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1. Being an unspecified number or quantity: Some people came into the room. Would you like some sugar?
2. Being a portion or an unspecified number or quantity of a whole or group: He likes some modern sculpture but not all.
3. Being a considerable number or quantity: She has been directing films for some years now.
4. Unknown or unspecified by name: Some man called.
5. Logic Being part and perhaps all of a class.
6. Informal Remarkable: She is some skier.
1. An indefinite or unspecified number or portion: We took some of the books to the auction. See Usage Note at every.
2. An indefinite additional quantity: did the assigned work and then some.
1. Approximately; about: Some 40 people attended the rally.
2. Informal Somewhat: some tired.

[Middle English, from Old English sum, a certain one; see sem-1 in the Appendix of Indo-European roots.]


(sʌm; unstressed səm)
a. (a) certain unknown or unspecified: some lunatic drove into my car; some people never learn.
b. (as pronoun; functioning as sing or plural): some can teach and others can't.
a. an unknown or unspecified quantity or amount of: there's some rice on the table; he owns some horses.
b. (as pronoun; functioning as sing or plural): we'll buy some.
a. a considerable number or amount of: he lived some years afterwards.
b. a little: show him some respect.
4. (usually stressed) informal an impressive or remarkable: that was some game!.
5. a certain amount (more) (in the phrases some more and (informal) and then some)
6. about; approximately: he owes me some thirty pounds.
not standard US to a certain degree or extent: I guess I like him some.
[Old English sum; related to Old Norse sumr, Gothic sums, Old High German sum some, Sanskrit samá any, Greek hamē somehow]


(sʌm; unstressed səm)

1. being an undetermined or unspecified one: Some person may object.
2. certain (used with plural nouns): Some days I stay home.
3. unspecified in number, amount, degree, etc.: to some extent.
4. unspecified but considerable in number, amount, degree, etc.: We talked for some time.
5. Informal. remarkable of its type: That was some storm.
6. certain persons, individuals, instances, etc., not specified: Some think he is dead.
7. an unspecified number, amount, etc., as distinguished from the rest or in addition: He paid a thousand dollars and then some.
8. approximately; about: Some 300 were present.
9. to some degree or extent: I like baseball some.
[before 900; Middle English (adj. and pronoun); Old English sum orig., someone, c. Old Frisian, Old Saxon, Old High German sum, Old Norse sumr, Gothic sums]


an adjective-forming suffix, now unproductive, with the meanings “like,” “tending to”: burdensome; quarrelsome.
[Middle English; Old English -sum, c. Old Frisian -sum; akin to Old Saxon, Old High German -sam, Old Norse -samr, Gothic -sams]


a collective suffix used with numerals: threesome.
[Middle English -sum, Old English sum some (pronoun)]


a combining form used in the names of structures or regions of a cell (chromosome; ribosome), chromosomes (autosome), or organisms having the form specified by the initial element (schistosome; trypanosome).
[< Greek sôma body; see soma1]


1. used as a determiner

You use some in front of the plural form of a noun to talk about a number of people or things, without saying who or what they are, or how many of them there are.

Some children were playing in the yard.
I have some important things to tell them.

You can also use some in front of an uncountable noun to talk about a quantity of something, without saying how much of it there is.

She had a piece of pie and some coffee.
I have some information that might help.

When you use some in front of the plural form of a noun, you use a plural form of a verb with it.

Some cars were damaged.
Here are some suggestions.

When you use some in front of an uncountable noun, you use a singular form of a verb with it.

Some action is necessary.
There's some cheese in the fridge.

Be Careful!
Don't use some as part of the object of a negative sentence. Don't say, for example, 'I don't have some money'. You say 'I don't have any money'.

I hadn't had any breakfast.
It won't do any good.
2. used as a quantity word

You use some of in front of a plural noun phrase beginning with the, these, those, or a possessive. You do this to talk about a number of people or things belonging to a particular group.

Some of the smaller companies have gone out of business.
Some of these people have young children.
We read some of Edgar Allen Poe's stories.

You use some of in front of a singular noun phrase beginning with the, this, that, or a possessive to talk about a part of something.

