sputum smear


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Related to sputum smear: Sputum culture
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Noun1.sputum smear - any of several cytologic smears obtained from different parts of the lower respiratory tract; used for cytologic study of cancer and other diseases of the lungs
cytologic smear, cytosmear, smear - a thin tissue or blood sample spread on a glass slide and stained for cytologic examination and diagnosis under a microscope
References in periodicals archive ?
Culture * More sensitive than direct sputum smear, requires between 5 and 100 organisms/ml v.
Dye and his colleagues reported that, with the exception of Africa and Eastern Europe, WHO can achieve its goals with increased application of the Directly Observed Treatment Scheme (DOTS), a public health strategy that includes gaining political commitment, detecting cases based on sputum smear microscopy, utilizing standard short-course therapy with supportive patient management, ensuring regular drug supplies, and standardizing systems for recording cases and reporting outcomes (JAMA 2005;293:2767-75).
Direct sputum smears with Ziehl-Neelsen staining were examined by light microscopy at a sputum microscopy center, and 1 sputum smear sample positive for acid-fast bacilli (AFB) was sent to the National Reference Laboratory (NRL) at NCTLD, where it was processed as reported (16).
In 2011, the National Health Laboratory Service (NHLS) completed over 5 million sputum smear microscopy tests, including samples for TB treatment monitoring and diagnosis.
The estimated burden for the year 2000 was nearly 8 million pulmonary TB cases, about half being sputum smear positive (1).
A sputum smear and culture for acid-fast bacilli is recommended before this is begun to exclude nontuberculous mycobacterial infection.
5) ([dagger]) diagnosis * MDR TB, multidrug-resistant tuberculosis; SS+, sputum smear positive.
Chapter 11 provides new recommendations of monthly monitoring results both of sputum smear and culture for evaluation of treatment response, and adverse events while on dual treatment.
Chest radiographs showed bilateral cavitary lesions, a sputum smear was positive for acid-fast bacilli, and a sputum culture grew M.
8,10,11) Patients in the SAPIT study were all sputum smear positive and received prophylactic co-trimoxazole, both of which are associated with lower mortality.
Factors predicting persistent sputum smear positivity among pulmonary tuberculosis patients 2 months after treatment.