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tr.v. con·trolled, con·trol·ling, con·trols
1. To exercise authoritative or dominating influence over; direct: The majority party controls the legislative agenda. See Synonyms at conduct.
2. To adjust to a requirement; regulate: rules that control trading on the stock market; valves that control the flow of water.
3. To hold in restraint; check: struggled to control my temper.
4. To reduce or prevent the spread of: used a pesticide to control insects; controlled the fire by dousing it with water.
a. To verify or regulate (a scientific experiment) by conducting a parallel experiment or by comparing with another standard.
b. To verify (a financial account, for example) by using a duplicate register for comparison.
1. Authority or ability to manage or direct: lost control of the skidding car; the leaders in control of the country.
2. One that controls; a controlling agent, device, or organization.
a. An instrument.
b. controls A set of such instruments.
4. A restraining device, measure, or limit; a curb: a control on prices; price controls.
a. A standard of comparison for checking or verifying the results of a scientific experiment.
b. An individual or group used as a standard of comparison in a scientific experiment, as a group of subjects given an inactive substance in an experiment testing a new drug administered to another group of subjects.
6. An intelligence agent who supervises or instructs another agent.
7. A spirit presumed to speak or act through a medium.

[Middle English controllen, from Anglo-Norman contreroller, from Medieval Latin contrārotulāre, to check by duplicate register, from contrārotulus, duplicate register : Latin contrā-, contra- + Latin rotulus, roll, diminutive of rota, wheel; see ret- in Indo-European roots.]

con·trol′la·bil′i·ty n.
con·trol′la·ble adj.
con·trol′la·bly adv.


vb (tr) , -trols, -trolling or -trolled
1. to command, direct, or rule: to control a country.
2. to check, limit, curb, or regulate; restrain: to control one's emotions; to control a fire.
3. to regulate or operate (a machine)
4. to verify (a scientific experiment) by conducting a parallel experiment in which the variable being investigated is held constant or is compared with a standard
5. (Accounting & Book-keeping)
a. to regulate (financial affairs)
b. to examine and verify (financial accounts)
6. (Law) to restrict or regulate the authorized supply of (certain substances, such as drugs)
7. power to direct or determine: under control; out of control.
8. a means of regulation or restraint; curb; check: a frontier control.
9. (Automotive Engineering) (often plural) a device or mechanism for operating a car, aircraft, etc
10. a standard of comparison used in a statistical analysis or scientific experiment
11. (Mechanical Engineering)
a. a device that regulates the operation of a machine. A dynamic control is one that incorporates a governor so that it responds to the output of the machine it regulates
b. (as modifier): control panel; control room.
12. (Alternative Belief Systems) spiritualism an agency believed to assist the medium in a séance
13. (Philately) Also called: control mark a letter, or letter and number, printed on a sheet of postage stamps, indicating authenticity, date, and series of issue
14. (Motor Racing) one of a number of checkpoints on a car rally, orienteering course, etc, where competitors check in and their time, performance, etc, is recorded
15. (Athletics (Track & Field)) one of a number of checkpoints on a car rally, orienteering course, etc, where competitors check in and their time, performance, etc, is recorded
[C15: from Old French conteroller to regulate, from contrerolle duplicate register, system of checking, from contre- counter- + rolle roll]
conˈtrollable adj
conˌtrollaˈbility, conˈtrollableness n
conˈtrollably adv



v. -trolled, -trol•ling,
n. v.t.
1. to exercise restraint or direction over; dominate, regulate, or command.
2. to hold in check; curb: to control one's emotions.
3. to test or verify (a scientific experiment) by a parallel experiment or other standard of comparison.
4. to prevent the flourishing or spread of: to control a forest fire.
5. to exercise control.
6. the act or power of controlling; regulation; domination or command: Who's in control here?
7. check or restraint: My anger was under control.
8. a legal or official means of regulation or restraint: wage and price controls; gun control.
a. a standard of comparison in scientific experimentation.
b. a person or subject that serves in such a comparison.
10. a person who acts as a check; controller.
11. a device for regulating, guiding, or directing the operation of a machine, apparatus, or vehicle.
12. controls, a coordinated arrangement of such devices.
13. prevention of the flourishing of something undesirable: rodent control.
14. a spiritual agency believed to assist a medium at a séance.
[1425–75; late Middle English co(u)ntrollen (v.) < Anglo-French contreroller to keep a duplicate account or roll, derivative of contrerolle (n.)]
con•trol′la•ble, adj., n.
con•trol`la•bil′i•ty, n.
con•trol′la•bly, adv.
syn: See authority.


Something used as a standard of comparison in a scientific experiment. In an experiment to test the effectiveness of a new drug, for instance, the control is an inactive substance (such as a sugar pill) that is given to one group of people, so that their results can be compared with those of a group who actually took the drug. ♦ An experiment designed to test the effects of a single condition or factor on a system is called a control experiment. Only the condition being studied is allowed to vary, and all other conditions are kept constant.


1. Authority that may be less than full command exercised by a commander over part of the activities of subordinate or other organizations.
2. In mapping, charting, and photogrammetry, a collective term for a system of marks or objects on the Earth or on a map or a photograph, whose positions or elevations (or both) have been or will be determined.
3. Physical or psychological pressures exerted with the intent to assure that an agent or group will respond as directed.
4. An indicator governing the distribution and use of documents, information, or material. Such indicators are the subject of intelligence community agreement and are specifically defined in appropriate regulations. See also administrative control; operational control; tactical control.