We did some of the journey by bus.
He had lost some of his money.

You can use some of like this in front of plural or singular pronouns.

Some of these are mine.
Some of it is very interesting.

Don't use 'we' or 'they' after some of. Use us or them.

Some of us found it difficult.
Some of them went for a walk.
3. used as a pronoun

Some can itself be a plural or singular pronoun.

Some activities are very dangerous and some are not so dangerous.
'You'll need some graph paper.' – 'Yeah, I've got some at home.'
4. used in questions

In questions, you can use either some or any as part of an object. You use some when you are asking someone to confirm that something is true. For example, if you think someone wants to ask you some questions, you might ask 'Do you have some questions?' But if you do not know whether they want to ask questions or not, you would ask 'Do you have any questions?'

Sorry – have I missed out some names?
Were you in any danger?
5. duration

You use some with time or with a word such as hours or months to say that something lasts for a fairly long time.

You will be unable to drive for some time after the operation.
I did not meet her again for some years.

To refer to a fairly short period of time, don't use 'some'. Say a short time or use a few in front of a word such as hours or months.

Her mother died only a short time later.
You'll be feeling better in a few days.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adj.1.some - quantifier; used with either mass nouns or plural count nouns to indicate an unspecified number or quantity; "have some milk"; "some roses were still blooming"; "having some friends over"; "some apples"; "some paper"
many - a quantifier that can be used with count nouns and is often preceded by `as' or `too' or `so' or `that'; amounting to a large but indefinite number; "many temptations"; "the temptations are many"; "a good many"; "a great many"; "many directions"; "take as many apples as you like"; "too many clouds to see"; "never saw so many people"
few - a quantifier that can be used with count nouns and is often preceded by `a'; a small but indefinite number; "a few weeks ago"; "a few more wagons than usual"; "an invalid's pleasures are few and far between"; "few roses were still blooming"; "few women have led troops in battle"
all - quantifier; used with either mass or count nouns to indicate the whole number or amount of or every one of a class; "we sat up all night"; "ate all the food"; "all men are mortal"; "all parties are welcome"
no - quantifier; used with either mass nouns or plural count nouns for indicating a complete or almost complete lack or zero quantity of; "we have no bananas"; "no eggs left and no money to buy any"; "have you no decency?"; "did it with no help"; "I'll get you there in no time"
2.some - relatively much but unspecified in amount or extent; "we talked for some time"; "he was still some distance away"
much - (quantifier used with mass nouns) great in quantity or degree or extent; "not much rain"; "much affection"; "much grain is in storage"
3.some - relatively many but unspecified in number; "they were here for some weeks"; "we did not meet again for some years"
many - a quantifier that can be used with count nouns and is often preceded by `as' or `too' or `so' or `that'; amounting to a large but indefinite number; "many temptations"; "the temptations are many"; "a good many"; "a great many"; "many directions"; "take as many apples as you like"; "too many clouds to see"; "never saw so many people"
4.some - remarkable; "that was some party"; "she is some skier"
colloquialism - a colloquial expression; characteristic of spoken or written communication that seeks to imitate informal speech
jargon, lingo, patois, argot, vernacular, slang, cant - a characteristic language of a particular group (as among thieves); "they don't speak our lingo"
extraordinary - beyond what is ordinary or usual; highly unusual or exceptional or remarkable; "extraordinary authority"; "an extraordinary achievement"; "her extraordinary beauty"; "enjoyed extraordinary popularity"; "an extraordinary capacity for work"; "an extraordinary session of the legislature"
Adv.1.some - (of quantities) imprecise but fairly close to correctsome - (of quantities) imprecise but fairly close to correct; "lasted approximately an hour"; "in just about a minute"; "he's about 30 years old"; "I've had about all I can stand"; "we meet about once a month"; "some forty people came"; "weighs around a hundred pounds"; "roughly $3,000"; "holds 3 gallons, more or less"; "20 or so people were at the party"


