standard


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Related to standard: standard deviation

stan·dard

 (stăn′dərd)
adj.
1. Serving as or conforming to an established or accepted measurement or value: a standard unit of volume.
2. Widely recognized or employed as a model of authority or excellence: a standard reference work.
3. Acceptable but of less than top quality: a standard grade of beef.
4. Normal, familiar, or usual: the standard excuse.
5. Commonly used or supplied: standard car equipment.
6. Linguistics Conforming to models or norms of usage admired by educated speakers and writers: standard pronunciation.
n.
1.
a. An acknowledged measure of comparison for quantitative or qualitative value; a criterion. See Synonyms at ideal.
b. An object that under specified conditions defines, represents, or records the magnitude of a unit.
2.
a. The commodity or commodities used to back a monetary system.
b. The set proportion by weight of gold or silver to alloy metal prescribed for use in coinage.
3.
a. A degree or level of requirement, excellence, or attainment: Their quality of work exceeds the standards set for the field.
b. Something, such as a practice or a product, that is widely recognized or employed, especially because of its excellence.
c. A set of specifications that are adopted within an industry to allow compatibility between products.
d. A requirement of moral conduct: the standards of polite society.
4. A flag, banner, or ensign, especially:
a. The ensign of a chief of state, nation, or city.
b. A long, tapering flag bearing heraldic devices distinctive of a person or corporation.
c. An emblem or flag of an army, raised on a pole to indicate the rallying point in battle.
d. The colors of a mounted or motorized military unit.
5. Chiefly British A grade level in elementary schools.
6. A pedestal, stand, or base.
7. The large upper petal of the flower of a pea or related plant. Also called banner, vexillum.
8. One of the narrow upright petals of an iris.
9. A shrub or small tree that through grafting or training has a single stem of limited height with a crown of leaves and flowers at its apex.
10. Music A composition that is continually used in repertoires: a pianist who knew dozens of Broadway standards.

[Middle English, flag, banner, standard measure (perhaps from the use of flags as points of reference in battle) , from Old French estandard, flag marking a rallying place, from Frankish *standhard, probably originally meaning standing firmly, steadfast : *standan, to stand; see stā- in Indo-European roots + *hard, firm, hard; see kar- in Indo-European roots.]

stan′dard·ly adv.

standard

(ˈstændəd)
n
1. an accepted or approved example of something against which others are judged or measured
2. (often plural) a principle of propriety, honesty, and integrity: she has no standards.
3. a level of excellence or quality: a low standard of living.
4. (Heraldry) any distinctive flag, device, etc, as of a nation, sovereign, or special cause
5. (Military)
a. any of a variety of naval or military flags
b. the colours of a cavalry regiment
6. (Military) a flag or emblem formerly used to show the central or rallying point of an army in battle
7. (Heraldry) a large tapering flag ending in two points, originally borne by a sovereign or high-ranking noble
8. (Economics) the commodity or commodities in which is stated the value of a basic monetary unit: the gold standard.
9. (Units) an authorized model of a unit of measure or weight
10. (Units) a unit of board measure equal to 1980 board feet
11. (Banking & Finance) (in coinage) the prescribed proportion by weight of precious metal and base metal that each coin must contain
12. an upright pole or beam, esp one used as a support
13. (Furniture)
a. a piece of furniture consisting of an upright pole or beam on a base or support
b. (as modifier): a standard lamp.
14. (Botany)
a. a plant, esp a fruit tree, that is trained so that it has an upright stem free of branches
b. (as modifier): a standard cherry.
15. (Music, other) a song or piece of music that has remained popular for many years
16. (Botany) the largest petal of a leguminous flower, such as a sweetpea
17. (Education) (in New Zealand and, formerly, in England and Wales) a class or level of attainment in an elementary school
adj
18. of the usual, regularized, medium, or accepted kind: a standard size.
19. of recognized authority, competence, or excellence: the standard work on Greece.
20. (Linguistics) denoting or characterized by idiom, vocabulary, etc, that is regarded as correct and acceptable by educated native speakers. Compare nonstandard, informal
21. (Cookery) Brit (formerly) (of eggs) of a size that is smaller than large and larger than medium
[C12: from Old French estandart gathering place, flag to mark such a place, probably of Germanic origin; compare Old High German stantan to stand, Old High German ort place]

