solitary

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sol·i·tar·y

 (sŏl′ĭ-tĕr′ē)
adj.
1. Existing, living, or going without others; alone: a solitary traveler. See Synonyms at alone.
2. Happening, done, or made alone: a solitary evening; solitary pursuits such as reading and sewing.
3. Remote from civilization; secluded: a solitary retreat.
4. Zoology Living alone or in pairs only: solitary wasps; solitary sparrows.
5. Single and set apart from others: a solitary instance of cowardice.
n. pl. sol·i·tar·ies
1. A person who lives alone; a recluse.
2. Solitary confinement.

[Middle English, from Old French solitaire, from Latin sōlitārius, from sōlitās, solitude, from sōlus, alone; see s(w)e- in Indo-European roots.]

sol′i·tar′i·ly (-târ′ə-lē) adv.
sol′i·tar′i·ness n.

solitary

(ˈsɒlɪtərɪ; -trɪ)
adj
1. following or enjoying a life of solitude: a solitary disposition.
2. experienced or performed alone: a solitary walk.
3. (of a place) unfrequented
4. (prenominal) single; sole: a solitary speck in the sky.
5. having few companions; lonely
6. (Zoology) (of animals) not living in organized colonies or large groups: solitary bees; a solitary elephant. Compare social7, gregarious2
7. (Botany) (of flowers) growing singly
n, pl -taries
8. a person who lives in seclusion; hermit; recluse
9. (Law) informal short for solitary confinement
[C14: from Latin sōlitārius, from sōlus sole1]
ˈsolitarily adv
ˈsolitariness n

sol•i•tar•y

(ˈsɒl ɪˌtɛr i)

adj., n., pl. -tar•ies. adj.
1. without companions; sole: a solitary passerby.
2. avoiding the society of others: a solitary existence.
3. by itself; singular: one solitary house.
4. marked by the absence of companions: a solitary journey.
5. done in solitude: solitary chores.
6. being the only one: a solitary exception.
7. characterized by solitude; secluded: a solitary cabin in the woods.
8. Zool. living habitually alone or in pairs, as certain wasps. Compare social (def. 7).
n.
9. a person who lives alone or in solitude.
[1300–50; Middle English < Latin sōlitārius, derivative of sōlit(ās) solitude, derivative of sōl(us) sole1 + -itās -ity]
sol`i•tar′i•ly, adv.
sol′i•tar`i•ness, n.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.solitary - confinement of a prisoner in isolation from other prisonerssolitary - confinement of a prisoner in isolation from other prisoners; "he was held in solitary"
confinement - the state of being confined; "he was held in confinement"
2.solitary - one who lives in solitudesolitary - one who lives in solitude    
lone hand, lone wolf, loner - a person who avoids the company or assistance of others
Adj.1.solitary - characterized by or preferring solitude; "a lone wolf"; "a lonely existence"; "a man of a solitary disposition"; "a solitary walk"
unsocial - not seeking or given to association; being or living without companions; "the unsocial disposition to neglect one's neighbors"
2.solitary - of plants and animals; not growing or living in groups or colonies; "solitary bees"
ungregarious - (of animals) not gregarious
3.solitary - lacking companions or companionshipsolitary - lacking companions or companionship; "he was alone when we met him"; "she is alone much of the time"; "the lone skier on the mountain"; "a lonely fisherman stood on a tuft of gravel"; "a lonely soul"; "a solitary traveler"
unaccompanied - being without an escort
4.solitary - being the only one; single and isolated from others; "the lone doctor in the entire county"; "a lonesome pine"; "an only child"; "the sole heir"; "the sole example"; "a solitary instance of cowardice"; "a solitary speck in the sky"
single - existing alone or consisting of one entity or part or aspect or individual; "upon the hill stood a single tower"; "had but a single thought which was to escape"; "a single survivor"; "a single serving"; "a single lens"; "a single thickness"
5.solitary - devoid of creatures; "a lonely crossroads"; "a solitary retreat"; "a trail leading to an unfrequented lake"
uninhabited - not having inhabitants; not lived in; "an uninhabited island"; "gaping doors of uninhabited houses"

