spend


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Idioms, Encyclopedia.

spend

 (spĕnd)
v. spent (spĕnt), spend·ing, spends
v.tr.
1. To use up or put out; expend: spent an hour exercising.
2. To pay out (money).
3. To wear out; exhaust: The storm finally spent itself.
4. To pass (time) in a specified manner or place: spent their vacation in Paris.
5.
a. To throw away; squander: spent all their resources on futile projects.
b. To give up (one's time or efforts, for example) to a cause; sacrifice.
v.intr.
1. To pay out or expend money.
2. To be exhausted or consumed.
n.
1. An amount of money spent on something: doubled the spend on computers.
2. The spending of money; expenditure: the management of spend.

[Middle English spenden, partly from Old English -spendan (from Latin expendēre, to expend; see expend) and partly from Old French despendre, to weigh out; see dispense.]

spend′a·ble adj.
spend′er n.
Synonyms: spend, disburse, expend
These verbs mean to pay or give out money or an equivalent: spent $30 on gas; disbursed funds from the account; expended all her energy teaching the class.
Antonym: save1

spend

(spɛnd)
vb, spends, spending or spent
1. to pay out (money, wealth, etc)
2. (tr) to concentrate (time, effort, thought, etc) upon an object, activity, etc
3. (tr) to pass (time) in a specific way, activity, place, etc
4. (tr) to use up completely: the hurricane spent its force.
5. (tr) to give up (one's blood, life, etc) in a cause
6. (intr) obsolete to be used up or exhausted
7. (Physiology) spend a penny informal Brit to urinate
n
(Banking & Finance) an amount of money spent, esp regularly, or allocated to be spent
[Old English spendan, from Latin expendere; influenced also by Old French despendre to spend, from Latin dispendere; see expend, dispense]
ˈspendable adj

spend

(spɛnd)

v. spent, spend•ing. v.t.
1. to pay out or otherwise dispose of (money, resources, etc.).
2. to expend (time, labor, thought, etc.) on some enterprise.
3. to pass (time) in a particular manner, place, etc.: to spend a few days in Boston.
4. to use up; exhaust: The storm had spent its fury.
5. to give (one's life, blood, etc.) for some cause; sacrifice.
v.i.
6. to spend money, energy, time, etc.
7. Obs. to be consumed or exhausted.
[1125–75; Middle English; Old English -spendan (in āspendan, forspendan to spend entirely or utterly) < West Germanic < Latin expendere to pay out, expend]
spend′a•ble, adj.
spend′er, n.

spend

- A blend of Latin pendere, "pay, weigh," and expendere, "pay out."
See also related terms for weigh.

spend

You usually use the verb spend when you are talking about money or time. The past tense and past participle of spend is spent, not 'spended'.

1. money

When you spend money, you use it to pay for things.

I had no very clear idea how much I had spent.
Her husband had spent all her money.

You say that someone spends money on something.

We always spend a lot of money on parties.
The buildings need a lot of money spent on them.
2. time

If you spend a period of time doing something, you do it from the beginning to the end of that time.

I spent all day typing information into a computer.
THey spent the night chatting intimately.

spend

pass
1. 'spend'

If someone does something from the beginning to the end of a period of time, you say that they spend the period of time doing it.

We spent the evening talking about art.
I was planning to spend all day writing.

Be Careful!
Don't say that someone spends a period of time 'in doing', 'on doing', or 'to do' something. Don't say, for example, 'We spent the evening in talking about art'.

If someone is in a place from the beginning to the end of a period of time, you can say that they spend the time there.

He spent most of his time in the library.
We found a hotel where we could spend the night.

You can say that someone spends a period of time in another person's company.

I spent an evening with David.
2. 'pass'

You don't usually say that you 'pass time' doing something. Don't say, for example, 'We passed the evening talking about art'.

However, if you do something to occupy yourself while you are waiting for something, you say that you do it to pass the time.

