south


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south

 (south)
n.
1. Abbr. S
a. The direction along a meridian 90° clockwise from east; the direction to the right of sunrise.
b. The cardinal point on the mariner's compass 180° clockwise from due north and directly opposite north.
2. An area or region lying in the south.
3. often South
a. The southern part of the earth.
b. The set of developing nations of the world, largely located to the south of the developed nations of the Northern Hemisphere.
c. The southern part of a region or country.
4. South The southern part of the United States, especially the states that fought for the Confederacy in the Civil War.
5. The side of a church which is to the right as one faces the altar. Also called liturgical south.
adj.
1. To, toward, of, facing, or in the south.
2. Originating in or coming from the south: a hot south wind.
adv.
1. In, from, or toward the south.
2. Slang Into a worse or inferior condition, as of decreased value: a stock that went south shortly after he bought it."If a life could be redeemed in a moment, it could go south just as fast" (Roy Parvin).

[Middle English, from Old English sūth; see sāwel- in Indo-European roots.]
Word History: When observed from the ground in the Northern Hemisphere, the path that the sun travels in the daytime lies generally in the southern half of the sky. For this reason, the sunny side of a hill or a house in the Northern Hemisphere is the south side, and this fact about the sun is reflected in the origin of the English word "south" itself. "South" in Old English was sūth, which developed from an earlier *sunth. (As Old English developed from its Germanic ancestor, an *n within a word was dropped before the sound *th, and the preceding vowel was lengthened in compensation.) The form *sunth developed from a still earlier Germanic *sunthaz, literally meaning something like "sunny, besunned," and the first element in this word, *sun-, means "sun." The same element can also still be found in Modern English sun, from Old English sunne. As the first word in compounds, Old English sūth, "south," was subject to shortening, and it shows up in Modern English pronounced (sŭ). This is seen in place names like Suffolk (where the "south folk" were; compare Norfolk), Sutton, "south town," and Sussex, the location of the "South Saxons" (whose eastern and western cousins were located in Essex and Wessex, respectively).

south

(saʊθ)
n
1. (Navigation) one of the four cardinal points of the compass, at 180° from north and 90° clockwise from east and anticlockwise from west
2. (Physical Geography) the direction along a meridian towards the South Pole
3. (Physical Geography) the south (often capital) any area lying in or towards the south.
4. (Card Games) (usually capital) cards the player or position at the table corresponding to south on the compass
adj
5. situated in, moving towards, or facing the south
6. (Physical Geography) (esp of the wind) from the south
adv
7. in, to, or towards the south
8. (Physical Geography) archaic (of the wind) from the south
Symbol: S
[Old English sūth; related to Old Norse suthr southward, Old High German sundan from the south]

South

(saʊθ)
n
1. (Placename) the southern part of England, generally regarded as lying to the south of an imaginary line between the Wash and the Severn
2. (Placename) the area approximately south of Pennsylvania and the Ohio River, esp those states south of the Mason-Dixon line that formed the Confederacy during the Civil War
3. (Historical Terms) the area approximately south of Pennsylvania and the Ohio River, esp those states south of the Mason-Dixon line that formed the Confederacy during the Civil War
4. (Historical Terms) the Confederacy itself
5. (Economics) the countries of the world that are not economically and technically advanced
adj
(Placename)
a. of or denoting the southern part of a specified country, area, etc
b. (capital as part of a name): the South Pacific.

south

(saʊθ; v. also saʊð)

n., adj., adv. n.
1. a cardinal point of the compass lying directly opposite north. Abbr.: S
2. the direction in which this point lies.
3. (usu. cap.) a region or territory situated in this direction.
4. the South, the general area south of Pennsylvania and the Ohio River and east of the Mississippi, consisting mainly of those states that formed the Confederacy.
adj.
5. lying toward or situated in the south; directed or proceeding toward the south.
6. coming from the south, as a wind.
adv.
7. to, toward, or in the south.
8. into a state of serious decline, loss, or the like: Sales went south during the recession.
[before 900; Middle English suth(e), south(e) (adv., adj., n.), Old English sūth (adv., adj.), c. Old Frisian, Old Saxon sūth, Old High German sunt]

south

1. 'south'

The south /saʊθ/ is the direction that is on your right when you are looking towards the direction where the sun rises.