solitary

adjective
2. lone, alone His evenings were spent in solitary drinking.
3. isolated, remote, out-of-the-way, desolate, hidden, sequestered, unvisited, unfrequented a boy of eighteen in a solitary house in the Ohio countryside
isolated public, busy, frequented, bustling, well-frequented
Quotations
"If you are idle, be not solitary; if you are solitary, be not idle" [Dr. Johnson]

solitary

adjective
1. Set away from all others:
2. Lacking the company of others:
3. Far from centers of human population:
5. Alone in a given category:
Translations
مُنْعَزِلمُنْفَرِدوَحيد، فَرْدي
ojedinělýosamocenýsamotářsamotářský
enligensomisolerettilbagetrukket
egyedüli
einlífis-einneinsamall
įkalinimas vienutėje
vienīgaisviensvientuļš
samotársky
samoten
tektek biryalnızyalnız yaşayan

solitary

[ˈsɒlɪtərɪ]
A. ADJ
1. (= lonely, lone) [person, life, childhood] → solitario
to take a solitary walkdar un paseo solo, pasearse sin compañía
to feel rather solitarysentirse solo, sentirse aislado
2. (= secluded) → retirado
3. (= sole) → solo, único
not a solitary oneni uno (solo)
there has been one solitary caseha habido un caso único
there has not been one solitary caseno ha habido ni un solo caso
B. N
1. (= person) → solitario/a m/f
C. CPD solitary confinement N to be in solitary confinementestar incomunicado, estar en pelota

solitary

[ˈsɒlɪtəri]
adj
(= spending time alone) [person, animal] → solitaire
(= done or spent alone) [walk, life] → solitaire
(= without other people or things around) [figure, walker, tree, house] → solitaire
n (= solitary confinement) → mitard solitary confinement nisolement m cellulaire
to be in solitary confinement → être à l'isolement

solitary

adj
(= alone, secluded) life, personeinsam; placeabgelegen, einsam; a few solitary housesein paar einzelne or vereinzelte Häuser; to take a solitary walkallein einen Spaziergang machen; do you enjoy this solitary life?gefällt Ihnen das Leben so allein?; in solitary splendourin einsamer Pracht; a solitary personein Einzelgänger m, → eine Einzelgängerin; I’m not a solitary drinkerich trinke nicht gern allein; she ate a solitary dinnersie nahm ein einsames Mahl
(= sole) case, example, goaleinzig; with the solitary exception of …mit alleiniger Ausnahme von …; not a solitary onekein Einziger
n (= solitary confinement)Einzelhaft f

solitary

[ˈsɒlɪtrɪ] adj (alone, secluded) → solitario/a; (sole, example, case) → solo/a, unico/a
not a solitary one → neanche uno/a

solitary

(ˈsolitəri) adjective
1. alone; without companions. a solitary traveller.
2. living or being alone, by habit or preference. She was a solitary person.
3. single. not a solitary example.
ˈsolitude (-tjuːd) noun
the state of being alone. He likes solitude; He lives in solitude.
solitary confinement
imprisonment in a cell by oneself. He was sentenced to six months' solitary confinement.
References in classic literature ?
Because, as has been elsewhere noticed, those whales, influenced by some views to safety, now swim the seas in immense caravans, so that to a large degree the scattered solitaries, yokes, and pods, and schools of other days are now aggregated into vast but widely separated, unfrequent armies.
Other solitaries he perceives, in nooks of bridges, looking over; and in shadowed places down by the river's level; and a dark, dark, shapeless object drifting with the tide, more solitary than all, clings with a drowning hold on his attention.
Among the other forlorn wanderers in the Parks, there appeared latterly a trim little figure in black (with the face protected from notice behind a crape veil), which was beginning to be familiar, day after day, to nursemaids and children, and to rouse curiosity among harmless solitaries meditating on benches, and idle vagabonds strolling over the grass.