He had brought a book along to pass the time.
To pass the time they played games.
3. 'have'

If you enjoy yourself while you are doing something, don't say that you 'pass' or 'spend' a good time. Say that you have a good time.

The kids are having a good time on the beach.
We had a wonderful time visiting our friends.

spend


Past participle: spent
Gerund: spending

Imperative
spend
spend
Present
I spend
you spend
he/she/it spends
we spend
you spend
they spend
Preterite
I spent
you spent
he/she/it spent
we spent
you spent
they spent
Present Continuous
I am spending
you are spending
he/she/it is spending
we are spending
you are spending
they are spending
Present Perfect
I have spent
you have spent
he/she/it has spent
we have spent
you have spent
they have spent
Past Continuous
I was spending
you were spending
he/she/it was spending
we were spending
you were spending
they were spending
Past Perfect
I had spent
you had spent
he/she/it had spent
we had spent
you had spent
they had spent
Future
I will spend
you will spend
he/she/it will spend
we will spend
you will spend
they will spend
Future Perfect
I will have spent
you will have spent
he/she/it will have spent
we will have spent
you will have spent
they will have spent
Future Continuous
I will be spending
you will be spending
he/she/it will be spending
we will be spending
you will be spending
they will be spending
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been spending
you have been spending
he/she/it has been spending
we have been spending
you have been spending
they have been spending
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been spending
you will have been spending
he/she/it will have been spending
we will have been spending
you will have been spending
they will have been spending
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been spending
you had been spending
he/she/it had been spending
we had been spending
you had been spending
they had been spending
Conditional
I would spend
you would spend
he/she/it would spend
we would spend
you would spend
they would spend
Past Conditional
I would have spent
you would have spent
he/she/it would have spent
we would have spent
you would have spent
they would have spent
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.spend - pass time in a specific way; "how are you spending your summer vacation?"
soldier - serve as a soldier in the military
slum - spend time at a lower socio-economic level than one's own, motivated by curiosity or desire for adventure; usage considered condescending and insensitive; "attending a motion picture show by the upper class was considered sluming in the early 20th century"
weekend - spend the weekend
holiday, vacation - spend or take a vacation
serve, do - spend time in prison or in a labor camp; "He did six years for embezzlement"
while away, get through - spend or pass, as with boredom or in a pleasant manner; of time
sojourn - spend a certain length of time; reside temporarily
overwinter, winter - spend the winter; "We wintered on the Riviera"; "Shackleton's men overwintered on Elephant Island"
summer - spend the summer; "We summered in Kashmir"
2.spend - pay out; "spend money"
deplete, use up, wipe out, eat up, exhaust, run through, eat, consume - use up (resources or materials); "this car consumes a lot of gas"; "We exhausted our savings"; "They run through 20 bottles of wine a week"
ware, squander, consume, waste - spend extravagantly; "waste not, want not"
afford - be able to spare or give up; "I can't afford to spend two hours with this person"
pay - give money, usually in exchange for goods or services; "I paid four dollars for this sandwich"; "Pay the waitress, please"
blow - spend lavishly or wastefully on; "He blew a lot of money on his new home theater"
trifle away, wanton away, wanton - spend wastefully; "wanton one's money away"
underspend - spend at less than the normal rate
misspend - spend (money or other resources) unwisely
nickel-and-dime, penny-pinch - spend money frugally; spend as little as possible
invest, commit, put, place - make an investment; "Put money into bonds"
economise, economize, save - spend sparingly, avoid the waste of; "This move will save money"; "The less fortunate will have to economize now"
lay out - spend or invest; "lay out thousands on gold"; "he laid out a fortune in the hope of making a huge profit"
piddle, piddle away, trifle, wanton, wanton away - waste time; spend one's time idly or inefficiently
misspend - spend time badly or unwisely; "He misspent his youth"
3.spend - spend completely; "I spend my pocket money in two days"
deplete, use up, wipe out, eat up, exhaust, run through, eat, consume - use up (resources or materials); "this car consumes a lot of gas"; "We exhausted our savings"; "They run through 20 bottles of wine a week"
overspend - spend more than available of (a budget)
underspend - spend less than the whole of (a budget, for example)

