stiff


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stiff

 (stĭf)
adj. stiff·er, stiff·est
1. Difficult to bend or fold: stiff new shoes; a stiff collar.
2.
a. Not moving or operating easily or freely; resistant: a stiff hinge.
b. Lacking ease or comfort of movement; not limber: a stiff neck.
3. Not liquid, loose, or fluid; thick: stiff dough.
4.
a. Reserved in manner or strict in observing decorum: a stiff commanding officer.
b. Lacking grace or easy charm; very formal: a stiff writing style.
5. Firm, as in purpose; resolute: stiff in their opposition.
6. Having a strong, swift, steady force or movement: a stiff current; a stiff breeze.
7. Potent or strong: a stiff drink.
8.
a. Difficult to deal with, do, or meet: stiff requirements for admission; a stiff examination.
b. Harsh or severe: a stiff penalty.
c. Excessively high or onerous: a stiff price.
9. Nautical Not heeling over much in spite of great wind or the press of the sail.
adv.
1. In a stiff manner: frozen stiff.
2. To a complete extent; totally: bored stiff.
n. Slang
1. A corpse.
2. A person regarded as constrained, priggish, or overly formal.
3. A drunk.
4. A person: a lucky stiff; just an ordinary working stiff.
5. A hobo; a tramp.
6. A person who tips poorly.
tr.v. stiffed, stiff·ing, stiffs Slang
1. To tip (someone) inadequately or not at all, as for a service rendered: paid the dinner check but stiffed the waiter.
2.
a. To cheat (someone) of something owed: My roommate stiffed me out of last month's rent.
b. To fail to give or supply (something expected or promised).

[Middle English, from Old English stīf.]

stiff′ish adj.
stiff′ly adv.
stiff′ness n.
Synonyms: stiff, rigid, inflexible, inelastic, tense1
These adjectives describe what is very firm and does not easily bend or give way. Stiff, the least specific, refers to what can be flexed only with difficulty (a brush with stiff bristles); with reference to persons it often suggests a lack of ease, cold formality, or fixity, as of purpose: "stiff in opinions" (John Dryden).
Rigid and inflexible apply to what cannot be bent without damage or deformation (a table of rigid plastic; an inflexible knife blade); figuratively they describe what does not relent or yield: "under the dictates of a rigid disciplinarian" (Thomas B. Aldrich). "In religion the law is written, and inflexible, never to do evil" (Oliver Goldsmith).
Inelastic refers largely to what will not stretch and spring back without marked physical change: inelastic construction materials. By extension it implies an absence of change in the face of changing circumstances: "My little pension is woefully inelastic" (Flann O'Brien).
Tense means stretched tight and figuratively applies to what is marked by tautness or strain: "that tense moment of expectation" (Arnold Bennett).

stiff

(stɪf)
adj
1. not easily bent; rigid; inflexible
2. not working or moving easily or smoothly: a stiff handle.
3. difficult to accept in its severity or harshness: a stiff punishment.
4. moving with pain or difficulty; not supple: a stiff neck.
5. difficult; arduous: a stiff climb.
6. unrelaxed or awkward; formal
7. firmer than liquid in consistency; thick or viscous
8. powerful; strong: a stiff breeze; a stiff drink.
9. excessively high: a stiff price.
10. (Nautical Terms) nautical (of a sailing vessel) relatively resistant to heeling or rolling. Compare tender111
11. lacking grace or attractiveness
12. stubborn or stubbornly maintained: a stiff fight.
13. obsolete tightly stretched; taut
14. slang chiefly Austral unlucky
15. slang intoxicated
16. stiff upper lip See lip9
17. stiff with informal amply provided with
n
18. a corpse
19. (Horse Racing) anything thought to be a loser or a failure; flop
adv
completely or utterly: bored stiff; frozen stiff.
vb
20. (intr) slang to fail: the film stiffed.
21. (tr) slang chiefly US to cheat or swindle
22. (tr) slang to kill
[Old English stīf; related to Old Norse stīfla to dam up, Middle Low German stīf stiff, Latin stīpēs wooden post, stīpāre to press]
ˈstiffish adj
ˈstiffly adv
ˈstiffness n

stiff

(stɪf)

