statistics


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sta·tis·tics

 (stə-tĭs′tĭks)
n.
1. (used with a sing. verb) The mathematics of the collection, organization, and interpretation of numerical data, especially the analysis of population characteristics by inference from sampling.
2. (used with a pl. verb) Numerical data.

[From German Statistik, political science, from New Latin statisticus, of state affairs, from Italian statista, person skilled in statecraft, from stato, state, from Old Italian, from Latin status, position, form of government; see stā- in Indo-European roots.]

statistics

(stəˈtɪstɪks)
n
1. (Statistics) (functioning as plural) quantitative data on any subject, esp data comparing the distribution of some quantity for different subclasses of the population: statistics for earnings by different age groups.
2. (Statistics) (functioning as singular)
a. the classification and interpretation of such data in accordance with probability theory and the application of methods such as hypothesis testing to them
b. the mathematical study of the theoretical nature of such distributions and tests. See also descriptive statistics, statistical inference
[C18 (originally 'science dealing with facts of a state'): via German Statistik, from New Latin statisticus concerning state affairs, from Latin status state]

sta•tis•tics

(stəˈtɪs tɪks)

n.
1. (used with a sing. v.) the science that deals with the collection, analysis, and interpretation of numerical data, often using probability theory.
2. (used with a pl. v.) the data themselves.
[1780–90; orig., a branch of political science dealing with the collection of data relevant to a state < German Statistik]

sta·tis·tics

(stə-tĭs′tĭks)
1. (Used with a singular verb) The branch of mathematics that deals with the collection, organization, analysis, and interpretation of numerical data. Statistics is especially useful in drawing general conclusions about a set of data from a sample of it.
2. (Used with a plural verb) Numerical data used in drawing general conclusions from a sample of it.

statistics

statistical
1. 'statistics'

Statistics are facts consisting of numbers, obtained from analysing information.

According to official statistics, 39 million Americans had no health insurance.
The government will publish new unemployment statistics this week.

When statistics is used with this meaning, it is a plural noun. You use the plural form of a verb with it.

The statistics are taken from United Nations sources.
Statistics don't necessarily prove anything.

Statistics is also the branch of mathematics dealing with these facts.

She is a Professor of Statistics.

When you use statistics with this meaning, it is an uncountable noun. You use a singular form of a verb with it.

Statistics has never been taught here before.
2. 'statistical'

Don't use 'statistic' as an adjective to mean 'relating to statistics'. Use statistical.

Statistical techniques are used to analyse the data.
The report contains a lot of statistical information.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.statistics - a branch of applied mathematics concerned with the collection and interpretation of quantitative data and the use of probability theory to estimate population parameters
sampling - (statistics) the selection of a suitable sample for study
distribution, statistical distribution - (statistics) an arrangement of values of a variable showing their observed or theoretical frequency of occurrence
centile, percentile - (statistics) any of the 99 numbered points that divide an ordered set of scores into 100 parts each of which contains one-hundredth of the total
decile - (statistics) any of nine points that divided a distribution of ranked scores into equal intervals where each interval contains one-tenth of the scores
quartile - (statistics) any of three points that divide an ordered distribution into four parts each containing one quarter of the scores
cross section - a sample meant to be representative of a whole population
grab sample - a single sample or measurement taken at a specific time or over as short a period as feasible
random sample - a sample grabbed at random
experimental variable, independent variable - (statistics) a variable whose values are independent of changes in the values of other variables
degree of freedom - (statistics) an unrestricted variable in a frequency distribution
dependent variable - (statistics) a variable in a logical or mathematical expression whose value depends on the independent variable; "if f(x)=y, y is the dependent variable"
predictor variable - a variable that can be used to predict the value of another variable (as in statistical regression)
Bernoulli's law, law of large numbers - (statistics) law stating that a large number of items taken at random from a population will (on the average) have the population statistics
Bayes' theorem - (statistics) a theorem describing how the conditional probability of a set of possible causes for a given observed event can be computed from knowledge of the probability of each cause and the conditional probability of the outcome of each cause
Bayes' postulate - (statistics) the difficulty of applying Bayes' theorem is that the probabilities of the different causes are seldom known, in which case it may be postulated that they are all equal (sometimes known as postulating the equidistribution of ignorance)
applied math, applied mathematics - the branches of mathematics that are involved in the study of the physical or biological or sociological world
statistical method, statistical procedure - a method of analyzing or representing statistical data; a procedure for calculating a statistic
least squares, method of least squares - a method of fitting a curve to data points so as to minimize the sum of the squares of the distances of the points from the curve
multivariate analysis - a generic term for any statistical technique used to analyze data from more than one variable
statistic - a datum that can be represented numerically
average, norm - a statistic describing the location of a distribution; "it set the norm for American homes"
demographic - a statistic characterizing human populations (or segments of human populations broken down by age or sex or income etc.)
deviation - the difference between an observed value and the expected value of a variable or function
moment - the n-th moment of a distribution is the expected value of the n-th power of the deviations from a fixed value
distribution free statistic, nonparametric statistic - a statistic computed without knowledge of the form or the parameters of the distribution from which observations are drawn
parametric statistic - any statistic computed by procedures that assume the data were drawn from a particular distribution
outlier - an extreme deviation from the mean
mean deviation, mean deviation from the mean - the arithmetic mean of the absolute values of deviations from the mean of a distribution
modal value, mode - the most frequent value of a random variable
median, median value - the value below which 50% of the cases fall
mean, mean value - an average of n numbers computed by adding some function of the numbers and dividing by some function of n
arithmetic mean, expected value, first moment, expectation - the sum of the values of a random variable divided by the number of values
geometric mean - the mean of n numbers expressed as the n-th root of their product
harmonic mean - the mean of n numbers expressed as the reciprocal of the arithmetic mean of the reciprocals of the numbers
second moment - the expected value of the square of the deviations of a random variable from the point of origin
variance - the second moment around the mean; the expected value of the square of the deviations of a random variable from its mean value
standard deviation - the square root of the variance
covariance - (statistics) the mean value of the product of the deviations of two variates from their respective means