Consisting of a number more than two or three but less than many:
إلى حَدٍّ ما، نوعا مابَعْضبَعْضُحَواليعَدَد مُعَيَّن أو كَمِّيَّه مُعَيَّنَه
nogleomkringvisseen delen eller anden
egy bizonyosmintegynémelyvalamelyes
á vissan hátt; aî sumu leytieinhvereinhverjir; nokkrir; dálítilleitthvaî; aî vissu markinokkur; dálítill; sumir
ką nors reikštikai kaskai kurkai kuriekai kuris
aspoň trochaniektorý
bazıbirbir haylibirazbirkaç tane
một chútmột vài người


1. (= an amount of)
When some refers to something you can't count, it usually isn't translated:
will you have some tea?¿quieres té?
have some more caketoma or sírvete más pastel
you've got some money, haven't you?tienes dinero, ¿no?
let's have some breakfastvamos a desayunar
BUT we gave them some food → les dimos comida or algo de comida
there's some great acting in this filmhay algunas actuaciones muy buenas en esta película
2. (= a little) → algo de, un poco de
all I have left is some chocolatesolamente me queda algo de or un poco de chocolate
she has some experience with childrentiene algo de or un poco de experiencia con niños
the book was some help, but not muchel libro ayudó algo or un poco, pero no mucho, el libro fue de alguna ayuda, pero no mucha
I did some writing this morninghe escrito un poco esta mañana
she went out for some fresh airsalió para tomar un poco de aire fresco
3. (= a number of) → unos
some boys were shouting at himunos chicos le estaban gritando
I have some wonderful memoriestengo unos recuerdos maravillosos
BUT would you like some sweets/grapes? → ¿quieres caramelos/uvas?
we've got some biscuits, haven't we?tenemos galletas, ¿no?
you need some new trousers/glassesnecesitas unos pantalones nuevos/unas gafas nuevas
surely she has SOME friends?debe de tener por lo menos algún amigo
4. (= certain) some people say thatalgunos dicen que ...algunas personas dicen que ..., hay gente que dice que ...
some people hate fishalgunas personas odian el pescado, hay gente que odia el pescado
some people just don't carehay gente que no se preocupa en lo más mínimo
some people have all the luck!¡los hay que tienen suerte!, ¡algunos parece que nacen de pie!
in some ways he's righten cierto modo or sentido, tiene razón
I paid for mine, unlike some people I could mentionyo pagué el mío, no como ciertas personas or algunos a los que no quiero nombrar
some mushrooms are poisonousciertos tipos de setas son venenosas
I like some jazz musicme gusta cierto tipo de jazz
5. (indefinite) → algún + masc noun, alguna + fem noun
some dayalgún día
some day next weekalgún día de la semana que viene
some idiot of a driveralgún imbécil de conductor
I read it in some book (or other)lo he leído en algún libro
for some reason (or other)por alguna razón, por una u otra razón
there must be SOME solutionalguna solución tiene que haber
BUT some man was asking for you → un hombre estuvo preguntando por ti
this will give you some idea ofesto te dará una idea de ...
let's make it some other timehagámoslo otro día
6. (= a considerable amount of) → bastante
it took some courage to do thathacer eso exigió bastante valor
it's a matter of some importancees un asunto de bastante importancia
she is some few years younger than himes bastantes años más joven que él
I haven't seen him for some timehace bastante (tiempo) que no lo veo
see also length A4
7. (= a considerable number of) I haven't seen him for some yearshace bastantes años que no lo veo
I posted it some days ago (now)lo mandé por correo hace (ya) varios días
8.1. (admiring) that's some fish!¡eso sí que es un pez!, ¡eso es lo que se llama un pez!, ¡vaya pez!
that's some woman¡qué mujer!
it was some party¡vaya fiesta!, ¡menuda fiesta!
8.2. (iro) "he says he's my friend" - "some friend!"-dice que es mi amigomenudo amigo!
you're some help, you are!¡vaya ayuda das!, ¡menuda ayuda eres tú!
some expert!¡valiente experto!
8.3. (in annoyance) some people!¡qué gente!
1. (= a certain amount, a little) → un poco
have some!¡toma un poco!
could I have some of that cheese?¿me das un poco de ese queso?
I only want some of itsólo quiero un poco
BUT thanks, I've got some → gracias, ya tengo
"I haven't got any paper" - "I'll give you some"-no tengo nada de papel -yo te doy
it would cost twice that much and then somecostaría el doble de eso y algo más de propina
2. (= a part) → una parte
I've read some of the bookhe leído (una) parte del libro
some of what he said was trueparte de lo que dijo era cierto
some (of it) has been eatense han comido un poco or una parte
give me some!¡dame un poco!
3. (= a number) → algunos/as mpl/fpl
some (of them) have been soldalgunos (de ellos) se han vendido
some of my friends camevinieron algunos de mis amigos
I don't want them all, but I'd like someno los quiero todos, pero sí unos pocos or cuantos, no los quiero todos, pero sí algunos
would you like some?¿quieres unos pocos or cuantos?¿quieres algunos?
4. (= certain people) → algunos, algunas personas
some believe thatalgunos creen que ..., algunas personas creen que ..., hay gente que cree que ...
1. (= about) some 20 peopleunas 20 personas, una veintena de personas
some £30unas 30 libras
2. (esp US)
2.1. (= a lot) → mucho
we laughed somenos reímos mucho
Edinburgh to London in five hours, that's going some!de Edimburgo a Londres en cinco horas, ¡eso sí que es rapidez!
2.2. (= a little) you'll feel better when you've slept somete sentirás mejor cuando hayas dormido un poco


