spread


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spread

 (sprĕd)
v. spread, spread·ing, spreads
v.tr.
1. To open to a fuller extent or width; stretch: spread out the tablecloth; a bird spreading its wings.
2. To make wider the gap between; move farther apart: spread her fingers.
3.
a. To distribute over a surface in a layer: spread varnish on the steps.
b. To cover with a layer: spread a cracker with butter.
4.
a. To distribute widely: The tornado spread destruction.
b. To make a wide or extensive arrangement of: We spread the bicycle parts out on the floor.
c. To exhibit or display the full extent of: the scene that was spread before us.
5. To cause to become widely seen or known; scatter or disseminate: spread the news; spread the beam of the flashlight.
6.
a. To prepare (a table) for eating; set.
b. To arrange (food or a meal) on a table.
7. To flatten (a rivet end, for example) by pounding.
v.intr.
1. To be extended or enlarged: The farm fields spread to the horizon.
2. To move over an area, be distributed, or be widely dispersed: The troops spread out across the field. The volcano's ash spread over the continent.
3. To become known or prevalent over a wide area: The word spread fast.
4. To be exhibited, displayed, or visible in broad or full extent: The vista spread seemingly to infinity.
5. To become or admit of being distributed in a layer: This paint spreads really well.
6. To become separated; be forced farther apart: The land masses spread until there was an ocean between them.
n.
1.
a. The act or process of spreading: the spread of disease.
b. Dissemination, as of news; diffusion.
2.
a. An open area of land; an expanse.
b. A ranch, farm, or estate.
3. The extent or limit to which something is or can be spread: The tree's canopy has a spread of 50 feet.
4. A cloth covering for a bed, table, or other piece of furniture.
5. Informal An abundant meal laid out on a table.
6. A food to be spread on bread or crackers.
7.
a. Two facing pages of a magazine, newspaper, or book, considered as a unit.
b. An article or advertisement running across two or more columns of a newspaper or magazine.
8.
a. A difference, as between two figures or totals: What's the spread between tallest and shortest?
b. A position taken in two or more options or futures contracts in order to profit from a change in their relative prices.
c. The difference between the price asked and bid for a particular security.
d. The difference in yields between two fixed-income securities, as between short-term and long-term bonds.
9. A number of points offered to equalize the chances of winning in a wager on a competition, usually between sports teams. Also called point spread.
10. Wingspread.
Idiom:
spread (oneself) thin
To work on too many projects: overextend oneself.

[Middle English spreden, from Old English -sprǣdan (as in tōsprǣdan, to spread out); see sper- in Indo-European roots.]

spread′a·bil′i·ty n.
spread′a·ble adj.
spread′a·bly adv.

spread

(sprɛd)
vb, spreads, spreading or spread
1. to extend or unfold or be extended or unfolded to the fullest width: she spread the map on the table.
2. to extend or cause to extend over a larger expanse of space or time: the milk spread all over the floor; the political unrest spread over several years.
3. to apply or be applied in a coating: butter does not spread very well when cold.
4. to distribute or be distributed over an area or region
5. to display or be displayed in its fullest extent: the landscape spread before us.
6. (Cookery) (tr) to prepare (a table) for a meal
7. (Cookery) (tr) to lay out (a meal) on a table
8. to send or be sent out in all directions; disseminate or be disseminated: someone has been spreading rumours; the disease spread quickly.
9. (of rails, wires, etc) to force or be forced apart
10. (Mechanical Engineering) to increase the breadth of (a part), esp to flatten the head of a rivet by pressing, hammering, or forging
11. (Agriculture) (tr) agriculture
a. to lay out (hay) in a relatively thin layer to dry
b. to scatter (seed, manure, etc) over a relatively wide area
12. informal (often foll by: around) to make (oneself) agreeable to a large number of people, often of the opposite sex
13. (Phonetics & Phonology) phonetics to narrow and lengthen the aperture of (the lips) as for the articulation of a front vowel, such as (iː) in English see (siː)
n
14. the act or process of spreading; diffusion, dispersal, expansion, etc: the spread of the Christian religion.
15. (Aeronautics) informal the wingspan of an aircraft
16. an extent of space or time; stretch: a spread of 50 years.
17. (Agriculture) informal chiefly US and Canadian a ranch or relatively large tract of land
18. the limit of something fully extended: the spread of a bird's wings.
19. (Textiles) a covering for a table or bed
20. (Cookery) informal a large meal or feast, esp when it is laid out on a table
21. (Cookery) a food which can be spread on bread, etc: salmon spread.
22. (Printing, Lithography & Bookbinding) two facing pages in a book or other publication
23. a widening of the hips and waist: middle-age spread.
24. (Stock Exchange) stock exchange
a. the difference between the bid and offer prices quoted by a market maker
b. the excess of the price at which stock is offered for public sale over the price paid for the same stock by an underwriter
c. chiefly US a double option. Compare straddle9
25. (Jewellery) jewellery the apparent size of a gemstone when viewed from above expressed in carats: a diamond with a spread of four carats.
adj
26. extended or stretched out, esp to the fullest extent
27. (Jewellery) (of a gem) shallow and flat
28. (Phonetics & Phonology) phonetics
a. (of the lips) forming a long narrow aperture
b. (of speech sounds) articulated with spread lips: () in English "feel" is a spread vowel.
[Old English sprǣdan; related to Old High German spreiten to spread, Old Lithuanian sprainas stiff]
ˌspreadaˈbility n
ˈspreadable adj
ˈspreading adj, n
ˈspreadingly adv