spend

verb
1. pay out, fork out (slang), expend, lay out, splash out (Brit. informal), shell out (informal), disburse They have spent £23m on new players.
pay out keep, save, store, invest, hoard, put aside, put by
2. apply, use, employ, concentrate, invest, put in, devote, lavish, exert, bestow This energy could be much better spent taking some positive action.
3. pass, fill, occupy, while away We spent the night in a hotel.
4. use up, waste, squander, blow (slang), empty, drain, exhaust, consume, run through, deplete, dissipate, fritter away My stepson was spending money like it grew on trees.
use up keep, save, store, invest, hoard, put aside, put by

spend

verb
2. To be depleted:
3. To distribute (money) as payment:
Informal: fork out (or over) (or up), shell out.
4. To use time in a particular way:
Translations
يَصْرِفيَقْضييَقْضِييُنْفِقُ
utrácetvynaložitstrávit
brugetilbringe
käyttääkuluttaa
trošiti
elköltkiadkölt
eyîaeyîa, dvelja
費やす
돈을 쓰다들이다
panaudotasšvaistūnas
izdotiztērētpavadīttērēt
porabitipreživeti
förbrukalägga ner
ใช้ใช้เวลา
sử dụngtiêu

spend

[spend] (spent (pt, pp))
A. VT
1. (= pay out) [+ money] → gastar
to spend sth on sth/sbgastar algo en algo/algn
she spends too much money on clothesgasta demasiado dinero en ropa
they've spent a fortune on the house(se) han gastado un dineral en la casa
the buildings need a lot spending on thema los edificios les hace falta una buena inyección de dinero
it's money well spentes dinero bien empleado
to spend a penny (Brit) (euph) → cambiar de agua al canario
2. (= devote) [+ effort, time] → dedicar
we spend time, money and effort training these peoplededicamos tiempo, dinero y trabajo a formar a estas personas
3. (= pass) [+ period of time] → pasar
where are you spending your holiday?¿dónde vas a pasar las vacaciones?
he spent eight years learning his tradepasó ocho años aprendiendo los gajes del oficio
he spends all his time sleepingse pasa la vida durmiendo
see also night A1
4. (= use up) [+ force, ammunition, provisions] (liter) → agotar
the storm has spent its furyla tempestad ha agotado or perdido su fuerza
I spend all my energy just getting to worknada más que en llegar al trabajo se me van todas las energías
the bullets spent themselves among the treeslas balas se desperdiciaron en los árboles
B. VIgastar

spend

[ˈspɛnd] [spent] (pt, pp)
vt
[+ money] → dépenser
to spend money on sth → consacrer de l'argent à qch
[+ time, life] → passer
He spent a month in France → Il a passé un mois en France.
We spent the night in a hotel → Nous avons passé la nuit dans un hôtel.
to spend time on sth → consacrer du temps à qch, passer du temps sur qch
to spend time doing sth → passer du temps à faire qch
to spend effort doing sth → consacrer des efforts à faire qch
ndépenses fpl

spend

pret, ptp <spent>
vt
(= use) moneyausgeben (on für); energy, strengthverbrauchen; timebrauchen; I’ve spent all my strengthich habe meine ganze Kraft aufgebraucht; we spent a lot of time in useless discussionwir haben sehr viel Zeit mit nutzlosen Diskussionen vertan; I’ve spent three hours on this jobich habe drei Stunden für diese Arbeit gebraucht; time well spentsinnvoll genutzte Zeit
(= pass) time, holiday, evening etcverbringen; he spends all his spare time on his car/with his friendser verbringt jede freie Minute an seinem Auto/mit seinen Freunden; I spent the night with her/in a hotelich habe bei ihr/in einem Hotel übernachtet; I spend my weekends sleepingich verschlafe meine Wochenenden; he spends his time readinger verbringt seine Zeit mit Lesen
to spend money/time/effort on something (= devote to)Geld/Zeit/Mühe für etw aufbringen or in etw (acc)investieren; I spent a lot of effort on thatdas hat mich viel Mühe gekostet
(= exhaust) to have spent itself (anger, fury) → sich erschöpft or gelegt haben; the storm had spent itself or its furyder Sturm hatte sich ausgetobt or gelegt ? also spent
viGeld ausgeben; he was spending somewhat too freelyer gab das Geld mit vollen Händen aus

