Just as I described the differences between standard deviation and

standard error in this editorial, I plan to help readers navigate this increasingly complex range of statistical testing being reported in results sections in JVIB in future Statistical Sidebars.

4) The estimator of the

standard error of the predicted value of y, conditional on a specific vector of x values ([x.

In SOI reports, the

standard error is not directly presented.

A

standard error of an estimate is a statistical measure that indicates how the estimate from the sample compares to the result from a complete enumeration.

This estimate of

standard error for Ventana includes data for five plants that established before 1800 and 32 plants that established before 1850.

Table 4 Percentage Contribution of Exchange Rate in

Standard Error of Current Account Balance Bangladesh Percentage Contribution to

Standard Error of Current Account Without Oil Price Forecasted Exchange Current Period

Standard Error Rate Account 1 0.

As a result, the November CPI release, which is based upon October data, will have a much bigger

standard error due to the smaller sample.

12) the effect of missing data and differential item functioning on latent trait estimates from two polytomous Rasch models and different imputation methods (complete-case analysis, mean substitution, hot-decking, and multiple imputation based on multivariate normal) were compared using the MCAR mechanism, and they found that the presence of data associated with missingness increases the

standard error of latent trait estimates but does not impact the bias in theta estimates in the MCAR scenario.

If the null hypothesis of exogeneity is rejected, OLS estimates are inconsistent and conclusions about causal effects should be based on IV estimates; failure to reject the null means that OLS estimates may be interpreted as causal effects are preferable because of their smaller

standard errors.

The resulting estimates are likely to be similar in magnitude to those that would be generated by the analogous 2SLS regression, but

standard errors will be slightly smaller.

The chart in figure 4 summarizes the progression of predictive modeling from highest to lowest

standard error.

The generalized variance parameters, which are published upon release of public use microdata, are incorporated into

standard error calculations.