spread

(sprɛd)

v. spread, spread•ing,
n., adj. v.t.
1. to draw, stretch, or open out, esp. over a flat surface: Spread out the blanket.
2. to extend out; move apart: The bird spread its wings.
3. to distribute over an area of space or time: to spread seed on the ground.
4. to apply in a thin layer or coating: to spread butter on bread.
5. to extend as a covering: to spread the sheet over the bed.
6. to set or prepare (a table) for a meal.
7. to send out in various directions: to spread light.
8. to cause to become widely known; disseminate: to spread rumors.
9. to extend the aperture at (the lips) laterally, so as to reduce it vertically, in articulating a sound.
v.i.
10. to become stretched out or extended; expand.
11. to become broadly distributed.
n.
12. an act or instance of spreading.
13. expansion; diffusion: the spread of suspicion.
14. the extent of spreading: to measure the spread of branches.
15.
a. the difference between the prices bid and asked of stock or a commodity.
b. a commodities market transaction in which the call price is set above and the put price below the current market quotation.
c. the difference between any two prices or rates for related costs.
16. capacity for spreading.
17. a distance or range between two points.
18. wingspan.
19. an expanse of something: a spread of timber.
20. a cloth covering for a bed, table, or the like, esp. a bedspread.
21. Informal. an abundance of food set out on a table; feast.
22. a food preparation for spreading, as jam or peanut butter.
23. two facing pages, as of a book or newspaper.
24.
a. an extensive display treatment of a topic in a newspaper or magazine.
b. an advertisement or story covering one or more pages.
25. landed property, as a farm or ranch.
adj.
26. (of a speech sound) pronounced with spread lips, as the vowel (ē) in tea.
Idioms:
spread oneself thin, to undertake too many projects simultaneously.
[1150–1200; Old English -sprǣdan, c. Old Saxon -spreidan, Old High German spreitan]

Spread

 an expanse or stretch of something; food collectively.
Examples: spread of boughs, 1701; of canvas, 1691; of knowledge, 1805; of favours; of sail, 1840.