spend

[spɛnd] (spent (pt, pp)) vt
a. (money) → spendere
to spend money on sb/sth → spendere soldi per qn/qc
without spending a penny → senza spendere una lira
to go to spend a penny (Brit) (fam, euph) → andare a fare una telefonata (fig)(fam)
b. (pass) → passare, trascorrere
he spends his time sleeping → passa il tempo dormendo
c. (devote) to spend time/money/effort on sthdedicare tempo/soldi/energie a qc
I spent 2 hours writing that letter → ho passato 2 ore a scrivere quella lettera

spend

(spend) past tense, past participle spent (-t) verb
1. to use up or pay out (money). He spends more than he earns.
2. to pass (time). I spent a week in Spain this summer.
spent (spent) adjective
1. used. a spent match.
2. exhausted. By the time we had done half of the job we were all spent.
ˈspendthrift noun
a person who spends his money freely and carelessly.

spend

يَقْضِي, يُنْفِقُ utrácet, vynaložit bruge aufwenden, ausgeben δαπανώ, ξοδεύω dedicar, gastar käyttää, kuluttaa dépenser, passer trošiti spendere, trascorrere 費やす 돈을 쓰다, 들이다 besteden, vt bruke, forbruke spędzać, spędzić despender, gastar, passar потратить, тратить förbruka, lägga ner ใช้, ใช้เวลา harcamak sử dụng, tiêu 消耗, 花钱

spend

vi. [money] gastar, [energy] gastar, consumir; [time] pasar.
References in classic literature ?
Nobody spoke for a minute; then Meg said in an altered tone, "You know the reason Mother proposed not having any presents this Christmas was because it is going to be a hard winter for everyone; and she thinks we ought not to spend money for pleasure, when our men are suffering so in the army.
Now as the old man walked up and down on the veranda, his hands moving nervously about, he was hoping that George Willard would come and spend the evening with him.
He's connected with a large, new college that has plenty of money to spend on explorations and research work.
We were talking about what it is like to spend one's childhood in little towns like these, buried in wheat and corn, under stimulating extremes of climate: burning summers when the world lies green and billowy beneath a brilliant sky, when one is fairly stifled in vegetation, in the color and smell of strong weeds and heavy harvests; blustery winters with little snow, when the whole country is stripped bare and gray as sheet-iron.
And when they sez that the old man--excuse my freedom, but that's the way the boys talk of your father, meaning no harm-- the old man, instead o' trying to corral rich widders--grass or otherwise--to spend their money on the big works for the gold that ain't there yet--should stay in Devil's Ford and put all his sabe and genius into grindin' out the little gold that is there, I sez to them that it ain't your father's style.
From the look of unutterable woe upon his face, it appeared to be his doom to spend eternity in a vain effort to make his accounts balance.
It is that of the Collector, our gallant old General, who, after his brilliant military service, subsequently to which he had ruled over a wild Western territory, had come hither, twenty years before, to spend the decline of his varied and honourable life.
This moment dated from an afternoon hour that I happened to spend in the grounds with the younger of my pupils alone.
Supper over, the company went back to the bar-room, when, knowing not what else to do with myself, I resolved to spend the rest of the evening as a looker on.
Sometimes they talked it over in the weary watch by night, wondering whose it was to be at last, and whether he would ever live to spend it.
We stopped once or twice on the road, and just as the sun was going down we reached the town where we were to spend the night.
Jadvyga likewise paints cans, but then she has an invalid mother and three little sisters to support by it, and so she does not spend her wages for shirtwaists.