Culture * More sensitive than direct sputum smear
, requires between 5 and 100 organisms/ml v.
Dye and his colleagues reported that, with the exception of Africa and Eastern Europe, WHO can achieve its goals with increased application of the Directly Observed Treatment Scheme (DOTS), a public health strategy that includes gaining political commitment, detecting cases based on sputum smear
microscopy, utilizing standard short-course therapy with supportive patient management, ensuring regular drug supplies, and standardizing systems for recording cases and reporting outcomes (JAMA 2005;293:2767-75).
tuberculosis in a sputum smear
after exposure to absolute methanol for one minute.
Direct sputum smears
with Ziehl-Neelsen staining were examined by light microscopy at a sputum microscopy center, and 1 sputum smear
sample positive for acid-fast bacilli (AFB) was sent to the National Reference Laboratory (NRL) at NCTLD, where it was processed as reported (16).
In 2011, the National Health Laboratory Service (NHLS) completed over 5 million sputum smear
microscopy tests, including samples for TB treatment monitoring and diagnosis.
The estimated burden for the year 2000 was nearly 8 million pulmonary TB cases, about half being sputum smear
A sputum smear
and culture for acid-fast bacilli is recommended before this is begun to exclude nontuberculous mycobacterial infection.
5) ([dagger]) diagnosis * MDR TB, multidrug-resistant tuberculosis; SS+, sputum smear
Chapter 11 provides new recommendations of monthly monitoring results both of sputum smear
and culture for evaluation of treatment response, and adverse events while on dual treatment.
Chest radiographs showed bilateral cavitary lesions, a sputum smear
was positive for acid-fast bacilli, and a sputum culture grew M.
8,10,11) Patients in the SAPIT study were all sputum smear
positive and received prophylactic co-trimoxazole, both of which are associated with lower mortality.
Factors predicting persistent sputum smear
positivity among pulmonary tuberculosis patients 2 months after treatment.