sour


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Related to sour: sour grapes, spur

sour

 (sour)
adj. sour·er, sour·est
1. Having a taste characteristic of that produced by acids; sharp, tart, or tangy.
2. Made acid or rancid by fermentation.
3. Having the characteristics of fermentation or rancidity; tasting or smelling of decay.
4.
a. Bad-tempered and morose; peevish: a sour temper.
b. Displeased with something one formerly admired or liked; disenchanted: sour on ballet.
5.
a. Not measuring up to the expected or usual ability or quality; bad: a sour performance of the play.
b. Not having the correct or properly produced pitch: a sour note.
6. Of or relating to excessively acid soil that is damaging to crops.
7.
a. Containing excessive levels of sulfur compounds, carbon dioxide, or both. Used of oil and natural gas.
b. Containing excessive levels of peroxides. Used of gasoline.
n.
1. The sensation of sour taste, one of the four primary tastes.
2. Something sour.
3. A mixed drink made especially with whiskey, lemon or lime juice, sugar, and sometimes soda water.
tr. & intr.v. soured, sour·ing, sours
1. To make or become sour.
2. To make or become disagreeable, disillusioned, or disenchanted.

[Middle English, from Old English sūr.]

sour′ish adj.
sour′ly adv.
sour′ness n.
Synonyms: sour, acerbic, acid, acidic, tart1
These adjectives mean having a taste like that produced by an acid: sour lemons; an acerbic vinegar; the acid taste of guavas; a lightly acidic coffee; tart cherries.

sour

(ˈsaʊə)
adj
1. having or denoting a sharp biting taste like that of lemon juice or vinegar. Compare bitter1
2. (Brewing) made acid or bad, as in the case of milk or alcohol, by the action of microorganisms
3. having a rancid or unwholesome smell
4. (of a person's temperament) sullen, morose, or disagreeable
5. (Physical Geography) (esp of the weather or climate) harsh and unpleasant
6. disagreeable; distasteful: a sour experience.
7. (Agriculture) (of land, etc) lacking in fertility, esp due to excessive acidity
8. (Chemistry) (of oil, gas, or petrol) containing a relatively large amount of sulphur compounds
9. go sour turn sour to become unfavourable or inharmonious: his marriage went sour.
n
10. something sour
11. (Brewing) chiefly US any of several iced drinks usually made with spirits, lemon juice, and ice: a whiskey sour.
12. (Tanning) an acid used in laundering and bleaching clothes or in curing animal skins
vb
to make or become sour
[Old English sūr; related to Old Norse sūrr, Lithuanian suras salty, Old Slavonic syrŭ wet, raw, surovu green, raw, Sanskrit surā brandy]
ˈsourish adj
ˈsourishly adv
ˈsourly adv
ˈsourness n

Sour

(sʊə)
n
(Placename) a variant spelling of Sur

sour

(saʊər, ˈsaʊ ər)

adj. sour•er, sour•est,
n., v. adj.
1. having an acid taste resembling that of vinegar or lemon juice; tart.
2. rendered acid or affected by fermentation; fermented.
3. producing the one of the four basic taste sensations that is not bitter, salt, or sweet.
4. characteristic of something fermented: a sour smell.
5. distasteful or disagreeable; unpleasant.
6. cross; peevish: a sour expression.
7. (of soil) having excessive acidity.
8. (esp. of gasoline) contaminated by sulfur compounds.
9. off-pitch; badly produced: a sour note.
n.
10. something that is sour.
11. a cocktail of whiskey, lime or lemon juice, sugar, and sometimes soda.
12. an acid or an acidic substance used in laundering and bleaching to neutralize alkalis and to decompose residual soap or bleach.
v.i.
13. to become sour, rancid, etc.; spoil.
14. (of relations) to become unpleasant or strained.
15. to become bitter or disillusioned.
v.t.
16. to make sour.
17. to cause spoilage in; rot.
18. to make bitter or disillusioned.
Idioms: Informal.
1. go sour, to become unsatisfactory; fail: a marriage gone sour.
2. go sour on, to become estranged from; turn against: He went sour on his family.
[before 1000; Old English sūr (orig. adj.), c. Old High German sūr, Old Norse sūrr]
sour′ish, adj.
sour′ly, adv.
sour′ness, n.