spread


Past participle: spread
Gerund: spreading

Imperative
spread
spread
Present
I spread
you spread
he/she/it spreads
we spread
you spread
they spread
Preterite
I spread
you spread
he/she/it spread
we spread
you spread
they spread
Present Continuous
I am spreading
you are spreading
he/she/it is spreading
we are spreading
you are spreading
they are spreading
Present Perfect
I have spread
you have spread
he/she/it has spread
we have spread
you have spread
they have spread
Past Continuous
I was spreading
you were spreading
he/she/it was spreading
we were spreading
you were spreading
they were spreading
Past Perfect
I had spread
you had spread
he/she/it had spread
we had spread
you had spread
they had spread
Future
I will spread
you will spread
he/she/it will spread
we will spread
you will spread
they will spread
Future Perfect
I will have spread
you will have spread
he/she/it will have spread
we will have spread
you will have spread
they will have spread
Future Continuous
I will be spreading
you will be spreading
he/she/it will be spreading
we will be spreading
you will be spreading
they will be spreading
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been spreading
you have been spreading
he/she/it has been spreading
we have been spreading
you have been spreading
they have been spreading
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been spreading
you will have been spreading
he/she/it will have been spreading
we will have been spreading
you will have been spreading
they will have been spreading
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been spreading
you had been spreading
he/she/it had been spreading
we had been spreading
you had been spreading
they had been spreading
Conditional
I would spread
you would spread
he/she/it would spread
we would spread
you would spread
they would spread
Past Conditional
I would have spread
you would have spread
he/she/it would have spread
we would have spread
you would have spread
they would have spread
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.spread - process or result of distributing or extending over a wide expanse of space
change of location, travel - a movement through space that changes the location of something
diffusion - the spread of social institutions (and myths and skills) from one society to another
dispersion, scattering - spreading widely or driving off
invasion - (pathology) the spread of pathogenic microorganisms or malignant cells to new sites in the body; "the tumor's invasion of surrounding structures"
irradiation - (physiology) the spread of sensory neural impulses in the cortex
radiation - the spread of a group of organisms into new habitats
2.spread - a conspicuous disparity or difference as between two figures; "gap between income and outgo"; "the spread between lending and borrowing costs"
disparity - inequality or difference in some respect
3.spread - farm consisting of a large tract of land along with facilities needed to raise livestock (especially cattle)spread - farm consisting of a large tract of land along with facilities needed to raise livestock (especially cattle)
farm - workplace consisting of farm buildings and cultivated land as a unit; "it takes several people to work the farm"
4.spread - a haphazard distribution in all directionsspread - a haphazard distribution in all directions
dispersion, distribution - the spatial or geographic property of being scattered about over a range, area, or volume; "worldwide in distribution"; "the distribution of nerve fibers"; "in complementary distribution"
diffuseness - the spatial property of being spread out over a wide area or through a large volume
5.spread - a tasty mixture to be spread on bread or crackers or used in preparing other dishes
margarine, marge, oleo, oleomargarine, margarin - a spread made chiefly from vegetable oils and used as a substitute for butter
condiment - a preparation (a sauce or relish or spice) to enhance flavor or enjoyment; "mustard and ketchup are condiments"
nut butter - ground nuts blended with a little butter
peanut butter - a spread made from ground peanuts
marshmallow fluff - a very sweet white spread resembling marshmallow candy
onion butter - butter blended with minced onion
pimento butter - butter blended with mashed pimento
shrimp butter - butter blended with chopped shrimp or seasoned with essence from shrimp shells
lobster butter - butter blended with chopped lobster or seasoned with essence from lobster shells
cheese spread - spread made of cheese mixed with butter or cream or cream cheese and seasonings
anchovy butter - butter blended with mashed anchovies
fishpaste - a paste of fish or shellfish
garlic butter - butter seasoned with mashed garlic
miso - a thick paste made from fermented soybeans and barley or rice malt; used in Japanese cooking to make soups or sauces
hommos, hoummos, hummus, humous, humus - a thick spread made from mashed chickpeas, tahini, lemon juice and garlic; used especially as a dip for pita; originated in the Middle East
pate - liver or meat or fowl finely minced or ground and variously seasoned
tapenade - a spread consisting of capers and black olives and anchovies made into a puree with olive oil
tahini - a thick Middle Eastern paste made from ground sesame seeds
6.spread - a meal that is well prepared and greatly enjoyedspread - a meal that is well prepared and greatly enjoyed; "a banquet for the graduating seniors"; "the Thanksgiving feast"; "they put out quite a spread"
meal, repast - the food served and eaten at one time
7.spread - two facing pages of a book or other publicationspread - two facing pages of a book or other publication
page - one side of one leaf (of a book or magazine or newspaper or letter etc.) or the written or pictorial matter it contains
center spread, centre spread - the spread at the center of a magazine
centerfold, centrefold - a magazine center spread; especially a foldout of a large photograph or map or other feature
publication - a copy of a printed work offered for distribution
8.spread - the expansion of a person's girth (especially at middle age); "she exercised to avoid that middle-aged spread"
girth - the distance around a person's body
9.spread - decorative cover for a bedspread - decorative cover for a bed    
bed clothing, bedclothes, bedding - coverings that are used on a bed
coverlet - a decorative bedspread (usually quilted)
quilted bedspread - a bedspread constructed like a thin quilt
10.spread - act of extending over a wider scope or expanse of space or time
extension - act of expanding in scope; making more widely available; "extension of the program to all in need"
circulation - the spread or transmission of something (as news or money) to a wider group or area
dispersal, dispersion, dissemination, diffusion - the act of dispersing or diffusing something; "the dispersion of the troops"; "the diffusion of knowledge"