  1. Abstinent as a reformed sinner —Anon
  2. Censorship is like an appendix. When it is inert it is useless; when active it is extremely dangerous —Maurice Edelman
  3. Censorship, like charity, should begin at home —Clare Booth Luce

    The combinations for this comparison are virtually limitless.


  4. Censure is like the lightning which strikes the highest mountains —Baltasar Gracian
  5. Censurious … as a superannuated sinner —William Wycherly
  6. Circumscribed like a dog chained to a tree —Beth Nugent
  7. (Always trying to) confine things into the shape of a phrase, like pouring water into a sewer —Vita Sackville-West
  8. (Ordered lives) contained like climbers huddled to a rock ledge —W. D. Snodgrass
  9. Feel like a dog on a short leash —Joanne Kates, New York Times/Hers, September 18, 1986
  10. He kept it [emotional feeling] rigidly at the back of his mind, like a fruit not ripe enough to eat —H. E. Bates
  11. He that has no rule over his own spirit is like a city without walls —The Holy Bible/Proverbs

    ’Hath’ has been modernized to ‘has.’

  12. Imprison like a stone girdle —Anon
  13. Irrepressible, like flame catching kindling —George Garrett
  14. I wear my chains [of sexual and social roles] like ornaments, convinced they make a charming jingle —Phyllis McGinley
  15. Manageable as chess pieces —George Meredith
  16. [My wife’s society] oppressed me like a spell —Edgar Allen Poe

    In another version of the tale Morelia, Poe kept the comparison but changed the frame of reference to the mystery of the wife’s manner instead of her company.

  17. Suffocating as the interior of a sepulchre —Anon
  18. The restriction is like saying to an avid reader he can’t see a book for nine months —Kent Hannon on ruling restricting basketball practice for players who don’t have C average, New York Times, July 21, 1986
  19. To be with her was like living in a room with shuttered windows —Edith Wharton
  20. Uncontrollable as a swift tide with a strong undertow —Anon
  21. Uncontrollable as the wind —Robert Traver




call the shots See call one’s shots, COMMUNICATION.

carry the ball To assume responsibility for the progress of an undertaking; to be in charge and bear the burden of success or failure. This metaphorical expression stems from the role of the ball carrier in American football.

corner the market To possess, have access to, or be in control of something which is in demand; from the financial practice of attempting to secure control over particular stocks or commodities. This U.S. expression, dating from the mid-19th century, was originally heard only in financial contexts; however it is now heard in noncommercial contexts as well. In financial terms, a “cornering” involves one party buying all of one kind of stock or commodity, thereby driving potential buyers and sellers into a corner because they have no option but to acquiesce to the price demands of those controlling the stock.

have the ball at one’s feet See ADVANTAGE.

have the world on a string See ELATION.

hold the fort To take charge, often to act as a temporary substitute; to remain at one’s post, to maintain or defend one’s position. This expression is attributed to General Sherman, who in 1864 is said to have signaled this message to General Corse. In modern use, fort can refer to a place or a philosophical position.

Elizabeth and her archbishops … had held the fort until their church had come … to have an ethos of its own. (A. L. Rowse, Tudor Cornwall, 1941)

hold the line To try to prevent a situation from becoming uncontrollable or unwieldy; to maintain the status quo. This Americanism probably comes from the game of football. It is frequently heard in an economic context, as in “to hold the line on taxes” or “to hold the line on prices.”

hold the purse strings To determine how much money shall be spent and how much saved; to regulate the expenditure of money. Purse strings refers literally to the strings at the mouth of a money pouch which can be tightened or loosened, thereby controlling the amount of money put in or taken out. By extension, this term also refers to the right to manage monies. To “hold the purse strings” is to be in charge of the finances.

the one who pays the piper calls the tune An adage implying that a person has control of a project or other matter by virtue of bearing its expenses. The figurative use of this expression is derived from its literal meaning, i.e., someone who pays a musician has the right to request a certain song.

Londoners had paid the piper, and should choose the tune. (Daily News, December 18, 1895)

See also pay the piper, CONSEQUENCES.

run a tight ship To maintain good order and firm discipline; to manage a project or organization so that its interdependent parts and personnel function smoothly together, with machinelike efficiency and precision. A literal tight ship is one which is both watertight and well-run, in that officers and crew carry out their respective roles with an absence of friction. Though to run a tight ship may have connotations of martinetlike strictness, it is usually used positively to compliment an efficient administrator.


Control can be a verb or a noun.

1. used as a verb

If someone controls something such as a country or an organization, they have the power to take all the important decisions about the way it is run.

The Australian government at that time controlled the island.
His family had controlled the company for more than a century.

When control is a verb, it is not followed by a preposition.

2. used as a noun

Control is also used as a noun to refer to the power that someone has in a country or organization. You say that someone has control of a country or organization, or control over it.

Mr Ronson gave up control of the company.
The first aim of his government would be to establish control over the area.
3. another meaning

Control is used as a noun to refer to a place where your documents and luggage are officially checked when you enter a foreign country.

I went through passport control into the departure lounge.

Don't use control as a verb to mean 'check' or 'inspect'. Don't say, for example, 'My luggage was controlled'. You say 'My luggage was checked' or 'My luggage was inspected'.

I had to wait while the baggage was being checked.
The guard took his ID card and inspected it.