stand•ard

(ˈstæn dərd)

n.
1. something considered by an authority or by general consent as a basis of comparison.
2. an object regarded as the most common size or form of its kind.
3. a rule or principle that is used as a basis for judgment.
4. an average or normal quality, quantity, or level: The work isn't up to his usual standard.
5. standards, the morals, ethics, customs, etc., regarded generally or by an individual as acceptable.
6. the authorized exemplar of a unit of weight or measure.
7. a certain commodity in or by which a basic monetary unit is stated: gold standard.
8. the legally established content of full-weight coins.
9. the prescribed degree of fineness for gold or silver.
10. Brit. a class or grade in elementary schools.
11. a musical piece of sufficiently enduring popularity to be made part of a permanent repertoire, esp. a popular song.
12. a flag indicating the presence of a sovereign or public official.
13. a flag or emblematic figure used as a rallying point for an army, fleet, etc.
14.
a. any of various military or naval flags.
b. the colors of a mounted military unit.
15. a long, narrow, tapering flag bearing heraldic devices and personal to an individual or group.
16. something that stands or is placed upright.
17. an upright support.
18. a long candlestick or candelabrum used in a church.
19. a plant trained or grafted to have a single, erect, treelike stem.
20. a distinct petal, larger than the rest, of certain flowers; a vexillum.
adj.
21. serving as a basis of weight, measure, value, comparison, or judgment.
22. of recognized excellence or established authority: a standard reference book.
23. usual or customary.
24. manual; not electric or automatic: standard transmission.
25. conforming in pronunciation, grammar, vocabulary, etc., to the usage of most educated native speakers and widely considered acceptable or correct. Compare nonstandard (def. 2).
26. officially approved; authorized.
27. (of meat, esp. beef or veal) of or designating a grade immediately below select or good.
[1125–75; Middle English < Old French, probably < Frankish *standord (compare German Standort standing-point), conformed to -ard -ard]

standard

An exact value, a physical entity, or an abstract concept, established and defined by authority, custom, or common consent to serve as a reference, model, or rule in measuring quantities or qualities, establishing practices or procedures, or evaluating results. A fixed quantity or quality.

Standard

 a quantity of timber, 1858; a body of troops kept in reserve, 1297; a company of cavalry.
Examples: standard of apparel (suit of clothes), 1630; a standard of feathers (a set of plumes), 1578; a cornet or standard of horsemen, 1580.

