starches


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starch

 (stärch)
n.
1. A naturally abundant nutrient carbohydrate, (C6H10O5)n, found chiefly in the seeds, fruits, tubers, roots, and stem pith of plants, notably in corn, potatoes, wheat, and rice, and varying widely in appearance according to source but commonly prepared as a white amorphous tasteless powder.
2. Any of various substances, such as natural starch, used to stiffen cloth, as in laundering.
3. starches Foods having a high content of starch, as rice, breads, and potatoes.
4.
a. Stiff behavior: "Dobbs, the butler ... isn't as stiff as he used to be; Ann, my brother's new wife, has loosened up his starch a bit" (Jennifer St. Giles).
b. Vigor; mettle: "Business travel can take the starch out of the most self-assured corporate titan" (Lisa Faye Kaplan).
tr.v. starched, starch·ing, starch·es
To stiffen with starch.

[Middle English starche, substance used to stiffen cloth (sense uncertain), from sterchen, to stiffen, from Old English *stercan; see ster- in Indo-European roots.]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.starches - foodstuff rich in natural starch (especially potatoes, rice, bread)
food product, foodstuff - a substance that can be used or prepared for use as food
bread, breadstuff, staff of life - food made from dough of flour or meal and usually raised with yeast or baking powder and then baked
Irish potato, murphy, potato, spud, tater, white potato - an edible tuber native to South America; a staple food of Ireland
rice - grains used as food either unpolished or more often polished
References in periodicals archive ?
In general, native starches produce weak-bodied, cohesive, rubbery pastes when heated and undesirable gels when these pastes are cooled.
This expanded 2015 report has comprehensive information on various modified starches, market segments along with review of modified starches manufactured worldwide.
Oxidized starches have been utilized in many coating applications for their adhesion ability.
About 54 % of the starches produced globally are utilized for food applications with 46 % for non-food applications.
The molecular weight distribution of enzyme-treated starches and their debranched chain length distributions, analyzed using high-performance size-exclusion chromatography with multiangle laser light scattering and refractive index detection (HPSEC-MALLS-RI) and HPSEC-RI, showed distinctly different patterns among starches with different enzyme treatments.
Ulrick & Short, British owned clean label starch specialist, has announced a number of new applications for its innovative range of gluten-free, non-GM rice starches.
Starches, typically found in corn, potatoes, arrowroot and other plants, are most familiar to consumers as cornstarch, potato starch and tapioca starch.
Nineteen international university-, laboratory-, government-, and industry-based researchers contribute ten chapters providing an up-to-date overview of trends and advances in the production and applications of starches in the food, textiles, pharmaceuticals, chemical, agricultural, and plastics industries when used as a substitute for synthetic polymers.
Neil Grimwood, rice president of strategy for National Starch, says the partnership "opens the doors to the North American biopolymers marketplace and will enhance the use of starches to create sustainable plastic alternatives.
Such modification can be used to tailor starches to a particular process (Hermansson and Svegmark, 1996).
Paper mills use starches from various sources, such as regular corn, waxy maize, tapioca, potato, and wheat.