spare

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spare

 (spâr)
tr.v. spared, spar·ing, spares
1.
a. To refrain from harming, injuring, destroying, or killing: The general spared the city from a bombardment.
b. To leave undamaged or unharmed: The oldest trees in the forest were spared from the fire.
c. To refrain from denouncing or distressing; treat leniently or with consideration: The teacher spared the student's feelings by not criticizing her.
d. To allow (someone) to avoid experiencing or doing (something): spared myself the trouble of going to the store.
2.
a. To hold back from; withhold or avoid: spared no expense for the celebration.
b. To use or supply with restraint: Don't spare the mustard.
3. To give or grant out of one's resources; afford: Can you spare ten minutes?
adj. spar·er, spar·est
1.
a. Kept in reserve: spare parts.
b. Being in excess of what is needed; extra: spare cash.
c. Free for other use; unoccupied: spare time.
2.
a. Not lavish, abundant, or excessive; meager: a spare breakfast.
b. Lean and trim: a runner with a spare figure.
c. Not elaborate or ornate; simple: a writer's spare style.
n.
1. A replacement, especially a tire, reserved for future need.
2. Sports
a. The act of knocking down all ten pins with two successive rolls of a bowling ball.
b. The score so made.
Idiom:
to spare
In addition to what is needed: We paid our bills and had money to spare.

[Middle English sparen, from Old English sparian.]

spare′ly adv.
spare′ness n.
spar′er n.

spare

(spɛə)
vb
1. (tr) to refrain from killing, punishing, harming, or injuring
2. (tr) to release or relieve, as from pain, suffering, etc
3. (tr) to refrain from using: spare the rod, spoil the child.
4. (tr) to be able to afford or give: I can't spare the time.
5. (usually passive) (esp of Providence) to allow to survive: I'll see you again next year if we are spared.
6. (intr) rare to act or live frugally
7. (intr) rare to show mercy
8. not spare oneself to exert oneself to the full
9. to spare more than is required: two minutes to spare.
adj
10. (often immediately postpositive) in excess of what is needed; additional: are there any seats spare?.
11. able to be used when needed: a spare part.
12. (of a person) thin and lean
13. scanty or meagre
14. (postpositive) slang Brit upset, angry, or distracted (esp in the phrase go spare)
n
15. a duplicate kept as a replacement in case of damage or loss
16. (Automotive Engineering) a spare tyre
17. (Bowls & Bowling) tenpin bowling
a. the act of knocking down all the pins with the two bowls of a single frame
b. the score thus made. Compare strike40
[Old English sparian to refrain from injuring; related to Old Norse spara, Old High German sparōn]
ˈsparely adv
ˈspareness n
ˈsparer n

spare

(spɛər)

v. spared, spar•ing, v.t.
1. to refrain from harming, punishing, or killing.
2. to deal gently or leniently with: His harsh review spared no one.
3. to save, as from strain or discomfort: to spare you needless embarrassment.
4. to omit or withhold: Spare the gory details.
5. to refrain from employing: to spare the rod.
6. to give or lend, as from a supply, esp. without inconvenience: Can you spare a cup of sugar?
7. to set aside for a particular purpose.
8. to use or give frugally: Don't spare the whipped cream!
v.i.
9. to use economy; be frugal.
10. to refrain from inflicting injury or punishment; exercise lenience or mercy.
adj.
11. kept in reserve, as for possible use: a spare part.
12. being in excess of present need; free for other use: a spare bedroom.
13. not taken up with work or other commitments; free: spare time.
14. frugally restricted or meager: a spare diet.
15. lean or thin, as a person.
16. sparing, economical, or temperate.
n.
17. a spare thing or part, as an extra tire for emergency use.
18.
a. the knocking down of all the bowling pins with two bowls.
b. a score so made. Compare strike (def. 56).
Idioms:
to spare, remaining; left over: We finished early, with time to spare.
[before 900; (v.) Middle English; Old English sparian, c. Old Frisian sparia, Old Saxon, Old High German sparōn, Old Norse spara]
spare′a•ble, adj.
spare′ly, adv.
spare′ness, n.
spar′er, n.

spare

An individual part, subassembly or assembly supplied for the maintenance or repair of systems or equipment.

