start


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start

 (stärt)
v. start·ed, start·ing, starts
v.intr.
1.
a. To begin a movement, activity, or undertaking: She started to dance. The dog started barking. Once we start in, we'll get a feel for the project.
b. To move on the initial part of a journey: They started for the summit.
2.
a. To have a beginning; commence: The movie starts at nine.
b. To come quickly into view, life, or activity; spring forth: The boy's tears started when the balloon popped.
c. To have as an initial part or job: I started as an assistant.
3. To move one's body or a part of it suddenly or involuntarily: started at the loud noise.
4. Sports To be in the initial lineup of a game or race.
5. To protrude or bulge: eyes that fairly started from their sockets in fear.
6. To become loosened or disengaged.
v.tr.
1.
a. To take the first step in doing: We start work at dawn. See Synonyms at begin.
b. To cause to come into being; make happen or originate: Bad wiring started the fire. The website started the rumor.
c. To set into motion, operation, or activity: start an engine; a shot that started the race.
2. To begin to attend: start school.
3. To cause (someone) to have an initial position or role: The manager started him in marketing.
4. Sports
a. To play in the initial lineup of (a game).
b. To put (a player) into the initial lineup of a game.
c. To enter (a participant) into a race or game.
5. To found; establish: start a business.
6. To tend in an early stage of development: start seedlings.
7. To rouse (game) from its hiding place or lair; flush.
8. To cause to become displaced or loosened.
n.
1.
a. An act of beginning; an initial effort: I made a start on keeping a journal.
b. The beginning of a new construction project: an application for a building start.
c. A result of an initial effort: What we did may not sound like much, but it's a start.
2. A place or time of beginning: at the start of the decade.
3. Sports
a. A starting line for a race.
b. A signal to begin a race.
c. An instance of beginning a race: a sprinter who improved her start.
d. An instance of being in the starting lineup for a game, especially as a pitcher: In five starts, he has three wins.
4. A startled reaction or movement.
5. A part that has become dislocated or loosened.
6. A position of advantage over others, as in a race or an endeavor; a lead: Our rivals have a three-month start in research.
7. An opportunity granted to pursue a career or course of action.
Idioms:
start a family
To conceive or have a first child.
start in on
1. To begin an activity regarding (something): start in on a new book.
2. To begin to criticize or complain about (someone or something).
start something Informal
To cause trouble.
to start with
1. At the beginning; initially.
2. In any case.

[Middle English sterten, to move or leap suddenly, from Old English *styrtan; see ster- in Indo-European roots.]

start

(stɑːt)
vb
1. to begin or cause to begin (something or to do something); come or cause to come into being, operation, etc: he started a quarrel; they started to work.
2. (when: intr, sometimes foll by on) to make or cause to make a beginning of (a process, series of actions, etc): they started on the project.
3. (sometimes foll by up) to set or be set in motion: he started up the machine.
4. (intr) to make a sudden involuntary movement of one's body, from or as if from fright; jump
5. (intr; sometimes foll by up, away, etc) to spring or jump suddenly from a position or place
6. to establish or be established; set up: to start a business.
7. (tr) to support (someone) in the first part of a venture, career, etc
8. to work or cause to work loose
9. (General Sporting Terms) to enter or be entered in a race
10. (intr) to flow violently from a source: wine started from a hole in the cask.
11. (Hunting) (tr) to rouse (game) from a hiding place, lair, etc
12. (intr) (esp of eyes) to bulge; pop
13. an archaic word for startle
14. (intr) informal Brit to commence quarrelling or causing a disturbance
15. to start with in the first place
n
16. the first or first part of a series of actions or operations, a journey, etc
17. the place or time of starting, as of a race or performance
18. a signal to proceed, as in a race
19. a lead or advantage, either in time or distance and usually of specified extent, in a competitive activity: he had an hour's start on me.
20. a slight involuntary movement of the body, as through fright, surprise, etc: she gave a start as I entered.
21. an opportunity to enter a career, undertake a project, etc
22. informal a surprising incident
23. a part that has come loose or been disengaged
24. by fits and starts spasmodically; without concerted effort
25. for a start in the first place
[Old English styrtan; related to Old Norse sterta to crease, Old High German sturzen to rush]

START

(stɑːt)
n acronym for
(Government, Politics & Diplomacy) Strategic Arms Reduction Talks

start

(stɑrt)

v.i.
1. to begin or set out, as on a journey or activity.
2. to become active, manifest, or operative; appear, issue forth, or come to life, esp. suddenly or abruptly: The snowfall started at midnight. The engines started with a roar.
3. to spring, move, or dart suddenly from a position or place.
4. to be among the entrants in a race or the initial participants in a game or contest.
5. to give a sudden, involuntary jerk or jump, as from shock or pain.
6. to protrude: eyes seeming to start from their sockets.
7. to spring, slip, or work loose from place or fastenings, as timbers or other structural parts.
v.t.
8. to set moving, going, or acting: to start a car; to start a fire.
9. to establish or found: to start a new business.
10. to begin work on: She's starting a new book.
11. to enable or help (someone) set out on a journey, career, etc.
12. to cause or choose to be an entrant in a game or contest: He started his new pitcher in the crucial game.
13. to cause (an object) to work loose from place or fastenings.
14. Archaic. to startle.
n.
15. a beginning of an action, journey, process, etc.
16. a place or time from which something begins.
17. the first part or beginning segment of anything: We missed the start of the show.
18. a sudden, springing movement from a position.
19. a sudden, involuntary jerk of the body.
20. an instance of being an entrant in a race or an initial participant in a game or contest.
21. a lead or advance, as over competitors or pursuers.
22. a means of beginning or advancing something desired: Her parents gave them a start by buying them a house.
23. a spurt of activity.
24. a signal to move, proceed, or begin, as on a course or in a race.
[before 1150; (v.) Middle English sterten to rush out, leap; compare Old English styrtan, with same sense]
syn: See begin.