adj. stiff•er, stiff•est,
n., adv., v. adj.
1. rigid or firm; difficult or impossible to bend or flex: a stiff collar.
2. not moving or working easily.
3. (of a person or animal) not supple; moving with difficulty, as from cold, age, etc.
4. strong; forceful; powerful: stiff winds.
5. strong or potent to the taste or system, as a beverage or medicine.
6. resolute; firm in purpose; stubborn.
7. stubbornly continued: a stiff battle.
8. rigidly formal, as people or manners.
9. lacking ease and grace; awkward.
10. excessively regular or formal, as a design.
11. laborious or difficult, as a task.
12. severe or harsh, as a penalty or demand.
13. excessive; unusually high or great: a stiff price.
14. firm from tension; taut.
15. relatively firm in consistency, as semisolid matter; thick.
16. dense or compact; not friable: stiff soil.
17. (of a vessel) having a high resistance to rolling; stable (opposed to crank).
n.
18. Slang.
a. a dead body; corpse.
b. a formal or priggish person.
c. a poor tipper; tightwad.
d. a drunk.
e. a fellow: lucky stiff.
f. a hobo.
g. a laborer: working stiffs.
adv.
19. in or to a firm or rigid state.
20. completely, intensely, or extremely: scared stiff.
v.t.
21. Slang. to fail to tip or pay (a waiter, worker, etc.).
[before 1000; Old English stīf, c. Middle Dutch, Middle Low German stīf, Old Norse stīfr; akin to stifle1, steeve1]
stiff′ish, adj.
stiff′ly, adv.
stiff′ness, n.

stiff

  • rigidulous - Describing something somewhat rigid or a little stiff.
  • clumse - If you are clumse, you are stiff from the cold.
  • string - Etymologically, something that has been pulled "taut, stiff."
  • stone - From a Germanic base meaning "solidity" or "stiffness."