statistics

plural noun
Quotations
"There are three kinds of lies: lies, damned lies, and statistics" [Benjamin Disraeli]
"He uses statistics like a drunken man uses lamp-posts - for support rather than illumination" [Andrew Lang]
Translations
إِحْصَائِيَّاتإحْصائِيّاتاحصاءياتعِلم الإحصاء
statistikastatistické údaje
statistik
tilastotilastotiede
statistika
statisztikastatisztikai adatok
tölfræîitölfræîilegar upplÿsingar
統計
통계학
statistikastatistikos duomenysstatistikos specialistasstatistinisstatistiškai
statistika
štatistické údaještatistika
statistika
statistik
สถิติ
số liệu thống kê

statistics

[stəˈtɪstɪks]
A. NSING (= subject) → estadística f
B. NPL (= numbers) → estadísticas fpl
see vital C

statistics

[stəˈtɪstɪks] n (= science) → statistique f

statistics

n
singStatistik f
pl (= data)Statistiken pl ? vital statistics

statistics

[stəˈtɪstɪks]
1. nsg (science) → statistica
2. npl (numbers) → statistiche fpl

statistics

(stəˈtistiks) noun plural
figures giving information about something. There were 900 deaths and 20,000 injuries on the roads last year, but the statistics for the previous year were worse.
noun singular
the study of such figures.
staˈtistical adjective
staˈtistically adverb
statistician (stӕtiˈstiʃən) noun
a person who is an expert in statistics.

statistics

إِحْصَائِيَّات statistika statistik Statistik στατιστικές estadística tilasto statistiques statistika statistica 統計 통계학 statistiek statistikk statystyka estatística статистика statistik สถิติ istatistik số liệu thống kê 统计数据

sta·tis·tics

n. estadística.
References in classic literature ?
Here, no doubt, statistics of the former commerce of Salem might be discovered, and memorials of her princely merchants -- old King Derby -- old Billy Gray -- old Simon Forrester -- and many another magnate in his day, whose powdered head, however, was scarcely in the tomb before his mountain pile of wealth began to dwindle.
The skeleton dimensions I shall now proceed to set down are copied verbatim from my right arm, where I had them tattooed; as in my wild wanderings at that period, there was no other secure way of preserving such valuable statistics.
There are learned people who can tell you out of the statistics that beef-boners make forty cents an hour, but, perhaps, these people have never looked into a beef-boner's hands.
Our statistics are at fault: the population has been returned too large.
Sort of fruit not mentioned; their usual slovenliness in statistics.
Statistics show that he does NOT prefer to remain quiescent.
Statistics show that we lose more fools on this day than in all the other days of the year put together.
Whereas now, in one moment of audition, I take as it were the census and statistics, local, corporeal, mental and spiritual, of every living being in Lineland.
It was, indeed, a striking scene: the captain, with his hunter's dress and bald head in the midst, holding forth, and his wild auditors seated around like so many statues, the fire lighting up their painted faces and muscular figures, all fixed and motionless, excepting when the pipe was passed, a question propounded, or a startling fact in statistics received with a movement of surprise and a half-suppressed ejaculation of wonder and delight.
Men said that four out of every five fish-balls served at New England's Sunday breakfast came from Gloucester, and overwhelmed him with figures in proof- statistics of boats, gear, wharf- frontage, capital invested, salting, packing, factories, insurance, wages, repairs, and profits.
Smooth-it-away--who, though he had never actually visited the Celestial City, yet seemed as well acquainted with its laws, customs, policy, and statistics, as with those of the City of Destruction, of which he was a native townsman.
He entertained her with amazing statistics, culled from the weekly paper which he bought on Tuesdays.

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