Among those disappearing during this time are Proamphibos kashmiricus, Hemibos triquetricornis, Kobus porrecticornis, Sivatragus bohlini, Hexaprotodon sivalensis, Rhinoceros sivalensis, Equus sivalensis, Stegodon
bombifrons, Elephas planifrons, and Elephas namadicus that are likely tied to both environmental changes as well as competition with new taxa, which had migrated southwards.
Study is done up to various orders and sub orders ofPerrisodactyls andArtiodactyls (Genera include Stegodon
, Selenoportax, Hipparion).
1 million-year-old stegodon
tusk in Punjab province, potentially shedding new light on the mammal's evolutionary journey.
An ancient tusk was found by scientists in Pakistan, offering clues to the history of the stegodon
, an elephant-like animal that roamed over 1 million years ago.
Professor Muhammad Akhtar, who led the research trip, told This discovery adds to our knowledge about the evolution of the Stegodon
, particularly in this region.
tusk in the central province of Punjab, potentially shedding new light on the mammal's evolutionary journey.
Part of a lower jaw from a stegodon
, a now-extinct, elephant-like creature, provided raw material for the tool.
Plant fossils from the Stegodon
beds and the Elephas beds near Akashi.
Other exciting finds include bones of a dwarfed species of Stegodon
(an extinct pygmy elephant) and Komodo dragons, large monitor lizards found on some other Indonesian Islands (especially Komodo Island).
In addition to Chinese herbs, many of which are now familiar to Western herbal scientists, this volume includes a raft of non-herbal materials outside the main stream of current Western therapeutic practice, such as cicada slough (shed by the nymph of Cryptotympana pustulata), cow bezoar (gallstones), cuttlefish bone, donkey hide gelatin, dragon bone (the skeletal fossil of ancient mammals such as Stegodon
orientalis and Rhinoceros sinensis), flying squirrel faeces, horn of antelope, goat and water buffalo, mantis eggcase, mother-of-pearl, and toad venom, "the dried secretion of the skin glands of Bufo bufo gargarizans or B.
The commonly collected mammalian taxa from the same sediments from the Hasnot where the Gazella specimens were recovered are: Dorcatherium, Dorcabune, Tragoportax, Selenoportax, Pachyportax, Elachistoceras, Cervus, Bramatherium (Hydaspitherium), Giraffa, Stegodon
, Stegolophodon, Merycopotamus, Propotamochoerus, Hippohyus, Hippopotamodon, Sivalhippus, Chilotherium, Percrocuta and Indarctos (Colbert, 1935; Pilgrim, 1937, 1939; Akhtar, 1992; Barry et al.
While fossils of several species of pygmy Stegodon
, a large extinct land turtle and a large komodo dragon-sized monitor have been located in Pleistocene deposits in Timor (Hooijer 1969a, 1969 b; Verhoeven 1964), there is no evidence yet that they coexisted with modern humans and the timing and reason for their extinction remains unknown (O'Connor 2002).