standard

1. A tree or shrub pruned and trained with a clean stem.
2. The upright petal at the back of pea or bean flower.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.standard - a basis for comparison; a reference point against which other things can be evaluated; "the schools comply with federal standards"; "they set the measure for all subsequent work"
benchmark - a standard by which something can be measured or judged; "his painting sets the benchmark of quality"
earned run average, ERA - (baseball) a measure of a pitcher's effectiveness; calculated as the average number of earned runs allowed by the pitcher for every nine innings pitched
GPA, grade point average - a measure of a student's academic achievement at a college or university; calculated by dividing the total number of grade points received by the total number attempted
procrustean bed, procrustean rule, procrustean standard - a standard that is enforced uniformly without regard to individuality
yardstick - a measure or standard used for comparison; "on what kind of yardstick is he basing his judgment?"
medium of exchange, monetary system - anything that is generally accepted as a standard of value and a measure of wealth in a particular country or region
system of measurement, metric - a system of related measures that facilitates the quantification of some particular characteristic
graduated table, ordered series, scale, scale of measurement - an ordered reference standard; "judging on a scale of 1 to 10"
standard of measurement, gauge - accepted or approved instance or example of a quantity or quality against which others are judged or measured or compared
baseline - an imaginary line or standard by which things are measured or compared; "the established a baseline for the budget"
norm - a standard or model or pattern regarded as typical; "the current middle-class norm of two children per family"
2.standard - the ideal in terms of which something can be judged; "they live by the standards of their community"
control condition, control - a standard against which other conditions can be compared in a scientific experiment; "the control condition was inappropriate for the conclusions he wished to draw"
ideal - the idea of something that is perfect; something that one hopes to attain
design criteria - criteria that designers should meet in designing some system or device; "the job specifications summarized the design criteria"
3.standard - a board measure = 1980 board feet
4.standard - the value behind the money in a monetary systemstandard - the value behind the money in a monetary system
value - the quality (positive or negative) that renders something desirable or valuable; "the Shakespearean Shylock is of dubious value in the modern world"
gold standard - a monetary standard under which the basic unit of currency is defined by a stated quantity of gold
silver standard - a monetary standard under which the basic unit of currency is defined by a stated quantity of silver
bimetallism - a monetary standard under which the basic unit of currency is defined by stated amounts of two metals (usually gold and silver) with values set at a predetermined ratio
5.standard - an upright pole or beam (especially one used as a support); "distance was marked by standards every mile"; "lamps supported on standards provided illumination"
post - an upright consisting of a piece of timber or metal fixed firmly in an upright position; "he set a row of posts in the ground and strung barbwire between them"
6.standard - any distinctive flagstandard - any distinctive flag      
flag - emblem usually consisting of a rectangular piece of cloth of distinctive design
oriflamme - a red or orange-red flag used as a standard by early French kings
Adj.1.standard - conforming to or constituting a standard of measurement or value; or of the usual or regularized or accepted kind; "windows of standard width"; "standard sizes"; "the standard fixtures"; "standard brands"; "standard operating procedure"
normal - conforming with or constituting a norm or standard or level or type or social norm; not abnormal; "serve wine at normal room temperature"; "normal diplomatic relations"; "normal working hours"; "normal word order"; "normal curiosity"; "the normal course of events"
nonstandard - varying from or not adhering to a standard; "nonstandard windows"; "envelopes of nonstandard sizes"; "nonstandard lengths of board"
2.standard - commonly used or supplied; "standard procedure"; "standard car equipment"
common - having no special distinction or quality; widely known or commonly encountered; average or ordinary or usual; "the common man"; "a common sailor"; "the common cold"; "a common nuisance"; "followed common procedure"; "it is common knowledge that she lives alone"; "the common housefly"; "a common brand of soap"
3.standard - established or well-known or widely recognized as a model of authority or excellence; "a standard reference work"; "the classical argument between free trade and protectionism"
orthodox - adhering to what is commonly accepted; "an orthodox view of the world"
nonstandard - not standard; not accepted as a model of excellence; "a nonstandard text"
4.standard - conforming to the established language usage of educated native speakers; "standard English" (American); "received standard English is sometimes called the King's English" (British)
linguistics - the scientific study of language
nonstandard - not conforming to the language usage of a prestige group within a community; "a nonstandard dialect is one used by uneducated speakers or socially disfavored groups"; "the common core of nonstandard words and phrases in folk speech"- A.R.Dunlap
5.standard - regularly and widely used or sold; "a standard size"; "a stock item"
regular - in accordance with fixed order or procedure or principle; "his regular calls on his customers"; "regular meals"; "regular duties"

standard

noun
1. level, grade, calibre, quality There will be new standards of hospital cleanliness.
2. criterion, measure, guideline, example, model, average, guide, pattern, sample, par, norm, gauge, benchmark, yardstick, touchstone systems that were by later standards absurdly primitive
3. (often plural) principles, ideals, morals, rule, ethics, canon, moral principles, code of honour My father has always had high moral standards.
4. flag, banner, pennant, colours, ensign, pennon a gleaming limousine bearing the royal standard
adjective
1. usual, normal, customary, set, stock, average, popular, basic, regular, typical, prevailing, orthodox, staple It was standard practice for them to advise in cases of murder.
usual strange, unusual, extraordinary, exceptional, abnormal, irregular, uncommon, singular, atypical
2. accepted, official, established, classic, approved, recognized, definitive, authoritative a standard text in several languages
accepted unofficial, unconventional, unauthorised
Quotations
"Standards are always out of date. That's what makes them standards" [Alan Bennett Forty Years On]