strewing, scatter, scattering - the act of scattering
decentralisation, decentralization - the spread of power away from the center to local branches or governments
Verb1.spread - distribute or disperse widely; "The invaders spread their language all over the country"
generalise, generalize - become systemic and spread throughout the body; "this kind of infection generalizes throughout the immune system"
metastasise, metastasize - spread throughout the body; "the cancer had metastasized and the patient could not be saved"
discharge - pour forth or release; "discharge liquids"
strew, straw - spread by scattering ("straw" is archaic); "strew toys all over the carpet"
export - cause to spread in another part of the world; "The Russians exported Marxism to Africa"
propagate - transmit or cause to broaden or spread; "This great civilization was propagated throughout the land"
deploy - to distribute systematically or strategically; "The U.S. deploys its weapons in the Middle East"
redistribute - distribute anew; "redistribute the troops more strategically"
sprawl, straggle - go, come, or spread in a rambling or irregular way; "Branches straggling out quite far"
diffuse, fan out, spread out, spread - move outward; "The soldiers fanned out"
string out, spread out - set out or stretch in a line, succession, or series; "the houses were strung out in a long row"
dissipate, scatter, disperse, spread out - move away from each other; "The crowds dispersed"; "The children scattered in all directions when the teacher approached";
diffuse, fan out, spread out, spread - move outward; "The soldiers fanned out"
expand, spread out - extend in one or more directions; "The dough expands"
gather, pull together, collect, garner - assemble or get together; "gather some stones"; "pull your thoughts together"
2.spread - become distributed or widespread; "the infection spread"; "Optimism spread among the population"
catch - spread or be communicated; "The fashion did not catch"
move - move so as to change position, perform a nontranslational motion; "He moved his hand slightly to the right"
3.spread - spread across or over; "A big oil spot spread across the water"
cover, extend, continue - span an interval of distance, space or time; "The war extended over five years"; "The period covered the turn of the century"; "My land extends over the hills on the horizon"; "This farm covers some 200 acres"; "The Archipelago continues for another 500 miles"
transgress - spread over land, especially along a subsiding shoreline; "The sea transgresses along the West coast of the island"
4.spread - spread out or open from a closed or folded statespread - spread out or open from a closed or folded state; "open the map"; "spread your arms"
undo - cancel, annul, or reverse an action or its effect; "I wish I could undo my actions"
divaricate - spread apart; "divaricate one's fingers"
exfoliate - spread by opening the leaves of
grass - spread out clothes on the grass to let it dry and bleach
butterfly - cut and spread open, as in preparation for cooking; "butterflied shrimp"
uncross - change from a crossed to an uncrossed position; "She uncrossed her legs"
splay - spread open or apart; "He splayed his huge hands over the table"
5.spread - cause to become widely known; "spread information"; "circulate a rumor"; "broadcast the news"
publicize, bare, publicise, air - make public; "She aired her opinions on welfare"
podcast - distribute (multimedia files) over the internet for playback on a mobile device or a personal computer
sow - introduce into an environment; "sow suspicion or beliefs"
circulate, go around, spread - become widely known and passed on; "the rumor spread"; "the story went around in the office"
popularise, popularize, vulgarise, vulgarize, generalise, generalize - cater to popular taste to make popular and present to the general public; bring into general or common use; "They popularized coffee in Washington State"; "Relativity Theory was vulgarized by these authors"
carry, run - include as the content; broadcast or publicize; "We ran the ad three times"; "This paper carries a restaurant review"; "All major networks carried the press conference"
6.spread - become widely known and passed on; "the rumor spread"; "the story went around in the office"
disseminate, pass around, circulate, diffuse, broadcast, circularise, circularize, spread, disperse, propagate, distribute - cause to become widely known; "spread information"; "circulate a rumor"; "broadcast the news"
go, locomote, move, travel - change location; move, travel, or proceed, also metaphorically; "How fast does your new car go?"; "We travelled from Rome to Naples by bus"; "The policemen went from door to door looking for the suspect"; "The soldiers moved towards the city in an attempt to take it before night fell"; "news travelled fast"
7.spread - strew or distribute over an areaspread - strew or distribute over an area; "He spread fertilizer over the lawn"; "scatter cards across the table"
pass around, circulate, distribute, pass on - cause be distributed; "This letter is being circulated among the faculty"
manure, muck - spread manure, as for fertilization
birdlime, lime - spread birdlime on branches to catch birds
circumfuse - spread something around something
distribute - spread throughout a given area; "the function distributes the values evenly"
8.spread - move outward; "The soldiers fanned out"
spread, distribute - distribute or disperse widely; "The invaders spread their language all over the country"
percolate - spread gradually; "Light percolated into our house in the morning"
creep - grow or spread, often in such a way as to cover (a surface); "ivy crept over the walls of the university buildings"
bleed, run - be diffused; "These dyes and colors are guaranteed not to run"
mantle - spread over a surface, like a mantle
9.spread - cover by spreading something over; "spread the bread with cheese"
cover - provide with a covering or cause to be covered; "cover her face with a handkerchief"; "cover the child with a blanket"; "cover the grave with flowers"
slather - spread thickly; "I can't eat bagels without slathering them with cream cheese"
10.spread - distribute over a surface in a layer; "spread cheese on a piece of bread"
Adj.1.spread - distributed or spread over a considerable extent; "has ties with many widely dispersed friends"; "eleven million Jews are spread throughout Europe"
distributed - spread out or scattered about or divided up
2.spread - prepared or arranged for a meal; especially having food set out; "a table spread with food"
prepared - made ready or fit or suitable beforehand; "a prepared statement"; "be prepared for emergencies"
3.spread - fully extended in width; "outspread wings"; "with arms spread wide"
extended - fully extended or stretched forth; "an extended telescope"; "his extended legs reached almost across the small room"; "refused to accept the extended hand"

