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Related to sphalerite: bornite


The primary ore of zinc, occurring in usually yellow-brown or brownish-black crystals or cleavage masses, essentially ZnS with some cadmium, iron, and manganese. Also called blende, zinc blende.

[Greek sphaleros, slippery, deceitful (from its being easily mistaken for galena) (from sphallein, to trip, from sphalos, fetter, pair of stocks; akin to Sanskrit skhalate, he stumbles, and Armenian sxalem, I stumble) + -ite.]


(ˈsfæləˌraɪt; ˈsfeɪlə-)
(Minerals) a yellow to brownish-black mineral consisting of zinc sulphide in cubic crystalline form with varying amounts of iron, manganese, cadmium, gallium, and indium: the chief source of zinc. Formula: ZnS. Also called: zinc blende
[C19: from Greek sphaleros deceitful, from sphallein to cause to stumble]


(ˈsfæl əˌraɪt, ˈsfeɪ lə-)

an ore mineral, zinc sulfide, ZnS.
[1865–70; < Greek sphaler(ós) slippery, deceptive + -ite1]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.sphalerite - an ore that is the chief source of zincsphalerite - an ore that is the chief source of zinc; consists largely of zinc sulfide in crystalline form
atomic number 49, indium, In - a rare soft silvery metallic element; occurs in small quantities in sphalerite
atomic number 81, thallium, Tl - a soft grey malleable metallic element that resembles tin but discolors on exposure to air; it is highly toxic and is used in rodent and insect poisons; occurs in zinc blende and some iron ores
mineral - solid homogeneous inorganic substances occurring in nature having a definite chemical composition
References in periodicals archive ?
Most prior work focused on the impressive surface showings of massive (up to 2 metres wide) banded sphalerite and galena at the Main historical showing.
The polymetallic ore under investigation contains galena and sphalerite as valuable minerals of lead and zinc.
Limited historical drilling had intersected only narrow stringer-style mineralization, with minor chalcopyrite and sphalerite, but no massive sulphides.
In nature, zinc sulfide generally occurs in the form of the cubic polymorph sphalerite ([alpha]-ZnS), which crystallizes under a wide pressure-temperature range.
Tetrahedrite, chalcopyrite, pyrite and galena are dominant ore minerals with subordinate amounts of sphalerite, magnetite, malachite and azurite.
0 m of massive coarsely crystalline pyrite with numerous small cavities lined with pyrite prisms and scattered quartz crystals up to 1 cm long, as well as minor galena and sphalerite.
In 1991 a sphalerite mining operation near Balmat, New York, encountered an altered area containing cubic to tetrahexahedral magnetite crystals in halite-filled veins.
Samples of pyrite, galena, and sphalerite were cut and polished to a 600-grit finish and then reacted in stainless steel bombs at 200[degrees]C for time periods of 7 and 35 days.
Unlike other sulphide minerals, sphalerite can not be separated by flotation using conventional reagents (called collectors) alone.
The deposit is contained within four closely-stacked lenses of massive sulphide mineralisation, characterised by chalcopyrite, sphalerite, banded pyrite, galena and minor tetrahedrite.
This "VMS-style" showing consists of pyrrhotite, sphalerite, galena and chalcopyrite mineralization associated with a felsic volcanic unit.
The Harena mineralization displays a consistent metal zonation pattern, with a sphalerite and pyrite, zinc-rich upper zone and a chalcopyrite and pyrite, copper-rich basal zone.