Past participle: controlled
Gerund: controlling

I control
you control
he/she/it controls
we control
you control
they control
I controlled
you controlled
he/she/it controlled
we controlled
you controlled
they controlled
Present Continuous
I am controlling
you are controlling
he/she/it is controlling
we are controlling
you are controlling
they are controlling
Present Perfect
I have controlled
you have controlled
he/she/it has controlled
we have controlled
you have controlled
they have controlled
Past Continuous
I was controlling
you were controlling
he/she/it was controlling
we were controlling
you were controlling
they were controlling
Past Perfect
I had controlled
you had controlled
he/she/it had controlled
we had controlled
you had controlled
they had controlled
I will control
you will control
he/she/it will control
we will control
you will control
they will control
Future Perfect
I will have controlled
you will have controlled
he/she/it will have controlled
we will have controlled
you will have controlled
they will have controlled
Future Continuous
I will be controlling
you will be controlling
he/she/it will be controlling
we will be controlling
you will be controlling
they will be controlling
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been controlling
you have been controlling
he/she/it has been controlling
we have been controlling
you have been controlling
they have been controlling
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been controlling
you will have been controlling
he/she/it will have been controlling
we will have been controlling
you will have been controlling
they will have been controlling
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been controlling
you had been controlling
he/she/it had been controlling
we had been controlling
you had been controlling
they had been controlling
I would control
you would control
he/she/it would control
we would control
you would control
they would control
Past Conditional
I would have controlled
you would have controlled
he/she/it would have controlled
we would have controlled
you would have controlled
they would have controlled
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.control - power to direct or determinecontrol - power to direct or determine; "under control"
power, powerfulness - possession of controlling influence; "the deterrent power of nuclear weapons"; "the power of his love saved her"; "his powerfulness was concealed by a gentle facade"
authority, potency, authorization, authorisation, say-so, dominance - the power or right to give orders or make decisions; "he has the authority to issue warrants"; "deputies are given authorization to make arrests"; "a place of potency in the state"
corporatism - control of a state or organization by large interest groups; "individualism is in danger of being swamped by a kind of corporatism"
hold - power by which something or someone is affected or dominated; "he has a hold over them"
iron fist - rigorous or ruthless control; "she rules the office with an iron fist"; "it takes an iron fist to contain the dissenting factions"
rein - any means of control; "he took up the reins of government"
2.control - a relation of constraint of one entity (thing or person or group) by another; "measures for the control of disease"; "they instituted controls over drinking on campus"
relation - an abstraction belonging to or characteristic of two entities or parts together
3.control - (physiology) regulation or maintenance of a function or action or reflex etc; "the timing and control of his movements were unimpaired"; "he had lost control of his sphincters"
motor control - control of muscles
physiology - the branch of the biological sciences dealing with the functioning of organisms
bodily function, bodily process, body process, activity - an organic process that takes place in the body; "respiratory activity"
4.control - a standard against which other conditions can be compared in a scientific experiment; "the control condition was inappropriate for the conclusions he wished to draw"
experiment, experimentation - the act of conducting a controlled test or investigation
criterion, standard - the ideal in terms of which something can be judged; "they live by the standards of their community"
5.control - the activity of managing or exerting control over something; "the control of the mob by the police was admirable"
activity - any specific behavior; "they avoided all recreational activity"
repression - the act of repressing; control by holding down; "his goal was the repression of insolence"
crowd control - activity of controlling a crowd
damage control - an effort to minimize or curtail damage or loss
federalisation, federalization - the act of being put under federal control
flight control - control from ground stations of airplanes in flight by means of messages transmitted to the pilot electronically
flood control - (engineering) the art or technique of trying to control rivers with dams etc in order to minimize the occurrence of floods
imperialism - any instance of aggressive extension of authority
regulating, regulation - the act of controlling or directing according to rule; "fiscal regulations are in the hands of politicians"
internal control - an accounting procedure or system designed to promote efficiency or assure the implementation of a policy or safeguard assets or avoid fraud and error etc.
regularisation, regularization, regulation - the act of bringing to uniformity; making regular
possession, ownership - the act of having and controlling property
possession - (sport) the act of controlling the ball (or puck); "they took possession of the ball on their own goal line"
power trip - (slang) a self-aggrandizing action undertaken simply for the pleasure of exercising control over other people
riot control, riot control operation - the measures taken to control a riot
prehension, taking hold, grasping, seizing - the act of gripping something firmly with the hands (or the tentacles)
steerage, steering - the act of steering a ship
steering, guidance, direction - the act of setting and holding a course; "a new council was installed under the direction of the king"
self-control, self-denial, self-discipline - the act of denying yourself; controlling your impulses
traffic control - control of the flow of traffic in a building or a city
price-fixing - control (by agreement among producers or by government) of the price of a commodity in interstate commerce
restraint - the act of controlling by restraining someone or something; "the unlawful restraint of trade"
6.control - the state that exists when one person or group has power over anothercontrol - the state that exists when one person or group has power over another; "her apparent dominance of her husband was really her attempt to make him pay attention to her"
condition, status - a state at a particular time; "a condition (or state) of disrepair"; "the current status of the arms negotiations"
ascendant, ascendent - position or state of being dominant or in control; "that idea was in the ascendant"
supremacy, domination, mastery - power to dominate or defeat; "mastery of the seas"
predominance, predomination, prepotency - the state of being predominant over others
dominion, rule - dominance or power through legal authority; "France held undisputed dominion over vast areas of Africa"; "the rule of Caesar"
regulation - the state of being controlled or governed
absolutism, despotism, tyranny - dominance through threat of punishment and violence
monopoly - exclusive control or possession of something; "They have no monopoly on intelligence"
7.control - discipline in personal and social activities; "he was a model of polite restraint"; "she never lost control of herself"
discipline - the trait of being well behaved; "he insisted on discipline among the troops"
self-restraint, temperateness - exhibiting restraint imposed on the self; "an effective temperateness in debate"
temperance, moderation - the trait of avoiding excesses
inhibition - the quality of being inhibited
continence - voluntary control over urinary and fecal discharge
8.control - great skillfulness and knowledge of some subject or activitycontrol - great skillfulness and knowledge of some subject or activity; "a good command of French"
skillfulness - the state of being cognitively skillful
9.control - a mechanism that controls the operation of a machine; "the speed controller on his turntable was not working properly"; "I turned the controls over to her"
cruise control - control mechanism for keeping an automobile at a set speed
dial - the control on a radio or television set that is used for tuning
disk controller - (computer science) a circuit or chip that translates commands into a form that can control a hard disk drive
governor, regulator - a control that maintains a steady speed in a machine (as by controlling the supply of fuel)
handwheel - control consisting of a wheel whose rim serves as the handle by which a part is operated
joystick - a manual control consisting of a vertical handle that can move freely in two directions; used as an input device to computers or to devices controlled by computers
mechanism - device consisting of a piece of machinery; has moving parts that perform some function
regulator - any of various controls or devices for regulating or controlling fluid flow, pressure, temperature, etc.