START

(stɑrt)
n.
Strategic Arms Reduction Talks (or Treaty).

start

begin
1. used with noun phrases

If you start or begin something, you do it from a particular time. There is no difference in meaning.

My father started work when he was fourteen.
We'll begin the meeting as soon as he arrives.

The past tense of begin is began. The -ed participle is begun.

The teacher opened the book and began the lesson.
The company has begun research on a new product.
2. used with other verbs

You can use a to-infinitive or an -ing form after start and begin.

Rafael started to run.
He started laughing.
I was beginning to feel better.
We began talking about our experiences.

Be Careful!
Don't use an -ing form after starting or beginning. Don't say, for example, 'I'm beginning understanding more'. You must say 'I'm beginning to understand more'.

3. used as intransitive verbs

Start and begin can be intransitive verbs, used to say that something happens from a particular time.

The show starts at 7.
My career as a journalist was about to begin.
4. special uses of 'start'

Start has some special meanings. You don't use 'begin' with any of these meanings.

You use start to say that someone makes a machine or engine start to work.

She started her car and drove off.
He couldn't get the engine started.

You use start to say that someone creates a business or other organization.

He borrowed money to start a restaurant.
Now is a good time to start your own business.

start


Past participle: started
Gerund: starting

Imperative
start
start
Present
I start
you start
he/she/it starts
we start
you start
they start
Preterite
I started
you started
he/she/it started
we started
you started
they started
Present Continuous
I am starting
you are starting
he/she/it is starting
we are starting
you are starting
they are starting
Present Perfect
I have started
you have started
he/she/it has started
we have started
you have started
they have started
Past Continuous
I was starting
you were starting
he/she/it was starting
we were starting
you were starting
they were starting
Past Perfect
I had started
you had started
he/she/it had started
we had started
you had started
they had started
Future
I will start
you will start
he/she/it will start
we will start
you will start
they will start
Future Perfect
I will have started
you will have started
he/she/it will have started
we will have started
you will have started
they will have started
Future Continuous
I will be starting
you will be starting
he/she/it will be starting
we will be starting
you will be starting
they will be starting
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been starting
you have been starting
he/she/it has been starting
we have been starting
you have been starting
they have been starting
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been starting
you will have been starting
he/she/it will have been starting
we will have been starting
you will have been starting
they will have been starting
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been starting
you had been starting
he/she/it had been starting
we had been starting
you had been starting
they had been starting
Conditional
I would start
you would start
he/she/it would start
we would start
you would start
they would start
Past Conditional
I would have started
you would have started
he/she/it would have started
we would have started
you would have started
they would have started
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.start - the beginning of anything; "it was off to a good start"
beginning - the event consisting of the start of something; "the beginning of the war"
adrenarche - the increase in activity of the adrenal glands just before puberty
menarche - the first occurrence of menstruation in a woman
thelarche - the start of breast development in a woman at the beginning of puberty
oncoming, onset - the beginning or early stages; "the onset of pneumonia"
dawn, morning - the earliest period; "the dawn of civilization"; "the morning of the world"
flying start, running start - a quick and auspicious beginning
opener - the first event in a series; "she played Chopin for her opener"; "the season's opener was a game against the Yankees"
alpha - the beginning of a series or sequence; "the Alpha and Omega, the first and the last, the beginning and the end"--Revelations
curtain raising, opening night, opening - the first performance (as of a theatrical production); "the opening received good critical reviews"
start-off, send-off, kickoff - a start given to contestants; "I was there with my parents at the kickoff"
racing start - the start of a race
2.start - the time at which something is supposed to begin; "they got an early start"; "she knew from the get-go that he was the man for her"
birth - the time when something begins (especially life); "they divorced after the birth of the child"; "his election signaled the birth of a new age"
incipience, incipiency - beginning to exist or to be apparent; "he placed the incipience of democratic faith at around 1850"; "it is designed to arrest monopolies in their incipiency"
point in time, point - an instant of time; "at that point I had to leave"
starting point, terminus a quo - earliest limiting point
threshold - the starting point for a new state or experience; "on the threshold of manhood"
3.start - a turn to be a starter (in a game at the beginning); "he got his start because one of the regular pitchers was in the hospital"; "his starting meant that the coach thought he was one of their best linemen"
turn, play - (game) the activity of doing something in an agreed succession; "it is my turn"; "it is still my play"
4.start - a sudden involuntary movement; "he awoke with a start"
startle reaction, startle response - a complicated involuntary reaction to a sudden unexpected stimulus (especially a loud noise); involves flexion of most skeletal muscles and a variety of visceral reactions
Moro reflex, startle reflex - a normal reflex of young infants; a sudden loud noise causes the child to stretch out the arms and flex the legs
flinch, wince - a reflex response to sudden pain
5.start - the act of starting something; "he was responsible for the beginning of negotiations"
change of state - the act of changing something into something different in essential characteristics
jumping-off point, point of departure, springboard - a beginning from which an enterprise is launched; "he uses other people's ideas as a springboard for his own"; "reality provides the jumping-off point for his illusions"; "the point of departure of international comparison cannot be an institution but must be the function it carries out"
activation - making active and effective (as a bomb)
tone-beginning, attack - a decisive manner of beginning a musical tone or phrase
establishment, constitution, formation, organisation, organization - the act of forming or establishing something; "the constitution of a PTA group last year"; "it was the establishment of his reputation"; "he still remembers the organization of the club"
first appearance, introduction, debut, entry, launching, unveiling - the act of beginning something new; "they looked forward to the debut of their new product line"
face-off - (ice hockey) the method of starting play; a referee drops the puck between two opposing players
first step, opening move, initiative, opening - the first of a series of actions
groundbreaking, groundbreaking ceremony - the ceremonial breaking of the ground to formally begin a construction project
housing start - the act of starting to construct a house
icebreaker - a beginning that relaxes a tense or formal atmosphere; "he told jokes as an icebreaker"
inauguration, startup - the act of starting a new operation or practice; "he opposed the inauguration of fluoridation"; "the startup of the new factory was delayed by strikes"
founding, instauration, origination, initiation, innovation, creation, institution, introduction, foundation - the act of starting something for the first time; introducing something new; "she looked forward to her initiation as an adult"; "the foundation of a new scientific society"
installation, installing, instalment, installment - the act of installing something (as equipment); "the telephone installation took only a few minutes"
jump ball - (basketball) the way play begins or resumes when possession is disputed; an official tosses the ball up between two players who jump in an effort to tap it to a teammate
kickoff - (football) a kick from the center of the field to start a football game or to resume it after a score
recommencement, resumption - beginning again
scrum, scrummage - (rugby) the method of beginning play in which the forwards of each team crouch side by side with locked arms; play starts when the ball is thrown in between them and the two sides compete for possession
startup - the act of setting in operation; "repeated shutdowns and startups are expensive"
finishing, finish - the act of finishing; "his best finish in a major tournament was third"; "the speaker's finishing was greeted with applause"
6.start - a line indicating the location of the start of a race or a game
line - in games or sports; a mark indicating positions or bounds of the playing area
7.start - a signal to begin (as in a race); "the starting signal was a green light"; "the runners awaited the start"
