spirochete


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spi·ro·chete

 (spī′rə-kēt′)
n.
Any of various slender, spiral, motile bacteria of the order Spirochaetales, many of which are pathogenic, causing syphilis, relapsing fever, yaws, and other diseases.

[New Latin Spīrochaeta, genus name : Latin spīra, coil; see spire2 + New Latin chaeta, bristle, hair; see chaeta.]

spi′ro·chet′al (-kēt′l) adj.

spi•ro•chete

(ˈspaɪ rəˌkit)

n.
any of various mobile, very slender, tightly to loosely coiled bacteria of the family Spirochaetaceae, including pathogenic species that are the cause of syphilis, leptospirosis, or relapsing fever.
[1875–80; < New Latin Spirochaeta. See spiro-, chaeta]

spi·ro·chete

(spī′rə-kēt′)
Any of various bacteria that are shaped like a spiral, some of which can cause disease in humans.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.spirochete - parasitic or free-living bacteria; many pathogenic to humans and other animals
eubacteria, eubacterium, true bacteria - a large group of bacteria having rigid cell walls; motile types have flagella
order Spirochaetales, Spirochaetales - higher bacteria; slender spiral rodlike forms
treponema - spirochete that causes disease in humans (e.g. syphilis and yaws)
borrelia - cause of e.g. European and African relapsing fever
Borrelia burgdorferi, Lime disease spirochete - cause of Lyme disease; transmitted primarily by ticks of genus Ixodes
leptospira - important pathogens causing Weil's disease or canicola fever
Translations
spirocheta
spirochète

spi·ro·chete

n. espiroqueta, microorganismo espiral de la especie Spirochaetales que incluye el microorganismo causante de la sífilis.

spirochete

n espiroqueta
References in periodicals archive ?
Lyme condition is dued to the spirochete, Borrelia burgdorferi, and also is transferred by ticks.
Lyme disease caused by the spirochete Borrelia burgdorferi and transmitted by vector Ixodes scapular, is the most commonly reported vector-borne illness in the United States.
As such, the majority of current conventional and alternative oncological treatments often neglect possible causative agents, including viruses, spirochete and other bacteria, molds, and other parasites.
Phylogenetic analysis of the spirochete Borrelia microti, a potential agent of relapsing fever in Iran.
The causative agent of Lyme disease is the spirochete Borrelia Burgdorferi.
National Institutes of Health researcher Willy Burgdorfer identified the culprit in 1982: a spirochete bacterium that, in electron micrograph images, resembles a broken twist of barbed wire.
The Lyme disease spirochete, Borrelia burgdorferi, has several known fibronectin-binding proteins, thereby suggesting importance of this host factor in a Lyme disease infection.
Borrelia miyamotoi is a spirochete related to Borrelia burgdorferi, the microorganism that causes Lyme disease, and is transmitted by the same four tick species that carry B.
The nymphal stage of the blacklegged tick, Ixodes scapularis, is the principal vector of the Lyme disease spirochete (Borrelia burgdorferi sensu stricto); it has been a focus of research on methods for tick control for prevention of Lyme disease.
Spirochete organisms are classified into 3 groups: Spirochaetaceae, Leptospiraceae and Brachyspiraceae (2).
Subsequent staining of the skin sample indicated the presence of spirochete organisms.
Polymerase chain reaction amplification of spirochete 16S ribosomal gene sequences was performed.