solitary


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Idioms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to solitary: solitaire, card games

sol·i·tar·y

 (sŏl′ĭ-tĕr′ē)
adj.
1. Existing, living, or going without others; alone: a solitary traveler. See Synonyms at alone.
2. Happening, done, or made alone: a solitary evening; solitary pursuits such as reading and sewing.
3. Remote from civilization; secluded: a solitary retreat.
4. Zoology Living alone or in pairs only: solitary wasps; solitary sparrows.
5. Single and set apart from others: a solitary instance of cowardice.
n. pl. sol·i·tar·ies
1. A person who lives alone; a recluse.
2. Solitary confinement.

[Middle English, from Old French solitaire, from Latin sōlitārius, from sōlitās, solitude, from sōlus, alone; see s(w)e- in Indo-European roots.]

sol′i·tar′i·ly (-târ′ə-lē) adv.
sol′i·tar′i·ness n.

solitary

(ˈsɒlɪtərɪ; -trɪ)
adj
1. following or enjoying a life of solitude: a solitary disposition.
2. experienced or performed alone: a solitary walk.
3. (of a place) unfrequented
4. (prenominal) single; sole: a solitary speck in the sky.
5. having few companions; lonely
6. (Zoology) (of animals) not living in organized colonies or large groups: solitary bees; a solitary elephant. Compare social7, gregarious2
7. (Botany) (of flowers) growing singly
n, pl -taries
8. a person who lives in seclusion; hermit; recluse
9. (Law) informal short for solitary confinement
[C14: from Latin sōlitārius, from sōlus sole1]
ˈsolitarily adv
ˈsolitariness n

sol•i•tar•y

(ˈsɒl ɪˌtɛr i)

adj., n., pl. -tar•ies. adj.
1. without companions; sole: a solitary passerby.
2. avoiding the society of others: a solitary existence.
3. by itself; singular: one solitary house.
4. marked by the absence of companions: a solitary journey.
5. done in solitude: solitary chores.
6. being the only one: a solitary exception.
7. characterized by solitude; secluded: a solitary cabin in the woods.
8. Zool. living habitually alone or in pairs, as certain wasps. Compare social (def. 7).
n.
9. a person who lives alone or in solitude.
[1300–50; Middle English < Latin sōlitārius, derivative of sōlit(ās) solitude, derivative of sōl(us) sole1 + -itās -ity]
sol`i•tar′i•ly, adv.
sol′i•tar`i•ness, n.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.solitary - confinement of a prisoner in isolation from other prisonerssolitary - confinement of a prisoner in isolation from other prisoners; "he was held in solitary"
confinement - the state of being confined; "he was held in confinement"
2.solitary - one who lives in solitudesolitary - one who lives in solitude    
lone hand, lone wolf, loner - a person who avoids the company or assistance of others
Adj.1.solitary - characterized by or preferring solitude; "a lone wolf"; "a lonely existence"; "a man of a solitary disposition"; "a solitary walk"
unsocial - not seeking or given to association; being or living without companions; "the unsocial disposition to neglect one's neighbors"
2.solitary - of plants and animals; not growing or living in groups or colonies; "solitary bees"
ungregarious - (of animals) not gregarious
3.solitary - lacking companions or companionshipsolitary - lacking companions or companionship; "he was alone when we met him"; "she is alone much of the time"; "the lone skier on the mountain"; "a lonely fisherman stood on a tuft of gravel"; "a lonely soul"; "a solitary traveler"
unaccompanied - being without an escort
4.solitary - being the only one; single and isolated from others; "the lone doctor in the entire county"; "a lonesome pine"; "an only child"; "the sole heir"; "the sole example"; "a solitary instance of cowardice"; "a solitary speck in the sky"
single - existing alone or consisting of one entity or part or aspect or individual; "upon the hill stood a single tower"; "had but a single thought which was to escape"; "a single survivor"; "a single serving"; "a single lens"; "a single thickness"
5.solitary - devoid of creatures; "a lonely crossroads"; "a solitary retreat"; "a trail leading to an unfrequented lake"
uninhabited - not having inhabitants; not lived in; "an uninhabited island"; "gaping doors of uninhabited houses"

solitary

adjective
2. lone, alone His evenings were spent in solitary drinking.
3. isolated, remote, out-of-the-way, desolate, hidden, sequestered, unvisited, unfrequented a boy of eighteen in a solitary house in the Ohio countryside
isolated public, busy, frequented, bustling, well-frequented
Quotations
"If you are idle, be not solitary; if you are solitary, be not idle" [Dr. Johnson]

