stain


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stain

 (stān)
v. stained, stain·ing, stains
v.tr.
1. To discolor, soil, or spot: The spilled juice stained the carpet.
2. To bring into disrepute; taint or tarnish: The scandal stained the mayor's reputation.
3. To change the color of (a piece of wood, for example) by applying a stain.
4. To treat (a specimen for the microscope) with a reagent or dye in order to identify cell or tissue structures or microorganisms.
v.intr.
To produce or receive discolorations: upholstery that stains easily.
n.
1. A discolored or soiled spot or smudge: a stain that was difficult to scrub out.
2. A diminishment of one's moral character or good reputation by being associated with something disgraceful.
3. A liquid substance applied especially to wood that penetrates the surface and imparts a rich color.
4. A reagent or dye used for staining microscopic specimens.

[Middle English steinen, partly from Old French desteindre, desteign-, to deprive of color (des-, dis- + teindre, to dye, from Latin tingere), and partly from Old Norse steina, to paint.]

stain′a·ble adj.
stain′er n.
Synonyms: stain, blot1, brand, stigma, taint
These nouns denote a mark of discredit or disgrace, as on one's good name: a stain on his honor; a blot on an otherwise clean police record; the brand of cowardice; the stigma of ignominious defeat; the taint of political corruption.

stain

(steɪn)
vb (mainly tr)
1. to mark or discolour with patches of something that dirties: the dress was stained with coffee.
2. (Dyeing) to dye with a penetrating dyestuff or pigment
3. to bring disgrace or shame on: to stain someone's honour.
4. (Biology) to colour (specimens) for microscopic study by treatment with a dye or similar reagent
5. (Dyeing) to colour (specimens) for microscopic study by treatment with a dye or similar reagent
6. (intr) to produce indelible marks or discoloration: does ink stain?.
n
7. a spot, mark, or discoloration
8. a moral taint; blemish or slur
9. (Biology) a dye or similar reagent, used to colour specimens for microscopic study
10. (Dyeing) a dye or similar reagent, used to colour specimens for microscopic study
11. (Dyeing) a solution or liquid used to penetrate the surface of a material, esp wood, and impart a rich colour without covering up the surface or grain
12. (Dyeing) any dye that is made into a solution and used to colour textiles and hides
[C14 steynen (vb), shortened from disteynen to remove colour from, from Old French desteindre to discolour, from des- dis-1 + teindre, from Latin tingere to tinge]
ˈstainable adj
ˌstainaˈbility n
ˈstainer n

stain

(steɪn)

n.
1. a discoloration produced by foreign matter having penetrated into a material.
2. a patch of color different from that of the basic color, as on the body of an animal.
3. a cause of reproach; stigma: a stain on one's reputation.
4. a dye made into a solution for coloring woods, textiles, etc.
5. a reagent or dye used in treating a specimen for microscopic examination.
v.t.
6. to discolor with spots or streaks of foreign matter.
7. to color or dye (wood, cloth, etc.).
8. to dye (a microscopic specimen) in order to give distinctness, produce contrast of tissues, etc.
9. to bring reproach or dishonor upon; blemish.
v.i.
10. to produce a stain.
11. to become stained: a fabric that stains easily.
[1350–1400; Middle English steynen < Old Norse steina to paint; in some senses aph. form of distain]
stain′a•ble, adj.
stain`a•bil′i•ty, stain′a•ble•ness, n.
stain′er, n.

