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Related to somatotype: somatotype theory


 (sō-măt′ə-tīp′, sō′mə-tə-)
The structure or build of a person, especially to the extent to which it exhibits the characteristics of an ectomorph, an endomorph, or a mesomorph.

so·mat′o·typ′ic (-tĭp′ĭk) adj.


(Anthropology & Ethnology) a type or classification of physique or body build. See endomorph, mesomorph, ectomorph



bodily structure, proportions, appearance, and development.
[1820–30; < French < Latin physicus]


a particular type of human physique. Cf. ectomorphy, endomorphy, mesomorphy.
See also: Body, Human
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.somatotype - a category of physique
body-build, build, physique, habitus - constitution of the human body
asthenic type, ectomorphy - slender, weak, and lightweight
endomorphy, pyknic type - round, fat, and heavy
athletic type, mesomorphy - muscular and big-boned
References in periodicals archive ?
The sample of variables included: body mass, body height, and three somatotype characteristics (mesomorph, ectomorph, and endomorph) and data on injuries over the preceding year.
For the research group anthropometric measurements were applied to calculate BMi, body fat percentage, fat free mass (FMM), somatotype rates and some biomotoric test protocols which are pinch, hand grip, leg strength, vertical jumps, speed, agility, flexibility and balance abilities so that the study was determined profiles and compared variables for Olympic level Greco-Roman and Freestyle wrestlers.
2015) Anthropometric and somatotype characteristics of young soccer players: Differences among categories, subcategories, and playing position.
Assessment of body composition, somatotype and eating disorders in rhythmic gymnasts.
An individual's somatotype is expressed as a three number rating of the three main components; endomorphy, mesomorphy, and ectomorphy respectively (6).
Nutritional Status Assessment, anthropometry, body composition and somatotype Remo selection of Zulia State).
Table 2 shows no significant difference in the somatotype values of height-weight ratio, endomorph, mesomorph, ectomorph, and in the hand grip and back strength.
Effects of smoking on anthropometric somatotype and grip strength.
5] ISAK Criterion Anthropometrist, Criterion Photoscopic Somatotype Rater and Head of Nutrition Department, I.