stiff


Past participle: stiffed
Gerund: stiffing

Imperative
stiff
stiff
Present
I stiff
you stiff
he/she/it stiffs
we stiff
you stiff
they stiff
Preterite
I stiffed
you stiffed
he/she/it stiffed
we stiffed
you stiffed
they stiffed
Present Continuous
I am stiffing
you are stiffing
he/she/it is stiffing
we are stiffing
you are stiffing
they are stiffing
Present Perfect
I have stiffed
you have stiffed
he/she/it has stiffed
we have stiffed
you have stiffed
they have stiffed
Past Continuous
I was stiffing
you were stiffing
he/she/it was stiffing
we were stiffing
you were stiffing
they were stiffing
Past Perfect
I had stiffed
you had stiffed
he/she/it had stiffed
we had stiffed
you had stiffed
they had stiffed
Future
I will stiff
you will stiff
he/she/it will stiff
we will stiff
you will stiff
they will stiff
Future Perfect
I will have stiffed
you will have stiffed
he/she/it will have stiffed
we will have stiffed
you will have stiffed
they will have stiffed
Future Continuous
I will be stiffing
you will be stiffing
he/she/it will be stiffing
we will be stiffing
you will be stiffing
they will be stiffing
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been stiffing
you have been stiffing
he/she/it has been stiffing
we have been stiffing
you have been stiffing
they have been stiffing
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been stiffing
you will have been stiffing
he/she/it will have been stiffing
we will have been stiffing
you will have been stiffing
they will have been stiffing
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been stiffing
you had been stiffing
he/she/it had been stiffing
we had been stiffing
you had been stiffing
they had been stiffing
Conditional
I would stiff
you would stiff
he/she/it would stiff
we would stiff
you would stiff
they would stiff
Past Conditional
I would have stiffed
you would have stiffed
he/she/it would have stiffed
we would have stiffed
you would have stiffed
they would have stiffed
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.stiff - an ordinary manstiff - an ordinary man; "a lucky stiff"; "a working stiff"
adult male, man - an adult person who is male (as opposed to a woman); "there were two women and six men on the bus"
2.stiff - the dead body of a human beingstiff - the dead body of a human being; "the cadaver was intended for dissection"; "the end of the police search was the discovery of a corpse"; "the murderer confessed that he threw the stiff in the river"; "honor comes to bless the turf that wraps their clay"
dead body, body - a natural object consisting of a dead animal or person; "they found the body in the lake"
cremains - the remains of a dead body after cremation
jargon, lingo, patois, argot, vernacular, slang, cant - a characteristic language of a particular group (as among thieves); "they don't speak our lingo"
Adj.1.stiff - not moving or operating freely; "a stiff hinge"
immobile - not capable of movement or of being moved
2.stiff - powerful; "a stiff current"; "a stiff breeze"
strong - having strength or power greater than average or expected; "a strong radio signal"; "strong medicine"; "a strong man"
3.stiff - rigidly formal; "a starchy manner"; "the letter was stiff and formal"; "his prose has a buckram quality"
formal - being in accord with established forms and conventions and requirements (as e.g. of formal dress); "pay one's formal respects"; "formal dress"; "a formal ball"; "the requirement was only formal and often ignored"; "a formal education"
4.stiff - having a strong physiological or chemical effect; "a potent toxin"; "potent liquor"; "a potent cup of tea", "a stiff drink"
effective, effectual, efficacious - producing or capable of producing an intended result or having a striking effect; "an air-cooled motor was more effective than a witch's broomstick for rapid long-distance transportation"-LewisMumford; "effective teaching methods"; "effective steps toward peace"; "made an effective entrance"; "his complaint proved to be effectual in bringing action"; "an efficacious law"
fertile - capable of reproducing
powerful - having great power or force or potency or effect; "the most powerful government in western Europe"; "his powerful arms"; "a powerful bomb"; "the horse's powerful kick"; "powerful drugs"; "a powerful argument"
5.stiff - marked by firm determination or resolutionstiff - marked by firm determination or resolution; not shakable; "firm convictions"; "a firm mouth"; "steadfast resolve"; "a man of unbendable perseverence"; "unwavering loyalty"
resolute - firm in purpose or belief; characterized by firmness and determination; "stood resolute against the enemy"; "faced with a resolute opposition"; "a resolute and unshakeable faith"
6.stiff - incapable of or resistant to bending; "a rigid strip of metal"; "a table made of rigid plastic"; "a palace guardsman stiff as a poker"; "stiff hair"; "a stiff neck"
inflexible - resistant to being bent; "an inflexible iron bar"; "an inflexible knife blade";
7.stiff - very drunkstiff - very drunk        
jargon, lingo, patois, argot, vernacular, slang, cant - a characteristic language of a particular group (as among thieves); "they don't speak our lingo"
drunk, inebriated, intoxicated - stupefied or excited by a chemical substance (especially alcohol); "a noisy crowd of intoxicated sailors"; "helplessly inebriated"
Adv.1.stiff - extremely; "bored stiff"; "frightened stiff"
2.stiff - in a stiff manner; "his hands lay stiffly"

stiff

adjective
1. inflexible, rigid, unyielding, hard, firm, tight, solid, tense, hardened, brittle, taut, solidified, unbending, inelastic The film is crammed with corsets, bustles and stiff collars.
inflexible flexible, elastic, pliable, pliant, yielding, limp, ductile, bendable
2. unsupple, arthritic, creaky (informal), rheumaticky I'm stiff all over right now.
unsupple flexible, supple, lithe, limber, lissom(e)
4. vigorous, great, strong, determined, spirited, resolute, steely, unyielding, unflagging The film faces stiff competition for the nomination.
6. strong, fresh, powerful, vigorous, brisk a stiff breeze rustling the trees
7. difficult, hard, tough, exacting, formidable, trying, fatiguing, uphill, arduous, laborious the stiff climb to the finish

stiff

adjective
1. Not changing shape or bending:
2. Stretched tightly:
3. So rigidly constrained, formal, or awkward as to lack all grace and spontaneity:
4. Indicating or possessing determination, resolution, or persistence:
5. Having a high concentration of the distinguishing ingredient:
6. Vastly exceeding a normal limit, as in cost:
noun
1. Slang. The physical frame of a dead person or animal:
2. Slang. A person who is habitually drunk:
3. Slang. A stingy person:
Informal: penny pincher.
Translations
جَامِدرَسْمي وَغَيْر وُدّيشاق، صَعْبشَديد، قَويصَلْب، يابِس
труп
tuhýztuhlýnepoddajnýnepohyblivýostrý
stivstrengsværskrapstærk
jäykkäkankeakovauhriheebo
krut
kimértmindene fájnehezen mozgó
allmikill, stífurerfiîurópersónulegur, ólipuròykkurstífur
堅い払い忘れる無銭飲食硬い食い逃げ
딱딱한
mirtinai įkyrėtimirtinai išgąsdintistandinanti medžiagastandintiužstrigęs
biezscietsformālsgrūtsoficiāls
stuhnutý
otrdeltogtrd
stel
แข็ง
cứng