stain


Past participle: stained
Gerund: staining

Imperative
stain
stain
Present
I stain
you stain
he/she/it stains
we stain
you stain
they stain
Preterite
I stained
you stained
he/she/it stained
we stained
you stained
they stained
Present Continuous
I am staining
you are staining
he/she/it is staining
we are staining
you are staining
they are staining
Present Perfect
I have stained
you have stained
he/she/it has stained
we have stained
you have stained
they have stained
Past Continuous
I was staining
you were staining
he/she/it was staining
we were staining
you were staining
they were staining
Past Perfect
I had stained
you had stained
he/she/it had stained
we had stained
you had stained
they had stained
Future
I will stain
you will stain
he/she/it will stain
we will stain
you will stain
they will stain
Future Perfect
I will have stained
you will have stained
he/she/it will have stained
we will have stained
you will have stained
they will have stained
Future Continuous
I will be staining
you will be staining
he/she/it will be staining
we will be staining
you will be staining
they will be staining
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been staining
you have been staining
he/she/it has been staining
we have been staining
you have been staining
they have been staining
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been staining
you will have been staining
he/she/it will have been staining
we will have been staining
you will have been staining
they will have been staining
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been staining
you had been staining
he/she/it had been staining
we had been staining
you had been staining
they had been staining
Conditional
I would stain
you would stain
he/she/it would stain
we would stain
you would stain
they would stain
Past Conditional
I would have stained
you would have stained
he/she/it would have stained
we would have stained
you would have stained
they would have stained
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.stain - a soiled or discolored appearance; "the wine left a dark stain"
appearance, visual aspect - outward or visible aspect of a person or thing
scorch - a discoloration caused by heat
bloodstain - a discoloration caused by blood
iron mold, iron mould - a spot caused the staining with rust or ink
mud stain - a stain produced by mud
oil stain - a stain produced by oil
tarnish - discoloration of metal surface caused by oxidation
2.stain - (microscopy) a dye or other coloring material that is used in microscopy to make structures visible
microscopy - research with the use of microscopes
crystal violet, gentian violet - a green crystal (violet in water) used as a dye or stain or bactericide or fungicide or anthelmintic or burn treatment
methylene blue, methylthionine chloride - a dark green dye used as a stain, an antiseptic, a chemical indicator, and an antidote in cyanide poisoning
coloring material, colour, colouring material, color - any material used for its color; "she used a different color for the trim"
counterstain - a stain of contrasting color that is used when the principal stain does not show the structure clearly
3.stain - the state of being covered with unclean thingsstain - the state of being covered with unclean things
dirtiness, uncleanness - the state of being unsanitary
4.stain - a symbol of disgrace or infamy; "And the Lord set a mark upon Cain"--Genesis
demerit - a mark against a person for misconduct or failure; usually given in school or armed forces; "ten demerits and he loses his privileges"
bend sinister, bar sinister - a mark of bastardy; lines from top right to bottom left
cloven foot, cloven hoof - the mark of Satan
symbol - an arbitrary sign (written or printed) that has acquired a conventional significance
5.stain - an act that brings discredit to the person who does it; "he made a huge blot on his copybook"
error, fault, mistake - a wrong action attributable to bad judgment or ignorance or inattention; "he made a bad mistake"; "she was quick to point out my errors"; "I could understand his English in spite of his grammatical faults"
Verb1.stain - color with a liquid dye or tint; "Stain this table a beautiful walnut color"; "people knew how to stain glass a beautiful blue in the middle ages"
dye - color with dye; "Please dye these shoes"
ebonise, ebonize - stain black to make it look like ebony
dip - stain an object by immersing it in a liquid
tattoo - stain (skin) with indelible color
marble - paint or stain like marble; "marble paper"
vein - make a veinlike pattern
2.stain - produce or leave stains; "Red wine stains the table cloth"
alter, change, modify - cause to change; make different; cause a transformation; "The advent of the automobile may have altered the growth pattern of the city"; "The discussion has changed my thinking about the issue"
smut - stain with a dirty substance, such as soot
blob, fleck, blot, spot - make a spot or mark onto; "The wine spotted the tablecloth"
3.stain - make dirty or spotty, as by exposure to air; also used metaphorically; "The silver was tarnished by the long exposure to the air"; "Her reputation was sullied after the affair with a married man"
blob, fleck, blot, spot - make a spot or mark onto; "The wine spotted the tablecloth"
darken - tarnish or stain; "a scandal that darkened the family's good name"
4.stain - color for microscopic study; "The laboratory worker dyed the specimen"
dye - color with dye; "Please dye these shoes"

stain

noun
1. mark, spot, blot, blemish, discoloration, smirch a black stain
2. stigma, shame, disgrace, slur, reproach, blemish, dishonour, infamy, blot on the escutcheon a stain on the honour of its war dead
3. dye, colour, tint Give each surface two coats of stain.
verb
1. mark, soil, discolour, dirty, tarnish, tinge, spot, blot, blemish, smirch Some foods can stain teeth, as of course can smoking.
2. dye, colour, tint a technique biologists use to stain proteins
3. disgrace, taint, blacken, sully, corrupt, contaminate, deprave, defile, besmirch, drag through the mud It was too late. Their reputation had been stained.

stain

verb
1. To soil with foreign matter:
2. To contaminate the reputation of:
Idioms: give a black eye to, sling mud on.
3. To ruin utterly in character or quality:
4. To impart color to:
noun
1. A discolored mark made by smearing:
2. A mark of discredit or disgrace:
Archaic: attaint.
Idiom: a blot on one's escutcheon.
3. Something that imparts color:
Translations
بقعةبُقْعَةوَصْمَه، لَطْخَه، بُقْعَهيُبَقِّعيَدْهَن، يَصْبُغ
skvrnašpinit seobarvitposkvrnitpotřísnit
pletplettefarvemisfarve
tahratahria
mrljazaprljati
piszkolódik
blettablettastbletturlita
しみしみがつく
얼룩얼룩지게 하다
dėmėišteptinerūdijantis plienasteptis
krāsotnokrāsotnotraipītnotraipītiestraips
špiniť sazafŕkať
madežzamazati
fläckfläcka ner
เป็นคราบรอยเปื้อน
làm ố màuvết bẩn