signal, signaling, sign - any nonverbal action or gesture that encodes a message; "signals from the boat suddenly stopped"
8.start - the advantage gained by beginning early (as in a race); "with an hour's start he will be hard to catch"
advantage, vantage - the quality of having a superior or more favorable position; "the experience gave him the advantage over me"
Verb1.start - take the first step or steps in carrying out an actionstart - take the first step or steps in carrying out an action; "We began working at dawn"; "Who will start?"; "Get working as soon as the sun rises!"; "The first tourists began to arrive in Cambodia"; "He began early in the day"; "Let's get down to work now"
recommence - begin again; "we recommenced his reading after a short nap"
strike out - set out on a course of action; "He struck out on his own"
fall - begin vigorously; "The prisoners fell to work right away"
jump off - set off quickly, usually with success; "The freshman jumped off to a good start in his math class"
get to - arrive at the point of; "She gets to fretting if I stay away from home too long"
auspicate - commence in a manner calculated to bring good luck; "They auspicated the trip with a bottle of champagne"
attack - set to work upon; turn one's energies vigorously to a task; "I attacked the problem as soon as I got out of bed"
break in - start in a certain activity, enterprise, or role
launch, plunge - begin with vigor; "He launched into a long diatribe"; "She plunged into a dangerous adventure"
come on - occur or become available; "water or electricity came on again after the earthquake"
embark, enter - set out on (an enterprise or subject of study); "she embarked upon a new career"
get moving, get rolling, get started, get weaving, bestir oneself, get cracking, get going - start to be active; "Get cracking, please!"
begin - begin to speak, understand, read, and write a language; "She began Russian at an early age"; "We started French in fourth grade"
2.start - set in motion, cause to start; "The U.S. started a war in the Middle East"; "The Iraqis began hostilities"; "begin a new chapter in your life"
jumpstart, jump-start - start or re-start vigorously; "The Secretary of State intends to jumpstart the Middle East Peace Process"
recommence - cause to start anew; "The enemy recommenced hostilities after a few days of quiet"
usher in, inaugurate, introduce - be a precursor of; "The fall of the Berlin Wall ushered in the post-Cold War period"
set off - set in motion or cause to begin; "The guide set the tour off to a good start"
embark on, start up, commence, start - get off the ground; "Who started this company?"; "We embarked on an exciting enterprise"; "I start my day with a good breakfast"; "We began the new semester"; "The afternoon session begins at 4 PM"; "The blood shed started when the partisans launched a surprise attack"
begin - have a beginning, of a temporal event; "WW II began in 1939 when Hitler marched into Poland"; "The company's Asia tour begins next month"
3.start - leave; "The family took off for Florida"
go forth, leave, go away - go away from a place; "At what time does your train leave?"; "She didn't leave until midnight"; "The ship leaves at midnight"
lift off, take off - depart from the ground; "The plane took off two hours late"
roar off - leave; "The car roared off into the fog"
blaze out, blaze - move rapidly and as if blazing; "The spaceship blazed out into space"
sally forth, sally out - set out in a sudden, energetic or violent manner
4.start - have a beginning, in a temporal, spatial, or evaluative sense; "The DMZ begins right over the hill"; "The second movement begins after the Allegro"; "Prices for these homes start at $250,000"
break out, erupt - start abruptly; "After 1989, peace broke out in the former East Bloc"
bud - start to grow or develop; "a budding friendship"
break out - begin suddenly and sometimes violently; "He broke out shouting"
begin, start - have a beginning characterized in some specified way; "The novel begins with a murder"; "My property begins with the three maple trees"; "Her day begins with a workout"; "The semester begins with a convocation ceremony"
begin - have a beginning, of a temporal event; "WW II began in 1939 when Hitler marched into Poland"; "The company's Asia tour begins next month"
kick in, set in - enter a particular state; "Laziness set in"; "After a few moments, the effects of the drug kicked in"
dawn - appear or develop; "The age of computers had dawned"
originate - begin a trip at a certain point, as of a plane, train, bus, etc.; "The flight originates in Calcutta"
5.start - bring into being; "He initiated a new program"; "Start a foundation"
lead up, initiate - set in motion, start an event or prepare the way for; "Hitler's attack on Poland led up to World War II"
create, make - make or cause to be or to become; "make a mess in one's office"; "create a furor"
set - apply or start; "set fire to a building"
date back, date from, go back - belong to an earlier time; "This story dates back 200 years"
6.start - get off the ground; "Who started this company?"; "We embarked on an exciting enterprise"; "I start my day with a good breakfast"; "We began the new semester"; "The afternoon session begins at 4 PM"; "The blood shed started when the partisans launched a surprise attack"
commence, lead off, start, begin - set in motion, cause to start; "The U.S. started a war in the Middle East"; "The Iraqis began hostilities"; "begin a new chapter in your life"
inaugurate, kick off - commence officially
open - begin or set in action, of meetings, speeches, recitals, etc.; "He opened the meeting with a long speech"
7.start - move or jump suddenly, as if in surprise or alarm; "She startled when I walked into the room"
move - move so as to change position, perform a nontranslational motion; "He moved his hand slightly to the right"
shy - start suddenly, as from fright
boggle - startle with amazement or fear
rear back - start with anger or resentment or in protest
jackrabbit - go forward or start with a fast, sudden movement
8.start - get going or set in motion; "We simply could not start the engine"; "start up the computer"
kick-start - start (a motorcycle) by means of a kick starter
hot-wire - start (a car engine) without a key by bypassing the ignition interlock; "The woman who lost the car keys had to hot-wire her van"
restart, re-start - start an engine again, for example
crank up, crank - start by cranking; "crank up the engine"
jumpstart, jump-start, jump - start (a car engine whose battery is dead) by connecting it to another car's battery
stop - cause to stop; "stop a car"; "stop the thief"
9.start - begin or set in motion; "I start at eight in the morning"; "Ready, set, go!"
come on, go on, come up - start running, functioning, or operating; "the lights went on"; "the computer came up"
get off the ground, take off - get started or set in motion, used figuratively; "the project took a long time to get off the ground"
stop, halt - come to a halt, stop moving; "the car stopped"; "She stopped in front of a store window"
10.start - begin work or acting in a certain capacity, office or job; "Take up a position"; "start a new job"
take office - assume an office, duty, or title; "When will the new President take office?"
11.start - play in the starting lineup
athletics, sport - an active diversion requiring physical exertion and competition
play - participate in games or sport; "We played hockey all afternoon"; "play cards"; "Pele played for the Brazilian teams in many important matches"
12.start - have a beginning characterized in some specified waystart - have a beginning characterized in some specified way; "The novel begins with a murder"; "My property begins with the three maple trees"; "Her day begins with a workout"; "The semester begins with a convocation ceremony"
begin, start - begin an event that is implied and limited by the nature or inherent function of the direct object; "begin a cigar"; "She started the soup while it was still hot"; "We started physics in 10th grade"
be - have the quality of being; (copula, used with an adjective or a predicate noun); "John is rich"; "This is not a good answer"
begin, start - have a beginning, in a temporal, spatial, or evaluative sense; "The DMZ begins right over the hill"; "The second movement begins after the Allegro"; "Prices for these homes start at $250,000"
begin - be the first item or point, constitute the beginning or start, come first in a series; "The number `one' begins the sequence"; "A terrible murder begins the novel"; "The convocation ceremony officially begins the semester"
13.start - begin an event that is implied and limited by the nature or inherent function of the direct object; "begin a cigar"; "She started the soup while it was still hot"; "We started physics in 10th grade"
act, move - perform an action, or work out or perform (an action); "think before you act"; "We must move quickly"; "The governor should act on the new energy bill"; "The nanny acted quickly by grabbing the toddler and covering him with a wet towel"
begin, start - have a beginning characterized in some specified way; "The novel begins with a murder"; "My property begins with the three maple trees"; "Her day begins with a workout"; "The semester begins with a convocation ceremony"
14.start - bulge outward; "His eyes popped"
change form, change shape, deform - assume a different shape or form