spare


Past participle: spared
Gerund: sparing

Imperative
spare
spare
Present
I spare
you spare
he/she/it spares
we spare
you spare
they spare
Preterite
I spared
you spared
he/she/it spared
we spared
you spared
they spared
Present Continuous
I am sparing
you are sparing
he/she/it is sparing
we are sparing
you are sparing
they are sparing
Present Perfect
I have spared
you have spared
he/she/it has spared
we have spared
you have spared
they have spared
Past Continuous
I was sparing
you were sparing
he/she/it was sparing
we were sparing
you were sparing
they were sparing
Past Perfect
I had spared
you had spared
he/she/it had spared
we had spared
you had spared
they had spared
Future
I will spare
you will spare
he/she/it will spare
we will spare
you will spare
they will spare
Future Perfect
I will have spared
you will have spared
he/she/it will have spared
we will have spared
you will have spared
they will have spared
Future Continuous
I will be sparing
you will be sparing
he/she/it will be sparing
we will be sparing
you will be sparing
they will be sparing
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been sparing
you have been sparing
he/she/it has been sparing
we have been sparing
you have been sparing
they have been sparing
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been sparing
you will have been sparing
he/she/it will have been sparing
we will have been sparing
you will have been sparing
they will have been sparing
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been sparing
you had been sparing
he/she/it had been sparing
we had been sparing
you had been sparing
they had been sparing
Conditional
I would spare
you would spare
he/she/it would spare
we would spare
you would spare
they would spare
Past Conditional
I would have spared
you would have spared
he/she/it would have spared
we would have spared
you would have spared
they would have spared
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.spare - an extra component of a machine or other apparatusspare - an extra component of a machine or other apparatus
constituent, element, component - an artifact that is one of the individual parts of which a composite entity is made up; especially a part that can be separated from or attached to a system; "spare components for cars"; "a component or constituent element of a system"
2.spare - an extra car wheel and tire for a four-wheel vehicle
car wheel - a wheel that has a tire and rim and hubcap; used to propel the car
3.spare - a score in tenpins; knocking down all ten after rolling two balls
score - the act of scoring in a game or sport; "the winning score came with less than a minute left to play"
Verb1.spare - refrain from harming
favour, favor - treat gently or carefully
refrain, forbear - resist doing something; "He refrained from hitting him back"; "she could not forbear weeping"
2.spare - save or relieve from an experience or action; "I'll spare you from having to apologize formally"
exempt, relieve, free - grant relief or an exemption from a rule or requirement to; "She exempted me from the exam"
3.spare - give up what is not strictly needed; "he asked if they could spare one of their horses to speed his journey"
give - transfer possession of something concrete or abstract to somebody; "I gave her my money"; "can you give me lessons?"; "She gave the children lots of love and tender loving care"
4.spare - use frugally or carefully
expend, use - use up, consume fully; "The legislature expended its time on school questions"
Adj.1.spare - thin and fitspare - thin and fit; "the spare figure of a marathon runner"; "a body kept trim by exercise"
lean, thin - lacking excess flesh; "you can't be too rich or too thin"; "Yon Cassius has a lean and hungry look"-Shakespeare
2.spare - more than is needed, desired, or required; "trying to lose excess weight"; "found some extra change lying on the dresser"; "yet another book on heraldry might be thought redundant"; "skills made redundant by technological advance"; "sleeping in the spare room"; "supernumerary ornamentation"; "it was supererogatory of her to gloat"; "delete superfluous (or unnecessary) words"; "extra ribs as well as other supernumerary internal parts"; "surplus cheese distributed to the needy"
unnecessary, unneeded - not necessary
3.spare - not taken up by scheduled activities; "a free hour between classes"; "spare time on my hands"
unoccupied - not held or filled or in use; "an unoccupied telephone booth"; "unoccupied hours"
4.spare - kept in reserve especially for emergency use; "a reserve supply of food"; "a spare tire"; "spare parts"
unnecessary, unneeded - not necessary
5.spare - lacking in amplitude or quantityspare - lacking in amplitude or quantity; "a bare livelihood"; "a scanty harvest"; "a spare diet"
meager, meagerly, meagre, scrimpy, stingy - deficient in amount or quality or extent; "meager resources"; "meager fare"
6.spare - lacking embellishment or ornamentationspare - lacking embellishment or ornamentation; "a plain hair style"; "unembellished white walls"; "functional architecture featuring stark unornamented concrete"
unadorned, undecorated - not decorated with something to increase its beauty or distinction