electric switch, electrical switch, switch - control consisting of a mechanical or electrical or electronic device for making or breaking or changing the connections in a circuit
valve - control consisting of a mechanical device for controlling the flow of a fluid
10.control - a spiritual agency that is assumed to assist the medium during a seance
disembodied spirit, spirit - any incorporeal supernatural being that can become visible (or audible) to human beings
11.control - the economic policy of controlling or limiting or curbing prices or wages etc.; "they wanted to repeal all the legislation that imposed economic controls"
economic policy - a government policy for maintaining economic growth and tax revenues
price control - restriction on maximum prices that is established and maintained by the government (as during periods of war or inflation)
ceiling, roof, cap - an upper limit on what is allowed; "he put a ceiling on the number of women who worked for him"; "there was a roof on salaries"; "they established a cap for prices"
floor, base - a lower limit; "the government established a wage floor"
Verb1.control - exercise authoritative control or power over; "control the budget"; "Command the military forces"
preoccupy - engage or engross the interest or attention of beforehand or occupy urgently or obsessively; "His work preoccupies him"; "The matter preoccupies her completely--she cannot think of anything else"
channelise, channelize, guide, maneuver, steer, manoeuver, manoeuvre, point, head, direct - direct the course; determine the direction of travelling
steer - direct (oneself) somewhere; "Steer clear of him"
hold one's own - maintain one's position and be in control of a situation
handle, manage, care, deal - be in charge of, act on, or dispose of; "I can deal with this crew of workers"; "This blender can't handle nuts"; "She managed her parents' affairs after they got too old"
internationalise, internationalize - put under international control; "internationalize trade of certain drugs"
hold - take and maintain control over, often by violent means; "The dissatisfied students held the President's office for almost a week"
hold sway - be master; reign or rule
govern - direct or strongly influence the behavior of; "His belief in God governs his conduct"
regiment - subject to rigid discipline, order, and systematization; "regiment one's children"
monopolise, monopolize - have and control fully and exclusively; "He monopolizes the laser printer"
draw rein, rein, rein in, harness - control and direct with or as if by reins; "rein a horse"
corner - gain control over; "corner the gold market"
preside - act as president; "preside over companies and corporations"
dominate, master - have dominance or the power to defeat over; "Her pain completely mastered her"; "The methods can master the problems"
becharm, charm - control by magic spells, as by practicing witchcraft
rule, govern - exercise authority over; as of nations; "Who is governing the country now?"
call the shots, call the tune, wear the trousers - exercise authority or be in charge; "Who is calling the shots in this house?"
2.control - lessen the intensity ofcontrol - lessen the intensity of; temper; hold in restraint; hold or keep within limits; "moderate your alcohol intake"; "hold your tongue"; "hold your temper"; "control your anger"
confine, limit, throttle, trammel, restrain, restrict, bound - place limits on (extent or access); "restrict the use of this parking lot"; "limit the time you can spend with your friends"
conquer, inhibit, stamp down, suppress, subdue, curb - to put down by force or authority; "suppress a nascent uprising"; "stamp down on littering"; "conquer one's desires"
damp - restrain or discourage; "the sudden bad news damped the joyous atmosphere"
mortify, subdue, crucify - hold within limits and control; "subdue one's appetites"; "mortify the flesh"
abnegate, deny - deny oneself (something); restrain, especially from indulging in some pleasure; "She denied herself wine and spirits"
keep back, restrain, hold back, keep - keep under control; keep in check; "suppress a smile"; "Keep your temper"; "keep your cool"
restrict - place under restrictions; limit access to; "This substance is controlled"
train - cause to grow in a certain way by tying and pruning it; "train the vine"
catch - check oneself during an action; "She managed to catch herself before telling her boss what was on her mind"
bate - moderate or restrain; lessen the force of; "He bated his breath when talking about this affair"; "capable of bating his enthusiasm"
thermostat - control the temperature with a thermostat
countercheck, counteract - oppose or check by a counteraction
3.control - handle and cause to function; "do not operate machinery after imbibing alcohol"; "control the lever"
synchronise, synchronize - operate simultaneously; "The clocks synchronize"
master, control - have a firm understanding or knowledge of; be on top of; "Do you control these data?"
dial - operate a dial to select a telephone number; "You must take the receiver off the hook before you dial"
manipulate - hold something in one's hands and move it
turn - alter the functioning or setting of; "turn the dial to 10"; "turn the heat down"
submarine - control a submarine
treadle - operate (machinery) by a treadle
relay - control or operate by relay
gate - control with a valve or other device that functions like a gate
pedal - operate the pedals on a keyboard instrument
drive - operate or control a vehicle; "drive a car or bus"; "Can you drive this four-wheel truck?"
aviate, pilot, fly - operate an airplane; "The pilot flew to Cuba"
4.control - control (others or oneself) or influence skillfully, usually to one's advantage; "She manipulates her boss"; "She is a very controlling mother and doesn't let her children grow up"; "The teacher knew how to keep the class in line"; "she keeps in line"
tease - to arouse hope, desire, or curiosity without satisfying them; "The advertisement is intended to tease the customers"; "She has a way of teasing men with her flirtatious behavior"
handle - show and train; "The prize-winning poodle was handled by Mrs. Priscilla Prescott"
ingratiate - gain favor with somebody by deliberate efforts
interact - act together or towards others or with others; "He should interact more with his colleagues"
5.control - check or regulate (a scientific experiment) by conducting a parallel experiment or comparing with another standard; "Are you controlling for the temperature?"
science, scientific discipline - a particular branch of scientific knowledge; "the science of genetics"
insure, see to it, ensure, ascertain, check, assure, control, see - be careful or certain to do something; make certain of something; "He verified that the valves were closed"; "See that the curtains are closed"; "control the quality of the product"
test, try out, try, essay, examine, prove - put to the test, as for its quality, or give experimental use to; "This approach has been tried with good results"; "Test this recipe"
6.control - verify by using a duplicate register for comparison; "control an account"
archaicism, archaism - the use of an archaic expression
insure, see to it, ensure, ascertain, check, assure, control, see - be careful or certain to do something; make certain of something; "He verified that the valves were closed"; "See that the curtains are closed"; "control the quality of the product"
7.control - be careful or certain to do something; make certain of something; "He verified that the valves were closed"; "See that the curtains are closed"; "control the quality of the product"
proofread, proof - read for errors; "I should proofread my manuscripts"
check off, tick off, mark off, tick, check, mark - put a check mark on or near or next to; "Please check each name on the list"; "tick off the items"; "mark off the units"
control - verify by using a duplicate register for comparison; "control an account"
check - verify by consulting a source or authority; "check the spelling of this word"; "check your facts"
double-check - check once more to be absolutely sure
cross-check - check out conflicting sources; crosscheck facts, for example
cinch - make sure of
card - ask someone for identification to determine whether he or she is old enough to consume liquor; "I was carded when I tried to buy a beer!"
spot-check - pick out random samples for examination in order to ensure high quality
verify - confirm the truth of; "Please verify that the doors are closed"; "verify a claim"
ascertain, find out, learn, watch, determine, see, check - find out, learn, or determine with certainty, usually by making an inquiry or other effort; "I want to see whether she speaks French"; "See whether it works"; "find out if he speaks Russian"; "Check whether the train leaves on time"
cover - maintain a check on; especially by patrolling; "The second officer covered the top floor"
verify, control - check or regulate (a scientific experiment) by conducting a parallel experiment or comparing with another standard; "Are you controlling for the temperature?"
8.control - have a firm understanding or knowledge of; be on top of; "Do you control these data?"
know - know how to do or perform something; "She knows how to knit"; "Does your husband know how to cook?"
cinch - get a grip on; get mastery of
control, operate - handle and cause to function; "do not operate machinery after imbibing alcohol"; "control the lever"


