sprekelia


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sprekelia

(sprəˈkiːlɪə)
n
(Plants) a bulbous plant, Sprekelia formosissima, from Mexico and Guatemala, related to hippeastrum and grown for its striking crimson or white pendent flowers, in the form of a cross: family Amaryllidaceae
[named after J. H. von Sprekelsen (died 1764), German botanist]
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Antiproliferative amaryllidaceae alkaloids isolated from the bulbs of Sprekelia formosissima and Hymenocallis x festalis.
Other cases with stronger monosymmetry are: Sprekelia (Amaryllidaceae), in which, in addition to mere curvature, the perianth is conspicuously monosymmetric (Vochting, 1886); Haworthia and Chortolirion (Asphodelaceae) with bilabiate perianth (Smith & Van Wyk, 1998); Daubenya with three enlarged petals in basal flowers of the inflorescence, and Lachenalia (Hyacinthaceae) with a bilabiate perianth (Speta, 1998); Melasphaerula, Sparaxis, Chasmanthe and perhaps other Iridaceae-Ixioideae with bilabiate or otherwise monosymmetric perianth (Vogel, 1954; Goldblatt et al.
Sprekelia formosissima: Also known as the Aztec lily, this elegant bulb native to Mexico bears a deep red flower with green striped bases.