1645 today in the collection of the Jagdschloss Grunewald and made for Frederick Henry, the Prince of Orange and the Dutch stadholder
from 1625 to 1648.
1632-1646: Painted for stadholder
Frederick Henry a series of pictures about ChristEoe1/4aos Passion.
William Frederick, after a brisk and unpleasant competition for the offices with Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange and head of the family, became stadholder
of Frisia, Groeningen, and Drenthe.
Via Prospero's hope 'once again [to] make flourish [the] enchanted land', the play both captures and counters a then current sense of national malaise, as the conviction grew that the Dutch Republic had gone into decline after its Golden Age in the seventeenth century, not least because of constitutional problems involving the position of the Stadholder
, whose hereditary ambitions clashed with the nation's original republican ideal.
He emphasizes his relationship with England, where the son of Mary Stuart I spent several months at the court of his English uncle Charles II before becoming Stadholder
of five of the Dutch provinces in 1672, and thereafter constantly sought to bring England into his anti-French alliance.
116) Anne also attempted to obtain William's office of Stadholder
for George in the Netherlands, a request to which a bewildered States-General made no reply.
Even the stadholder
of the States of Holland in his position of commander-in-chief of army and navy was officially a servant of the States, because army and fleet (next to the whole central official apparatus of the Republic) were financed largely by taxation and loans provided by the fiscally autonomous provinces.
His worn face is scarcely believable as that of a man hardly thirty-six years old, and at the height of his fame for his Passion Sequence, now in the Alte Pinakothek in Munich, painted for the Prince of Orange, Stadholder
and grandfather of William III of England.
The networks of ecclesiastical and political authorities were meanwhile being mobilized--also at the instigation of the stadholder
, William IV of Orange (1711-1751)--to take measures to suppress the movement.
When in 1629 Constantijn Huygens, secretary of the Stadholder
Frederik Hendrik and a champion of the arts, visited Rembrandt and Jan Lievens in their studio, he advised them to travel to Italy to complete their educations.
While Huygens was hunched over in agony after bumping his head on a low doorway, the Stadholder
replied, "you don't have to curtsy that low".
It is startling to realise that such prominent figures as Sir Robert Dudley, the short-lived governor-general, and the beloved Stadholder
, William of Orange, sat for the young artist who had just started his own business at the age of twenty-four.