spare

adjective
1. back-up, reserve, second, extra, relief, emergency, additional, substitute, fall-back, auxiliary, in reserve He could have taken a spare key.
3. free, leisure, unoccupied, own In her spare time she raises funds for charity.
4. thin, lean, slim, slender, slight, meagre, gaunt, wiry, lank, macilent (rare) She was thin and spare, with a shapely intelligent face.
thin heavy, fat, plump, large, generous, fleshy, flabby, corpulent
5. meagre, sparing, modest, economical, frugal, scanty The two rooms were spare and neat, stripped bare of ornaments.
verb
1. afford, give, grant, do without, relinquish, part with, allow, bestow, dispense with, manage without, let someone have He suggested that his country could not spare the troops.
2. have mercy on, pardon, have pity on, leave, release, excuse, let off (informal), not harm, go easy on (informal), leave unharmed, be merciful to, grant pardon to, deal leniently with, leave uninjured, refrain from hurting, save (from harm) Not a man was spared.
have mercy on show no mercy to, condemn, punish, destroy, hurt, damn, afflict
go spare (Brit. slang) become angry, become upset, go mental (slang), become distracted, become enraged, become mad (informal), go up the wall (slang), become distraught, blow your top (informal), be or get pissed (off) (taboo slang), do your nut (Brit. slang), have or throw a fit (informal) She went spare when we told her what had happened.

spare

verb
1. To treat with inordinate gentleness and care:
2. To free from an obligation or duty:
3. To use without wasting:
adjective
1. Being more than is needed, desired, or appropriate:
2. Conspicuously deficient in quantity, fullness, or extent:
Slang: measly.
3. Having little flesh or fat on the body:
Idioms: all skin and bones, thin as a rail.
4. Characterized by an economy of artistic expression:
Translations
إضافي، زائِداحْتِيَاطِيّعَجَل إضافيقِطَع غَيار أو تَبْديلوَقْت الفَراغ
náhradníušetřitvolnývyšetřitnáhradní díl
afseekstrafri-reservedelreservehjul
ylimääräinenlaihaniukkasäästää joku joltakinsäästäväinen
odvojitirezervni
kímélkíméletesmegkímélnélkülözni tudpótkerék
auka-hafa efni áhlífahlífa viîòyrma, sÿna miskunn
余分の容赦する
여분의할애하다
atsarginė dalisatsarginis rataspagailėtitaupus
aiztaupītapžēlotatļautiesatlicinātbrīvs
náhradná pneumatikaušetriť
nadomestenodvečenprizanestiprostrezerven
avvarai reserv
ซึ่งสำรองไว้สงวนไว้
dànhthừa

