stiffen


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Related to stiffen: stiffen up

stiff·en

 (stĭf′ən)
tr. & intr.v. stiff·ened, stiff·en·ing, stiff·ens
To make or become stiff or stiffer.

stiff′en·er n.

stiffen

(ˈstɪfən)
vb
1. to make or become stiff or stiffer
2. (intr) to become suddenly tense or unyielding
ˈstiffener n

stiff•en

(ˈstɪf ən)

v.t.
1. to make stiff.
v.i.
2. to become stiff.
[1490–1500]
stiff′en•er, n.

stiffen


Past participle: stiffened
Gerund: stiffening

Imperative
stiffen
stiffen
Present
I stiffen
you stiffen
he/she/it stiffens
we stiffen
you stiffen
they stiffen
Preterite
I stiffened
you stiffened
he/she/it stiffened
we stiffened
you stiffened
they stiffened
Present Continuous
I am stiffening
you are stiffening
he/she/it is stiffening
we are stiffening
you are stiffening
they are stiffening
Present Perfect
I have stiffened
you have stiffened
he/she/it has stiffened
we have stiffened
you have stiffened
they have stiffened
Past Continuous
I was stiffening
you were stiffening
he/she/it was stiffening
we were stiffening
you were stiffening
they were stiffening
Past Perfect
I had stiffened
you had stiffened
he/she/it had stiffened
we had stiffened
you had stiffened
they had stiffened
Future
I will stiffen
you will stiffen
he/she/it will stiffen
we will stiffen
you will stiffen
they will stiffen
Future Perfect
I will have stiffened
you will have stiffened
he/she/it will have stiffened
we will have stiffened
you will have stiffened
they will have stiffened
Future Continuous
I will be stiffening
you will be stiffening
he/she/it will be stiffening
we will be stiffening
you will be stiffening
they will be stiffening
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been stiffening
you have been stiffening
he/she/it has been stiffening
we have been stiffening
you have been stiffening
they have been stiffening
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been stiffening
you will have been stiffening
he/she/it will have been stiffening
we will have been stiffening
you will have been stiffening
they will have been stiffening
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been stiffening
you had been stiffening
he/she/it had been stiffening
we had been stiffening
you had been stiffening
they had been stiffening
Conditional
I would stiffen
you would stiffen
he/she/it would stiffen
we would stiffen
you would stiffen
they would stiffen
Past Conditional
I would have stiffened
you would have stiffened
he/she/it would have stiffened
we would have stiffened
you would have stiffened
they would have stiffened
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.stiffen - become stiff or stiffer; "He stiffened when he saw his boss enter the room"
change - undergo a change; become different in essence; losing one's or its original nature; "She changed completely as she grew older"; "The weather changed last night"
rigidify - become rigid; "The body rigidified"
relax, loose, loosen - become loose or looser or less tight; "The noose loosened"; "the rope relaxed"
2.stiffen - make stiff or stiffer; "Stiffen the cream by adding gelatine"
alter, change, modify - cause to change; make different; cause a transformation; "The advent of the automobile may have altered the growth pattern of the city"; "The discussion has changed my thinking about the issue"
starch - stiffen with starch; "starch clothes"
buckram - stiffen with or as with buckram; "buckram the skirt"
ossify, rigidify, petrify - make rigid and set into a conventional pattern; "rigidify the training schedule"; "ossified teaching methods"; "slogans petrify our thinking"
loosen, loose - make loose or looser; "loosen the tension on a rope"
3.stiffen - restrict; "Tighten the rules"; "stiffen the regulations"
confine, limit, throttle, trammel, restrain, restrict, bound - place limits on (extent or access); "restrict the use of this parking lot"; "limit the time you can spend with your friends"

stiffen

verb
1. become stiff, set, harden, gel, thicken, solidify, crystallize, congeal, coagulate, become solid The fine-tuning lens in the eye stiffens with age.
2. tighten, tense (up), tauten, become stiff The blood supply to the skin is reduced when muscles stiffen.
3. strengthen, reinforce, harden, toughen Canada has recently stiffened its immigration rules.

