SITUATION: An unintended discharge due to startle response
results in tragedy.
Alterations in arousal, such as irritability, angry outbursts, reckless behavior, and exaggerated startle response
The fear memory was calculated by subtracting the baseline startle response
-- to the sound on the 'good' colour -- from the response to the sound when the 'bad' colour was showing.
Changes in arousal and reactivity as shown by irritable behavior, reckless behavior, hypervigilance, an exaggerated startle response
, concentration problems, or sleep disturbance.
The startle response
(limbic hijack) is a physical and mental reaction to a sudden unexpected stimulus.
resulting in unintended discharge is also a very real possibility.
Conditioned fear as revealed by magnitude of startle response
to an auditory stimulus.
If a weaker stimulus is emitted beforehand as a "prepulse," the startle response
Interestingly, the startle response
of the insect was completely stifled, and it continued its pace despite observation by the authors.
Mang, Siegmund, and Blouin induce whiplash and consider the role of a startle response
using electromyography (EMG) outcome measures.
If infants do not learn that the world is safe, and to understand sensory input, they will retain these reflexes as a primary reaction to danger, or perceived danger, and will not develop a good adult startle response
that will allow them to realistically understand sensory information and their safe place in the world.
Affective modulation of startle reflex during perception is a highly stable and replicable finding that has been explained according to the motivational priming hypothesis (Lang, Bradley, & Cuthbert, 1997), in which activation of the defensive motivational system by an unpleasant stimulus primes related reflexes, such as the startle response