spread

verb
1. open (out), extend, stretch, unfold, sprawl, unfurl, fan out, unroll He spread his coat over the bed.
2. open, extend, stretch He stepped back and spread his hands wide.
3. coat, cover, butter, smear, smother Spread the bread with the cream cheese.
4. smear, apply, rub, put, smooth, plaster, daub Spread the cream over the skin and allow it to remain for 12 hours.
5. grow, increase, develop, expand, widen, mushroom, escalate, proliferate, multiply, broaden The sense of fear is spreading in residential neighbourhoods.
6. space out, stagger The course is spread over a five-week period.
8. diffuse, cast, shed, radiate The overall flaring tends to spread light. diffuse
noun
1. increase, development, advance, spreading, expansion, transmission, proliferation, advancement, escalation, diffusion, dissemination, dispersal, suffusion The greatest hope for reform is the gradual spread of information.
2. extent, reach, span, stretch, sweep, width, compass The rhododendron grows to 18 inches with a spread of 24 inches.
3. (Informal) feast, banquet, blowout (slang), repast, array They put on a spread of sandwiches for us.
4. feature, report, story, piece, article, item There was a double-page spread on a dinner for 46 people.
5. range, variety, selection, assortment, gamut We have an enormous spread of industries in the area.
spread something out lay out, stretch out, unfurl, unroll I spread out my groundsheet and my sleeping bag.

spread

verb
1. To move or arrange so as to cover a larger area:
expand, extend, fan (out), open (out or up), outstretch, stretch, unfold, unroll.
2. To extend over a wide area:
3. To extend over the surface of:
4. To cause (a disease) to pass to another or others:
5. To make (information) generally known:
Idioms: spread far and wide, spread the word.
6. To become known far and wide:
Idiom: go the rounds.
7. To arrange tableware upon (a table) in preparation for a meal:
noun
1. The act of increasing in dimensions, scope, or inclusiveness:
2. A wide and open area, as of land, sky, or water:
3. Informal. A large meal elaborately prepared or served:
Informal: feed.
Translations
إمْتِداد، نَشْرإنتِشارطَعام مَدْهونمَعْجُونيَدْهَن
namazatpomazánkarozetřítrozloharozložit
spredefordelesmøresmørepålægspredning
levittäälevitälevitepeitesirottaa
mazatinamazširitiširiti se
elterjedéskenmegkenszétterítterjed
breiîa úrdreifadreifa , breiîa útdreifa, smyrjasmyrja
広げる広まる拡散掛け散らす
...에 (...을) 펴다바르다퍼지다확산
apteptiišskleisti
apziestattālumsdistanceizkārtotizklāt
roztrieťrozvrhnúť
namaznamazatirazkropiti serazprostretiraztezati se
bredaspridaspridasspridning
แพร่กระจายกระจาย ทำให้ทั่วคลี่อาหารที่ใช้ทาขนมปัง
sürmekyaymakuzamayay mayay mak
lan rộngsự trải ratrải ra

spread

[spred] (spread (vb: pt, pp))
A. N
1. (= propagation) [of infection, disease, fire] → propagación f; [of idea, information] → difusión f, divulgación f; [of crime] → aumento m, proliferación f; [of education] → extensión f, generalización f; [of nuclear weapons] → proliferación f
2. (= extent) (gen) → extensión f; [of wings, sails] → envergadura f
middle-age spreadgordura f de la mediana edad
3. (= range) there is a broad spread of interest and opinion represented on the committeehay una gran diversidad de intereses y opiniones representados en el comité
4. (= meal) → comilona f, banquetazo m
they laid on a huge spreadofrecieron una espléndida comilona or un banquetazo espléndido
5. (= cover) (for bed) → cubrecama m, sobrecama m or f
6. (Culin) (for bread) → pasta f para untar
cheese spreadqueso m para untar
7. (Press, Typ) a full-page spreaduna plana entera
a two-page or double-page spreaduna página doble, una doble plana
8. (Fin) → diferencial m
9. (US) (= ranch) → finca f, hacienda f (LAm), estancia f (Arg, Uru), fundo m (Chile)
B. VT
1. (also spread out) (= lay or open out) [+ tablecloth, blanket] → extender, tender; [+ map] → extender, desplegar; [+ arms, fingers, legs] → extender; [+ banner, sails, wings] → desplegar; [+ net] → tender
she lay spread out on the floorestaba tendida en el suelo
the peacock spread its tailel pavo real hizo la rueda
he spread his hands in a gesture of resignation/helplessnessextendió los brazos en ademán de resignación/impotencia
I like to be able to spread myselfme gusta tener mucho espacio
to spread one's wings (lit, fig) → desplegar las alas
2. (= scatter) → esparcir, desparramar
her clothes were spread all over the floorsu ropa estaba esparcida or desparramada por todo el suelo
3. (= apply) [+ butter] → untar
to spread butter on one's breaduntar mantequilla en el pan, untar el pan con mantequilla
to spread cream on one's faceuntarse or ponerse crema en la cara
4. (= cover)
tables spread with foodmesas llenas or repletas de comida
she spread her bread with honeypuso miel en el pan, untó el pan con miel
the floors are spread with sandlos suelos están cubiertos de arena
5. (= distribute) → distribuir
you are advised to spread the workloadle aconsejamos que se distribuya el trabajo
repayments will be spread over 18 monthslos pagos se efectuarán a lo largo de 18 meses
don't spread yourself too thinno intentes abarcar más de la cuenta
6. (= disseminate) [+ news, information] → divulgar, difundir; [+ rumour] → hacer correr, difundir; [+ disease] → propagar; [+ panic, fear] → sembrar
he loves spreading gossiple encanta difundir or divulgar cotilleos
see also word A4
C. VI
1. (= extend, advance) [fire] → propagarse, extenderse; [stain] → extenderse; [disease] → propagarse; [panic, fear] → cundir; [information, news, ideas] → difundirse
general alarm spread through the populationcundió la alarma por toda la población
the cancer had spread to his lungsel cáncer se había extendido a los pulmones
the troops spread southlas tropas se desplegaron hacia el sur
a smile spread over or across his facesonrió de oreja a oreja
to spread like wildfire the rumours spread like wildfirelos rumores corrieron como la pólvora
2. (= stretch) (in space) → extenderse
the city spreads several miles to the northla ciudad se extiende varias millas hacia el norte
a process spreading over several monthsun proceso que abarca varios meses
3. [butter] → untarse
D. CPD spread betting Napuesta f múltiple modalidad de apuesta en la que se juega sobre una variedad de resultados en lugar de uno en concreto
spread out
A. VI + ADV (= disperse) [people] → dispersarse; (= extend) [city, liquid] → extenderse; (= widen) [river] → ensancharse
B. VT + ADV
see spread B1