stain

[steɪn]
A. N
1. (= mark) → mancha f; (= dye) → tinte m, tintura f; (= paint) → pintura f
2. (fig) → mancha f
without a stain on one's charactersin una sola mancha en la reputación
B. VT (= mark) → manchar; (= dye) → teñir, colorar; (= paint) → pintar
her hands were stained with bloodsus manos estaban manchadas de sangre, tenía las manos manchadas de sangre
C. VImanchar
D. CPD stain remover Nquitamanchas m inv

stain

[ˈsteɪn]
n
(= mark) → tache f
(for woodwork)teinture f
vt
(= mark) → tacher
(= colour) [+ wood] → teindre

stain

n
(lit)Fleck m; (fig)Makel m; a blood stainein Blutfleck m; a grease stainein Fettfleck m; a mud stainein Schlammspritzer m; stain removerFleckenentferner m; without a stain on his characterohne (einen) Makel
(= colorant)(Ein)färbemittel nt; (= woodstain)Beize f
vtbeflecken; (= colour)einfärben; (with woodstain) → beizen
vi
(= leave a stain)Flecken hinterlassen
(= become stained)fleckig werden, Flecken bekommen

stain

[steɪn]
1. n
a. (also) (fig) → macchia
grease stain → macchia di grasso
b. (dye) → colorante m
2. vt
a. (also) (fig) → macchiare
to stain with → macchiare di
b. (wood) → tingere; (glass) → colorare
3. vimacchiarsi

stain

(stein) verb
1. to leave a (permanent) dirty mark or coloured patch on eg a fabric. The coffee I spilt has stained my trousers.
2. to become marked in this way. Silk stains easily.
3. to dye or colour (eg wood). The wooden chairs had been stained brown.
noun
a dirty mark on a fabric etc that is difficult or impossible to remove. His overall was covered with paint-stains; There is not the slightest stain upon her reputation.
stainless steel
(of) a metal alloy composed of steel and chromium that does not rust. a sink made of stainless steel; stainless steel knives/cutlery.

stain

بُقْعَة, يُلَطِّخُ poskvrnit, skvrna plet, plette beflecken, Fleck κηλίδα, κηλιδώνω mancha, manchar tahra, tahria tache, tacher mrlja, zaprljati macchia, macchiare しみ, しみがつく 얼룩, 얼룩지게 하다 smet, vlekken flekk, tilsmusse plama, poplamić mancha, manchar пачкать(ся), пятно fläck, fläcka ner เป็นคราบ, รอยเปื้อน leke, lekelemek làm ố màu, vết bẩn 污迹, 玷污

stain

1. n. colorante, tinte;
2. mancha, mácula.

stain

n mancha; (micro) tinción f, coloración f; Gram — tinción or coloración de Gram; port-wine — hemangioma plano (form), mancha en vino de Oporto; vt manchar; Smoking stains your teeth..Fumar mancha los dientes.
References in classic literature ?
It so far deepened the stain which a previous and very similar event had left upon the reputation of the French commander that it was not entirely erased by his early and glorious death.
Such being the case, and he, the old bachelor, in possession of the ill-gotten spoil,--with the black stain of blood sunken deep into it, and still to be scented by conscientious nostrils, --the question occurred, whether it were not imperative upon him, even at this late hour, to make restitution to Maule's posterity.
His son, too, inherited the persecuting spirit, and made himself so conspicuous in the martyrdom of the witches, that their blood may fairly be said to have left a stain upon him.
Yet when he at last arrived, the difficulty of applying them, the accumulations of my problem, were brought straight home to me by the beautiful little presence on which what had occurred had as yet, for the eye, dropped neither stain nor shadow.
It seemed to shake him all over, and it never stopped; you could see a red stain wherever he had spit upon the floor.
The ring-finger had suffered a slight abrasion, and the stain of the blood was still visible and unchanged after forty-one years.
To be a gentleman--a gentleman without stain or blemish--was his only religion, and to it he was always faithful.
The widow's servants kept him clean and neat, combed and brushed, and they bedded him nightly in unsympathetic sheets that had not one little spot or stain which he could press to his heart and know for a friend.
Cobb took in the situation at a glance, and professed herself able to remove almost any stain from almost any fabric; and in this she was corroborated by uncle Jerry, who vowed that mother could git anything out.
The stain of illegitimacy, unbleached by nobility or wealth, would have been a stain indeed.
I felt how--if I were his wife, this good man, pure as the deep sunless source, could soon kill me, without drawing from my veins a single drop of blood, or receiving on his own crystal conscience the faintest stain of crime.
The extracts from the will stood highest on the page; they were limited to those few touching words in which the dead father begged his children's forgiveness for the stain on their birth, and implored them to remember the untiring love and care by which he had striven to atone for it.