sour


Past participle: soured
Gerund: souring

Imperative
sour
sour
Present
I sour
you sour
he/she/it sours
we sour
you sour
they sour
Preterite
I soured
you soured
he/she/it soured
we soured
you soured
they soured
Present Continuous
I am souring
you are souring
he/she/it is souring
we are souring
you are souring
they are souring
Present Perfect
I have soured
you have soured
he/she/it has soured
we have soured
you have soured
they have soured
Past Continuous
I was souring
you were souring
he/she/it was souring
we were souring
you were souring
they were souring
Past Perfect
I had soured
you had soured
he/she/it had soured
we had soured
you had soured
they had soured
Future
I will sour
you will sour
he/she/it will sour
we will sour
you will sour
they will sour
Future Perfect
I will have soured
you will have soured
he/she/it will have soured
we will have soured
you will have soured
they will have soured
Future Continuous
I will be souring
you will be souring
he/she/it will be souring
we will be souring
you will be souring
they will be souring
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been souring
you have been souring
he/she/it has been souring
we have been souring
you have been souring
they have been souring
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been souring
you will have been souring
he/she/it will have been souring
we will have been souring
you will have been souring
they will have been souring
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been souring
you had been souring
he/she/it had been souring
we had been souring
you had been souring
they had been souring
Conditional
I would sour
you would sour
he/she/it would sour
we would sour
you would sour
they would sour
Past Conditional
I would have soured
you would have soured
he/she/it would have soured
we would have soured
you would have soured
they would have soured
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.sour - a cocktail made of a liquor (especially whiskey or gin) mixed with lemon or lime juice and sugarsour - a cocktail made of a liquor (especially whiskey or gin) mixed with lemon or lime juice and sugar
cocktail - a short mixed drink
whiskey sour, whisky sour - a sour made with whiskey
2.sour - the taste experience when vinegar or lemon juice is taken into the mouth
gustatory perception, gustatory sensation, taste, taste perception, taste sensation - the sensation that results when taste buds in the tongue and throat convey information about the chemical composition of a soluble stimulus; "the candy left him with a bad taste"; "the melon had a delicious taste"
acidulousness, acidity - the taste experience when something acidic is taken into the mouth
3.sour - the property of being acidicsour - the property of being acidic  
taste property - a property appreciated via the sense of taste
acerbity, tartness - a sharp sour taste
vinegariness, vinegarishness - a sourness resembling that of vinegar
Verb1.sour - go sour or spoilsour - go sour or spoil; "The milk has soured"; "The wine worked"; "The cream has turned--we have to throw it out"
change state, turn - undergo a transformation or a change of position or action; "We turned from Socialism to Capitalism"; "The people turned against the President when he stole the election"
ferment, work - cause to undergo fermentation; "We ferment the grapes for a very long time to achieve high alcohol content"; "The vintner worked the wine in big oak vats"
2.sour - make sour or more soursour - make sour or more sour    
change taste - alter the flavor of
dulcify, dulcorate, edulcorate, sweeten - make sweeter in taste
Adj.1.sour - smelling of fermentation or staleness
2.sour - having a sharp biting taste
dry - (of liquor) having a low residual sugar content because of decomposition of sugar during fermentation; "a dry white burgundy"; "a dry Bordeaux"
soured - having turned bad
tasty - pleasing to the sense of taste; "a tasty morsel"
sweet - having or denoting the characteristic taste of sugar
3.sour - one of the four basic taste sensations; like the taste of vinegar or lemons
tasty - pleasing to the sense of taste; "a tasty morsel"
4.sour - in an unpalatable statesour - in an unpalatable state; "sour milk"
soured - having turned bad
5.sour - inaccurate in pitch; "a false (or sour) note"; "her singing was off key"
inharmonious, unharmonious - not in harmony
6.sour - showing a brooding ill humor; "a dark scowl"; "the proverbially dour New England Puritan"; "a glum, hopeless shrug"; "he sat in moody silence"; "a morose and unsociable manner"; "a saturnine, almost misanthropic young genius"- Bruce Bliven; "a sour temper"; "a sullen crowd"
ill-natured - having an irritable and unpleasant disposition

sour

verb
1. embitter, disenchant, alienate, envenom The experience, she says, has soured her.

sour

adjective
1. Having a taste characteristic of that produced by acids:
2. Having a noticeably sharp pungent taste or smell:
3. Broodingly and sullenly unhappy:
4. Not in accordance with what is usual or expected:
verb
To make or become bitter:
Translations
حَامِضحامِضشَكِس، فَظماضِر، مُحَمِّضيُحَمِّض
kyselýmrzutýokyselitzkysaný
surblive surgøre sur
acida
hapu
hapan
kiseo
besavanyodottmegsavanyítsavanyítsavanyú
súrsÿra; gera súranfÿldur, úrillur
酸っぱい
rūgščiairūgštumassurūgęs
sapīcissaskābisskābensskābētskābs
kwaśnyzjełczały
acru
okysliťskysnutý
kiselskisati se
sur
มีรสเปรี้ยว
ekşiekşi mekekşimişhuysuzters
chua

