sorites


Also found in: Wikipedia.

so·ri·tes

 (sə-rī′tēz, sô-) Logic
n. pl. sorites
1. An argument presenting a series of premises that can be analyzed as a chain of syllogisms, with each syllogism's major term forming the minor term of the next, until a final conclusion is attained. For example, a sorites might consist of the premises that some pets are snakes, that no snakes have fur, and that only furry things are cuddly, yielding the conclusion that not all pets are cuddly.
2. An argument exploiting the imprecision of everyday language to reach a paradoxical conclusion. The classic argument of this sort maintains that one grain of sand does not make a heap and that adding a single grain of sand to something that is not a heap does not make a heap, yielding the conclusion that no additional amount of sand can make a heap.
adj.
Of or relating to a sorites: a sorites paradox.

[Latin sōrītēs, from Greek sōreitēs, from sōros, heap; see teuə- in Indo-European roots.]

sorites

(sɒˈraɪtiːz)
n
(Logic) logic
a. a polysyllogism in which the premises are arranged so that intermediate conclusions are omitted, being understood, and only the final conclusion is stated
b. a paradox of the form: these few grains of sand do not constitute a heap, and the addition of a single grain never makes what is not yet a heap into a heap: so no matter how many single grains one adds it never becomes a heap.
[C16: via Latin from Greek sōreitēs, literally: heaped, from sōros a heap]
soritical, soˈritic adj

sor•i•tes

(sɔˈraɪ tiz, soʊ-)

n.
a form of argument having several premises and one conclusion, capable of being resolved into a chain of syllogisms, the conclusion of each of which is a premise of the next.
[1545–55; < Latin sōrītēs < Greek sōreítēs, derivative of sōrós a heap]

sorites

an elliptical series of syllogism, in which the premises are so arranged that the predicate of the first is the subject of the next, continuing thus until the subject of the first is united with the predicate of the last. — soritical, soritic, adj.
See also: Logic

Sorites

 a heap or series of propositions; a heap or pile.
Examples: sorites of flaming anthracite, 1871; sorites of facts, 1875; sorites of observances, 1664; song sorites of sciences and tongues, 1670.
References in periodicals archive ?
This kind of indeterminacy is then put to work in developing a novel theory of vagueness and a solution to the sorites paradox.
In some cases, the distinction between a population subgroup to be a different species, or not, is unclear, as in the Sorites Paradoxes in the frame of neutrosophy: the frontier between <A> (where <A> can be a species, a genus, or a family), and <nonA> (which means that is not <A>) is vague.
TEHRAN (FNA)- Russian warplanes conducted some 500 sorites hitting 2,000 ISIL targets on March 7-27, the General Staff of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation said Thursday.
But, since in many cases the borders between notions are vague, imprecise, Sorites, it is possible that <A>, <neutA>, <antiA> (and <nonA>, of course) have common parts two by two, or even all three of them as well.
For if its explosion in analytic philosophy since the 1970s originates in the sorites paradox (how many grains of sand constitute a heap?
Esta retorica de la disimulacion del ensayo diagnostico evita el debate al tiempo que el argumento por sorites caracteriza su cohesion.
En primer lugar hallamos a Eubulides de Mileto, famoso por ser inventor de argumentos dialecticos como el del Mentiroso y el Sorites.
Arguably, we can run a sorites on states that satisfy causal role CRRED, by, for example, removing particles (say, neurons or atoms) one after each other from a clear case like the state I am now while looking at a ripe tomato.
18-Lucky des Champs : Ce cheval d'age donne l'impression de chercher sa course comme le montrent ses dernieres sorites, merite a cet effet d'etre coche dans un ticket histoire de mettre le plus d'atout dans sa manche.
Despite this philosophical mix up, thinking about the play in relation to the sorites paradox can itself be conceptually intriguing.
En el caso del sorites, por ejemplo, se tematiza la vaguedad de ciertos terminos como 'mucho' o 'poco', de un modo que Diogenes Laercio sintetiza del siguiente modo: "no es cierto que dos sea poco, pero tres no; y tampoco que este lo sea, pero cuatro no y asi hasta diez.
2 cf Spiraulax jollifei Torodinium teredo Foraminitera Cassidulinoidea Globocassidulina minuta (as Cassidu/ina minuta) Miliolida Amphisorus hemprichii Spiroloculina antillarum Sorites marginaiis Pseudohauerina occidenta/is (as Hauerina occidentalis) Quinqueloculina alabanensis Quinqueloculina candeiana Quinqueloculina sulcata Rotaliida Amphistegina lesson i Poroeponides lateralis Rotorbinella mira (as Discorbis mira) Ileterostegina depressa Tretomphalus bulloides Planorbulina acervalis Poroeponides lateralis Pileolina patelliformis Pileolina sp.