[ˈsʌm](STRONG) [səm]
(= a certain amount) → du, de la
Would you like some bread? → Voulez-vous du pain?
Would you like some beer? → Voulez-vous de la bière?
Have you got some mineral water? → Avez-vous de l'eau minérale?
some tea → du thé
some ice cream → de la glace
some water → de l'eau
(= a certain number of) → des
I've got some Blur albums → J'ai des albums de Blur.
some children → des enfants
some apples → des pommes
(= certain) → certain(e)
Some people say that → Certaines personnes disent que ...
Some films were excellent, but most → Certains films étaient excellents, mais la plupart ...
Some woman was asking for you → Une dame a demandé après vous.
He was asking for some book or other → Il demandait un livre quelconque.
in some form or other → sous une forme ou une autre, sous une forme quelconque
(= considerable) in some detail → dans le détail
I have discussed this topic in some detail → J'ai abordé ce sujet dans le détail.
at some length → assez longuement
after some time → après un certain temps
(= a small amount or number of)
Isn't there some chance he'll lead a normal life? → N'y a-t-il pas une chance qu'il mène une vie normale?
to some extent → dans une certaine mesure
only some
I only sold some of them → Je n'en ai vendu que quelques-uns.
I only took some of it → Je n'en ai pris qu'un peu.
(in exclamations)
She's some woman! → C'est une sacrée bonne femme!
That was some party! → Ça pour une fête, c'était une fête!
Some help you are! → C'est ça que tu appelles de l'aide?
(= an unspecified amount) → en
"Would you like some coffee?"-"No thanks, I've got some." → "Tu veux du café?"-"Non merci, j'en ai déjà."
I've got some (money, milk)J'en ai
would you like some? → est-ce que vous en voulez?, en voulez-vous?
(= an unspecified number) → en
I'm going to buy some stamps. Do you want some too? → Je vais acheter des timbres. Tu en veux aussi?
I've got some (books, pens, apples)j'en ai
(= certain ones, but not all)
Some of them have been sold → Certains ont été vendus.
"Are these mushrooms poisonous?"-"Only some." → "Est-ce que ces champignons sont vénéneux?"-"Seulement certains."
(= a certain amount, but not all)
When the chicken is cooked, I'll freeze some → Lorsque le poulet sera cuit, j'en congèlerai.
some 10 people → quelque 10 personnes, 10 personnes environ