From the hilltop you can see the city to the south.
To the south, an hour's drive away, was the coast.

A south wind blows from the south.

A warm south wind was blowing.

The south of a place is the part that is towards the south.

Antibes is in the south of France.

South is part of the names of some countries, states, and regions.

I am from the Republic of South Korea.
She is a senator from South Carolina.
2. 'southern'

You don't usually talk about a 'south' part of a country or region. You talk about a southern /'sʌðən/ part.

The island is near the southern tip of South America.
The southern part of England is more heavily populated.

Don't talk about 'south England' or 'south Europe'. You say southern England or southern Europe.

Granada is one of the great cities of southern Spain.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.south - the region of the United States lying to the south of the Mason-Dixon lineSouth - the region of the United States lying to the south of the Mason-Dixon line
hoecake - thin usually unleavened johnnycake made of cornmeal; originally baked on the blade of a hoe over an open fire (southern)
KKK, Klan, Ku Klux Klan - a secret society of white Southerners in the United States; was formed in the 19th century to resist the emancipation of slaves; used terrorist tactics to suppress Black people
U.S.A., United States, United States of America, US, USA, America, the States, U.S. - North American republic containing 50 states - 48 conterminous states in North America plus Alaska in northwest North America and the Hawaiian Islands in the Pacific Ocean; achieved independence in 1776
Gulf States - a region of the United States comprising states bordering the Gulf of Mexico; Alabama and Florida and Louisiana and Mississippi and Texas
Deep South - the southeastern region of the United States: South Carolina and Georgia and Alabama and Mississippi and Louisiana; prior to the American Civil War all these states produced cotton and permitted slavery
Tidewater region, Tidewater - the coastal plain of the South: eastern parts of Virginia and North Carolina and South Carolina and Georgia
Piedmont - the plateau between the coastal plain and the Appalachian Mountains: parts of Virginia and North and South Carolina and Georgia and Alabama
Carolina, Carolinas - the area of the states of North Carolina and South Carolina
Alabama, Camellia State, Heart of Dixie, AL - a state in the southeastern United States on the Gulf of Mexico; one of the Confederate states during the American Civil War
Empire State of the South, Georgia, Peach State, GA - a state in southeastern United States; one of the Confederate states during the American Civil War
Louisiana, Pelican State, LA - a state in southern United States on the Gulf of Mexico; one of the Confederate states during the American Civil War
Free State, Maryland, Old Line State, MD - a Mid-Atlantic state; one of the original 13 colonies
Magnolia State, Mississippi, MS - a state in the Deep South on the gulf of Mexico; one of the Confederate States during the American Civil War
NC, North Carolina, Old North State, Tar Heel State - a state in southeastern United States; one of the original 13 colonies
Palmetto State, SC, South Carolina - a state in the Deep South; one of the original 13 colonies
Tennessee, TN, Volunteer State - a state in east central United States
Old Dominion, Old Dominion State, VA, Virginia - a state in the eastern United States; one of the original 13 colonies; one of the Confederate States in the American Civil War
Southerner - an American who lives in the South
2.south - the southern states that seceded from the United States in 1861South - the southern states that seceded from the United States in 1861
slave state - any of the southern states in which slavery was legal prior to the American Civil War
Alabama, Camellia State, Heart of Dixie, AL - a state in the southeastern United States on the Gulf of Mexico; one of the Confederate states during the American Civil War
Arkansas, Land of Opportunity, AR - a state in south central United States; one of the Confederate states during the American Civil War
Everglade State, FL, Florida, Sunshine State - a state in southeastern United States between the Atlantic and the Gulf of Mexico; one of the Confederate states during the American Civil War
Empire State of the South, Georgia, Peach State, GA - a state in southeastern United States; one of the Confederate states during the American Civil War
Louisiana, Pelican State, LA - a state in southern United States on the Gulf of Mexico; one of the Confederate states during the American Civil War
Magnolia State, Mississippi, MS - a state in the Deep South on the gulf of Mexico; one of the Confederate States during the American Civil War
Missouri, Show Me State, MO - a midwestern state in central United States; a border state during the American Civil War, Missouri was admitted to the Confederacy without actually seceding from the Union
NC, North Carolina, Old North State, Tar Heel State - a state in southeastern United States; one of the original 13 colonies
Palmetto State, SC, South Carolina - a state in the Deep South; one of the original 13 colonies
Tennessee, TN, Volunteer State - a state in east central United States
Lone-Star State, Texas, TX - the second largest state; located in southwestern United States on the Gulf of Mexico
Old Dominion, Old Dominion State, VA, Virginia - a state in the eastern United States; one of the original 13 colonies; one of the Confederate States in the American Civil War
3.south - the cardinal compass point that is at 180 degrees
cardinal compass point - one of the four main compass points
4.south - a location in the southern part of a country, region, or city
location - a point or extent in space
5.south - the direction corresponding to the southward cardinal compass point
direction - the spatial relation between something and the course along which it points or moves; "he checked the direction and velocity of the wind"
Adj.1.south - situated in or facing or moving toward or coming from the south; "the south entrance"
north - situated in or facing or moving toward or coming from the north; "artists like north light"; "the north portico"
Adv.1.south - in a southern direction; "we moved south"