stiff

[stɪf]
A. ADJ (stiffer (compar) (stiffest (superl)))
1. (= rigid) [card, paper, chair] → rígido, duro; [collar, fabric] → duro, tieso; [brush, boots] → duro; [corpse] → rígido
2. (= firm) [paste, mixture] → compacto, consistente
beat the egg whites until stiffbata las claras de huevo a punto de nieve
3. (Physiol) [joints, limbs, muscles] → entumecido, agarrotado; [fingers] → rígido, agarrotado; [movement] → rígido
inactivity can make your joints stiffsus articulaciones se pueden entumecer or agarrotar por la inactividad
to become or get stiff [joints, limbs, muscles] → entumecerse, agarrotarse
to feel stiff (because of cold, injury etc) → sentirse agarrotado; (after exercise) → tener agujetas
I feel stiff all over (after exercise) → tengo agujetas por todo el cuerpo
to have a stiff necktener tortícolis
to be stiff with coldestar aterido, estar entumecido de frío
to be (as) stiff as a board or pokerestar más tieso que un palo
to keep a stiff upper lipmantener el tipoponer a mal tiempo buena cara
4. (= unresponsive) [door, drawer, lock] → duro, que no abre bien, atorado (esp LAm)
the lock was stiffcostaba abrir el cerrojo, el cerrojo no abría bien
5. (= cold, formal) [smile, bow] → frío; [person, manner] → estirado, frío; [atmosphere] → estirado, frío
he gave a stiff bowse inclinó con frialdad or con formalidad
stiff and formal [person, manner, atmosphere] → estirado y formal
6. (= tough) [climb, test] → difícil, duro; [penalty, sentence, fine] → severo; [resistance] → tenaz; [challenge] → difícil; [opposition, competition] → duro
7. (= high) [price] → excesivo, exorbitante; [price rise] → fuerte
8. (= strong) [breeze] → fuerte; [drink] → cargado
she poured herself a stiff whiskyse sirvió un vaso grande de whisky
that's a bit stiff!¡eso es mucho or demasiado!, ¡se han pasado!
B. ADV to be bored stiffaburrirse como una ostra
to be frozen stiffestar muerto de frío
to be scared stiffestar muerto de miedo
to be worried stiffestar muy preocupado, estar preocupadísimo
C. N
1. (= corpse) → cadáver m, fiambre m (hum)
2. (US) (= tramp) → vagabundo/a m/f; (= drunk) → borracho/a m/f

stiff

[ˈstɪf]
adj
(= rigid) [card, cloth, material] → raide, rigide; [brush] → dur(e)
the stiff upper lip (British)le flegme
to keep a stiff upper lip → faire bonne contenance
We must try to keep a stiff upper lip → Nous devons essayer de faire bonne contenance.
(= hard to open) [door, window] → dur(e)
[muscles] → raide
to be stiff [person] (from exercise)avoir des courbatures; (from sitting still)avoir des courbatures
to feel stiff (from exercise)avoir des courbatures; (from sitting still)avoir des courbatures
to have a stiff neck → avoir le torticolis
(= unfriendly) [person, manner, behaviour, smile] → guindé(e)
(= difficult) [competition, laws, penalties] → sévère; [opposition] → farouche; [climb] → difficile
to meet stiff opposition → rencontrer une opposition farouche
[drink] → bien tassé(e)
a stiff whisky → un whisky bien tassé
(= strong) [wind, breeze] → cinglant(e)
adv
to be bored stiff → s'ennuyer à mourir
to be frozen stiff → être mort(e) de froid
to be scared stiff → être mort(e) de peur
to be worried stiff → être mort(e) d'inquiétude

stiff

adj (+er)
steif; corpsestarr, steif; brush, bristleshart; dough, pastefest
resistance, drink, dosestark; fightzäh, hart; sentence, challenge, competitionhart; oppositionstark, heftig; breezesteif; climb, testschwierig; examination, taskschwer, schwierig; penalty, punishmentschwer; price, demandhoch; that’s a bit stiffdas ist ganz schön happig (inf)
door, lock, drawerklemmend
to be stiff with coldsteif gefroren sein; to go stiff with terrorin Angststarre verfallen; to be (as) stiff as a board or pokersteif wie ein Brett sein
smilekühl; bow, person, manner, atmospheresteif
advsteif
n (inf)Leiche f