1. power, government, rule, authority, management, direction, command, discipline, guidance, supervision, jurisdiction, supremacy, mastery, superintendence, charge The first aim of his government would be to establish control over the republic's territory.
2. restraint, check, regulation, brake, limitation, curb There are to be tighter controls on land speculation.
3. self-discipline, cool, calmness, self-restraint, restraint, coolness, self-mastery, self-command He had a terrible temper, and sometimes lost control completely.
4. switch, instrument, button, dial, lever, knob He adjusted the temperature control.
plural noun
1. instruments, dash, dials, console, dashboard, control panel He died of a heart attack while at the controls of the plane.
1. have power over, lead, rule, manage, boss (informal), direct, handle, conduct, dominate, command, pilot, govern, steer, administer, oversee, supervise, manipulate, call the shots, call the tune, reign over, keep a tight rein on, have charge of, superintend, have (someone) in your pocket, keep on a string He now controls the largest retail development empire in southern California. My husband tried to control me in every way.
2. limit, restrict, curb, delimit The government tried to control rising health-care costs.
3. restrain, limit, check, contain, master, curb, hold back, subdue, repress, constrain, bridle, rein in Try to control that temper of yours.
"Who controls the past controls the future: who controls the present controls the past" [George Orwell Nineteen Eighty-Four]
"Who can control his fate?" [William Shakespeare Othello]


1. To exercise authority or influence over:
Idioms: be at the helm, be in the driver's seat, hold sway over, hold the reins.
2. To bring one's emotions under control:
Idiom: cool it.
3. To keep the mechanical operation of (a device) within proper parameters:
1. The right and power to command, decide, rule, or judge:
Informal: say-so.
2. The act of exercising controlling power or the condition of being so controlled:
3. The continuous exercise of authority over a political unit:
4. The keeping of one's thoughts and emotions to oneself:
تَـحَكُّمتَحَكُّم، ضَبْطجِهاز تَحَكُّمسَيطَرَهنُقْطَة فَحْص وَمُراقَبَه
ovládatmocovládací zařízeníovládat seregulace
contrôlercommandecontrôlecontrôle d’un réacteurcommandement
hafa stjórn áhalda aftur afskoîunstjórnstjórna, stÿra, setja reglur um
dispečerinio valdymo centrasdispečerisgaliakontrolieriuskontroliuojamas
kontrolakontrolkasamokontrolaskontrolowaćgrupa kontrolna
riadiaca páka
denetimdenetlemekhâkim olmakkendine hâkim olmakontrol
kiểm soátsự kiểm soát


