startle


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Related to startle: startle response, startle reflex, startle reaction

star·tle

 (stär′tl)
v. star·tled, star·tling, star·tles
v.tr.
1. To cause to make a quick involuntary movement or start.
2. To alarm, frighten, or surprise suddenly. See Synonyms at frighten.
v.intr.
To become alarmed, frightened, or surprised.
n.
1. A sudden, brief episode of fear.
2. A sudden, involuntary movement in response to something frightening or unexpected, such as a noise.

[Middle English stertlen, to run about, from Old English steartlian, to kick; see ster- in Indo-European roots.]

star′tling·ly adv.

startle

(ˈstɑːtəl)
vb
to be or cause to be surprised or frightened, esp so as to start involuntarily
[Old English steartlian to stumble; related to Middle High German starzen to strut, Norwegian sterta to strain oneself]
ˈstartler n

star•tle

(ˈstɑr tl)

v. -tled, -tling,
n. v.t.
1. to disturb or agitate suddenly and usu. briefly, as by surprise or alarm.
v.i.
2. to start involuntarily, as from surprise or alarm.
n.
3. a sudden shock of surprise, mild alarm, or the like.
[before 1100; Middle English stertlen to rush, caper =stert(en) to start + -(e)len -le]
star′tle•ment, n.

startle


Past participle: startled
Gerund: startling

Imperative
startle
startle
Present
I startle
you startle
he/she/it startles
we startle
you startle
they startle
Preterite
I startled
you startled
he/she/it startled
we startled
you startled
they startled
Present Continuous
I am startling
you are startling
he/she/it is startling
we are startling
you are startling
they are startling
Present Perfect
I have startled
you have startled
he/she/it has startled
we have startled
you have startled
they have startled
Past Continuous
I was startling
you were startling
he/she/it was startling
we were startling
you were startling
they were startling
Past Perfect
I had startled
you had startled
he/she/it had startled
we had startled
you had startled
they had startled
Future
I will startle
you will startle
he/she/it will startle
we will startle
you will startle
they will startle
Future Perfect
I will have startled
you will have startled
he/she/it will have startled
we will have startled
you will have startled
they will have startled
Future Continuous
I will be startling
you will be startling
he/she/it will be startling
we will be startling
you will be startling
they will be startling
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been startling
you have been startling
he/she/it has been startling
we have been startling
you have been startling
they have been startling
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been startling
you will have been startling
he/she/it will have been startling
we will have been startling
you will have been startling
they will have been startling
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been startling
you had been startling
he/she/it had been startling
we had been startling
you had been startling
they had been startling
Conditional
I would startle
you would startle
he/she/it would startle
we would startle
you would startle
they would startle
Past Conditional
I would have startled
you would have startled
he/she/it would have startled
we would have startled
you would have startled
they would have startled
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.startle - a sudden involuntary movement; "he awoke with a start"
startle reaction, startle response - a complicated involuntary reaction to a sudden unexpected stimulus (especially a loud noise); involves flexion of most skeletal muscles and a variety of visceral reactions
Moro reflex, startle reflex - a normal reflex of young infants; a sudden loud noise causes the child to stretch out the arms and flex the legs
flinch, wince - a reflex response to sudden pain
Verb1.startle - to stimulate to action ; "..startled him awake"; "galvanized into action"
ball over, blow out of the water, floor, shock, take aback - surprise greatly; knock someone's socks off; "I was floored when I heard that I was promoted"
2.startle - move or jump suddenly, as if in surprise or alarm; "She startled when I walked into the room"
move - move so as to change position, perform a nontranslational motion; "He moved his hand slightly to the right"
shy - start suddenly, as from fright
boggle - startle with amazement or fear
rear back - start with anger or resentment or in protest
jackrabbit - go forward or start with a fast, sudden movement

startle

verb surprise, shock, alarm, frighten, scare, agitate, take (someone) aback, make (someone) jump, give (someone) a turn (informal), scare the bejesus out of (informal) The telephone startled him.

startle

verb
1. To cause to experience a sudden momentary shock:
2. To fill with fear:
Archaic: fright.
Idioms: make one's blood run cold, make one's hair stand on end, scare silly, scare the daylights out of.
3. To impress strongly by what is unexpected or unusual:
Idioms: catch unawares, take aback.
noun
A sudden and involuntary movement:
Translations
يُذْهِلُيُذْهِل، يُفْزِع
vylekat
forskrækkeoverraske
hätkähtääkavahtaapelästyttääsäikähtää
prepasti
gera bilt viî
びっくりさせる
깜짝 놀라게 하다
izbiedētpārsteigt
vyľakať
prestrašiti
skrämma
ทำให้สะดุ้ง
làm giật mình

startle

[ˈstɑːtl] VTasustar, sobresaltar
you quite startled me!¡vaya susto que me has dado!
it startled him out of his serenityle hizo perder su serenidad

startle

[ˈstɑːrtəl] vtfaire peur à, surprendre

startle

vterschrecken; animal alsoaufschrecken; I was startled to see how old he lookedich stellte entsetzt fest, wie alt er aussah
vi she startles easilysie ist sehr schreckhaft

startle

[ˈstɑːtl] vtfar trasalire, spaventare

startle

(ˈstaːtl) verb
to give a shock or surprise to. The sound startled me.

startle

يُذْهِلُ vylekat overraske erschrecken αιφνιδιάζω sobresaltar pelästyttää faire sursauter prepasti sorprendere びっくりさせる 깜짝 놀라게 하다 doen schrikken skremme zaskoczyć assustar испугать skrämma ทำให้สะดุ้ง irkilmek làm giật mình 震惊
References in classic literature ?
No one spoke of it or seemed aware of it, for it had come too gradually to startle those who saw her daily, but to eyes sharpened by absence, it was very plain and a heavy weight fell on Jo's heart as she saw her sister's face.
He beckoned to the little boy they called Jan, whispered to him, and presented him with a paper snake, gently, so as not to startle him.
You might not startle a wolf, or turn the Royal Americans from a discharge; but I have seen the time when you had a better favored look; your streaked countenances are not ill- judged of by the squaws, but young women of white blood give the preference to their own color.
To be an inmate with such a guest may well startle an innocent young girl
There was, moreover, a boldness and rotundity of speech among these matrons, as most of them seemed to be, that would startle us at the present day, whether in respect to its purport or its volume of tone.
Her eyes as stars of Twilight fair; Like Twilight's, too, her dusky hair; But all things else about her drawn From May-time and the cheerful Dawn; A dancing Shape, an Image gay, To haunt, to startle, and way-lay.
He knew nothing in the world would make her put out her hand toward him or startle him in the least tiniest way.
It was a relief to get out of the room where the night had been so miserable, and I needed no second knocking at the door to startle me from my uneasy bed.
But when Rowena spoke, the sound of her voice seemed to startle him from his silence.
The prince woke with such a groan as to startle the princess, who asked what was the matter.
Can you not startle the little thing out of its complacency?
Every now and then a suspicious movement would startle me, but my confidence grew rapidly.