Drawing upon their experience of the role of budgets and targets under state socialism
, these managers were suspicious of information demands, worried about being admonished for not reaching targets, and failed to 'understand' that the budgets had become 'hard' and enforceable.
Instead of capitalism, these wealth-seeking bureaucrats prefer to mire entrepreneurs in red tape and pointless rules, leaving Russia and the other pieces of the former Soviet Union with an economic system that consists of "a degenerate form of state socialism
in which the nomenklatura capitalizes on its political power, and muddles through without the benefit of planning or markets.
We are witnessing the collapse of state socialism
and the American governing elite's calculated attempt at enforcing a Pax Americana in the Persian Gulf.
Then state socialism
becomes bureaucratic socialism.
Burgess, founder of the First American graduate school of political science at Columbia University late in the nineteenth century, underscored the need to lure American youth away from the German universities, which were infecting them with state socialism
Contributors use new research into diaries and other contemporary materials to shed light on ordinary people's perspectives and the ways society operated in the high era of state socialism
Plaid Cymru, certainly from the 1930s onwards, displayed quite a steady and evolving form of socialism - but a very particular brand of socialism - a decentralised socialism, a community socialism that has re-jected the large scale state socialism
that the British Labour Party has tried to put across.
Social care under state socialism
(1945-1989); ambitions, ambiguities, and mismanagement.
This book is a required reading for anyone who wants to understand the social and political consequences of mainland China's Catholic revival and, by suggestion, of any form of religious revival in China or in other countries in transformation from state socialism
The collapse of the Berlin wall and the subsequent end of state socialism
provide an opportunity to reassess Marxism out of the context of the Cold War.
But it is also consistent with the culture of bureaucracy: as Kabakov's own work has vividly illustrated, state socialism
abhors a vacuum.
Far from provoking a resurgence of participatory democracy, the collapse of Eastern European state socialism
has enabled an irrational cult of the market to sweep the world with the implacable harshness of a new viral agent.