sour

[ˈsaʊəʳ]
A. ADJ (sourer (compar) (sourest (superl)))
1. (= not sweet) [fruit, flavour] → agrio, ácido; [smell] → acre
whisky sourwhisky m sour
sour grapesenvidia f
that's just sour grapeseso es simplemente envidia
it was clearly sour grapes on his partestaba claro que tenía envidia
2. (Agr) [soil] → ácido, yermo
3. (= bad) [milk] → cortado, agrio; [wine] → agrio
to go or turn sour [milk] → cortarse; [wine] → agriarse; [plan] → venirse abajo
their marriage turned soursu matrimonio empezó a deteriorarse
their dream of equality for all turned soursu sueño de igualdad para todos se tornó amargo
does this milk taste sour to you?¿te sabe esta leche a cortada?, ¿te sabe esta leche agria?
4. (fig) [person] → avinagrado; [expression, look, mood, comment] → avinagrado, agrio
B. VT
1. (lit) → agriar
2. (fig) [+ person] → agriar, amargar; [+ relationship] → deteriorar; [+ atmosphere] → agriar; [+ outlook, success] → empañar
C. VI
1. (lit) [wine] → agriarse, volverse agrio; [milk] → agriarse, cortarse
2. (fig) [mood, attitude] → avinagrarse, agriarse; [relationship] → deteriorarse
the atmosphere in the office had souredel ambiente en la oficina se había vuelto rancio
his financial partners soured on the deal > (US) → sus socios financieros se volvieron en contra del acuerdo
D. CPD sour cream Nnata f or (LAm) crema f agria

sour

[ˈsaʊər] adj
(= acidic) [taste, fruit] → aigre, acide
[milk] → tourné(e), aigre
to go sour, to turn sour [milk] → tourner
(= embittered) [person, expression, face, look] → acerbe, aigre
to go sour, to turn sour [relationship, plans] → mal tourner

sour

adj (+er)
fruit, soilsauer; wine, vinegarsäuerlich; whisky sour (esp US) → Whisky mit Zitrone
(= bad) milksauer; smellstreng, säuerlich; to go or turn sour (lit)sauer werden; to go or turn sour (on somebody) (fig, relationship, marriage) → jdn anöden; (plan, investment) → sich als Fehlschlag erweisen; things began to turn sourdie Dinge begannen einen negativen Verlauf zu nehmen
(fig) person, expressionverdrießlich, griesgrämig; remarkbissig; he’s feeling sour about being demoteder ist über seine Absetzung verbittert; it’s just sour grapesdie Trauben sind zu sauer or hängen zu hoch; it sounds like sour grapes to medas kennt man: die Trauben sind zu sauer or hängen zu hoch
vt milksauer or dick werden lassen; soilsauer or kalkarm machen; (fig) personverdrießlich or griesgrämig machen; relationship, atmospherevergiften; successverderben
vi (milk)sauer or dick werden; (soil)sauer or kalkarm werden; (fig, person) → verbittern, griesgrämig werden; (atmosphere, mood, relationship) → sich verschlechtern

sour

[ˈsaʊəʳ] adj (-er (comp) (-est (superl))) (gen) → aspro/a, agro/a; (milk) (fig) (person, remark) → acido/a; (smell) → acre
whisky sour cocktail di whisky al limone
to go or turn sour (milk, wine) → inacidirsi (fig) (relationship, plans) → guastarsi
it was sour grapes on his part (fig) → ha fatto come la volpe con l'uva, è stata solo invidia da parte sua
to be in a sour mood (fig) → essere di umore nero

sour

(ˈsauə) adjective
1. having a taste or smell similar in nature to that of lemon juice or vinegar. Unripe apples are/taste very sour.
2. having a similar taste as a stage in going bad. sour milk.
3. (of a person, his character etc) discontented, bad-tempered or disagreeable. She was looking very sour this morning.
verb
to make or become sour.
ˈsourly adverb
ˈsourness noun

sour

حَامِض kyselý sur sauer ξινός agrio hapan aigre kiseo agro 酸っぱい zuur sur kwaśny azedo кислый sur มีรสเปรี้ยว ekşi chua 酸的

sour

adj agrio
References in classic literature ?
I shall have to toil and moil all my days, with only little bits of fun now and then, and get old and ugly and sour, because I'm poor and can't enjoy my life as other girls do.
The next time she made bread, she scraped this sour stuff down into the fresh dough to serve as yeast.
At another window of the same house, moreover appeared old Mistress Hibbins, the Governor's sister, also with a lamp, which even thus far off revealed the expression of her sour and discontented face.
Jonas had told them how the meat that was taken out of pickle would often be found sour, and how they would rub it up with soda to take away the smell, and sell it to be eaten on free-lunch counters; also of all the miracles of chemistry which they performed, giving to any sort of meat, fresh or salted, whole or chopped, any color and any flavor and any odor they chose.
An Sir Kay had had time to get another skin of sour wine into him, ye had seen the accompt doubled.
It is a mighty sour pill for us all, my friend - even the modestest of us, let alone the other kind, that think they are going to be received like a long-lost government bond, and hug Abraham into the bargain.
And the distinction is not quite so much against the candour and common sense of the world as appears at first; for a very narrow income has a tendency to contract the mind, and sour the temper.
She had a little thin face and a little thin body, thin light hair and a sour expression.
A sour wine, moreover, or a souring, for its influence on the mood of those who drank it was to make them gloomy.
Creakle, Tungay considered the whole establishment, masters and boys, as his natural enemies, and that the only delight of his life was to be sour and malicious.
Better not try to brew beer there now, or it would turn out sour, boy; don't you think so?
That minister was GALBET, or admiral of the realm, very much in his master's confidence, and a person well versed in affairs, but of a morose and sour complexion.