spruce


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Related to spruce: spruce up

spruce 1

 (spro͞os)
n.
1.
a. Any of various coniferous evergreen trees of the genus Picea, having flattened or four-angled needlelike leaves, a conic shape, pendulous cones, and soft wood often used for paper pulp.
b. Any of various similar or related trees.
c. The wood of any of these trees.
2. A grayish green to dark greenish black.

[Short for obsolete Spruce fir, Prussian fir, from Middle English Spruce, Prussia, alteration of Pruce from Anglo-Norman Pruz, from Medieval Latin Prussia.]

spruce 2

 (spro͞os)
adj. spruc·er, spruc·est
Neat, trim, and smart in appearance: "a good-looking man; spruce and dapper, and very tidy" (Anthony Trollope).
v. spruced, spruc·ing, spruc·es
v.tr.
To make neat and trim: spruced up the chairs with new slipcovers.
v.intr.
To make oneself neat and smart in appearance: He was sprucing for the school dance.

[Perhaps from obsolete spruce leather, Prussian leather, from Middle English Spruce, Prussia; see spruce1.]

spruce′ly adv.
spruce′ness n.

spruce

(spruːs)
n
1. (Plants) any coniferous tree of the N temperate genus Picea, cultivated for timber and for ornament: family Pinaceae. They grow in a pyramidal shape and have needle-like leaves and light-coloured wood. See also Norway spruce, blue spruce, white spruce, black spruce
2. (Forestry) the wood of any of these trees
[C17: short for Spruce fir, from C14 Spruce Prussia, changed from Pruce, via Old French from Latin Prussia]

spruce

(spruːs)
adj
neat, smart, and trim
[C16: perhaps from Spruce leather a fashionable leather imported from Prussia; see spruce1]
ˈsprucely adv
ˈspruceness n

spruce1

(sprus)

n.
1. any evergreen, coniferous tree of the genus Picea, of the pine family, having short angular needle-shaped leaves attached singly around twigs.
2. any of various allied trees, as the Douglas fir.
3. the wood of any such tree.
[1350–1400; variant of Pruce < Old French Pruce < Medieval Latin Prussia Prussia]

spruce2

(sprus)

adj. spruc•er, spruc•est, adj.
1. trim in dress or appearance; neat.
v.t.
2. to make spruce (often fol. by up).
v.i.
3. to make oneself spruce (usu. fol. by up).
[1580–90; perhaps <spruce leather, i.e., leather imported from Prussia (see spruce1)]
spruce′ly, adv.
spruce′ness, n.
spruc′y, adj. spruc•i•er, spruc•i•est.

spruce

(spro͞os)
Any of various evergreen trees or shrubs that have short, four-sided needles and hanging or drooping cones. Spruces are found chiefly in cooler temperate regions in the Northern Hemisphere.
pine, fir, spruce - Pine, fir, and spruce are quite different from each other, though they are all conifers; pine has clusters of long, needle-shaped leaves, spruce is a type of fir, and the only scientific difference between the two is that spruces have rectangular needles while firs have flat, needle-shaped leaves.
See also related terms for pine.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.spruce - light soft moderately strong wood of spruce treesspruce - light soft moderately strong wood of spruce trees; used especially for timbers and millwork
spruce - any coniferous tree of the genus Picea
wood - the hard fibrous lignified substance under the bark of trees
2.spruce - any coniferous tree of the genus Picea
genus Picea, Picea - a genus of temperate and Arctic evergreen trees (see spruce)
spruce - light soft moderately strong wood of spruce trees; used especially for timbers and millwork
Norway spruce, Picea abies - tall pyramidal spruce native to northern Europe having dark green foliage on spreading branches with pendulous branchlets and long pendulous cones
Brewer's spruce, Picea breweriana, weeping spruce - medium-sized spruce of California and Oregon having pendulous branches
Engelmann spruce, Engelmann's spruce, Picea engelmannii - tall spruce of Rocky Mountains and British Columbia with blue-green needles and acutely conic crown; wood used for rough lumber and boxes
Picea glauca, white spruce - medium-sized spruce of northeastern North America having short blue-green leaves and slender cones
black spruce, Picea mariana, spruce pine - small spruce of boggy areas of northeastern North America having spreading branches with dense foliage; inferior wood
Picea obovata, Siberian spruce - tall spruce of northern Europe and Asia; resembles Norway spruce
Picea sitchensis, Sitka spruce - a large spruce that grows only along the northwestern coast of the United States and Canada; has sharp stiff needles and thin bark; the wood has a high ratio of strength to weight
oriental spruce, Picea orientalis - evergreen tree of the Caucasus and Asia Minor used as an ornamental having pendulous branchlets
Colorado blue spruce, Colorado spruce, Picea pungens, silver spruce - tall spruce with blue-green needles and dense conic crown; older trees become columnar with lower branches sweeping downward
eastern spruce, Picea rubens, red spruce, yellow spruce - medium-sized spruce of eastern North America; chief lumber spruce of the area; source of pulpwood
conifer, coniferous tree - any gymnospermous tree or shrub bearing cones
Verb1.spruce - make neat, smart, or trim; "Spruce up your house for Spring"; "titivate the child"
beautify, fancify, prettify, embellish - make more beautiful
2.spruce - dress and groom with particular care, as for a special occasion; "He spruced up for the party"
neaten, groom - care for one's external appearance; "He is always well-groomed"
Adj.1.spruce - marked by up-to-dateness in dress and manners; "a dapper young man"; "a jaunty red hat"
fashionable, stylish - being or in accordance with current social fashions; "fashionable clothing"; "the fashionable side of town"; "a fashionable cafe"

