A broad, flat muscle of the calf of the leg, situated under the gastrocnemius, whose action is to flex the foot downward.

[New Latin, from Latin solea, sandal; see sole1.]


n, pl solei
(Anatomy) anatomy a calf muscle that is broad and flat and that lies under the gastrocnemius muscle


(ˈsoʊ li əs)

n., pl. -le•i (-liˌaɪ)
a muscle in the calf of the leg, behind the gastrocnemius muscle, that helps extend the foot forward.
[1670–80; < New Latin < Latin solea sandal; see sole2]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.soleus - a broad flat muscle in the calf of the leg under the gastrocnemius muscle
skeletal muscle, striated muscle - a muscle that is connected at either or both ends to a bone and so move parts of the skeleton; a muscle that is characterized by transverse stripes
calf, sura - the muscular back part of the shank


n sóleo
References in periodicals archive ?
In response to cycling exercise, rat soleus muscles up-regulated the expression of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) [140].
SUMMARY: The gastrocnemius, plantaris and the soleus muscles, comprise the posterior (flexor) compartment muscles of the leg.
The calf muscles are composed of the outer gas-trocnemius and inner soleus muscles (these are the large calf muscles at the back of your leg), which the Achilles tendon connects to the foot.
It improves your balance, makes your ankles more flexible, and strengthens the gastrocnemius and soleus muscles in the backs of your lower legs.
1977) Fatigue characteristics of human gastrocnemius and soleus muscles.
Sections of soleus muscles stained with hematoxylin and eosin showed typical changes of injury and regeneration after local glycerol injection in mice.
TNF can directly induce the expression of ubiquitin-dependent proteolytic system in rat soleus muscles.
Young Wistar rats were sacrificed by cervical dislocation and the soleus muscles (red muscles) of both limbs were immediately removed, stretched and fixed by their tendons to an aluminum support, so that their resting length was maintained and the catabolic effect and characteristic alterations of anoxia occurring in central muscle fibers were prevented (Kettelhut et al.
This last factor could be considered the target of the commonly adopted heel drop exercises, as the intention of performing the flexed knee exercise is to alter the relative loading between the Gastrocnemius and Soleus muscles, which can result in changes in intratendon shear (Hebert-Losier et al.
7% of the sample, fluid collection between the aponeuroses of the medial gastrocnemius and soleus muscles without muscle rupture in 21.
2003) found that during normal postnatal development in rats, the expression of neurotrophin (NT)-4/5 in the slow-twitch soleus muscles is indispensable to the fast to slow conversion of MyHC isoforms.
1997) Sarcomere dynamics and contraction-induced injury to maximally activated single muscle fibres from soleus muscles of rats.