The four women who had the premutation did not have any suggestive signs or symptoms of FXTAS; however, in FMR1 premutation patients, a contrast-enhanced brain MRI should be used to identify imaging findings such as hyperintensity of the middle cerebellar peduncle, hyperintensity of the white matter in different zones of the central nervous system as the pontine nuclei, the insula, the splenius
of the corpus callosum and the periventricular region; and generalized severe cerebral atrophy (29, 30).
14] suggested H reflex was reduced by about 80% in the left soleus and 77% in the right soleus after 10-15 min stimulation of the splenius
muscle and the contralateral upper part of the trapezius.
capitis, and splenius
cervicis) and adjacent structures were severed in order to enable the levator scapulae and/or rhomboid minor muscles to be exposed so that the superomedial connection between the scapula and the neck could be separated.
In long-standing cases of focal dystonia, such as spasmodic cervical torticollis, selective peripheral denervation of the sternocleidomastoid muscle, trapezius and splenius
capitis muscles in the neck can lead to significant improvement in the torticollis (the Bertrand procedure).
Therefore, surface EMG was used to record the signals from the upper and lower rectus abdominis muscles, upper and lower erector spinae muscles and from the splenius
muscle in different conditions of WBV and without vibration stimulus.
Este rasgo osteologico ha sido asociado al desarrollo de musculos nucales como el splenius
cervicis, multifidus dorsi y semispinalis cervicis, comprometidos con la postura de la cabeza y en mantener fija la region toracica (Hatt, 1932; Hildebrand, 1988).
Although the shallow layer becomes the splenius
spread in the cervical region, the intermediate area in humans is degenerated and the splenius
is separated into the internal and external muscles.
TrPs were bilaterally searched in upper trapezius, sternocleidomastoid, splenius
capitis, masseter, levator scapulae, superior oblique (extra-ocular), and suboccipital muscles.
Tortikolisde ipsilateral splenius
kapitis ve kontralateral sternokleidomastoid kaslari, laterokolis de ipsilateral sternokle-idomastoid, splenius
kapitis, skalen kaslar, levator skapula, semispinalis kapitis, longissimus kapitis ve diger postvertebral kaslar, omuz elevasyonunda ipsilateral trapezius ve levator skapula kaslari, retrokolisde bilateral splenius
kapitis, trapez kasinin ust bolumu, semispinalis kapitis, longissimus kapitis ve diger derin postvertebral kaslar, anterokoliste ise bilateral sternokleidomastoid kaslari, skalen kaslar ve submental kaslar en sik etkilenen kas gruplaridir.