stiffen

verb
1. To make stiff or stiffer:
2. To make or become tense:
Translations
يَتَصَلَّب
vyztužitztuhnout
stivestivne
jähmettääjähmettyäjäykistääjäykistyä
megmerevítmerevít
gera stíft; stífna
întări
vystužiť
kasılmaksertleş mek

stiffen

[ˈstɪfn]
A. VT
1. [+ card, fabric etc] → reforzar; (with starch) → almidonar
2. (also stiffen up) [+ limb, muscle] → contraer, poner tieso; [+ joint] → agarrotar
3. (fig) [+ morale, resistance etc] → fortalecer
B. VI
1. [card, fabric] → hacerse más rígido, atiesarse
2. (also stiffen up) [limb, muscle] → contraerse, ponerse tieso; [joint] → agarrotarse
3. (fig) [person, manner] → endurecerse
the breeze stiffenedrefrescó el viento
resistance to the idea seems to have stiffenedla oposición a esta idea parece haberse hecho más tenaz aún

stiffen

[ˈstɪfən]
vt
[+ cloth] → raidir; [+ paper] → rigidifier
[+ muscles] → raidir
(= strengthen) [+ attitude, laws] → durcir
to stiffen sb's resolve → affermir qn dans sa résolution
It only stiffens our resolve → Cela ne fait que nous affermir dans notre résolution.
vi
[person, face] (with fear, anger)se figer
(also stiffen up) [muscles] → se raidir
(= become stronger) [resistance] → se durcir; [resolve] → s'affermir

stiffen

(also stiffen up)
vtsteif machen; shirt etcstärken, steifen; (disease) limbsteif werden lassen; resistance etcverstärken
visteif werden; (fig: resistance) → sich verhärten; (breeze)auffrischen; when I said this she stiffened (up)als ich das sagte, wurde sie ganz starr

stiffen

[ˈstɪfn]
1. vt (legs) → irrigidire; (with starch) → inamidare (fig) (resistance) → rafforzare
2. vi (person, manner) → irrigidirsi; (determination) → rafforzarsi; (morale) → risollevarsi

stiff

(stif) adjective
1. rigid or firm, and not easily bent, folded etc. He has walked with a stiff leg since he injured his knee; stiff cardboard.
2. moving, or moved, with difficulty, pain etc. I can't turn the key – the lock is stiff; I woke up with a stiff neck; I felt stiff the day after the climb.
3. (of a cooking mixture etc) thick, and not flowing. a stiff dough.
4. difficult to do. a stiff examination.
5. strong. a stiff breeze.
6. (of a person or his manner etc) formal and unfriendly. I received a stiff note from the bank manager.
ˈstiffly adverb
ˈstiffness noun
ˈstiffen verb
to make or become stiff(er). You can stiffen cotton with starch; He stiffened when he heard the unexpected sound.
ˈstiffening noun
material used to stiffen something. The collar has some stiffening in it.
bore/scare stiff
to bore or frighten very much.
References in classic literature ?
The minister might stand there, if it so pleased him, until morning should redden in the east, without other risk than that the dank and chill night air would creep into his frame, and stiffen his joints with rheumatism, and clog his throat with catarrh and cough; thereby defrauding the expectant audience of to-morrow's prayer and sermon.
I speak of sequences, but I required no lapse of seconds to stiffen myself for a third encounter with Quint.
The line originally used in the fishery was of the best hemp, slightly vapored with tar, not impregnated with it, as in the case of ordinary ropes; for while tar, as ordinarily used, makes the hemp more pliable to the rope-maker, and also renders the rope itself more convenient to the sailor for common ship use; yet, not only would the ordinary quantity too much stiffen the whale-line for the close coiling to which it must be subjected; but as most seamen are beginning to learn, tar in general by no means adds to the rope's durability or strength, however much it may give it compactness and gloss.
It was enough to chill the blood and stiffen the hair of an ordinary man to hear him talk.
Vail's first step, naturally, was to stiffen up the backbone of this little company, and to prevent the Western Union from frightening it into a surrender.
Battle was fairly joined now, and they heard the old lady stiffen to attention.
Ere her limbs frigidly Stiffen too rigidly, Decently, -- kindly, -- Smooth and compose them; And her eyes, close them, Staring so blindly!
But whenever any of us are taken away our joints at once stiffen, and we can only stand straight and look pretty.
Go back, thou dog, to Twala, who sent thee, and say that we, Ignosi, veritable king of the Kukuanas, Incubu, Bougwan, and Macumazahn, the wise ones from the Stars, who make dark the moon, Infadoos, of the royal house, and the chiefs, captains, and people here gathered, make answer and say, 'That we will not surrender; that before the sun has gone down twice, Twala's corpse shall stiffen at Twala's gate, and Ignosi, whose father Twala slew, shall reign in his stead.
His eye had been seen to light up, his muscles to stiffen, his members to concentrate their force, and the straps to stretch.
Ralph felt himself stiffen uncomfortably, as he said:
Jerry quivered at first, and in the matter of a minute struggled feebly to his feet where he stood swaying and dizzy; and thus Bashti, his eye to the crack, saw the miracle of life flow back through the channels of the inert body and stiffen the legs to upstanding, and saw consciousness, the mystery of mysteries, flood back inside the head of bone that was covered with hair, smoulder and glow in the opening eyes, and direct the lips to writhe away from the teeth and the throat to vibrate to the snarl that had been interrupted when the stick smashed him down into darkness.