south

noun
Related words
adjectives austral, meridional
Translations
suid
إحدى الجَهات على البوصَلَهجَنُوبُجُنوبجَنُوباًجنوبي
юг
migdiamigjornsud
jihjižník jihupolednejižně
sydsydligsydpåmod syd
sudasudo
lõuna
eteläetelä-eteläinenetelässä
jugjužanjužno
déldélre
selatan
í suîuráttsuîursuîur-sunnan-, aî sunnan
南に南の
남쪽남쪽으로남쪽의
australeaustralismeridies
į pietryčiusį pietusį pietvakariusiš pietųkaip pietiečio
dienvididienvidu-uz dienvidiem
sud
juh
jugjuženjužno
југ
södersöderutsödrasyd
ทางใต้ทิศใต้ภาคใต้
güneygüneyekıbleden esengüneydecenup
ở phía namphương namvề phía nam

south

[saʊθ]
A. N (= direction) → sur m; (= region) → sur m, mediodía m
the South of Franceel sur de Francia, el mediodía francés, la Francia meridional
in the south of Englandal sur or en el sur de Inglaterra
to live in the southvivir en el sur
to the south ofal sur de
the wind is from the or in the southel viento sopla or viene del sur
in the south of the countryal sur or en el sur del país
C. ADV (= southward) → hacia el sur; (= in the south) → al sur, en el sur
to travel southviajar hacia el sur
this house faces southesta casa mira al sur or tiene vista hacia el sur
my window faces southmi ventana da al sur
south of the borderal sur de la frontera
it's south of Londonestá al sur de Londres
to sail due south (Naut) → ir proa al sur, navegar rumbo al sur
D. CPD South Africa NSuráfrica f, Sudáfrica f
see also South African South America NAmérica f del Sur, Sudamérica f
see also South American South Atlantic NAtlántico m Sur
South Australia NAustralia f del Sur
South Carolina NCarolina f del Sur
South Dakota NDakota f del Sur
South Georgia NGeorgia f del Sur
South Korea NCorea f del Sur
see also South Korean South Pacific NPacífico m Sur
the South Pole Nel Polo sur
the South Sea Islands NPLlas Islas de los mares del Sur
the South Seas NPLlos mares del Sur, el mar austral
South Vietnam NVietnam m del Sur
see also South Vietnamese South Wales NGales m del Sur
South West Africa NÁfrica f del Suroeste

south

[ˈsaʊθ]
nsud m
in the south → dans le sud
to the south of → au sud de
the South of France → le Sud de la France, le Midi
adjsud inv
the south coast → la côte sud
advau sud, vers le sud
We were travelling south → Nous allions vers le sud.
to be south of → être au sud de
It's south of London → C'est au sud de Londres.