A. N
1. (= command) → control m (over sobre) troops regained control of the capitallas tropas recuperaron el control de la capital
he is giving up control of the companyva a ceder el control de la empresa
to gain control of [+ company, territory] → hacerse con el control de
they have no control over their pupilsno pueden controlar a sus alumnos
to be in control (of sth) who is in control?¿quién manda?
they are in complete control of the situationtienen la situación totalmente controlada or dominada
people feel more in control of their livesla gente se siente más dueña de su vida, la gente siente que tiene mayor control de su vida
his party has lost control of the Senatesu partido perdió el control del Senado
to take control of a companyhacerse con el control de una empresa
it was time to take control of her life againera hora de volver a tomar las riendas de su vida
under British controlbajo dominio or control británico
to be under private controlestar en manos de particulares
2. (= power to restrain) → control m
due to circumstances beyond our controldebido a circunstancias ajenas a nuestra voluntad
to lose control (of o.s.)perder el control or dominio de uno mismo
he lost control of the carperdió el control del coche
to be out of controlestar fuera de control
the children were getting out of controllos niños se estaban descontrolando
the car went out of controlel coche quedó fuera de control
everything is under controltodo está bajo control
I brought my temper under controldominé or controlé el genio
to bring or get a fire under controlconseguir dominar or controlar un incendio
to keep sth/sb under controlmantener algo/a algn bajo control
3. (= restraint) → restricción f
they want greater controls on arms salesquieren mayores restricciones en la venta de armamento
arms controlcontrol m de armamentos
birth controlcontrol m de la natalidad
price/wage controlreglamentación f or control m de precios/salarios
4. (Tech)
4.1. controlsmandos mpl
to be at the controlsestar a (cargo de) los mandos
to take over the controlshacerse cargo de los mandos
4.2. (= knob, switch) → botón m
volume controlbotón m del volumen
5. (in experiment) → testigo m
6. (= checkpoint) → control m
an agreement to abolish border controlsun acuerdo para eliminar los controles en las fronteras
passport controlcontrol m de pasaportes
7. (Sport) (= mastery) → dominio m
his ball control is very goodsu dominio del balón es muy buenodomina bien el balón
1. (= command) [+ country, territory, business, organization] → controlar
2. (= restrain) [+ crowd, child, animal, disease] → controlar; [+ fire, emotions, temper] → controlar, dominar
to control the spread of malariacontener la propagación de la malaria
to control o.scontrolarse, dominarse
control yourself!¡contrólese!, ¡domínese!
3. (= regulate) [+ activity, prices, wages, expenditure] → controlar, regular; [+ traffic] → dirigir
legislation to control immigrationlegislación para controlar or regular la inmigración
he was trying to control the conversationestaba intentando llevar las riendas de la conversación
4. (= operate) [+ machine, vehicle] → manejar, controlar; [+ horse] → controlar, dominar
C. CPD control column Npalanca f de mando
control freak N he's a total control freaktiene la manía de controlarlo todo
control group N (in experiment) → grupo m testigo
control key N (Comput) → tecla f de control
control knob N (Rad, TV) → botón m de mando
control panel Ntablero m de control
control room N (Mil, Naut) → sala f de mandos (Rad, TV) → sala f de control
control tower N (Aer) → torre f de control


[+ animal] → maîtriser; [+ child] → se faire obéir de
I couldn't control the horse → Je ne suis pas arrivé à maîtriser le cheval.
He can't control the class → Il n'arrive pas à se faire obéir de sa classe.
[+ emotions] → dominer
to control o.s. → se contrôler
[+ inflation] → maîtriser; [+ illness] → enrayer; [+ fire] → maîtriser
[+ company, newspaper] → être à la tête de, diriger
[+ equipment, system] → commander
n [organization, place] → contrôle f
to be in control [person] [situation] → être maître de la situation(maîtresse)
to be in control of sth [+ situation, car] → être maître de qch(maîtresse), maîtriser (= in charge of) → être responsable de qch
to take control of sth [+ situation] → se rendre maître de qch(maîtresse); [+ company] → acquérir une participation majoritaire dans qch
to gain control of o.s. → réussir à se maîtriser
to keep control [person, child] → se faire obéir
He can't keep control of the class → Il n'arrive pas à se faire obéir de sa classe.
to lose control → perdre le contrôle
He lost control of the car → Il a perdu le contrôle de son véhicule.
to be under control [crowd, situation] → être maîtrisé(e)
everything is under control → j'ai (or il a ) la situation en main
to be out of control [crowd, situation, fire] → être incontrôlable
The car went out of control
BUT J'ai (or il a ) perdu le contrôle du véhicule.
beyond our control → indépendant(e) de notre volonté
circumstances beyond our control → raisons indépendantes de notre volonté
due to circumstances beyond our control → en raison de circonstances indépendantes de notre volonté controls
[machine, vehicle] → commandes fpl
at the controls [car, plane] → aux commandes
(= restrictions) (on prices, wages, weapons)contrôle mcontrol freak (pejorative) n
He's a control freak → Il veut tout régenter.control group ngroupe m témoincontrol key n (COMPUTING)touche f de commande


