stigma


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stig·ma

 (stĭg′mə)
n. pl. stig·mas or stig·ma·ta (stĭg-mä′tə, -măt′ə, stĭg′mə-)
1. An association of disgrace or public disapproval with something, such as an action or condition: "Depression ... has become easier to diagnose, and seeking treatment does not carry the stigma it once did" (Greg Critser). See Synonyms at stain.
2. Medicine
a. A visible indicator of disease.
b. A small bodily mark, especially a birthmark or scar, that is congenital or indicative of a condition or disease.
3. Psychology A bleeding spot on the skin considered to be a manifestation of conversion reaction.
4. stigmata Christianity Bodily marks, sores, or sensations of pain corresponding in location to the crucifixion wounds of Jesus, believed to be given as divine recognition of devotion.
5. Botany The apex of the pistil of a flower, on which pollen grains are deposited and germinate.
6. Biology A small mark, spot, or pore, such as the respiratory spiracle of an insect or an eyespot in certain protists.
7. Archaic A mark burned into the skin as a visible identifier of a person as a criminal or slave; a brand.

[Middle English stigme, brand, from Latin stigma, stigmat-, tattoo indicating slave or criminal status, from Greek, tattoo mark, from stizein, stig-, to prick; see steig- in Indo-European roots.]

stig′mal adj.

stigma

(ˈstɪɡmə) or

stigme

n, pl stigmas or (for sense 7)stigmata (ˈstɪɡmətə; stɪɡˈmɑːtə)
1. a distinguishing mark of social disgrace: the stigma of having been in prison.
2. (Medicine) a small scar or mark such as a birthmark
3. (Pathology) pathol
a. any mark on the skin, such as one characteristic of a specific disease
b. any sign of a mental deficiency or emotional upset
4. (Botany) botany the receptive surface of a carpel, where deposited pollen germinates
5. (Zoology) zoology
a. a pigmented eyespot in some protozoans and other invertebrates
b. the spiracle of an insect
6. (Physiology) archaic a mark branded on the skin
7. (Ecclesiastical Terms) (plural) Christianity marks resembling the wounds of the crucified Christ, believed to appear on the bodies of certain individuals
[C16: via Latin from Greek: brand, from stizein to tattoo]

stig•ma

(ˈstɪg mə)

n., pl. stig•ma•ta (ˈstɪg mə tə, stɪgˈmɑ tə, -ˈmæt ə) stig•mas.
1. a stain or reproach, as on one's reputation.
2.
a. a mark or obvious trait that is characteristic of a defect or disease: the stigmata of leprosy.
b. a place or point on the skin that bleeds during certain mental states, as in hysteria.
3.
a. a small mark, spot, or pore on an animal or organ.
b. the eyespot of a protozoan.
c. an entrance into the respiratory system of insects.
4. the part of a pistil that receives the pollen..
5. stigmata, marks resembling the wounds of the crucified body of Christ, said to be supernaturally impressed on the bodies of certain holy persons.
6. Archaic. a mark made by a branding iron on the skin of a criminal or slave.
[1580–90; < Latin < Greek stígma tattoo mark <stízein to tattoo]

stig·ma

(stĭg′mə)
The sticky tip of a flower pistil, on which pollen is deposited at the beginning of pollination. See more at flower.

stigma

The pollen-receptive tip of the female reproductive organ of a flower.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.stigma - the apical end of the style where deposited pollen enters the pistilstigma - the apical end of the style where deposited pollen enters the pistil
reproductive structure - the parts of a plant involved in its reproduction
style - (botany) the narrow elongated part of the pistil between the ovary and the stigma
2.stigma - a symbol of disgrace or infamy; "And the Lord set a mark upon Cain"--Genesis
demerit - a mark against a person for misconduct or failure; usually given in school or armed forces; "ten demerits and he loses his privileges"
bend sinister, bar sinister - a mark of bastardy; lines from top right to bottom left
cloven foot, cloven hoof - the mark of Satan
symbol - an arbitrary sign (written or printed) that has acquired a conventional significance
3.stigma - an external tracheal aperture in a terrestrial arthropod
spiracle - a breathing orifice
4.stigma - a skin lesion that is a diagnostic sign of some disease
blemish, mar, defect - a mark or flaw that spoils the appearance of something (especially on a person's body); "a facial blemish"

stigma

noun disgrace, shame, dishonour, mark, spot, brand, stain, slur, blot, reproach, imputation, smirch There is very little stigma attached to crime and criminals.

stigma

noun
1. A mark of discredit or disgrace:
Archaic: attaint.
Idiom: a blot on one's escutcheon.
2. A mark on the skin indicative of a disease, as typhus:
Translations

stigma

[ˈstɪgmə] N (stigmas or stigmata (pl)) [stɪgˈmɑːtə] (Rel) → estigma m; (= moral stain) → estigma m, tacha f, baldón m

stigma

[ˈstɪgmə] n
(= disgrace) → stigmate m
(BOTANY)stigmate m

stigma

n
pl <-s> (= mark of shame)Brandmal nt, → Stigma nt
pl <-ta> → Wundmal nt; (Rel) → Stigmatisierung f
pl <-s> (Bot) → Narbe f, → Stigma nt

stigma

[ˈstɪgmə] nstigma m

stig·ma

n. estigma, huella.
1. señal específica de una enfermedad;
2. marca o señal en el cuerpo.
References in classic literature ?
How the stigma stands out red as blood upon his blanched cheek!
The stigma gone, Hester heaved a long, deep sigh, in which the burden of shame and anguish departed from her spirit.
And I can understand how much it has cost you to remain under that unjust stigma to this time.
They could not even be certain, that a future nomination would present a candidate in any degree more acceptable to them; and as their dissent might cast a kind of stigma upon the individual rejected, and might have the appearance of a reflection upon the judgment of the chief magistrate, it is not likely that their sanction would often be refused, where there were not special and strong reasons for the refusal.
Yes, but it does not; I am rancorous -- the only stigma that proves me to be a churchman.
Some of these fables, to my shame be it spoken, might possibly be traced back to my own veracious self; and if any passages of the present tale should startle the reader's faith, I must be content to bear the stigma of a fiction monger.
This adventure threw a temporary stigma upon the game of "old sledge.
There have been evil disposed vegetables that have seen fit to reproach us with this sale as a stigma on our family history, but I have ever considered it myself as a circumstance of which one has no more reason to be ashamed than a D'Uzes has to blush for the robberies of a baron of the middle ages.
The name may, perhaps, have been given to denote the peculiar ferocity of this clan, and to convey a special stigma along with it.
There is but one danger--that this horrible stigma shall be left upon my cheek
I believe he owed his nickname entirely to the popular prejudice against a day-boy; and in view of the special reproach which the term carried in my time, as also of the fact that his father was one of the school trustees, partner in a banking firm of four resounding surnames, and manager of the local branch, there can be little doubt that the stigma was undeserved.
He questioned himself; he sought to divine who could have been that soul in torment which had not been willing to quit this world without leaving this stigma of crime or unhappiness upon the brow of the ancient church.