Endoparasites of the Hurter's spadefoot
, Scaphiopus hurterii and the Plains spadefoot
, Spea bombifrons (Anura: Scaphiopodidae), from southern Oklahoma.
In comparison, Dave's Pond yielded 21 species of amphibians and reptiles including the state endangered crawfish frog (Lithobates areolatus); the spadefoot
toad (Scaphiopus holbrookii), which had previously been known in Indiana no closer than 65 miles to the southeast; the newt (Notophthalmus viridescens), which has not been found recently at any other locality in Vigo County or the surrounding counties in Indiana and Illinois; and Kirtland's snake (Clonophis kirtlandii), another species of special concern.
Specific actions will favour the reproduction of the European pond terrapin (Emys orbicularis) and the common spadefoot
toad (Pelobates fuscus insubricus).
Print edition, August 15, 2012, Spadefoot
Press, 118 pages, ISBN 978-0-9858672-2-5
Effects of larval density of postmetamorphic spadefoot
toads (Spea hammondii).
And for an amphibian, as the Mexican spadefoot
toad, it's better to deposit its eggs in pools more like a drinking glass than a plate, minimizing the risk of the pools drying up (Lannoo, 2005).
The plains spadefoot
toad spawns offspring that grow up faster if dad is a different species called the Mexican spadefoot
, says Karin Pfennig of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Trails wind lazily through the forest to the river's edge, where tufts of cottonwood seeds drift through the air like giant snowflakes, and tiny spadefoot
toads hop about the mudflats.
Unarmored three-spine stickleback fish, San Fernando Valley spineflowers, Southwest arroyo toads, Western spadefoot
toads, horned lizards and many other species already call the project site home.
Some of the projects supported by these grants will increase our knowledge about the impacts of wind power on wildlife habitat; reintroduce rare mussels and restore habitat for spadefoot
toads; help the nursery industry promote native plants and discourage invasives; and promote wildlife habitat development in schoolyards," said DCNR Secretary Michael DiBerardinis.
132 2:20 AN UPDATE: ECOLOGY, STATUS, AND CONSERVATION OF THE WESTERN SPADEFOOT
TOAD, SPEA HAMMONDII.
After we went to bed [following a rainfall] we could hear the first sounds of the spadefoot
toads, which had emerged from their holes under the bed of the dirt tank.