standard

noun
1. Fabric used especially as a symbol:
2. A means by which individuals are compared and judged:
3. One that is worthy of imitation or duplication:
adjective
Translations
رايَهقِيَاسِيّمِعْيارمِقْياسمِقْياس، مِعْيار، مُسْتَوى
úroveňjednotkaměřítkonormálnístandardní
standardstandard-standartmålestok
norm
tasovakio-
standardstandardan
standardszabvány
gunnfáni, veifastaîallstaîlaîurviîmiîun
標準標準の
표준표준의
atitikti reikalavimusgyvenimo lygiskaro ženklaslaikytis standartoneatitikti reikalavimų
karogskritērijslīmenisnormaprasības
štandarda
meriloobičajenstandardstandarden
standardstandardmässig
ซึ่งเป็นมาตรฐานมาตรฐาน
standartnitelik derecesiölçü birimisancak
chuẩntiêu chuẩn

standard

[ˈstændəd]
A. N
1. (= measure) → estándar m
his standards are high/lowsus estándares son altos/bajos, los niveles que requiere son altos/bajos
by any standard the work was goodel trabajo era bueno desde cualquier punto de vista
the food was awful even by my (undemanding) standardsla comida era espantosa incluso para mí (que soy poco exigente)
see also double F
2. (= norm)
to be below standardno tener la suficiente calidad
standards of conductnormas fpl de conducta
the gold standard (Fin) → el patrón oro
to set a standard the society sets standards for judging different breeds of dogla asociación establece ciertos patrones or ciertas normas para juzgar las distintas razas de perros
society sets impossible standards for feminine beautyla sociedad impone unos patrones de belleza femenina imposibles
to set a good standardimponer un nivel alto
her work has set a standard for excellence which it will be hard to equalsu labor ha establecido unos niveles de excelencia que serán muy difíciles de igualar
this film sets a new standardesta película establece nuevos niveles de calidad cinematográfica, esta película supera los niveles cinematográficos anteriores
her work/performance was not up to standardsu trabajo/actuación no estaba a la altura (requerida)
the product is not up to standardel producto no tiene la calidad requerida
3. (= level) → nivel m; (= quality) → calidad f
she has French to first-year university standardsu francés es de un nivel de primer año de carrera
the standard of serviceel nivel de servicio
their standard of hygiene leaves much to be desiredlos niveles de higiene que tienen dejan mucho que desear
the standard of medical carela calidad de atención médica
of (a) high/low standardde alto/bajo nivel
high standards of conduct are expected of studentsa los alumnos se les exige un nivel de comportamiento muy elevado
4. standardsvalores mpl morales
she has no standardscarece de valores morales or principios
there has been a corruption of moral standardshan decaído los valores morales
5. (= flag) → estandarte m, bandera f
6. (= pole) (for flag) → poste m; (for lamp) → pie m
7. (Bot) árbol o arbusto de tronco erecto y desprovisto de ramas
8. (= song) → tema m clásico, clásico m
B. ADJ
1. (= normal) [design, length] → estándar adj inv; [amount, size] → normal; [feature] → normal, corriente; [charge] → fijo; [procedure] → habitual
electric windows come as standard on this carlas ventanillas eléctricas son de serie en este coche
the standard treatment is an injection of glucoseel tratamiento habitual es una inyección de glucosa
to become standard [practice, procedure] → imponerse como norma
it has become standard practice for many surgeonsse ha convertido en una norma entre muchos cirujanos
2. (= officially approved) [spelling, pronunciation] → estándar adj inv; [grammar] → normativa; [measure] → legal
3. (= classic, recommended) it's a standard textes un texto clásico
C. CPD standard bearer N (lit) → abanderado/a m/f (fig) → abanderado/a m/f, adalid mf
standard class Nclase f turista
standard deviation N (Statistics) → desviación f estándar or típica
standard English Ninglés m estándar or normativo
standard error N (Statistics) → error m estándar or típico
standard gauge N (Rail) → vía f normal
Standard Grade N (Scot) (Scol) certificado obtenido tras aprobar los exámenes al final de la educación secundaria obligatoria GCSE standard lamp Nlámpara f de pie
standard model Nmodelo m estándar
standard of living Nnivel m de vida
standard price Nprecio m oficial
standard quality Ncalidad f normal
standard rate N (Fin) → tipo m de interés vigente
standard time Nhora f oficial
standard unit N (Elec, Gas) → paso m (de contador)
standard weight Npeso m legal

