To define the 'Sustainable tourism' (ST) it signifies a special status of tourism derived from the basic concepts of sustainable development, considering it as a "full representation of its current and future economic, social and environmental impacts" , taking the needs of stakeholders
into main consideration.
From an organizational point of view, a central concern in this development is the identification of stakeholders
roles, which may pave the way for dedicated management and communication strategies to enhance and bolster relationships.
It is efficient because stakeholders
that are treated well tend to reciprocate with positive attitudes and behaviors towards the organization, such as sharing valuable information (all stakeholders
), buying more products or services (customers), providing tax breaks or other incentives (communities), providing better financial terms (financiers), buying more stock (shareholders), or working hard and remaining loyal to the organization, even during difficult times (employees).
The concepts of the change and dynamics of stakeholders
were acknowledged by Freeman (1984).
First, since the effect of the stakeholder
prescription is not sufficient to shape managerial decisions in the favor of external stakeholders
such as customers and suppliers, external stakeholders
should not passively presume that business firms are managed in their interest.
Like it or not, consumers are becoming more discerning, stakeholders
are increasingly demanding, and the impact and presence of key influencers is intensifying.
Each software project may have different types of stakeholders
(PMI, 2008), (Sommerville, 2007).
Given the increasing reliance on stakeholder
participation, it is important to understand the stakeholder
environment to assess whether and how stakeholders
should be engaged in the planning process.
in software projects are persons or organizations who are actively involved in the project or whose interests may be positively or negatively affected by the performance or completion of the project (PMI, 2008).
On Average, Companies Have a 30 Percent Better Chance of Achieving a Desired Behavior if Stakeholders
are Confident, than if Stakeholders
Say the Company has a Good Reputation
As a result, PMs often are pulled in multiple directions, struggling to find the appropriate balance in tending to the needs of the myriad, increasing stakeholders
and required certifications, while simultaneously leading projects and managing the program's cost, schedule and performance.
What is the concept of inclusion and participation of other stakeholders
in peace talks?