The placoderms of the Voskresenskoye locality might have entered a separate community of their own from the tetrapod one of the Andreyevka-2 locality and have been stenohaline
, possibly depending on a food type missing from the latter.
Effects of low salinities on oxygen consumption of selected euryhaline and stenohaline
setosum is a stenohaline
echinoid that could not be able to survive and develop if the salinity range is less than28 or more than 37 ppt.
norvegica is a stenohaline
species intolerant to large salinity variations.
While most echinoderms are considered to be stenohaline
, coastal echinoids worldwide often encounter, and tolerate, very low salinities (Russell, 2013).
Effects of brackish water on growth, feed conversion and energy absorption efficiency by juveniles euryhaline and freshwater stenohaline
on the contrary, may be considered to be stenohaline
, because in spite of their high salinity tolerance, they avoid sites with large salinity fluctuations.
Doradas, as representatives of such group, are stenohaline
and important species as commercial fish in the Magdalena and Sinu rivers, in Colombia.
Hypersaline conditions lead to movement of stenohaline
species out of the area and extinction of less mobile organisms, resulting in changes in community structure and species richness (Schlacher & Wooldridge 1996; Owen & Forbes 1997).
Fine structure of the skin cells of a stenohaline
freshwater fish Cyprinus carpio exposed to diluted seawater.
The snow and southern Tanner crabs are typical of other stenohaline
marine crustaceans in that their hemolymph is isosmotic with their environmental seawater but the ionic composition of their hemolymph can differ considerably from the composition of seawater around them (Prosser, 1973).
Since these fish species are stenohaline
, therefore they do not perform well at higher salinities (>7.