spruce

adjective smart, trim, neat, elegant, dainty, dapper, natty (informal), well-groomed, well turned out, trig (archaic or dialect), as if you had just stepped out of a bandbox, soigné or soignée Chris was looking spruce in his black shirt.
messy, untidy, dishevelled, rumpled, bedraggled, unkempt, uncombed, frowsy, disarrayed

spruce

adjective
In good order or clean condition:
Chiefly British: tight.
verb
1. To improve in appearance, especially by refurbishing.Also used with up:
2. To make or keep (an area) clean and orderly.Also used with up:
clean (up), clear (up), neaten (up), police, straighten (up), tidy (up).
3. To make neat and trim; make presentable.Also used with up:
clean (up), freshen (up), groom, neaten (up), slick up, tidy (up), trig (out), trim.
Translations
أنيق ومُرَتَّبتَنّوب: شَجَرَة من الصُّنوبَرِيّات
smrkelegantní
fiksgrantræ
kuusk
kuusityylikäs
smreka
snyrtilegur, fínn
egleuzposies
molid
smrek
smreka
köknarşık ve zarif

spruce

1 [spruːs] N (Bot) → pícea f

spruce

2 [spruːs] ADJ (= neat) → pulcro
spruce up VT + ADVarreglar
to spruce o.s. uparreglarse
all spruced upmuy acicalado

spruce

[ˈspruːs]
n
(= tree) → épicéa m
(= wood) → épicéa m
adj (= smart) [person] → pimpant(e)
spruce up
vt sep (= smarten up) [+ room, building] → donner un coup de neuf à
to spruce o.s. up → se faire beau(belle)

spruce

1
n (also spruce fir)Fichte f

spruce

2
adj (+er) personproper, gepflegt; men’s clothesflott, schmuck (dated); women, children, women’s clothes, appearanceadrett; buildingschmuck; lawn, flower bedsgepflegt; he was looking very spruceer sah geschniegelt und gebügelt aus

spruce

1 [spruːs] n (Bot) → abete m
Norway spruce → abete norvegese or rosso

spruce

2 [spruːs] adj (outfit) → elegante; (lawn) → curato/a; (person) → azzimato/a
spruce up vt + adv (tidy) → mettere in ordine; (smarten up, room) → abbellire
to spruce o.s. up → farsi bello/a
all spruced up → tutto/a azzimato/a or agghindato/a

spruce1

(spruːs) adjective
neat and smart. You're looking very spruce today.

spruce2

(spruːs) noun
a tree with leaves like needles that grows in northern regions.
spruce up
to make oneself or somebody else smarter. I'll go and spruce up before going out.
References in classic literature ?
As he went spruce and business-like through the streets of Winesburg, he sometimes stopped and turned quickly about as though fearing that the spirit of the hotel and of the woman would follow him even into the streets.
Some ragged little boys from the depot sold pop and iced lemonade under a white umbrella at the corner, and made faces at the spruce youngsters who came to dance.
Meanwhile, the merchants and ship-masters, the spruce clerks and uncouth sailors, entered and departed; the bustle of his commercial and Custom-House life kept up its little murmur round about him; and neither with the men nor their affairs did the General appear to sustain the most distant relation.
said a spruce quadroon chambermaid, dangling, as she spoke, a pair of coral ear-drops.
We require an infusion of hemlock, spruce or arbor vitae in our tea.
Elton, spruce, black, and smiling, was with them instantly.
Bygrave -- spruce, speckless, and respectable as ever -- appeared on the Parade, sauntering composedly in the direction of Sea View.
For, instead of a long train with royal diadems, I saw in one family two fiddlers, three spruce courtiers, and an Italian prelate.
Spruce bachelors looked sidelong at the pretty maidens, and fancied that the Sabbath sunshine made them prettier than on week days.
Ah, yes, my friend, but this king, so spruce, so smiling, so adored, M.
The canoe was between thirty and forty feet long, and several feet in width; constructed of birch bark, sewed with fibres of the roots of the spruce tree, and daubed with resin of the pine, instead of tar.
said the spruce scribe, gathering up his desk and pens and sealing-wax all in order.