south

nSüden m; in the south ofim Süden +gen; to the south ofim Süden or südlich von; from the southaus dem Süden; (wind) → aus Süden; to veer to the southin südliche Richtung or nach Süden drehen; the wind is in the southes ist Südwind; the South of FranceSüdfrankreich nt; which way is south?in welcher Richtung ist Süden?; down south (be, live)unten im Süden; gorunter in den Süden
adjsüdlich; (in names) → Süd-; South Germansüddeutsch; south LondonSüd-London nt; South WalesSüdwales nt; the MP for Coventry Southder Abgeordnete für (den Wahlkreis) Coventry Süd
advim Süden; (= towards the south)nach Süden, gen Süden (liter), → südwärts (liter, Naut); (Met) → in südliche Richtung; to be further southweiter südlich sein; south ofsüdlich or im Süden von; south of one million (US fig) → weniger als eine Million

south

in cpdsSüd-;
South Africa
nSüdafrika nt
South African
adjsüdafrikanisch; he’s souther ist Südafrikaner
nSüdafrikaner(in) m(f)
South America
nSüdamerika nt
South American
adjsüdamerikanisch; he’s souther ist Südamerikaner
nSüdamerikaner(in) m(f)
South Atlantic
nSüdatlantik m
South Australia
nSüdaustralien nt
southbound
adj(in) Richtung Süden
South Carolina
nSüdkarolina nt, → South Carolina nt
South Dakota
nSüddakota nt, → South Dakota nt
southeast
nSüdosten m, → Südost m (esp Naut); from the southaus dem Südosten; (wind) → von Südosten; in the southim Südosten
adjsüdöstlich; (in names) → Südost-; south windSüdost(wind) m, → Wind maus Südost or südöstlicher Richtung; south LondonSüdostlondon nt
advnach Südosten; south ofsüdöstlich von
Southeast Asia
nSüdostasien nt
southeaster
n (esp Naut) → Südostwind m, → Südost m
southeasterly
adj directionsüdöstlich; wind alsoaus Südost
n (= wind)Südostwind m
southeastern
adjsüdöstlich, im Südosten; south EnglandSüdostengland nt
southeastward(s)
advnach Südosten

south

:
south-facing
adj wall, windownach Süden gerichtet; gardennach Süden gelegen; south slopeSüdhang m
South Korea
nSüdkorea nt
South Korean
adjsüdkoreanisch
nSüdkoreaner(in) m(f)
South Pacific
nSüdpazifik m
southpaw
n (Boxing) → Linkshänder(in), Rechtsausleger(in) m(f)
South Pole
nSüdpol m
South Sea Islands
plSüdseeinseln pl
South Seas
plSüdsee f
south-south-east
nSüdsüdosten m, → Südsüdost m (esp Naut)
adjsüdsüdöstlich
advnach Südsüdost(en)
south-south-west
nSüdsüdwesten m, → Südsüdwest m (esp Naut)
adjsüdsüdwestlich
advnach Südsüdwest(en); south ofsüdsüdwestlich von
South Vietnam
nSüdvietnam nt
southward(s)
adjsüdlich
advnach Süden, südwärts
southwest
nSüdwesten m, → Südwest m (esp Naut); in the southim Südwesten; from the southaus dem Südwesten; (wind) → von Südwesten
adjSüdwest-, südwestlich; south windSüdwestwind m
advnach Südwest(en); south ofsüdwestlich von
South West Africa
southwester
n (esp Naut) → Südwest(wind) m
southwesterly
adj directionsüdwestlich; wind alsoaus Südwest
nSüdwestwind m
southwestern
southwestward(s)
advnach Südwesten
South Yorkshire
nSüd-Yorkshire nt

south

[saʊθ]
1. nsud m, meridione m, mezzogiorno
(to the) south of → a sud di
in the south of → nel sud di
the wind is from the south → il vento soffia da sud or da mezzogiorno
to veer to the south (wind) → girare verso sud
the South of France → il sud della Francia, la Francia del sud or meridionale
2. adj (gen) → sud inv; (coast) → meridionale; (wind) → del sud
3. advverso sud
south of the border → a sud del confine
to sail due south → andare direttamente verso sud
to travel south → viaggiare verso sud
this house faces south → questa casa è esposta a sud or a mezzogiorno

