The world of the African Animists, conditioned by a mysterious environment, was contained and sustained by Spiritism
The hero in Brownson's novel tries to reform the world by the mediation of religion: namely, by establishing a new religion (just as at one point Brownson himself tried), based on mesmerism / spiritism
, magnetism, and hypnosis were to pervade the Parisian scene, responding to a need to express a metaphysical anxiety that science failed to grasp.
De hecho, la bibliografia contemporanea al respecto reconoce sus indudables valores, como sucedia ya en el estudio pionero de Lily Litvak, "Entre lo fantastico y la ciencia ficcion: el cuento espiritista en el XIX" (1994), quien destacaba el valor de sus narraciones desde el otro lado, o en fecha muy reciente, en el completo estudio monografico Spanish Female Writers and the Freethinking Press 1879-1926, de la profesora Christine Arkinstall, quien afirma: "Amalia Domingo Soler, recognized in international bibliographies on spiritism
as most significant female figure in the movement, played an extremely active part in freethinking circles and anticlerical thougt from the end of the 1870s until her death" (2014: 23).
Hoskins recreates to wonderful effect the cultural milieu of the 1920s, when spiritism
was popular in interwar Europe and the Cao Dai founders were attending French or Franco-Annamite schools in which Victor Hugo was on the curriculum.
The Law of Psychic Phenomena: Systematic Study of Hypnotism, Spiritism
, Mental Therapeutics, Etc.
In the streets of Sao Paolo and Rio in Brazil, for example, I saw mainstream books, artifacts and magazines being sold on sidewalk newsstands, together with books on spiritism
, black magic and adult videos.
The Cuban academy's approach to studying autochthonous religion--key to nation-building folklore for a century now--has tended toward the taxonomic and normative, giving little print attention to grounded ethnographic accounts or to updating the classic historiography of Fernando Ortiz in ways that could nuance its standard presentation of essentialized categories of Santeria, Reglas de Palo, and Spiritism
or describe regional variations.
Secular Spirituality: Reincarnation and Spiritism
in Nineteenth-Century France.
Other than the Bird and Canino publication on Puerto Rican spiritism
(31) and the Olivera and Palacios study references above (2l), the only published article (Hernandez et al.
com, author of What Really Happens During Near Death Experiences - According To Spiritism
in Ghana: a study of new religious movements.