start

verb
1. set about, begin, proceed, embark upon, take the plunge (informal), take the first step, make a beginning, put your hand to the plough (informal) She started cleaning the kitchen.
set about stop, finish, delay, abandon, conclude, quit, cease, wind up, put off, put aside, call it a day (informal), desist
3. set in motion, initiate, instigate, open, trigger, kick off (informal), originate, get going, engender, kick-start, get (something) off the ground (informal), enter upon, get or set or start the ball rolling Who started the fight?
set in motion end, stop, finish, abandon, conclude, wind up, bring to an end
4. establish, begin, found, father, create, launch, set up, introduce, institute, pioneer, initiate, inaugurate, lay the foundations of Now is probably as good a time as any to start a business.
establish end, finish, give up, abandon, conclude, wind up, terminate, bring to an end
5. start up, activate, get something going, fire up, set in motion, start something functioning or operating He started the car, which hummed smoothly.
start up stop, turn off, switch off
6. jump, shy, jerk, twitch, flinch, recoil Rachel started at his touch.
noun
1. beginning, outset, opening, birth, foundation, dawn, first step(s), onset, initiation, inauguration, inception, commencement, kickoff (informal), opening move She demanded to know why she had not been told from the start.
beginning end, finish, conclusion, result, stop, outcome, wind-up, finale, termination, cessation, denouement
2. jump, jerk, twitch, spasm, convulsion He gave a start of surprise and astonishment.

start

verb
2. To come into being:
3. To bring into existence formally:
4. To move suddenly and involuntarily:
5. To draw away involuntarily, usually out of fear or disgust:
noun
1. The act or process of bringing or being brought into existence:
Informal: kickoff.
2. The initial stage of a developmental process:
3. A sudden and involuntary movement:
4. A factor conducive to superiority and success:
Translations
إنْدِفاع، إنْطِلاقإهْتِزازَة الجِسْمبَدْءبِدايَهصَدْمَه
začátekzačítstarttrhnutíuvést v chod
startstartebegyndebegyndelsechok
alkualoittaaaloitushätkähtääkäynnistää
početakpočetipočinjati
áfallbyrjabyrjun; rásmarkforskothrökkva viî
始まる始める開始飛び起きる始動する
...을 시작하다시작시작되다
doties ceļāhandikapsiedarbinātizveidotnodibināt
štart
krenitiosnovatipognati v tekpovzročitizačetek
početi
börjastart
เริ่ม เริ่มทำ เริ่มต้นเริ่ม ลงมือ ทำให้เกิดการเริ่ม
bắt đầuphần đầu