(with plural nouns) → einige; (= a few, emph) → ein paar; (= any: in “if” clauses, questions) meist nicht übersetzt; if you have some questionswenn Sie Fragen haben; did you bring some records?hast du Schallplatten mitgebracht?; some records of mineeinige meiner Platten; would you like some more biscuits?möchten Sie noch (ein paar) Kekse?; take some nutsnehmen Sie sich (dat)doch (ein paar) Nüsse; some few peopleeinige wenige Leute; some suggestions, please!Vorschläge bitte!
(with singular nouns) → etwas, meist nicht übersetzt (= a little, emph) → etwas, ein bisschen; there’s some ink on your shirtSie haben Tinte auf dem Hemd; would you like some cheese?möchten Sie (etwas) Käse?; some more (tea)?noch etwas (Tee)?; leave some cake for melass mir ein bisschen or etwas Kuchen übrig; did she give you some money/sugar?hat sie Ihnen Geld/Zucker gegeben?; have you got some money?haben Sie Geld?; it was (of) some helpes war eine gewisse Hilfe; we played some golfwir haben ein bisschen Golf gespielt
(= certain, in contrast)manche(r, s); some people say …manche Leute sagen; some people just don’t carees gibt Leute, denen ist das einfach egal; there are some things you just don’t sayes gibt (gewisse or manche) Dinge, die man einfach nicht sagt; some questions were really difficultmanche (der) Fragen waren wirklich schwierig; some work is very rewardingmanche Arbeit ist sehr lohnend; some butter is saltymanche Buttersorten sind salzig; in some waysin gewisser Weise
(vague, indeterminate) → irgendein; some book/man or otherirgendein Buch/Mann; some woman rang upda hat eine Frau angerufen; some woman, whose name I forget …eine Frau, ich habe ihren Namen vergessen, …; some idiot of a driverirgend so ein Idiot von (einem) Autofahrer; in some way or anotherirgendwie; at some place in Africairgendwo in Afrika; or some suchoder so etwas Ähnliches; or some such nameoder so ein ähnlicher Name; (at) some time last weekirgendwann letzte Woche; some time or otherirgendwann einmal; some other timeein andermal; some dayeines Tages; some day next weekirgendwann nächste Woche
(intensifier) → ziemlich; (in exclamations) → vielleicht ein (inf); it took some couragedazu brauchte man schon (einigen) or ziemlichen Mut; (that was) some argument/party!das war vielleicht ein Streit/eine Party! (inf); that’s some whiskydas ist vielleicht ein Whisky! (inf); it’s some size!das ist vielleicht ein Ding!; this might take some timedas könnte einige Zeit dauern; quite some timeganz schön lange (inf), → ziemlich lange; to speak at some lengthziemlich lange sprechen; it’s some distance from the housees ist ziemlich weit vom Haus entfernt
(iro)vielleicht ein (inf); some experts!das sind vielleicht Experten! (inf); some help you are/this isdu bist/das ist mir vielleicht eine Hilfe (inf); some people!Leute gibts!
(= some people)einige; (= certain people)manche; (in “if” clauses, questions) → welche; some …, others …manche …, andere …; some of my friendseinige or manche meiner Freunde; there are still some who will never understandes gibt immer noch Leute, die das nicht begreifen werden; some of them were lateeinige kamen zu spät
(referring to plural nouns, = a few) → einige; (= certain ones)manche; (in “if” clauses, questions) → welche; some of these bookseinige dieser Bücher; some of them have been soldeinige sind verkauft worden; I’ve only seen some of the mountainsich habe nur ein paar von den Bergen gesehen; they’re lovely, try somedie schmecken gut, probieren Sie mal; I’ve still got someich habe noch welche; he took someer hat welche genommen; tell me if you see somesagen Sie mir Bescheid, wenn Sie welche sehen; would you like some?möchten Sie welche?
(referring to singular nouns, = a little) → etwas; (= a certain amount, in contrast)manches; (in “if” clauses, questions) → welche(r, s); here is the milk, if you feel thirsty drink somehier ist die Milch, wenn du Durst hast, trinke etwas; I drank some of the milkich habe (etwas) von der Milch getrunken; I drank some of the milk but not allich habe etwas von der Milch getrunken, aber nicht alles; have some!nehmen Sie sich (dat), → bedienen Sie sich; it’s lovely cake, would you like some?das ist ein sehr guter Kuchen, möchten Sie welchen?; try some of this cakeprobieren Sie doch mal diesen Kuchen; would you like some money/tea? — no, I’ve got somemöchten Sie Geld/Tee? — nein, ich habe Geld/ich habe noch; have you got money? — no, but he has somehaben Sie Geld? — nein, aber er hat welches; some of it had been eateneiniges (davon) war gegessen worden; he only believed/read some of iter hat es nur teilweise geglaubt/gelesen; some of his speech was excellentmanches or einiges in seiner Rede war ausgezeichnet; some of his work is goodmanches, was er macht, ist gut
this is some of the oldest rock in the worlddies gehört zum ältesten Gestein der Welt; some of the finest poetry in the English languageeinige der schönsten Gedichte in der englischen Sprache; this is some of the finest scenery in Scotlanddies ist eine der schönsten Landschaften Schottlands
ungefähr, etwa, circa; some 20 peopleungefähr 20 Leute; some few difficultieseinige Schwierigkeiten
(US inf) (= a little)etwas, ein bisschen; (= a lot)viel; it sure bothered us somedas hat uns ziemlich zu schaffen gemacht; he’s travelling someer fährt schnell; I really drank some last nightich habe gestern Abend ganz schön was getrunken (inf); that’s going somedas ist ganz schön schnell (inf)


