specificity

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spe·cif·ic

 (spĭ-sĭf′ĭk)
adj.
1.
a. Explicitly set forth; definite: wrote specific instructions. See Synonyms at explicit.
b. Clear or detailed in communicating: Be specific when telling us what you need.
2.
a. Limited, distinctive, or unique: problems specific to small colleges.
b. Intended for, applying to, or acting on a particular thing: a specific remedy for warts.
c. Concerned particularly with the subject specified. Often used in combination: "age-specific voting patterns" (A. Dianne Schmidley).
3. Relating to, characterizing, or distinguishing a species: a specific name.
4.
a. Designating a disease produced by a particular microorganism or condition.
b. Having a remedial influence or effect on a particular disease.
5. Immunology Having an affinity limited to a particular antibody or antigen.
6.
a. Designating a customs charge levied on merchandise by unit or weight rather than according to value.
b. Designating a commodity rate applicable to the transportation of a single commodity between named points.
n.
1.
a. Something particularly fitted to a use or purpose.
b. A remedy intended for a particular ailment or disorder.
2.
a. A distinguishing quality or attribute.
b. specifics Distinct items or details; particulars.

[Medieval Latin specificus : Latin speciēs, kind, species; see species + Latin -ficus, -fic.]

spe·cif′i·cal·ly adv.
spec′i·fic′i·ty (spĕs′ə-fĭs′ĭ-tē) n.

spec•i•fic•i•ty

(ˌspɛs əˈfɪs ɪ ti)

n.
1. the quality or state of being specific.
2. Biol. the selective attachment or influence of one substance on another, as of an antibiotic on its target organism.
[1875–80]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.specificity - the quality of being specific rather than general; "add a desirable note of specificity to the discussion"; "the specificity of the symptoms of the disease"
particularity, specialness - the quality of being particular and pertaining to a specific case or instance; "the particularity of human situations"
2.specificity - the quality of being specific to a particular organism; "host specificity of a parasite"
particularity, specialness - the quality of being particular and pertaining to a specific case or instance; "the particularity of human situations"
Translations
References in periodicals archive ?
the specificities of its target population (persons with injuries and/or disabilities, older persons with chronic diseases, etc.
Data on costs do not exist, but a comparison of organization types under asset specificities can indirectly identify effectiveness and efficiency.
Sensitivities and specificities of different LVH voltage criteria were calculated for three groups: 1) all patients with anterior wall MI, with and without lateral wall MI; 2) patients with anterior wall MI and without lateral wall MI; and 3) patients with anterior wall and lateral wall MI.
This means that the sensitivities and specificities are calculated from the data at hand across all possible cutoff values within the range of the test results, with the cutoff value leading to the highest Youden index then being selected.
The historical limits and C1 and C2 methods showed varying sensitivities (44%-71%), with C1 and C2 having the highest, but all demonstrated similar specificities (96%-97%).
Considering each sinus separately, the lowest sensitivities were for the left maxillary sinus and right ethmoidal sinus (48 and 50%, respectively); the lowest specificities were for the ethmoidal sinuses (78 and 84%, respectively), whereas the specificity of all other sinuses was above 90%.

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