spare

[spɛəʳ]
A. ADJ
1. (= extra) → de más, de sobra; (= reserve) → de reserva; (= free) → libre
there's a spare blanket if you're coldhay una manta de más or de sobra si tienes frío
take a spare pair of socksllévate otro par de calcetines
I keep a spare pair of glassesguardo unas gafas de reserva
I leave a spare key with the neighboursdejo una llave de reserva en casa de los vecinos
I always keep a bit of spare cash for emergenciessiempre guardo un poco de dinero extra para emergencias
is there a seat spare?¿queda algún asiento libre?
is there any milk spare?¿queda leche?
have you got a spare jacket I could borrow?¿tienes otra chaqueta para prestarme?
I do it whenever I get a spare momentlo hago cuando tengo un momento libre
spare timetiempo m libre
to go spare (= be available) → sobrar, quedar (Brit) (= get angry) → ponerse como loco
there are two tickets going sparequedan or sobran dos entradas
the boss will go spare when he finds outel jefe se pondrá como loco cuando se entere
2. (= lean) [body, build] → enjuto (liter)
3. (= sparse) (liter) → austero, sobrio
B. N
1. (gen) always carry a spare in case you have a puncturelleve siempre una rueda de recambio or repuesto por si tiene un pinchazo
I've lost my toothbrush and I don't have a sparehe perdido el cepillo de dientes y no tengo otro
2. (also spare part) → (pieza f de) recambio m, (pieza f de) repuesto m, refacción f (Mex)
C. VT
1. (= make available) can you spare the time?¿dispones del tiempo?, ¿tienes tiempo?
it's good of you to spare the timees muy amable de su parte dedicarme (este) tiempo
I can spare you five minutesle puedo conceder or dedicar cinco minutos
to spare a thought for sbpensar un momento en algn
2. (= do without) can you spare this for a moment?¿me puedo llevar esto un momento?
if you can spare itsi no lo vas a necesitar
we can't spare him nowahora no podemos prescindir de él
we completed the job with three days to spareterminamos el trabajo con tres días de antelación
I arrived at the station with two minutes/time to sparellegué a la estación con dos minutos de antelación/con tiempo de sobra
there's enough and to sparebasta y sobra, hay más que suficiente para todos
3. (= be grudging with) she spared no effort in helping meno escatimó esfuerzos para ayudarme
they spared no expense in refurbishing the houseno repararon en or escatimaron gastos a la hora de renovar la casa
spare the rod, spoil the childla letra con sangre entra
4. (= show mercy to) → perdonar
the fire spared nothingel incendio no perdonó nada
to spare sb's feelingsno herir los sentimientos de algn
to spare sb's lifeperdonar la vida a algn
5. (= save) → ahorrar, evitar
I'll spare you the gory detailsme ahorraré los detalles escabrosos, te evitaré los detalles escabrosos
to spare sb the trouble of doing sthahorrar or evitar a algn la molestia de hacer algo
I could have spared myself the troublepodía haberme ahorrado or evitado la molestia
see also blush A1
D. CPD spare part N(pieza f de) repuesto m, (pieza f de) recambio m, refacción f (Mex)
spare room Ncuarto m de invitados, cuarto m para las visitas
spare tyre, spare tire (US) N (Aut) → neumático m de recambio, llanta f de recambio (LAm) (Brit) (hum) → michelín m
spare wheel N (Aut) → rueda f de repuesto or recambio

spare

[ˈspɛər]
adj
(= reserve) → de rechange
spare batteries → des piles de rechange
(= not being used) → en trop
to be going spare (= available) → se libérer
There are two tickets going spare → Il y a deux tickets qui se libèrent.
(= lean) [person] → sec(sèche)
(= austere) [interior, decor, furnishings] → dépouillé(e)
n
(= part) → pièce f de rechange, pièce f détachée
(= extra) → double m
I've lost my key. - Have you got a spare? → J'ai perdu ma clé. - Tu as un double?, J'ai perdu ma clé. - Tu en as une autre?
vt [+ money, time]
Can you spare any change? → Auriez-vous un peu de monnaie à me donner?
Can you spare the time? → Est-ce que vous avez le temps?
Can you spare a moment? → Vous pouvez m'accorder un instant?
I can't spare the time → Je n'ai pas le temps.
... to spare (= available)
There's no room to spare → Il n'y a plus de place.
There is no time to spare → Il n'y a pas de temps à perdre.
We arrived with time to spare → Nous sommes arrivés en avance.
I've a few minutes to spare → Je dispose de quelques minutes.
He often had money to spare nowadays → Il était souvent en fonds ces derniers temps.
(= refrain from harming) [+ person, place] → épargner
(= refrain from using) to spare no expense → ne pas regarder à la dépense
to spare no effort → ne pas ménager ses efforts
(= not inflict on) to spare sb sth [+ trouble, embarrassment] → épargner qch à qn
I could have spared myself the trouble → J'aurais pu m'épargner cette peine.
spare me the details → épargnez-moi les détails
to spare sb's feelings → ménager les sentiments de qnspare bedroom nchambre f d'amisspare part npièce f de rechange, pièce f détachéespare room nchambre f d'amisspare time ntemps m libre
What do you do in your spare time? → Qu'est-ce que tu fais pendant ton temps libre?spare tyre n
(for vehicle)roue f de secours
(= fat) → pneu mspare wheel nroue f de secours