south

(sauθ) noun
1. the direction to the right of a person facing the rising sun, or any part of the earth lying in that direction. He stood facing towards the south; She lives in the south of France.
2. one of the four main points of the compass.
adjective
1. in the south. She works on the south coast.
2. from the direction of the south. a south wind.
adverb
towards the south. This window faces south.
southerly (ˈsaðəli) adjective
1. (of a wind etc) coming from the south. a southerly wind.
2. looking, lying etc towards the south. in a southerly direction.
southern (ˈsaðən) adjective
of the south. Your speech sounds southern to me; Australia is in the southern hemisphere.
southerner (ˈsaðənə) noun
a person who lives, or was born, in a southern region or country.
southernmost (ˈsaðənmoust) adjective
being furthest south. the southernmost point on the mainland.
ˈsouthward adjective
towards the south. in a southward direction.
ˈsouthward(s) adverb
towards the south. We are moving southwards.
ˈsouthbound adjective
travelling southwards. southbound traffic.
ˌsouth-ˈeast / ˌsouth-ˈwest nouns
the direction midway between south and east or south and west, or any part of the earth lying in that direction.
adjective
1. in the south-east or south-west. the south-east coast.
2. from the direction of the south-east or south-west. a south-east wind.
adverb
towards the south-east or south-west. The gateway faces south-west.
ˌsouth-ˈeasterly / ˌsouth-ˈwesterly adjective
1. (of a wind etc) coming from the south-east or south-west. a south-easterly wind.
2. looking, lying etc towards the south-east or south-west. a south-westerly direction.
ˌsouth-ˈeastern / ˌsouth-ˈwestern adjective
of the south-east or south-west. a south-western dialect.
the South Pole
the southern end of the imaginary line through the earth, round which it turns.

south

جَنُوبُ, جَنُوباً, جَنُوبِيّ jih, jižně, jižní syd, sydlig, sydpå Süden, südlich, südwärts νότια, νότιος, νότος al sur, meridional, sur etelä, etelä-, etelässä sud jug, južan, južno meridionale, sud, verso sud, 南に, 南の 남쪽, 남쪽으로, 남쪽의 ten zuiden, zuidelijk, zuiden sørlig, sørlig del, sørover na południe, południe, południowy do sul, para o sul, sul в южном направлении, юг, южный söder, söderut, södra ทางใต้, ทิศใต้, ภาคใต้ güney, güneye ở phía nam, phương nam, về phía nam , 南边, 南边的

south

n. el sur;
southwestsuroeste;
southeastsureste.
References in classic literature ?
I'll try and be what he loves to call me, `a little woman' and not be rough and wild, but do my duty here instead of wanting to be somewhere else," said Jo, thinking that keeping her temper at home was a much harder task than facing a rebel or two down South.
They had come to Winesburg from some place in the South and ran a cider mill on the Trunion Pike.
That plotter Waddington, or some of his tools, dropped a bomb where it might have done us some injury, but Professor Bumper, who was a fellow passenger, on his way to South America to look for the lost city of Pelone, calmly picked up the bomb, plucked out the fuse, and saved us from bad injuries, if not death.
Sometimes I went south to visit our German neighbours and to admire their catalpa grove, or to see the big elm tree that grew up out of a deep crack in the earth and had a hawk's nest in its branches.
The sun was low in the west, and the breeze soft and languorous that came up from the south, charged with the seductive odor of the sea.
Winding its way among countless islands, and imbedded in mountains, the "holy lake" extended a dozen leagues still further to the south.
On some such morning, when three or four vessels happen to have arrived at once usually from Africa or South America -- or to be on the verge of their departure thitherward, there is a sound of frequent feet passing briskly up and down the granite steps.
Inlanders all, they come from lanes and alleys, streets and avenues, --north, east, south, and west.
The author hopes she has done justice to that nobility, generosity, and humanity, which in many cases characterize individuals at the, South.
It was an awkward business, my dear, your spending the autumn at South End instead of coming here.
The wind blowing steady and gentle from the south, there was no contrariety between that and the current, and the billows rose and fell unbroken.
As with you, so also with us, there are four points of the compass North, South, East, and West.