stiffness


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Related to stiffness: Joint stiffness

stiff

 (stĭf)
adj. stiff·er, stiff·est
1. Difficult to bend or fold: stiff new shoes; a stiff collar.
2.
a. Not moving or operating easily or freely; resistant: a stiff hinge.
b. Lacking ease or comfort of movement; not limber: a stiff neck.
3. Not liquid, loose, or fluid; thick: stiff dough.
4.
a. Reserved in manner or strict in observing decorum: a stiff commanding officer.
b. Lacking grace or easy charm; very formal: a stiff writing style.
5. Firm, as in purpose; resolute: stiff in their opposition.
6. Having a strong, swift, steady force or movement: a stiff current; a stiff breeze.
7. Potent or strong: a stiff drink.
8.
a. Difficult to deal with, do, or meet: stiff requirements for admission; a stiff examination.
b. Harsh or severe: a stiff penalty.
c. Excessively high or onerous: a stiff price.
9. Nautical Not heeling over much in spite of great wind or the press of the sail.
adv.
1. In a stiff manner: frozen stiff.
2. To a complete extent; totally: bored stiff.
n. Slang
1. A corpse.
2. A person regarded as constrained, priggish, or overly formal.
3. A drunk.
4. A person: a lucky stiff; just an ordinary working stiff.
5. A hobo; a tramp.
6. A person who tips poorly.
tr.v. stiffed, stiff·ing, stiffs Slang
1. To tip (someone) inadequately or not at all, as for a service rendered: paid the dinner check but stiffed the waiter.
2.
a. To cheat (someone) of something owed: My roommate stiffed me out of last month's rent.
b. To fail to give or supply (something expected or promised).

[Middle English, from Old English stīf.]

stiff′ish adj.
stiff′ly adv.
stiff′ness n.
Synonyms: stiff, rigid, inflexible, inelastic, tense1
These adjectives describe what is very firm and does not easily bend or give way. Stiff, the least specific, refers to what can be flexed only with difficulty (a brush with stiff bristles); with reference to persons it often suggests a lack of ease, cold formality, or fixity, as of purpose: "stiff in opinions" (John Dryden).
Rigid and inflexible apply to what cannot be bent without damage or deformation (a table of rigid plastic; an inflexible knife blade); figuratively they describe what does not relent or yield: "under the dictates of a rigid disciplinarian" (Thomas B. Aldrich)."In religion the law is written, and inflexible, never to do evil" (Oliver Goldsmith).
Inelastic refers largely to what will not stretch and spring back without marked physical change: inelastic construction materials. By extension it implies an absence of change in the face of changing circumstances: "My little pension is woefully inelastic" (Flann O'Brien).
Tense means stretched tight and figuratively applies to what is marked by tautness or strain: "that tense moment of expectation" (Arnold Bennett).
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.stiffness - the physical property of being inflexible and hard to bend
inelasticity - the lack of elasticity
2.stiffness - the property of moving with pain or difficulty; "he awoke with a painful stiffness in his neck"
clumsiness, awkwardness - the carriage of someone whose movements and posture are ungainly or inelegant
3.stiffness - firm resoluteness in purpose or opinion or action; "a charming host without any touch of stiffness or pomposity"
firmness of purpose, resoluteness, resolve, firmness, resolution - the trait of being resolute; "his resoluteness carried him through the battle"; "it was his unshakeable resolution to finish the work"
4.stiffness - the inelegance of someone stiff and unrelaxed (as by embarrassment)stiffness - the inelegance of someone stiff and unrelaxed (as by embarrassment)
inelegance - the quality of lacking refinement and good taste
woodenness - the quality of being wooden and awkward; "he criticized the woodenness of the acting"; "there was a certain woodenness in his replies"
gaucherie, rusticity - the quality of being rustic or gauche
5.stiffness - excessive sternness; "severity of character"; "the harshness of his punishment was inhuman"; "the rigors of boot camp"
sternness, strictness - uncompromising resolution
Translations
صَلابَه
ztuhlostupjatost
stivhedunaturlighed
SteifheitSteifigkeit
stífni
sertliksoğukluk