(sam) pronoun, adjective
1. an indefinite amount or number (of). I can see some people walking across the field; You'll need some money if you're going shopping; Some of the ink was spilt on the desk.
2. (said with emphasis) a certain, or small, amount or number (of). `Has she any experience of the work?' `Yes, she has some.'; Some people like the idea and some don't.
3. (said with emphasis) at least one / a few / a bit (of). Surely there are some people who agree with me?; I don't need much rest from work, but I must have some.
4. certain. He's quite kind in some ways.
1. a large, considerable or impressive (amount or number of). I spent some time trying to convince her; I'll have some problem sorting out these papers!
2. an unidentified or unnamed (thing, person etc). She was hunting for some book that she's lost.
3. (used with numbers) about; at a rough estimate. There were some thirty people at the reception.
(American) somewhat; to a certain extent. I think we've progressed some.
ˈsomebody pronoun
ˈsomeday adverb
(also some day) at an unknown time in the future. We'll manage it someday.
ˈsomehow adverb
in some way not known for certain. I'll get there somehow.
ˈsomeone pronoun
1. an unknown or unnamed person. There's someone at the door – would you answer it?; We all know someone who needs help.
2. a person of importance. He thinks he is someone.
ˈsomething pronoun
1. a thing not known or not stated. Would you like something to eat?; I've got something to tell you.
2. a thing of importance. There's something in what you say.
ˈsometime adverb
at an unknown time in the future or the past. We'll go there sometime next week; They went sometime last month.
ˈsometimes adverb
occasionally. He sometimes goes to America; He goes to America sometimes; Sometimes he seems very forgetful.
ˈsomewhat adverb
rather; a little. He is somewhat sad; The news puzzled me somewhat.
ˈsomewhere adverb
(American ˈsomeplace) (in or to) some place not known or not named. They live somewhere in London; I won't be at home tonight – I'm going somewhere for dinner.
mean something
to have meaning; to be significant. Do all these figures mean something?
or something
used when the speaker is uncertain or being vague. Her name is Mary or Margaret or something.
something like
1. about. We have something like five hundred people working here.
2. rather like. A zebra is something like a horse with stripes.
something tells me
I have reason to believe; I suspect. Something tells me she's lying.


بَعْضُ nějaký, trochu nogle (irgend)ein, einige κάποιοι, μερικός algunos, unos joku, jotkut certains, quelques nešto alcuni, un po' いくらか, いくらかの 약간, 어떤 een aantal, wat litt av en, noen jakieś, kilku algum, alguns кое-кто, некоторый ganska, några เล็กน้อย, บางส่วน bazı một chút, một vài người 一些的, 有些


a. alguno-a; algún, algo de, un poco de; unos, unos cuantos, unas, unas cuantas, algunos-as.