spread

[ˈsprɛd]
n
(= dissemination) [disease, infection, rumour] → propagation f; [information, new ideas, technology] → diffusion f
[fire, oil slick] → progression f, extension f
[wealth, workload] → répartition f
(= range) [opinions] → éventail m
(COOKERY)pâte f à tartiner
cheese spread → fromage m à tartiner
chocolate spread → chocolat m à tartiner
(PRESS) a double-page spread → une double page
(= meal) → repas m
(= span) [wings] → envergure f
(also bedspread) → couvre-lit m
vb [spread] (pt, pp)
vt
(= open out) [+ towel, cloth, rug, map] → étendre
He spread a towel on the sand → Il étendit une serviette sur le sable.
(= move apart) [+ arms, hands, fingers, legs] → écarter
He just shrugged and spread his arms → Il se contenta de hausser les épaules en écartant les bras.
[+ paste, butter, jam] → étaler
to spread sth on sth → tartiner qch de qch, étaler qch sur qch
He was spreading butter on a slice of bread → Il étalait du beurre sur une tranche de pain., Il tartinait de beurre une tranche de pain.
to spread sth with sth → tartiner qch de qch
Spread the bread with cheese → Tartiner le pain de fromage.
(= disseminate among people) [+ rumour, lies] → répandre; [+ disease, infection, germs] → propager; [+ fear, confusion, panic] → répandre, semer
Mosquitoes spread the disease very quickly → Les moustiques propagent la maladie très rapidement.
He was fed up with the lies being spread about him → Il en avait assez des mensonges qu'on répandait à son sujet.
(= distribute over area) [+ pollen, seeds] → disséminer; [+ fertilizer] → répandre
(= distribute over period of time) [+ repayments] → échelonner, étaler
The job losses will be spread over a long period → Les suppressions d'emplois seront étalées sur une longue période.
(= share out) [+ wealth, workload] → répartir
vi
(= affect or reach more people) [disease, infection] → s'étendre, se propager; [fear, technology] → se répandre; [news] → se propager
The news spread rapidly → La nouvelle s'est propagée rapidement.
(= cover larger area) [fire] → s'étendre, se propager; [oil slick, flood, stain] → s'étendre
[arms, fingers] → s'écarter
[butter, paste, jam] → s'étaler
spread out
vt sep
(= open out) [+ towel, cloth, rug, map] → étaler
(= stretch out) [+ arms, hands, fingers, legs] → écarter
vi [people] → se disperser
The soldiers spread out across the field → Les soldats se dispersèrent dans le champ. .