spare

adj
den/die/das man nicht braucht, übrig pred; (= surplus)überzählig, übrig pred; spare bedGästebett nt; have you any spare string?, have you any string spare?kannst du mir (einen) Bindfaden geben?, hast du (einen) Bindfaden für mich?; I can give you a racket/pencil, I have a spare oneich kann dir einen Schläger/Bleistift geben, ich habe noch einen or ich habe einen übrig; take a spare pen in case that one doesn’t worknehmen Sie noch einen Füller mit, falls dieser nicht funktioniert; take some spare clothesnehmen Sie Kleider zum Wechseln mit; it’s all the spare cash I havemehr Bargeld habe ich nicht übrig; if you have any spare cashwenn Sie Geld übrig haben; should you have any spare time or a spare minutesollten Sie Zeit (übrig) haben; when you have a few spare minutes or a few minutes sparewenn Sie mal ein paar freie Minuten haben or ein paar Minuten übrig haben; we have two spare seatswir haben zwei Plätze übrig; I still have one spare place in the carich habe noch einen Platz im Auto (frei); there are two seats (going) sparees sind noch zwei Plätze frei
(= thin)hager; (= meagre)dürftig
to drive somebody spare (inf)jdn wahnsinnig machen (inf); to go sparedurchdrehen (inf), → wild werden (inf)
nErsatzteil nt; (= tyre)Reserverad nt
vt
usu neg (= grudge, use sparingly)sparen mit; expense, pains, effortscheuen; don’t spare the horses (hum)steig aufs Gas (inf); we must spare no effort in trying to finish this jobwir dürfen keine Mühe scheuen, um diese Arbeit zu erledigen; there was no expense spared in building this hotelbeim Bau dieses Hotels ist an nichts gespart worden or hat man keine Kosten gescheut; no expense sparedes wurden keine Kosten gescheut; she doesn’t spare herselfsie schont sich nicht; spare the rod and spoil the child (prov) → wer mit der Rute spart, verzieht das Kind (Prov)
(= give) money etcübrig haben; space, roomfrei haben; time(übrig) haben; to spare somebody somethingjdm etw überlassen or geben; moneyjdm etw geben; can you spare the time to do it?haben Sie Zeit, das zu machen?; I can spare you five minutesich habe fünf Minuten Zeit für Sie (übrig); can you spare a penny for a poor old man?haben Sie einen Groschen für einen armen alten Mann?; there is none to sparees ist keine(r, s) übrig; to have something to spareetw übrig haben; there’s enough and to sparees ist mehr als genug da; to have a few minutes/hours to spareein paar Minuten/Stunden Zeit haben; I got to the theatre/airport with two minutes to spareich war zwei Minuten vor Beginn der Vorstellung im Theater/vor Abflug am Flughafen
(= do without) person, objectentbehren, verzichten auf (+acc); I can’t spare him/itich kann ihn/es nicht entbehren, ich kann auf ihn/es nicht verzichten, ich brauche ihn/es unbedingt; can you spare this for a moment?brauchst du das gerade?, kannst du das im Moment entbehren?; if you can spare itwenn Sie es nicht brauchen; to spare a thought for somebody/somethingan jdn/etw denken
(= show mercy to)verschonen; (= refrain from upsetting) sb, sb’s feelingsschonen; the fire spared nothingnichts blieb vom Feuer verschont; the soldiers spared no-onedie Soldaten verschonten keinen; if we’re sparedwenn wir (dann) noch leben; to spare somebody’s lifejds Leben verschonen
(= save) to spare somebody/oneself somethingjdm/sich etw ersparen; spare me the gory detailsverschone mich mit den grausigen Einzelheiten; to spare him any embarrassmentum ihn nicht in Verlegenheit zu bringen; he has been spared the ordeal of seeing her againes blieb ihm erspart, sie noch einmal sehen zu müssen

spare

:
spare part
nErsatzteil nt
spare-part surgery
n (inf)Ersatzteilchirurgie f (inf)
sparerib
nRippchen nt, → Spare Rib no art
spare room
nGästezimmer nt
spare time
n (= leisure time)Freizeit f
spare tyre, (US) spare tire
nErsatzreifen m; (fig inf)Rettungsring m (hum inf)
spare wheel
n (esp Brit) → Ersatzrad nt