stiff

:
stiff arm
n (US) to give somebody the stiffjdn mit ausgestrecktem Arm wegstoßen
stiff-arm
vt (US) to stiff somebodyjdn mit ausgestrecktem Arm wegstoßen

stiff

[stɪf] adj (-er (comp) (-est (superl)))
a. (gen) → rigido/a; (starched, shirt) → inamidato/a; (brush) → duro/a; (dough) → compatto/a, denso/a; (arm, joint) → rigido/a, indolenzito/a; (muscle) → legato/a
to have a stiff neck/back → avere il torcicollo/mal di schiena
to be or feel stiff → essere or sentirsi indolenzito/a
the door's stiff → la porta si apre (or si chiude) con difficoltà
as stiff as a ramrod or a poker → dritto/a come un palo
to keep a stiff upper lip (Brit) (fig) → restare impassibile
b. (fig) (climb, examination, test) → arduo/a, difficile; (competition, breeze, drink) → forte; (resistance) → tenace; (punishment) → severo/a; (price, fine) → salato/a; (manner, smile, reception) → freddo/a
that's a bit stiff! (fam) → è un po' troppo!
it was a stiff price to pay (fig) → l'hanno pagata cara
bored stiff → annoiato/a a morte

stiff

(stif) adjective
1. rigid or firm, and not easily bent, folded etc. He has walked with a stiff leg since he injured his knee; stiff cardboard.
2. moving, or moved, with difficulty, pain etc. I can't turn the key – the lock is stiff; I woke up with a stiff neck; I felt stiff the day after the climb.
3. (of a cooking mixture etc) thick, and not flowing. a stiff dough.
4. difficult to do. a stiff examination.
5. strong. a stiff breeze.
6. (of a person or his manner etc) formal and unfriendly. I received a stiff note from the bank manager.
ˈstiffly adverb
ˈstiffness noun
ˈstiffen verb
to make or become stiff(er). You can stiffen cotton with starch; He stiffened when he heard the unexpected sound.
ˈstiffening noun
material used to stiffen something. The collar has some stiffening in it.
bore/scare stiff
to bore or frighten very much.

stiff

جَامِد tuhý stiv steif δύσκαμπτος rígido, tieso jäykkä raide krut rigido 堅い 딱딱한 stijf stiv sztywny rígido жесткий stel แข็ง katı cứng 坚硬的

stiff

a. tieso-a, rígido-a;
___ neckcuello ___.

stiff

adj rígido, tieso; Do your hands feel stiff?..¿Siente las manos rígidas (tiesas)?
References in classic literature ?
It makes me cross, and my hands get so stiff, I can't practice well at all.
Though I shall be lame and stiff for a few days, I fear.
I remember how the world looked from our sitting-room window as I dressed behind the stove that morning: the low sky was like a sheet of metal; the blond cornfields had faded out into ghostliness at last; the little pond was frozen under its stiff willow bushes.
But there was a breeze blowing, a choppy, stiff wind that whipped the water into froth.
A pair of large, jingling silver spurs and a stiff sombrero, borrowed with the mustang from some mysterious source, were donned to do honor to the occasion.
There is a rustling of stiff silks; a tread of backward and forward footsteps to and fro across the chamber.
This envelope had the air of an official record of some period long past, when clerks engrossed their stiff and formal chirography on more substantial materials than at present.
Grose, just as it is scarcely less so to attempt to suggest here, how, in our short, stiff brush in the dark, he fairly shook me with admiration.
Enveloped in their shaggy watch coats, and with their heads muffled in woollen comforters, all bedarned and ragged, and their beards stiff with icicles, they seemed an eruption of bears from Labrador.
My feet felt very stiff and heavy, but in time I got used to it.
She wore a muslin dress, conspicuously white, and a stiff little veil coming to her shoulders.
If Rebecca had plotted for days, and with the utmost cunning, she could not have effected an entrance into that forbidden country, and now, unknown to both of them, the gate swung on its stiff and rusty hinges, and the favoring wind of opportunity opened it wider and wider as time went on.