spread

vb: pret, ptp <spread>
n
(of wings)Spannweite f, → Flügelspanne f; (= range, of marks) → Verteilung f, → Streuung f; (of prices)Spanne f; (of ideas, interests)Spektrum nt; (= distribution: of wealth) → Verteilung f; (= scope: of theory, ideas) → Umfang m; middle-age spreadFülligkeit f, → Altersspeck m (inf); Gerry’s beginning to suffer from middle-age spreadGerry setzt langsam Speck an (inf)
(= growth)Ausbreitung f, → Verbreitung f; (spatial) → Ausdehnung f; the spread of nuclear weaponsdie zunehmende Verbreitung von Atomwaffen
(inf, of food etc) → Festessen nt, → Festschmaus m; that was an excellent spreaddas war prima, was du etc da aufgetischt hast
(= cover)Decke f
(for bread) → (Brot)aufstrich m; anchovy spreadSardellenpaste f; cheese spreadStreichkäse m
(Press, Typ: = two pages) → Doppelseite f; a full-page/double spreadein ganz-/zweiseitiger Bericht; (= advertisement)eine ganz-/zweiseitige Anzeige; a picture spreadein ganzseitiger Bildbericht; the centre spread of a paperdie Mittelseite einer Zeitung
vt
(= open or lay out: also spread out) rug, nets, hay, wings, armsausbreiten; fanöffnen; goodsausbreiten, auslegen; hands, legsspreizen; the peacock spread its tailder Pfau schlug ein Rad; he was lying with his arms and legs spread outer lag mit ausgestreckten Armen und Beinen da; the fields were spread (out) below usdie Felder breiteten sich unter uns aus; the view which was spread (out) before usdie Sicht, die sich uns bot; the yacht spread its sailsdie Segel des Bootes blähten sich
bread, canvas, surfacebestreichen; butter, paint etc(ver- or auf)streichen; tabledecken; spread the paint evenlyverteilen Sie die Farbe gleichmäßig; he spread the plaster over the waller verstrich den Gips auf der Wand; to spread a cloth/blanket over somethingein Tuch/eine Decke über etw (acc)breiten; the table was spread with foodder Tisch war reichlich or üppig gedeckt
(= distribute: also spread out) forces, writing, objects, payments, riskverteilen; sand, fertilizer, muckstreuen; (in time) → verteilen (→ over über +acc); our resources are spread very thinunsere Mittel sind maximal beansprucht
(= disseminate) news, knowledge, panic, disease, smellverbreiten; rumourausstreuen, verbreiten; I’ll spread the news to everyone in the officeich werde es allen im Büro mitteilen
vi
(= extend, spatially) → sich erstrecken, sich ausdehnen (→ over, across über +acc); (with movement, weeds, liquid, fire, smile, industry) → sich ausbreiten (→ over, across über +acc); (towns, settlements)sich ausdehnen; (knowledge, fear etc, smell)sich verbreiten; (disease, trouble, fire)sich verbreiten, um sich greifen; the course spreads over four monthsder Kurs erstreckt sich über vier Monate; to spread to somethingetw erreichen; (disease etc)auf etw (acc)übergreifen; to spread into somethingsich in etw (acc)erstrecken; (in time) → sich bis in etw (acc)erstrecken; under the spreading treesunter den ausladenden Bäumen; he’s worried about his spreading stomach (inf)er macht sich Sorgen, weil er in die Breite geht (inf) ? wildfire
(butter etc)sich streichen or schmieren (inf)lassen
vr to spread oneself (physically) → sich ausstrecken; (= spread one’s things)sich ausbreiten; (in speech, writing) → sich verbreiten

spread

[sprɛd] (spread (vb: pt, pp))
1. n
a. (of fire, infection) → propagazione f; (of idea, knowledge) → diffusione f; (of crime) → il dilagare
the spread of nuclear weapons → la proliferazione delle armi nucleari
b. (extent, of bridge) → ampiezza; (of wings, arch) → apertura
c. (range, of prices, figures, marks) → gamma; (on graph, scale) → distribuzione f
middle-age spread → pancetta
d. (fam) (feast) → banchetto
e. (also bedspread) → copriletto
f. (for bread) anchovy spreadpasta d'acciughe
cheese spread → formaggio da spalmare
g. (Press, Typ) (two pages) → doppia pagina; (across columns) → articolo a più colonne
2. vt
a. (open or lay out) (also spread out) (wings, sails) → spiegare; (cloth) → stendere; (fingers) → distendere; (arms) → allargare, spalancare
to spread a map out on the table → spiegare una cartina sul tavolo
to spread one's wings (fig) → spiccare il volo
b. (butter, cream) → spalmare
to spread cream on one's face → spalmarsi la crema sul viso
c. (distribute) (also spread out) (sand, fertilizer) to spread sth on sthcospargere qc di qc; (goods, objects) → disporre; (cards, toys) → spargere; (soldiers) → scaglionare; (payments) → rateizzare, scaglionare; (resources) → distribuire
repayments will be spread over 18 months → i pagamenti saranno scaglionati lungo un periodo di 18 mesi
d. (disseminate, germs, disease) → propagare, diffondere; (knowledge, panic) → diffondere; (news) → spargere, diffondere
3. vi (news, rumour) → diffondersi, propagarsi, spargersi; (pain, fire, flood) → estendersi; (milk) → spargersi; (disease, weeds) → propagarsi
to spread into sth → estendersi fino a qc
margarine spreads better than butter → la margarina si spalma meglio del burro
spread out
1. vi + adv (view, valley) → stendersi; (soldiers, police) → disporsi
2. vt + adv = spread 2a and 2c