spare

[spɛəʳ]
1. adj
a. (surplus) → in più, d'avanzo; (reserve) → di riserva, di scorta
I haven't enough spare cash to go on holiday → non mi avanzano soldi per andare in vacanza
is there any string spare? → c'è rimasto un po' di spago?
there are two going spare (Brit) → ce ne sono due in più
to go spare (fam) → andare su tutte le furie
b. (person, lean) → asciutto/a
she's tall and spare → è alta e asciutta
2. n (part) → pezzo di ricambio
3. vt
a. (be grudging with) she spared no effort or pains in helping meha fatto tutto il possibile per aiutarmi
to spare no expense → non badare a spese
b. (do without) → fare a meno di
can you spare this for a moment? → puoi prestarmelo per un attimo?
if you can spare it → se puoi farne a meno
can you spare the time? → hai tempo?
to spare a thought for → pensare a
can you spare (me) £10? → puoi prestarmi 10 sterline?
there is none to spare → ce n'è appena a sufficienza
I've a few minutes to spare → ho un attimino di tempo
I got to the station with 3 minutes to spare → sono arrivato alla stazione con 3 minuti di anticipo
I had £1 to spare → mi avanzava 1 sterlina
there is no time to spare → non c'è tempo da perdere
c. (refrain from hurting, using) → risparmiare
to spare sb's feelings → avere riguardo per i sentimenti di qn
she doesn't spare herself → non si risparmia
d. (save from need or trouble) to spare sb the trouble of doing sthrisparmiare a qn la fatica di fare qc
spare me the details → risparmiami i particolari

spare

(speə) verb
1. to manage without. No-one can be spared from this office.
2. to afford or set aside for a purpose. I can't spare the time for a holiday.
3. to treat with mercy; to avoid injuring etc. `Spare us!' they begged.
4. to avoid causing grief, trouble etc to (a person). Break the news gently in order to spare her as much as possible.
5. to avoid using, spending etc. He spared no expense in his desire to help us.
6. to avoid troubling (a person with something); to save (a person trouble etc). I answered the letter myself in order to spare you the bother.
adjective
1. extra; not actually being used. We haven't a spare (bed) room for guests in our house.
2. (of time etc) free for leisure etc. What do you do in your spare time?
noun
1. a spare part (for a car etc). They sell spares at that garage.
2. an extra wheel etc, kept for emergencies.
ˈsparing adjective
careful or economical.
ˈsparingly adverb
spare part
a part for a machine etc, used to replace an identical part if it breaks etc.
spare rib
a rib of pork with only a small amount of meat left on it.
(and) to spare
in greater supply or quantity than is needed; extra. I'll go to an exhibition if I have time to spare; I have enough food and to spare.

spare

احْتِيَاطِيّ, يَسْتَغْنِي náhradní, ušetřit afse, ekstra entbehren, übrig εφεδρικός, φείδομαι de más, emplear, escatimar säästää joku joltakin, ylimääräinen épargner, supplémentaire odvojiti, rezervni di riserva, risparmiare 余分の, 容赦する 여분의, 할애하다 reserve, sparen reserve-, skåne oszczędzić, zapasowy conceder, excedente, poupar свободный, сохранить avvara, i reserv ซึ่งสำรองไว้, สงวนไว้ ayırmak, yedek dành, thừa 备用的, 宽容

spare

vt conservar, preservar; limb-sparing conservador del miembro; nervesparing conservador de nervios; valvesparing conservador de la válvula
References in classic literature ?
That he should have kept himself in training under such circumstances is remarkable, but his diet was usually of the sparest, and his habits were simple to the verge of austerity.
Remember, you Anne-girl, when you come to town you're to visit me and I'll put you in my very sparest spare-room bed to sleep.
It smells like a hundred rose gardens, and I have put it between the sheets for my very sparest room bed, where you shall sleep when you come to see me, you dear thing.
This poem has Carter's sparest surface: piccolo, violin, viola, and marimba at its glassiest.
10 Cleaning of radiators (DG Set, Alternator & Tractor (11) Seif Starter (DG Set, Tractor) (12) Heat Exchanger (Oil cooler) forturbine and sparest 13) AirCompressorforsulphurfurnace (14) Spare for Lubrication System (15) Steam Flow Recorder/Totalizer.
SOMETIMES the simplest character, expressed in the sparest prose, embarks upon life's most heroic journey.