no pl (= management, supervision)Aufsicht f (→ of über +acc); (of money, fortune)Verwaltung f (→ of +gen); (of situation, emotion, language)Beherrschung f (→ of +gen); (= self-control)(Selbst)beherrschung f; (= physical control)(Körper)beherrschung f (→ of +gen); (= authority, power)Gewalt f, → Macht f (→ over über +acc); (over territory) → Gewalt f (→ over über +acc); (= regulation, of prices, disease, inflation) → Kontrolle f (→ of +gen); (of traffic)Regelung f (→ of +gen); (of pollution)Einschränkung f (→ of +gen); his control of the ballseine Ballführung; to be in control of something, to have control of something (= be in charge of, business, office) → etw leiten, etw unter sich (dat)haben; moneyetw verwalten; to have control of somebodyjdn unter Kontrolle haben; childrenjdn beaufsichtigen; I’m in control hereich habe hier die Leitung; to be in control of something, to have something under control (= deal successfully with)etw in der Hand haben; class alsoetw unter Kontrolle haben; situation alsoHerr einer Sache (gen)sein, etw beherrschen; car, inflation, disease, pollutionetw unter Kontrolle haben; to be in control of oneselfsich in der Hand or in der Gewalt haben; to be in control of one’s emotionsHerr über seine Gefühle sein, Herr seiner Gefühle sein; to have some/no control over somebody/something (= have influence over)Einfluss/keinen Einfluss auf jdn/etw haben; over moneyKontrolle/keine Kontrolle über etw (acc)haben; she has no control over how the money is spent/what her children dosie hat keinen Einfluss darauf, wie das Geld ausgegeben wird/was ihre Kinder machen; to lose control (of something)etw nicht mehr in der Hand haben, (→ über etw acc) → die Gewalt or Herrschaft verlieren; of businessdie Kontrolle (→ über etw acc) → verlieren; of cardie Kontrolle or Herrschaft (→ über etw acc) → verlieren; to lose control of oneselfdie Beherrschung verlieren; to lose control of the situationnicht mehr Herr der Lage sein; to keep control (of oneself)sich unter Kontrolle halten; to be/get out of control (child, class)außer Rand und Band sein/geraten; (situation)außer Kontrolle sein/geraten; (car)nicht mehr zu halten sein; (inflation, prices, disease, pollution)sich jeglicher Kontrolle (dat)entziehen/nicht mehr zu halten or zu bremsen (inf)sein; (fire)nicht unter Kontrolle sein/außer Kontrolle geraten; the car spun out of controlder Wagen begann sich ganz unkontrollierbar zu drehen; under state controlunter staatlicher Kontrolle or Aufsicht; to bring or get something under controletw unter Kontrolle bringen; situationHerr einer Sache (gen)werden; caretw in seine Gewalt bringen; to be under controlunter Kontrolle sein; (children, class)sich benehmen; (car)(wieder) lenkbar sein; everything or the situation is under controlwir/sie etc haben die Sache im Griff (inf); the situation was beyond their controldie Sache war ihnen völlig aus der Hand geglitten, sie hatten die Sache nicht mehr in der Hand; he was beyond his parents’ controler war seinen Eltern über den Kopf gewachsen; circumstances beyond our controlnicht in unserer Hand liegende Umstände
(= check)Kontrolle f (→ on +gen, → über +acc); wage/price controlsLohn-/Preiskontrolle f
(= control room)die Zentrale; (Aviat) → der Kontrollturm
(= knob, switch)Regler m; (of vehicle, machine)Schalter m; to be at the controls (of spaceship, airliner)am Kontrollpult sitzen; (of small plane, car)die Steuerung haben; to take over the controlsdie Steuerung übernehmen
(Sci: = person) → Kontrollperson f; (= animal)Kontrolltier nt; (= group)Kontrollgruppe f
(Spiritualism) Geist einer Persönlichkeit, dessen Äußerungen das Medium wiedergibt
(Comput) → Steuerung f; control-F1Control-F1
(= direct, manage)kontrollieren; businessführen, leiten, unter sich (dat)haben; seabeherrschen; organizationin der Hand haben; animal, child, classfertig werden mit; carsteuern, lenken; trafficregeln; emotions, movementsbeherrschen, unter Kontrolle halten; hairbändigen; to control oneself/one’s tempersich beherrschen; control yourself!nimm dich zusammen!; please try to control your children/dogbitte sehen Sie zu, dass sich Ihre Kinder benehmen/sich Ihr Hund benimmt
(= regulate, check) prices, rents, growth etckontrollieren; temperature, speedregulieren; diseaseunter Kontrolle bringen; populationeindämmen, im Rahmen halten


control centre, (US) control center
control character
n (Comput) → Steuerzeichen nt
control column
nSteuersäule f (form), → Steuerknüppel m
control desk
nSteuer- or Schaltpult nt; (TV, Rad) → Regiepult nt
control experiment
nKontrollversuch m
control freak
n (inf) most men are total controlsdie meisten Männer müssen immer alles unter Kontrolle haben
control group
n (Med, Psych) → Kontrollgruppe f
control key
n (Comput) → Steuerungstaste f
control knob
n (on TV etc) → Kontrollknopf m


control lever
n (Mot, Tech) → Schalthebel m; (Aviat) → Steuerknüppel m
control light


control measures
plÜberwachungsmaßnahmen pl
control menu
n (Comput) → Systemmenü nt
control panel
nSchalttafel f, → Schaltblende f; (on aircraft, TV) → Bedienungsfeld nt; (on machine) → Steuer- or Bedienungs- or Betriebspult nt; (on car) → Armaturenbrett nt; (Comput) → Systemsteuerung f
control point
control rod
nRegelstab m
control room
nKontrollraum m; (Naut also) → Kommandoraum m; (Mil) → (Operations)zentrale f; (of police)Zentrale f
control stick
control tower
n (Aviat) → Kontrollturm m
control unit
n (Comput) → Steuereinheit f, → Steuerwerk nt