start

[stɑːt]
A. N
1. (= beginning) → principio m, comienzo m
at the startal principio, en un principio
at the very startmuy al principio, en los mismos comienzos
at the start of the centurya principios del siglo
we are at the start of something bigestamos en los comienzos de algo grandioso
for a starten primer lugar, para empezar
from the startdesde el principio
from start to finishdesde el principio hasta el fin
to get a good start in lifedisfrutar de una infancia privilegiada
to get off to a good/bad/slow startempezar bien/mal/lentamente
to give sb a (good) start in lifeayudar a algn a situarse en la vida
to make a startempezar
to make a start on the paintingempezar a pintar
to make an early start (on journey) → ponerse en camino temprano; (with job) → empezar temprano
to make a fresh or new start in lifehacer vida nueva
2. (= departure) → salida f (also Sport); (= starting line) → línea f de salida
3. (= advantage) → ventaja f
to give sb five minutes' or a five-minute startdar a algn cinco minutos de ventaja
to have a start on sbtener ventaja sobre algn
4. (= fright etc) → susto m, sobresalto m
to give sb a startasustar or dar un susto a algn
to give a sudden startsobresaltarse
what a start you gave me!¡qué susto me diste!
to wake with a startdespertarse sobresaltado
B. VT
1. (= begin) → empezar, comenzar; [+ discussion etc] → abrir, iniciar; [+ bottle] → abrir; [+ quarrel, argument] → empezar; [+ journey] → iniciar
to start a new cheque book/pagecomenzar or empezar un talonario nuevo/una página nueva
don't start that again!¡no vuelvas a eso!
to start doing sth or to do sthempezar a hacer algo
start moving!¡menearse!
start talking!¡desembucha!
to start sth again or afreshcomenzar or empezar algo de nuevo
to start the day rightempezar bien el día
he always starts the day with a glass of milklo primero que toma cada mañana es un vaso de leche
he started life as a labourerempezó de or como peón
to start a new lifecomenzar una vida nueva
to start negotiationsiniciar or entablar las pláticas
to start a novelempezar a escribir (or leer) una novela
to start schoolempezar a ir al colegio
he started work yesterdayentró a trabajar ayer
2. (= cause to begin or happen) [+ fire] → provocar; [+ war] [person, country] → empezar, iniciar; [incident, act] → desencadenar; [+ fashion] → empezar, iniciar; [+ rumour, tradition] → iniciar, dar comienzo a
it started the collapse of the empireprovocó el derrumbamiento del imperio
you started it!¡tú diste el primer golpe!
to start a family(empezar a) tener hijos
to start a race (= give signal for) → dar la señal de salida para una carrera
3.
to get startedempezar, ponerse en marcha
let's get startedempecemos
to get sth started [+ engine, car] → poner algo en marcha, arrancar algo; [+ project] → poner algo en marcha
to get sb started (on activity) → poner a algn en marcha; (in career) → iniciar a algn en su carrera
to get started on (doing) sthempezar a hacer algo
to get sb started on (doing) sthponer a algn a hacer algo
4. (= found) (also start up) [+ business] → montar, poner; [+ newspaper] → fundar, establecer
5. (also start up) [+ car, engine] → arrancar, poner en marcha; [+ clock] → poner en marcha
6. (with personal object) don't start him (off) on that!¡no le des cuerda!
to start sb (off) reminiscinghacer que algn empiece a contar sus recuerdos
that started him (off) sneezingeso le hizo empezar a estornudar
to start sb (off) on a careerayudar a algn a emprender una carrera
they started her (off) in the sales departmentla emplearon primero en la sección de ventas
7. (= disturb) to start (up) a partridgelevantar una perdiz
C. VI
1. (= begin) → empezar, comenzar; [conversation, discussion] → iniciarse; [quarrel, argument] → producirse; [fashion] → empezar, iniciar; [war] → estallar, empezar; [rumour, tradition] → originarse; [fire] → empezar, iniciarse; [music] → empezar
classes start on Mondaylas clases comienzan or empiezan el lunes
that's when the trouble startedentonces fue cuando empezaron los problemas
it all started when he refused to paytodo empezó cuando se negó a pagar
it started (off) rather well/badly [film, match] → empezó bastante bien/mal
to start again or afreshvolver a empezar, comenzar de nuevo
he started (off or out) as a postmanempezó como or de cartero
he started (off or out) as a Marxistempezó como marxista
to start at the beginningempezar desde el principio
he started (off) by sayingempezó por decir or diciendo ...
the route starts from herela ruta sale de aquí
starting from Tuesdaya partir del martes
to start (out or up) in businessmontar or poner un negocio
to start (off) with (= firstly) → en primer lugar ..., para empezar ...; (= at the beginning) → al principio ..., en un principio ...
what shall we start (off) with?¿con qué empezamos?
to start (off) with a prayerempezar con una oración
he started (off or out) with the intention of writing a thesisempezó con la intención de escribir una tesis
2. (= embark)
to start on a taskemprender una tarea
to start on something newemprender algo nuevo
to start on a book (= begin reading) → empezar a leer un libro; (= begin writing) → empezar a escribir un libro
to start on a course of studyempezar un curso
they started on another bottleabrieron or empezaron otra botella
3. (also start off, start out) (on journey) [person] → partir, ponerse en camino; [bus, train, runner] → salir
to start (off or out) from London/for Madridsalir de Londres/partir con rumbo a or para Madrid
he started (off) down the streetempezó a caminar calle abajo
4. (also start up) [car, engine] → arrancar, ponerse en marcha; [washing machine] → ponerse en marcha
5. (= jump nervously) → asustarse, sobresaltarse (at a) to start from one's chairlevantarse asustado de su silla
tears started to her eyesse le llenaron los ojos de lágrimas
his eyes were starting out of his headse le saltaban los ojos de la cara
6. [timber etc] → combarse, torcerse; [rivets etc] → soltarse
start after VI + PREP to start after sbsalir en busca de algn
start back VI + ADV
1. (= return) → emprender el viaje de regreso (for a) it's time we started backes hora de volvernos
2. (= recoil) → retroceder
to start back in horrorretroceder horrorizado
start in VI + ADVempezar, poner manos a la obra, empezar a trabajar (etc)
then she started inluego ella metió su cuchara
start off
A. VI + ADV
see start C1, C3
B. VT + ADV
see start B6
start on VI + PREP (= scold) → regañar
see also start C2
start out VI + ADV
see start C1, C3
start over (esp US)
A. VI + ADVvolver a empezar
B. VT + ADVcomenzar or empezar de nuevo
start up
A. VI + ADV
see start C1, C4
B. VT + ADV
see start B4, B5, B7