solitary

adjective
1. Set away from all others:
2. Lacking the company of others:
3. Far from centers of human population:
5. Alone in a given category:
Translations
مُنْعَزِلمُنْفَرِدوَحيد، فَرْدي
ojedinělýosamocenýsamotářsamotářský
enligensomisolerettilbagetrukket
egyedüli
einlífis-einneinsamall
įkalinimas vienutėje
vienīgaisviensvientuļš
samotársky
samoten
tektek biryalnızyalnız yaşayan

solitary

[ˈsɒlɪtərɪ]
A. ADJ
1. (= lonely, lone) [person, life, childhood] → solitario
to take a solitary walkdar un paseo solo, pasearse sin compañía
to feel rather solitarysentirse solo, sentirse aislado
2. (= secluded) → retirado
3. (= sole) → solo, único
not a solitary oneni uno (solo)
there has been one solitary caseha habido un caso único
there has not been one solitary caseno ha habido ni un solo caso
B. N
1. (= person) → solitario/a m/f
C. CPD solitary confinement N to be in solitary confinementestar incomunicado, estar en pelota

solitary

[ˈsɒlɪtəri]
adj
(= spending time alone) [person, animal] → solitaire
(= done or spent alone) [walk, life] → solitaire
(= without other people or things around) [figure, walker, tree, house] → solitaire
n (= solitary confinement) → mitard solitary confinement nisolement m cellulaire
to be in solitary confinement → être à l'isolement

solitary

adj
(= alone, secluded) life, personeinsam; placeabgelegen, einsam; a few solitary housesein paar einzelne or vereinzelte Häuser; to take a solitary walkallein einen Spaziergang machen; do you enjoy this solitary life?gefällt Ihnen das Leben so allein?; in solitary splendourin einsamer Pracht; a solitary personein Einzelgänger m, → eine Einzelgängerin; I’m not a solitary drinkerich trinke nicht gern allein; she ate a solitary dinnersie nahm ein einsames Mahl
(= sole) case, example, goaleinzig; with the solitary exception of …mit alleiniger Ausnahme von …; not a solitary onekein Einziger
n (= solitary confinement)Einzelhaft f

solitary

[ˈsɒlɪtrɪ] adj (alone, secluded) → solitario/a; (sole, example, case) → solo/a, unico/a
not a solitary one → neanche uno/a

solitary

(ˈsolitəri) adjective
1. alone; without companions. a solitary traveller.
2. living or being alone, by habit or preference. She was a solitary person.
3. single. not a solitary example.
ˈsolitude (-tjuːd) noun
the state of being alone. He likes solitude; He lives in solitude.
solitary confinement
imprisonment in a cell by oneself. He was sentenced to six months' solitary confinement.
References in classic literature ?
The system here, is rigid, strict, and hopeless solitary confinement.
Now, to any one not fully acquainted with the ways of the leviathans, it might seem an absurdly hopeless task thus to seek out one solitary creature in the unhooped oceans of this planet.
The appearance of such a train, in that bleak and solitary place, was rendered the more remarkable by the fact, that the surrounding country offered so little, that was tempting to the cupidity of speculation, and, if possible, still less that was flattering to the hopes of an ordinary settler of new lands.
Death was in that poisonous wave, And in its gulf a fitting grave For him who thence could solace bring To his lone imagining -- Whose solitary soul could make An Eden of that dim lake.
Southward, with low funnel belching forth fire and smoke into the blackness of the night, the huge engine, with its solitary saloon carriage and guard's brake, thundered its way through the night towards the great metropolis.
Many solitary figures he perceives creeping through the streets; many solitary figures out on heaths, and roads, and lying under haystacks.
she repeated, and then read out the words, "Unstained, lofty, and solitary existences.
The rainy season of the autumnal equinox was now come, and I kept the 30th of September in the same solemn manner as before, being the anniversary of my landing on the island, having now been there two years, and no more prospect of being delivered than the first day I came there, I spent the whole day in humble and thankful acknowledgments of the many wonderful mercies which my solitary condition was attended with, and without which it might have been infinitely more miserable.
These are a shy, secret, solitary race, who keep in the most retired parts of the mountains, lurking like gnomes in caverns and clefts of the rocks, and subsisting in a great measure on the roots of the earth.
We were interrupted in the delightfull Employment by the entrance of Augustus, (Edward's freind) who was just returned from a solitary ramble.
Reflection must be reserved for solitary hours; whenever she was alone, she gave way to it as the greatest relief; and not a day went by without a solitary walk, in which she might indulge in all the delight of unpleasant recollections.
Observant persons, accustomed to frequent the London parks, can hardly have failed to notice the number of solitary strangers sadly endeavoring to vary their lives by taking a walk.