standard

[ˈstændərd]
n
(= level of quality) → niveau m
The standard is very high → Le niveau est très élevé.
to be up to standard, to come up to standard → être du niveau requis, être à la hauteur
(= criterion) → critère m
by modern standards → selon les critères modernes double standard
(= flag) → étendard m
adj
[size] → standard inv, normal(e); [model, feature] → standard inv; [practice] → courant(e)
standard French → le français standard
the standard procedure → la procédure habituelle
[text] → de base
standards npl
(= morals) → principes mpl
She's got high standards → Elle est très exigeante.
(laid down by organization, government)normes fplstandard class n (on train)deuxième classe fStandard English nanglais m standardStandard Grade n (in Scottish schools)épreuve f du brevet des collèges

standard

n
(= average, established norm)Norm f; (= criterion)Maßstab m; (usu pl: = moral standards) → (sittliche) Maßstäbe pl; to set a good standardMaßstäbe setzen; to be above/below standardüber/unter der Norm sein or liegen; to be up to standardden Anforderungen genügen; his (moral) standards are abysmally lower hat eine erschreckend niedere Moral; to conform to society’s standardsden Wertvorstellungen der Gesellschaft entsprechen; he sets himself very high standardser stellt hohe Anforderungen an sich (acc)selbst; by any standard(s)egal, welche Maßstäbe man anlegt; by today’s standard(s)aus heutiger Sicht
(= degree, level)Niveau nt; standard of livingLebensstandard m; standard of culturekulturelles Niveau; first-year university standardWissensstand mdes ersten Studienjahrs; of high/low standardvon hohem/niedrigem Niveau
(Measurement) → (Maß)einheit f, → Standard m; (= monetary standard)(Währungs)standard m; these coins don’t contain enough silver to conform to the monetary standarddiese Münzen enthalten weniger Silber, als dem Münzfuß entspräche
(= flag)Flagge f, → Fahne f; (on car) → Stander m; (= royal standard)(königliche) Standarte
(= pole)Mast m
(Hort) → (Hoch)stamm m; standard roseStammrose f
(= piece of popular music)Klassiker m
adj
(= usual, customary)üblich; (Comm) → Standard-, (handels)üblich; (= average) performance, workdurchschnittlich; (= widely referred to)Standard-; standard modelStandardmodell nt; standard weightNormalgewicht nt; such requirements are not standardsolche Forderungen sind nicht die Norm or Regel; to be standard practiceüblich sein
(Ling) → (allgemein) gebräuchlich; standard Englishkorrektes Englisch; standard GermanHochdeutsch nt; that word is hardly standarddieses Wort ist ziemlich ungebräuchlich

standard

:
standard assessment task
n (Brit Sch) standardisierter schulischer Test in einem Kernfach
standard-bearer
nFahnenträger(in) m(f); (fig also)Bannerträger(in) m(f) (old)
standard button
n (Comput) → Standardschaltfläche f
standard class
n (Rail) → zweite Klasse
standard deviation
standard format
n (Comput) → Standardformat nt
Standard Grade
n (Scot Sch) → ˜ Realschulabschluss m
standard-issue
adjzur Standardausrüstung gehörend; (Mil) → standardmäßig; to be standard issueStandardausführung sein; a standard shirt (= ordinary)ein ganz normales Hemd, ein Nullachtfünfzehnhemd nt (pej inf)

standard

:
standard lamp
nStehlampe f
standard letter
nFormbrief m
standard pronunciation
nStandardaussprache f
standard software
nStandardsoftware f
standard time
nStandardzeit f