start

[ˈstɑːrt]
n
(= beginning) (gen)début m; [race] → départ m; [journey] → début m
the start of the tax year → le début de l'année fiscale
It's not much, but it's a start → Ce n'est pas grand chose, mais c'est un début.
a fresh start
We need a fresh start
BUT Il nous faut prendre un nouveau départ.
to make a fresh start → prendre un nouveau départ
to make a start on sth → attaquer qch
Shall we make a start on the washing-up? → On attaque la vaisselle?
to make an early start (= begin early) → commencer de bonne heure (= leave early) → partir de bonne heure
We'll have to make an early start if we want to get there by lunchtime → Nous allons devoir partir de bonne heure si nous voulons y être à l'heure du déjeuner.
to get off to a bad start → être mal parti(e)
to get off to a good start → être bien parti(e)
at the start (= in the beginning) → au début
I was terribly lonely at the start → Je me sentais terriblement seul au début.
for a start → d'abord, pour commencer
(= starting line) → départ m
They were lined up at the start → Ils étaient alignés au départ.
(= sudden movement) → sursaut m
with a start → en sursaut
He woke with a start → Il s'éveilla en sursaut.
to give a start → sursauter
(= advantage) (in race)avance f
You must give me fifty metres start → Tu dois me donner cinquante mètres d'avance.
vt
(= begin) [+ book, work, school, day, exercise, new job] → commencer; [+ new jar, bottle, packet] → entamer
My father started work when he was ten → Mon père a commencé à travailler lorsqu'il avait dix ans.
to start doing sth → se mettre à faire qch, commencer à faire qch
I started learning French three years ago → J'ai commencé à apprendre le français il y a trois ans.
He started laughing → Il s'est mis à rire.
to start to do sth → se mettre à faire qch
Ralph started to run → Ralph se mit à courir.
(= cause to begin) [+ fire, argument, war, rumour] → déclencher
(= get going) [+ car, engine, machine] → démarrer
He couldn't start the car → Il n'a pas réussi à démarrer la voiture.
He couldn't get his engine started → Il n'arrivait pas à démarrer son moteur.
(= establish) [+ business, newspaper] → monter; [+ campaign, fashion] → lancer
He wants to start his own business → Il veut monter sa propre entreprise.
She started a campaign against drugs → Elle a lancé une campagne contre la drogue.
vi
(= begin) → commencer
What time does it start? → À quelle heure ça commence?
The meeting starts at 7 → La réunion commence à sept heures.
to start with ... (= firstly) → d'abord ... (= at the beginning) → au début ...
don't start! > (= start complaining etc) → ne commence pas!
(= leave) → partir, se mettre en route
(= begin career) → faire ses débuts
She started as a photographer with Picture Post → Elle a fait ses débuts de photographe au Picture Post.
(= get going) [car, engine, machine] → démarrer
The car wouldn't start → La voiture ne voulait pas démarrer.
(= jump) → sursauter
start back
vi
(= recoil) → reculer
(= begin to return) → rebrousser chemin
We'd better start back → On ferait mieux de rebrousser chemin.
start off
vi
(= begin) → commencer
to start off by doing sth → commencer par faire qch
(= leave) → partir
We started off first thing in the morning → Nous sommes partis en début de matinée.
They started off to church
BUT Ils se mirent en route pour l'église.
(= begin career) → faire ses débuts
vt sep
(= cause to begin doing) to start sb off doing sth
She started us off laughing → Elle nous a fait rire.
Her mother started her off acting in children's theatre → Sa mère l'a fait débuter dans le théâtre pour enfants.
(= cause to begin) [+ discussion, conversation, quarrel, fire] → déclencher
start on
vt fus
(= begin) [+ task, work] → commencer
start out
vi
(= begin) → commencer
(= begin journey) → prendre la route
start over
(mainly US)
virecommencer
vt seprecommencer
to start life over → recommencer sa vie
start up
vi (= begin career) → débuter
to start up in business → débuter dans les affaires
[car, engine, machine, computer] → démarrer
vt sep
(= found) [+ business, restaurant, company, magazine] → monter
I'd love to start up a little restaurant → J'aimerais beaucoup monter un petit restaurant.
[+ car, engine, machine] → démarrer; [+ computer] → allumer

