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v. sprang (sprăng) or sprung (sprŭng), sprung, spring·ing, springs
1. To move upward or forward in a single quick motion or a series of such motions; leap: The goat sprang over the log.
2. To move suddenly, especially because of being resilient or moved by a spring: I let the branch spring forward. The door sprang shut.
3. To start doing something suddenly: The firefighters sprang into action.
a. To appear or come into being quickly: New businesses are springing up rapidly.
b. To issue or emerge suddenly: A cry sprang from her lips. A thought springs to mind.
c. To arise from a source; develop: Their frustration springs from a misunderstanding. See Synonyms at stem1.
5. To extend or curve upward, as a rafter or arch.
6. To become warped, split, or cracked. Used of wood.
7. To move out of place; come loose, as parts of a mechanism.
8. Slang To buy something or pay an expense: He offered to spring for the dinner.
1. To cause to leap, dart, or come forth suddenly: The hound sprang a quail.
2. To release from a checked or inoperative position: spring a trap.
3. To present or disclose unexpectedly or suddenly: "He sprung on the world this novel approach to political journalism" (Curtis Wilkie).
4. Slang To cause to be released from prison or other confinement.
a. To cause to warp, split, or crack, as a mast.
b. To have (a mast, for example) warp, split, or crack.
1. An elastic device, such as a coil of wire, that regains its original shape after being compressed or extended.
a. Elasticity; resilience: a mattress with a lot of spring.
b. Energetic bounce: a spring to one's step.
3. The act or an instance of jumping or leaping.
4. A usually rapid return to normal shape after removal of stress; recoil: the spring of a bow.
5. A small stream of water flowing naturally from the earth.
6. A source, beginning, or motive: "The giver herself may not be perfectly clear about the springs of her action" (Margaret Visser).
a. The season of the year between winter and summer, during which the weather becomes warmer and plants revive, extending in the Northern Hemisphere from the vernal equinox to the summer solstice and popularly considered to include the months of March, April, and May. In the Southern Hemisphere austral spring includes September, October, and November.
b. A time of growth and renewal.
8. A warping, bending, or cracking, as that caused by excessive force.
9. Architecture The point at which an arch or vault rises from its support.
1. Of or acting like a spring; resilient.
2. Having or supported by springs: a spring mattress.
a. Relating to or occurring in spring: spring showers; spring planting.
b. Grown during the season of spring: spring crops.
spring a leak
To start leaking suddenly: The boat sprang a leak. My balloon has sprung a leak.

[Middle English springen, from Old English springan. N., Middle English springe, from Old English spring, wellspring.]


(Placename) a city in E South Africa: developed around a coal mine established in 1885 and later became a major world gold-mining centre, now with uranium extraction. Pop: 80 776 (2001)



a city in S Transvaal, in the E Republic of South Africa, E of Johannesburg. 142,812.
References in classic literature ?
The rays of the sun were beginning to grow less fierce, and the intense heat of the day was lessened, as the cooler vapors of the springs and fountains rose above their leafy beds, and rested in the atmosphere.
Sometimes we saw hundreds in a drove, and the numbers about the salt springs were amazing.
Hepzibah bade her young guest sit down, and, herself taking a chair near by, looked as earnestly at Phoebe's trim little figure as if she expected to see right into its springs and motive secrets.
Mercy on us, goodwife" exclaimed a man in the crowd, "is there no virtue in woman, save what springs from a wholesome fear of the gallows?
Though I cannot tell why it was exactly that those stage managers, the Fates, put me down for this shabby part of a whaling voyage, when others were set down for magnificent parts in high tragedies, and short and easy parts in genteel comedies, and jolly parts in farces --though I cannot tell why this was exactly; yet, now that I recall all the circumstances, I think I can see a little into the springs and motives which being cunningly presented to me under various disguises, induced me to set about performing the part I did, besides cajoling me into the delusion that it was a choice resulting from my own unbiased freewill and discriminating judgment.
Up on the third story of the "hog house" of Jones's was a storeroom, without a window, into which they crowded seven hundred men, sleeping upon the bare springs of cots, and with a second shift to use them by day.
Carriage springs up, with another bounce,--down go the hind wheels,--senator, woman, and child, fly over on to the back seat, his elbows encountering her bonnet, and both her feet being jammed into his hat, which flies off in the concussion.
If you would get exercise, go in search of the springs of life.
Hope springs up, and cheerfulness along with it, and then he is in good shape to do something for himself, if anything can be done.
Perhaps no other country is so generously supplied with medicinal springs as Germany.
Possibly, some people might suspect him of a degree of under-bred pride; I have a sympathetic chord within that tells me it is nothing of the sort: I know, by instinct, his reserve springs from an aversion to showy displays of feeling - to manifestations of mutual kindliness.
He was rather thin with living on moor grass but he was as tough and wiry as if the muscle in his little legs had been made of steel springs.