1. n
a. no pl (gen) → controllo; (of traffic) → regolamentazione f; (of pests) → eliminazione f
the control of cancer → la lotta contro il cancro
they have no control over their son → non hanno alcuna autorità sul figlio
to keep sth/sb under control → tenere qc/qn sotto controllo
to lose control of sth → perdere il controllo di qc
to lose control of o.s. → perdere il controllo di sé
to be in control of → tenere sotto controllo
to take control of → assumere il controllo di
to bring a fire under control → arginare or circoscrivere un incendio
everything is under control → tutto è sotto controllo
the car went out of control → la macchina non rispondeva più ai comandi
the class was quite out of control → la classe era in subbuglio
due to circumstances beyond our control → per circostanze fpl indipendenti dalla nostra volontà
who is in control? → chi è il responsabile?
b. (Tech, TV, Radio) → comando
to take over the controls → prendere i comandi
c. wage/price controls npl (restrictions) → limitazione f dei salari/prezzi
d. (in experiment) → gruppo di controllo
2. vt (check) → controllare; (traffic) → dirigere, regolare; (operation) → dirigere; (company) → avere controllo di; (crowd) → tenere sotto controllo; (disease, fire) → arginare, limitare; (emotions) → controllare, frenare, dominare
to control o.s. → controllarsi


(kənˈtrəul) noun
1. the right of directing or of giving orders; power or authority. She has control over all the decisions in that department; She has no control over that dog.
2. the act of holding back or restraining. control of prices; I know you're angry but you must not lose control (of yourself).
3. (often in plural) a lever, button etc which operates (a machine etc). The clutch and accelerator are foot controls in a car.
4. a point or place at which an inspection takes place. passport control.
verbpast tense, past participle conˈtrolled
1. to direct or guide; to have power or authority over. The captain controls the whole ship; Control your dog!
2. to hold back; to restrain (oneself or one's emotions etc). Control yourself!
3. to keep to a fixed standard. The government is controlling prices.
conˈtroller noun
a person or thing that controls. an air-traffic controller.
conˈtrol-tower noun
a building at an airport from which take-off and landing instructions are given.
in control (of)
in charge (of). She is very much in control (of the situation).
out of control
not under the authority or power of someone. The brakes failed and the car went out of control; Those children are completely out of control (= wild and disobedient).
under control
Keep your dog under control!; Everything's under control now.


تَـحَكُّم, يَتَحَكَّمُ في moc, ovládat kontrol, kontrollere Kontrolle, kontrollieren έλεγχος, ελέγχω control, controlar hallinta, hallita contrôle, contrôler kontrola, kontrolirati controllare, controllo 支配, 支配する 통제, 통제하다 beheersen, beheersing kontroll, kontrollere kontrola, skontrolować controlar, controle, controlo управление, управлять kontroll, reglage การควบคุมดูแล, ควบคุม denetim, denetlemek kiểm soát, sự kiểm soát 控制


n. control, regulación;
v. controlar, regular, dominar;
to ___ oneselfcontrolarse, dominarse.


n control m; birth — anticoncepción f; control de la natalidad; método anticonceptivo, anticonceptivo; Do you use birth control?..¿Usa Ud. algún método anticonceptivo?; — freak (fam) fanático -ca mf del control, persona que quiere controlar todo lo que hacen los demás; in — en control; out of — fuera de control; tight — (of blood sugars) control estricto (de la glucemia); under — bajo control; vt (pret & pp -trolled; ger -trolling) controlar
References in periodicals archive ?
Mcllvane and colleagues have argued that a considerable proportion of variability in test outcomes may be related to different controlling relations, or stimulus control topographies in their terminology, in baseline conditional discriminations.
Sensitive natural areas - hiking in natural environments work and hiking trails works contracts has good lot of stimulus control Works No.
CBT-I is a treatment package including a range of interventions such as stimulus control, sleep restriction, sleep hygiene, and of course the essential "cognitive restructuring" that makes any CBT what it truly is.
The treatment uses stimulus control techniques, sleep restriction methods, cognitive restructuring, mindfulness meditation, relaxation training, and educational materials describing effective sleep habits.
One is called stimulus control, which involves breaking the association between being in bed and activities like watching television or eating.
Treatments that are based on operant procedures and stimulus control are usually well defined, which makes this approach an attractive model for therapists seeking effective, efficient, and efficacious treatments for aphasia.
You have to place a lot of emphasis on portion control, stimulus control.
Stimulus control reinforces the bed-sleep connection.
The answer to the children's slower acquisition rates lie in the fine grain analysis of compound stimuli and whether each element exerts stimulus control (or not) over responding.
The 3D fly tracking system the researchers developed is significant because it will allow a rapid characterization of other fly behaviours with unprecedented levels of visual stimulus control.
What is most interesting is that research on the underlying mechanisms of 12-Step groups, or treatment in general, points to common, universal mechanisms of change such as sober social support, self-efficacy, stimulus control and maintenance of harm appraisals as more robust indicators of maintaining abstinence compared to the belief in a Higher Power or admitting one's powerlessness over substances.
Stimulus control may also influence the topography of mand selection.