START

abbr of Strategic Arms Reduction TreatySTART(-Vertrag) m

start

1
n to give a startzusammenfahren; (= start up)aufschrecken; (horse) → scheuen; to give somebody a startjdn erschrecken, jdm einen Schreck(en) einjagen; to wake with a startaus dem Schlaf hochschrecken; he looked up with a starter blickte erschreckt hoch ? fit2
vi
(= jump nervously)zusammenfahren; (= start up)aufschrecken; to start from one’s chairaus dem Stuhl hochfahren; to start out of one’s sleepaus dem Schlaf hochschrecken
tears started to his eyesTränen traten ihm in die Augen; his eyes were starting out of his headdie Augen traten ihm fast aus dem Kopf
vt pheasant etcaufscheuchen (from aus)

start

2
n
(= beginning)Beginn m, → Anfang m; (= departure)Aufbruch m; (of race etc)Start m; (of rumour, trouble, journey)Ausgangspunkt m; at the startam Anfang, zu Beginn; (Sport) → am Start; for a start (= to begin with)fürs Erste; (= firstly)zunächst einmal; from the startvon Anfang an; from start to finishvon Anfang bis Ende, von vorn bis hinten (inf); to get off to a good or flying startgut vom Start wegkommen; (fig)einen glänzenden Start haben; to get off to a bad startschlecht vom Start wegkommen; (fig)einen schlechten Start haben; to get somebody off to a good startjdm einen guten Start verschaffen; to get something off to a good startetw gut anlaufen lassen; to give somebody a (good) start in lifejdm eine (gute) Starthilfe geben; the review gave the book a good startdie Rezension war eine gute Starthilfe für das Buch; to make a start (on something)(mit etw) anfangen; to make an early startfrühzeitig aufbrechen; to make a start for homesich auf den Heimweg machen; to make a new start (in life)(noch einmal) von vorn anfangen
(= advantage, Sport) → Vorsprung m (→ over vor +dat)
vt
(= begin)anfangen mit; argument, career, new life, negotiationsbeginnen, anfangen; new job, journeyantreten; to start workanfangen zu arbeiten; he started life as a minerer hat als Bergmann angefangen; don’t start that again!fang nicht schon wieder (damit) an!; to start smokingdas Rauchen or mit dem Rauchen anfangen; he started coming lateer fing an, zu spät zu kommen; you started it!du hast angefangen!
(runners) → starten zu; (= cause to begin) runners, racestarten; rumourin Umlauf setzen; conversationanfangen, anknüpfen; fightanfangen; waranfangen, auslösen; blaze, collapse, chain reactionauslösen; coal fire etcanzünden; (arsonist) → legen; (= found) enterprise, newspapergründen, starten (inf); to start somebody thinkingjdn nachdenklich machen; to start somebody on a subjectjdn auf ein Thema bringen; to start somebody in business/on a careerjdm zu einem Start im Geschäftsleben/zu einer Karriere verhelfen; the discovery started a new line of researchmit der Entdeckung kam eine neue Forschungsrichtung in Gang; I don’t want to start anything but …ich will keinen Streit anfangen, aber …; just to start you getting used to itnur damit Sie sich erst mal daran gewöhnen; as soon as she started the baby (inf)sobald sich das Baby angekündigt hatte; when she wore the first miniskirt she didn’t realize what she was startingals sie den ersten Minirock trug, war ihr nicht bewusst, was sie damit auslösen würde; look what you’ve started now!da hast du was Schönes angefangen! (inf)
car, computerstarten; engineanlassen, starten; clockin Gang setzen; machine, motorstarten, anwerfen
to start a horse in a raceeine Nennung für ein Pferd abgeben
vi (= begin)anfangen, beginnen; (car, engine)anspringen, starten; (plane)starten; (= move off)anfahren; (bus, train)abfahren; (boat)ablegen; (rumour)in Umlauf kommen; (violins, cellos etc)einsetzen; starting from Tuesdayab Dienstag; to start for home(nach Hause) aufbrechen, sich auf den Heimweg machen; to start for workzur Arbeit gehen/fahren; to start for Londonnach London losfahren; to start (off) with (= firstly)erstens, erst einmal; (= at the beginning)zunächst; what shall we have to start (off) with?was nehmen wir als Vorspeise?; I’d like soup to start (off) withich möchte erst mal eine Suppe; to start after somebodyjdn verfolgen; to get startedanfangen; (on journey) → aufbrechen; he finds it difficult to get started in the morninger kommt morgens nur schwer in Schwung or Gang; to start on a task/journey/the foodsich an eine Aufgabe/auf eine Reise/ans Essen machen; to start talking or to talkzu sprechen beginnen or anfangen; he started by saying …er sagte zunächst …; don’t you start!fang du nicht auch noch an!; (are you) starting? (Brit sl) → willst du mich anmachen? (inf); (= provoke)willst du mich provozieren?

start

[stɑːt]
1. n
a. (beginning) → inizio; (in race) → partenza; (starting line) → linea di partenza (Mountaineering) → attacco
at the start → all'inizio
the start of the school year → l'inizio dell'anno scolastico
from the start → dall'inizio
for a start → tanto per cominciare
to get off to a good or flying start → cominciare bene
to make an early start → partire di buon'ora
to make a fresh (or new) start in life → ricominciare daccapo or da zero
b. (advantage) → vantaggio
the thieves had 3 hours' start → i ladri avevano 3 ore di vantaggio
to give sb a 5-minute start → dare un vantaggio di 5 minuti a qn
c. (sudden movement) → sussulto, sobbalzo
to give a start → trasalire
to give sb a start → far trasalire qn
to wake with a start → svegliarsi di soprassalto
2. vt
a. (begin, gen) → cominciare, iniziare; (bottle) → aprire; (habit) → prendere
to start doing sth or to do sth → iniziare a fare qc
to start negotiations → avviare i negoziati
he started life as a labourer → ha cominciato come operaio
b. (cause to begin or happen, conversation, discussion) → iniziare; (quarrel) → cominciare, provocare; (rumour) → mettere in giro; (series of events, policy) → dare l'avvio a; (reform) → avviare; (fashion) → lanciare; (found, business, newspaper) → fondare, creare; (car, engine) → mettere in moto, avviare
to start a fire → provocare un incendio
to start a race → dare il via a una gara
you started it! → hai cominciato tu!
don't start anything! → non cominciare!
don't start him on that! → non toccare quest'argomento in sua presenza!
we'd like to start a family → ci piacerebbe avere un bambino subito
3. vi
a. (begin, gen) → cominciare; (rumour) → nascere; (on journey) → partire, mettersi in viaggio; (car, engine) → mettersi in moto, partire
starting from Tuesday → a partire da martedì
to start on a task → cominciare un lavoro
to start at the beginning → cominciare dall'inizio
it started (off) well/badly → è cominciato bene/male
she started (off) down the street → s'incamminò giù per la strada
what shall we start (off) with? → con che cosa cominciamo?
she started (off) as a nanny → ha cominciato come bambinaia
to start (off) with ... (firstly) → per prima cosa... (at the beginning) → all'inizio...
he started (off) by saying (that) ... → cominciò col dire che...
b. (in fright) to start (at)trasalire (a), sobbalzare (a)
his eyes were starting out of his head → aveva gli occhi fuori dalle orbite
start off
1. vi + adv (leave) → partire
see also start 3a
2. vt + advcausare, far nascere
to start sb off (on complaints, story) → far cominciare qn (give initial help) → aiutare qn a cominciare
that was enough to start him off → è bastato questo a dargli il via
start out vi + adv (begin journey) → partire (fig) to start out ascominciare come
to start out to do sth → cominciare con l'intenzione di fare qc
start over vi + adv (Am) → ricominciare
start up
1. vi + adv (engine) → mettersi in moto; (driver) → mettere in moto; (music) → cominciare
2. vt + adv (car, engine) → mettere in moto, avviare