stiffness

[ˈstɪfnɪs] N
1. (= rigidness) [of card, paper, chair, collar, fabric] → rigidez f, dureza f; [of boots, brush] → dureza f
2. (= firmness) [of paste, mixture] → lo compacto, consistencia f
3. (Physiol) [of joints, muscles, limbs] → entumecimiento m, agarrotamiento m; [of fingers] → agarrotamiento m
stiffness in or of the necktortícolis f (sometimes m)
the stiffness you feel after exerciselas agujetas que sientes después de hacer ejercicio
4. (= unresponsiveness) [of door, drawer, lock] → dificultad f en abrirse
5. (= coldness, formality) [of smile, bow, atmosphere, person, manner] → frialdad f
6. (= toughness) [of climb, test] → dificultad f; [of penalty, sentence, fine] → severidad f; [of resistance] → tenacidad f; [of opposition, competition] → dureza f
7. (= strength) [of breeze] → fuerza f

stiffness

[ˈstɪfnɪs] n
[card, paper, material] → rigidité f
[muscles, joints] → raideur f
[manner, behaviour] → côté m guindé
[sentence, fine, penalty] → sévérité f

stiffness

n
Steifheit f; (of corpse also)Starre f; (of brush)Härte f; (of dough, paste)Festigkeit f
(of resistance, opposition, dose)Stärke f; (of fight)Zähigkeit f; (of sentence, challenge, competition)Härte f; (of breeze)Steifheit f; (of climb, test, task)Schwierigkeit f; (of penalty, punishment)Schwere f; (of price, demand)Höhe f
(of door, lock, drawer)Klemmen nt
(of person, bow, manner)Steifheit f

stiffness

[ˈstɪfnɪs] n (gen) → rigidità; (of punishment) → durezza; (of climb) → difficoltà; (of back) → indolenzimento; (of manner) → freddezza; (of resolution) → fermezza

stiff

(stif) adjective
1. rigid or firm, and not easily bent, folded etc. He has walked with a stiff leg since he injured his knee; stiff cardboard.
2. moving, or moved, with difficulty, pain etc. I can't turn the key – the lock is stiff; I woke up with a stiff neck; I felt stiff the day after the climb.
3. (of a cooking mixture etc) thick, and not flowing. a stiff dough.
4. difficult to do. a stiff examination.
5. strong. a stiff breeze.
6. (of a person or his manner etc) formal and unfriendly. I received a stiff note from the bank manager.
ˈstiffly adverb
ˈstiffness noun
ˈstiffen verb
to make or become stiff(er). You can stiffen cotton with starch; He stiffened when he heard the unexpected sound.
ˈstiffening noun
material used to stiffen something. The collar has some stiffening in it.
bore/scare stiff
to bore or frighten very much.

stiffness

n rigidez f; morning — rigidez matutina (form), rigidez en la mañana
References in classic literature ?
She took it out a minute ago, and went off with it to put a ribbon on it, or some such notion," replied Jo, dancing about the room to take the first stiffness off the new army slippers.
Madame Ratignolle begged Robert to accompany her to the house; she complained of cramp in her limbs and stiffness of the joints.
The spectator feels it to be fool's play, when he can distinguish the tedious commonplace of each man's visage, with the perspiration and weary self-importance on it, and the very cut of his pantaloons, and the stiffness or laxity of his shirt-collar, and the dust on the back of his black coat.
Then I tossed it up and down several times to get the aching stiffness out of my neck.
It was not that she had not as handsome a silk dress and shawl, and as fine a pocket-handkerchief; but stiffness and squareness, and bolt-uprightness, enveloped her with as indefinite yet appreciable a presence as did grace her elegant neighbor; not the grace of God, however,--that is quite another thing!
There was a bountiful supper, and the presence of the young people robbed it of all possible stiffness.
I noticed how her eye lighted on me, when she thought my attention otherwise occupied; and what a curious process of hesitation appeared to be going on within her, while she preserved her outward stiffness and composure.
The afternoon was spent at lawn tennis, to which lady guests resident in the neighborhood were allowed to bring their husbands, brothers, and fathers--Miss Wilson being anxious to send her pupils forth into the world free from the uncouth stiffness of schoolgirls unaccustomed to society.
said the curate; "then by my faith he must take up his quarters in the yard, in spite of his marvellous birth and visionary adventures, for the stiffness and dryness of his style deserve nothing else; into the yard with him and the other, mistress housekeeper.
And all present, even including Cavalcanti and his son, notwithstanding the stiffness of the one and the carelessness of the other, were thoughtful, on finding themselves assembled at the house of this incomprehensible man.
When the water in the cauldron was boiling, {87} she poured cold into it till it was just as I liked it, and then she set me in a bath and began washing me from the cauldron about the head and shoulders, to take the tire and stiffness out of my limbs.
There could be seen a certain stiffness in the movements of his body, as if he were taking infinite care not to arouse the passion of his wounds.