stative


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Related to stative: telic

stative verb

Stative verbs (also known as state verbs) are verbs that describe a static condition, situation, or state of being. They are contrasted with action verbs (also called dynamic verbs), which describe an active, dynamic action that can be performed by a person or thing.
Stative verbs can be in the present, past, or future tense; however, because they describe static conditions, they are usually unable to progress through time, and they therefore cannot be used when forming the continuous or progressive forms of verb tenses. For this reason, they are sometimes referred to as non-continuous or non-progressive verbs.
However, some stative verbs can be used in a continuous tense in certain situations, as when describing a temporary state that has begun and will end.
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sta·tive

 (stā′tĭv)
adj.
Belonging to or designating a class of verbs that express a state or condition.
n.
A verb of the stative class.

[Latin statīvus, stationary, from stāre, stat-, to stand; see stā- in Indo-European roots.]

stative

(ˈsteɪtɪv) grammar
adj
(Grammar) denoting a verb describing a state rather than an activity, act, or event, such as know and want as opposed to leave and throw. Compare nonstative
n
(Grammar) a stative verb
[C19: from New Latin stativus, from Latin stāre to stand]

sta•tive

(ˈsteɪ tɪv)

adj.
(of a verb) expressing a state or condition, as know, like, or belong, and not usu. used in progressive tenses. Compare nonstative.
[1870–75]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adj.1.stative - ( used of verbs (e.g. `be' or `own') and most participial adjectives) expressing existence or a state rather than an action
grammar - the branch of linguistics that deals with syntax and morphology (and sometimes also deals with semantics)
dynamic, active - (used of verbs (e.g. `to run') and participial adjectives (e.g. `running' in `running water')) expressing action rather than a state of being
Translations

stative

[ˈsteɪtɪv] ADJ (Gram) stative verbverbo m de estado
References in periodicals archive ?
This two-place marked construction can, at the same time, alternate with a stative construction (26), which can be accounted for as another instance of marked undergoer assignment, since the slot for the potential actor has not been filled, which as a result triggers the codification of this non-selected potential effector actor as an OCA introduced by the preposition with.
52 ophthalmic lens kit 53 resuscitation kit 54 ultrasonic washing machine 55 cutting and gluing machine 56 the germicidal lamp 57 stative 58 pedal waste bag holder 59 partition 3 sections 60 washer water basin, 2 posts, E 61 laminar flow hood 62 water bath 63 biochemistry apparatus 64 endoscope video with accessories 65 audiometer 66 ent consultation chair 67 doctor~s seat 68 electrosurgical unit 69 autoclav.
According to this hypothesis, all the activity verbs lexicalize the manner component and all the other verbs, except the stative (5) ones, lexicalize a result meaning.
In the forty chapters, the book covers the most important elements of Swahili morphosyntax, including a separate chapter for each Swahili verb form: passive, stative, causative, prepositional, and reciprocal (which the book's blurb somewhat inaccurately describes as 'various verb typologies'); basic tenses (present, past, future); conditional tenses (nge, ngali and -ki-), as well as the -ka tense, which is unique to Swahili and Bantu languages; and the subjunctive tense/mood.
Apart from the verbs which render events whose subjects go into some state, a class of stative verbs is characterized by the same clitic morphology in OCS.
The differences between the stative and dynamic meanings of the future infinitive and participle constructions in Livonian should also be compared with the Latvian passive and active voice constructions.
In particular, we find a fascinating morphological distinction between indicative D-stem forms signifying "to treat with contempt," which apply exclusively to people, and a stative form which applies exclusively to poor-quality metals (CAD M/2 236-37).
In the same way, Alexiadou (2005: 17) argues that "the get-passive is not permitted with stative verbs and verbs that do not allow for the subject of the construction to be interpreted as affected".
Daisy is the only one who uses stative verbs with preterite morphology consistently in perfective contexts.
That is, there is little exposure to regular (as opposed to irregular) verbs or to verbs in stative (e.
One important aspect is that Maanyan differentiates stative and dynamic perception/cognition verbs.
Thirdly, the function STA(tive) draws on the fundamental distinction made by Role and Reference Grammar (Van Valin & LaPolla 1997; Van Valin 2005) between stative and non-stative predications, which makes allowance for basic Aktionsart classes such as, for instance, states and activities.