start1

(staː) verb
1. to leave or begin a journey. We shall have to start at 5.30 a.m. in order to get to the boat in time.
2. to begin. He starts working at six o'clock every morning; She started to cry; She starts her new job next week; Haven't you started (on) your meal yet?; What time does the play start?
3. to (cause an engine etc to) begin to work. I can't start the car; The car won't start; The clock stopped but I started it again.
4. to cause something to begin or begin happening etc. One of the students decided to start a college magazine.
noun
1. the beginning of an activity, journey, race etc. I told him at the start that his idea would not succeed; The runners lined up at the start; He stayed in the lead after a good start; I shall have to make a start on that work.
2. in a race etc, the advantage of beginning before or further forward than others, or the amount of time, distance etc gained through this. The youngest child in the race got a start of five metres; The driver of the stolen car already had twenty minutes' start before the police began the pursuit.
ˈstarter noun
1. a person, horse etc that actually runs etc in a race.
2. a person who gives the signal for the race to start.
3. a device in a car etc for starting the engine.
ˈstarting-point noun
the point from which something begins.
for a start
(used in argument etc) in the first place, or as the first point in an argument. You can't have a new bicycle because for a start we can't afford one.
get off to a good/bad start
to start well or badly in a race, business etc.
start off
1. to begin a journey. It's time we started off.
2. to cause or allow something to begin, someone to start doing something etc. The money lent to him by his father started him off as a bookseller.
start out
to begin a journey; to start off. We shall have to start out at dawn.
start up
to (cause to) begin or begin working etc. The machine suddenly started up; He has started up a new boys' club.
to start with
1. at the beginning. He was very nervous to start with.
2. as the first point (in an argument etc). There are many reasons why he shouldn't get the job. To start with, he isn't qualified.

start2

(staːt) verb
to jump or jerk suddenly because of fright, surprise etc. The sudden noise made me start.
noun
1. a sudden movement of the body. He gave a start of surprise.
2. a shock. What a start the news gave me!

start

بَدْء, يَبْدَأُ začátek, začít start, starte anfangen mit, Beginn, beginnen αρχίζω, εκκίνηση, ξεκινώ comenzar, comienzo, empezar, originarse alkaa, alku, aloittaa commencer, départ početak, početi, počinjati incominciare, iniziare, inizio 始まる, 始める, 開始 ...을 시작하다, 시작, 시작되다 start, starten start, starte początek, zacząć começar, começo начало, начинать, начинаться börja, start เริ่ม เริ่มทำ เริ่มต้น, เริ่ม ลงมือ ทำให้เกิด, การเริ่ม başlamak, başlangıç, başlatmak bắt đầu, phần đầu 开始

start

n. comienzo, principio, inicio;
v. empezar, comenzar, iniciar; hacer andar o funcionar un aparato; [motor] arrancar, poner en marcha.
References in classic literature ?
said the old gentleman, as Laurie came running downstairs and brought up with a start of surprise at the astounding sight of Jo arm in arm with his redoubtable grandfather.
He began to buy machines that would permit him to do the work of the farms while employing fewer men and he sometimes thought that if he were a younger man he would give up farming altogether and start a factory in Winesburg for the making of machinery.
ON THE MORNING of the twenty-second I wakened with a start.
Pontellier, with a start, adding at once: "How stupid
We are not about to start on a squirrel hunt, or to drive a deer into the Horican, but to outlie for days and nights, and to stretch across a wilderness where the feet of men seldom go, and where no bookish knowledge would carry you through harmless.
These men when they come under her charge," he insisted, eagerly, "need money to start again, don't they?
I start, we'll say, at the bottom, down in the corner over there where it has not been touched, and I determine for the thousandth time that I WILL follow that pointless pattern to some sort of a conclusion.
Striking most disagreeably on Clifford's auditory organs and the characteristic sensibility of his nerves, it caused him to start upright out of his chair.
They would start work every morning at seven, and eat their dinners at noon, and then work until ten or eleven at night without another mouthful of food.
My mind got a start by and by, and began to consider the beginning of every subject which has ever been thought of; but it never went further than the beginning; it was touch and go; it fled from topic to topic with a frantic speed.
I didn't know her face; she was a stranger, for you couldn't start a face in that town that I didn't know.
A little while before, when there was no prospect of proceeding on the journey, he had made up his mind to leave Fort Kearney; but now that the train was there, ready to start, and he had only to take his seat in the car, an irresistible influence held him back.