standard

[ˈstændəd]
1. n
a. (norm) → standard m inv; (intellectual standard) → livello culturale
the gold standard (Fin) → il tallone aureo
to be or come up to standard → rispondere ai requisiti
to set a high standard → dare il buon esempio
at first-year university standard → a livello del primo anno d'università
of (a) high/low standard → di alto/basso livello
below or not up to standard (work) → mediocre
b. (moral, usu pl) → scala di valori
moral standards → valori mpl morali
to accept sb's standards → accettare la scala di valori di qn
to apply a double standard → avere due pesi e due misure
c. (flag) → insegna (Mil) → stendardo
2. adj (size, quality) → standard inv; (reference book) → classico/a

standard

(ˈstӕndəd) noun
1. something used as a basis of measurement. The kilogram is the international standard of weight.
2. a basis for judging quality, or a level of excellence aimed at, required or achieved. You can't judge an amateur artist's work by the same standards as you would judge that of a trained artist; high standards of behaviour; His performance did not reach the required standard.
3. a flag or carved figure etc fixed to a pole and carried eg at the front of an army going into battle.
adjective
(accepted as) normal or usual; The Post Office likes the public to use a standard size of envelope.
ˈstandardize, ˈstandardise verb
to make or keep (eg products) of one size, shape etc for the sake of convenience etc.
ˌstandardiˈzation, ˌstandardiˈsation noun
ˈstandard-bearer noun
a person who carries a standard or banner.
be up to / below standard
to (fail to) achieve the required standard. Her work is well up to standard.
standard of living
the level of comfort and welfare achieved in any particular society.

standard

قِيَاسِيّ, مِقْياس normální, úroveň standard, standard- Standard, üblich καθιερωμένος, πρότυπο nivel, normal taso, vakio- norme, standard standard, standardan standard 標準, 標準の 표준, 표준의 norm, standaard- standard, standardisert standard, standardowy padrão стандарт, стандартный standard, standardmässig ซึ่งเป็นมาตรฐาน, มาตรฐาน standart chuẩn, tiêu chuẩn 标准, 标准的

stan·dard

n. estándar, norma, criterio, pauta a seguir; lo normal, lo usual o común;
___ deviationdesviación ___;
___ errorerror ___;
___ of careatención o cuidado ___;
___ procedureprocedimiento ___, procedimiento usual establecido.

standard

adj & n estándar m, norma; gold — estándar de oro (Ang), prueba diagnóstica definitiva; — of care estándar or norma de atención or cuidado
References in classic literature ?
Women work a good many miracles, and I have a persuasion that they may perform even that of raising the standard of manhood by refusing to echo such sayings.
In those days the Standard Oil Company did not deliver oil to the consumer in big wagons and motor trucks as it does now, but delivered instead to retail grocers, hardware stores, and the like.
Monsieur Ratignolle stared a little, and turned to ask Mademoiselle Reisz if she considered the symphony concerts up to the standard which had been set the previous winter.
At that moment an enormous cloud seemed to pass suddenly above their heads, and, looking upward, they discovered that they stood beneath the wide folds of the standard of France.
Little accustomed, in her long seclusion from society, to measure her ideas of right and wrong by any standard external to herself, Hester saw -- or seemed to see -- that there lay a responsibility upon her in reference to the clergyman, which she owned to no other, nor to the whole world besides.
What was America in but a loose-fish, in which Columbus struck the Spanish standard by way of waifing it for his royal master and mistress?
The forelady had to come up to a certain standard herself, and could not stop for sick people, Jadvyga explained.
Her standard of right was so high, so all-embracing, so minute, and making so few concessions to human frailty, that, though she strove with heroic ardor to reach it, she never actually did so, and of course was burdened with a constant and often harassing sense of deficiency;--this gave a severe and somewhat gloomy cast to her religious character.
But it is no matter; size is the main thing about a word, and that one's up to standard.
Whenever she fell below this self-imposed standard she was miserable.
I have been frequently asked, when a slave, if I had a kind master, and do not remember ever to have given a negative answer; nor did I, in pursuing this course, consider myself as uttering what was absolutely false; for I always measured the kind- ness of my master by the standard of kindness set up among slaveholders around us.
Elton is the standard of perfection in Highbury, both in person and mind.

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