spread

(spred) past tense, past participle spread verb
1. to (cause to) go (often more widely or more thinly) over a surface. She spread honey thickly on her toast.
2. to cover (a surface with something). She spread the bread with jam.
3. to (cause to) reach a wider area, affect a larger number of people etc. The news spread through the village very quickly.
4. to distribute over a wide area, period of time etc. The exams were spread over a period of ten days.
5. to open out. He spread the map on the table.
noun
1. the process of reaching a wider area, affecting more people etc. the spread of information/television; the spread of crime among schoolchildren.
2. something to be spread on bread etc. Have some chicken spread.
3. the space or time covered (by something) or the extent of spreading. a spread of several miles.
spread out
1. to extend or stretch out. The fields spread out in front of him.
2. to distribute over a wide area or period of time. She spread the leaflets out on the table.
3. to scatter and go in different directions, in order to cover a wider area. They spread out and began to search the entire area.

spread

مَعْجُون, يَدْهُنُ, يَنْتَشِرُ pomazánka, rozprostřít, roztáhnout, šířit se smøre, sprede, spredning ausbreiten, schmieren, verbreiten, Verbreitung απλώνω, διαδίδω, επαλείφω, επάλειψη esparcir, extender, extenderse, pasta para extender sobre pan, propagación leviäminen, levitä, levittää étaler, étendue, s'étendre mazati, namaz, širiti, širiti se diffondersi, diffusione, spalmare, stendere ・・・を塗る, 広がること, 広げる, 広まる ...에 (...을) 펴다, 바르다, 퍼지다, 확산 smeersel, uitspreiden, verspreiden, zich verspreiden bre, spennvidde, spre rozchodzić się, rozłożyć, rozprowadzić, rozprzestrzenienie (się) espalhar, espalhar-se, extensão, propagar распределять, распространение, распространять, распространяться breda, sprida, spridas, spridning แพร่กระจาย, กระจาย ทำให้ทั่ว, คลี่, อาหารที่ใช้ทาขนมปัง sürmek, yayılım, yayılmak, yaymak lan rộng, sự trải ra, trải ra 传播, 展开, , 涂抹酱

spread

n. extensión, diseminación, esparcimiento;
vi. diseminar; esparcir, extender; diseminarse, esparcirse, extenderse;
a. extendido-a, esparcido-a; diseminado-a;

spread

n propagación f; (from person to person) transmisión f; (within the body) propagación, extensión f, diseminación f; vt (pret & pp spread) propagar; to spread disease..propagar enfermedades; vi propagarse; (from person to person) transmitirse; (within the body) propagarse, extenderse, diseminarse
References in classic literature ?
The girls meantime spread the table, set the children round the fire, and fed them like so many hungry birds, laughing, talking, and trying to understand the funny broken English.
Going into his house he cut slices of bread and spread honey upon them.
Enough now to show you an old map I found, or, rather, a copy of it, and some of the papers that tell of the idol," and he spread out his packet of papers on the table in front of him, his eyes shining with excitement and pleasure.
The dog-town was spread out over perhaps ten acres.
But she did not want to appear unamiable and uninterested, so she had brought forth newspapers, which she spread upon the floor of the gallery, and under Madame Ratignolle's directions she had cut a pattern of the impervious garment.
After the first surprise of the intelligence had a little abated, a rumor was spread through the entrenched camp, which stretched along the margin of the Hudson, forming a chain of outworks to the body of the fort itself, that a chosen detachment of fifteen hundred men was to depart, with the dawn, for William Henry, the post at the northern extremity of the portage.
When we gave way, they pursued us with the utmost eagerness, and in every quarter spread destruction.
Six hours later, when the shadow of Devil's Spur had crossed the river, and spread a slight coolness over the flat beyond, the Pioneer coach, leaving the summit, began also to bathe its heated bulk in the long shadows of the descent.
Summer squashes almost in their golden blossom; cucumbers, now evincing a tendency to spread away from the main stock, and ramble far and wide; two or three rows of string-beans and as many more that were about to festoon themselves on poles; tomatoes, occupying a site so sheltered and sunny that the plants were already gigantic, and promised an early and abundant harvest.
The page of life that was spread out before me seemed dull and commonplace only because I had not fathomed its deeper import.
A great elm tree spread its broad branches over it, at the foot of which bubbled up a spring of the softest and sweetest water, in a little well formed of a barrel; and then stole sparkling away through the grass, to a neighboring brook, that babbled along among alders and dwarf willows.
If, then, to meanest mariners, and renegades and castaways, I shall hereafter ascribe high qualities, though dark; weave round them tragic graces; if even the most mournful, perchance the most abased, among them all, shall at times lift himself to the exalted mounts; if I shall touch that workman's arm with some ethereal light; if I shall spread a rainbow over his disastrous set of sun; then against all mortal critics bear me out in it, thou just spirit of equality, which hast spread one royal mantle of humanity over all my kind