strain


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Related to strain: strain gauge, Muscle strain

strain 1

 (strān)
v. strained, strain·ing, strains
v.tr.
1.
a. To pull, draw, or stretch tight: The heavy load strained the rope.
b. Physics To cause distortion of (a body's parts or shape) by applying an external force; deform.
2. To exert, use, or tax to the utmost: straining our ears to hear.
3. To injure or impair by overuse or overexertion; wrench: strain a muscle.
4. To damage or weaken by pressure or tension: winds that strained the mast.
5. To force beyond the proper or reasonable limit: an excuse that strains credulity.
6.
a. To pass (a liquid) through a filtering agent such as a strainer.
b. To draw off or remove by filtration: strained the pulp from the juice.
7. Archaic To embrace or clasp tightly; hug.
v.intr.
1.
a. To make strong or steady efforts; strive hard: straining to complete the coursework.
b. To contract or exert one's muscles to the utmost.
2. To pull or push forcibly or violently: The dog strained at its leash.
3. To be or become wrenched or twisted: the flagpole straining in the wind.
4. To be subjected to great stress: With such busy lives, the marriage can strain.
5. To pass through a filtering agent: The muddy water strains slowly.
n.
1.
a. The act of straining.
b. The state of being strained: the strain on the cable.
2.
a. Extreme or laborious effort, exertion, or work: moved the sofa with little strain.
b. A great or excessive demand or stress on one's body, mind, or resources: the strain of managing both a family and a career.
c. The state of being subjected to such demands or stresses: trying to work under great strain.
3. A wrench, twist, or other physical injury resulting from excessive tension, effort, or use.
4. Physics Any of several kinds of deformation of the dimensions of a body when subjected to stress, as axial strain or elastic strain.
5. An exceptional degree or pitch: a strain of zealous idealism.
Idiom:
strain at stool
To have difficulty defecating.

[Middle English streinen, from Old French estreindre, estrein-, to bind tightly, from Latin stringere; see streig- in Indo-European roots.]

strain 2

 (strān)
n.
1. Biology
a. A group of bacteria or viruses that are genetically distinct from other groups of the same species.
b. A group of cultivated plants or domestic animals of the same species that have distinctive characteristics but are not considered a separate breed or variety.
2.
a. The collective descendants of a common ancestor; a race, stock, line, or breed.
b. Any of the various lines of ancestry united in an individual or a family; ancestry or lineage.
3. A kind or sort: imaginings of a morbid strain.
4.
a. An inborn or inherited tendency or character: a strain of eccentricity in the family.
b. An inherent quality; a streak: "his upper-caste father, placid, inactive, with a strain of asceticism" (V.S. Naipaul).
5. The tone, tenor, or substance of a verbal utterance or of a particular action or behavior: spoke in a passionate strain.
6. often strains Music A passage of expression; a tune or an air: melodic strains of the violin.
7.
a. A passage of poetic and especially lyrical expression.
b. An outburst or a flow of eloquent or impassioned language.

[Middle English strene, from Old English strēon, something gained, progeny; see ster- in Indo-European roots.]

strain

(streɪn)
vb
1. to draw or be drawn taut; stretch tight
2. to exert, tax, or use (resources) to the utmost extent
3. to injure or damage or be injured or damaged by overexertion: he strained himself.
4. (Mechanical Engineering) to deform or be deformed as a result of a stress
5. (intr) to make intense or violent efforts; strive
6. (Psychology) to subject or be subjected to mental tension or stress
7. to pour or pass (a substance) or (of a substance) to be poured or passed through a sieve, filter, or strainer
8. (tr) to draw off or remove (one part of a substance or mixture from another) by or as if by filtering
9. (tr) to clasp tightly; hug
10. (tr) obsolete to force or constrain
11.
a. to push, pull, or work with violent exertion (upon)
b. to strive (for)
c. to balk or scruple (from)
n
12. the act or an instance of straining
13. the damage resulting from excessive exertion
14. an intense physical or mental effort
15. (Music, other) music (often plural) a theme, melody, or tune
16. a great demand on the emotions, resources, etc
17. (Psychology) a feeling of tension and tiredness resulting from overwork, worry, etc; stress
18. (Literary & Literary Critical Terms) a particular style or recurring theme in speech or writing
19. (General Physics) physics the change in dimension of a body under load expressed as the ratio of the total deflection or change in dimension to the original unloaded dimension. It may be a ratio of lengths, areas, or volumes
[C13: from Old French estreindre to press together, from Latin stringere to bind tightly]

strain

(streɪn)
n
1. (Heraldry) the main body of descendants from one ancestor
2. (Biology) a group of organisms within a species or variety, distinguished by one or more minor characteristics
3. (Biology) a variety of bacterium or fungus, esp one used for a culture
4. a streak; trace
5. archaic a kind, type, or sort
[Old English strēon; related to Old High German gistriuni gain, Latin struere to construct]

strain1

(streɪn)

v.t.
1. to draw tight; make taut: to strain a rope.
2. to exert to the utmost: to strain one's reach.
3. to injure (a muscle, tendon, etc.) by stretching or overexertion.
4. to cause mechanical deformation in by stress.
5. to stretch beyond the proper limit: to strain the meaning of a word.
6. to make excessive demands upon: to strain one's resources.
7. to cause to pass through a strainer.
8. to draw off by means of a strainer: to strain the water from spinach.
v.i.
9. to pull forcibly: a dog straining at a leash.
10. to make strenuous efforts; exert oneself.
11. to resist forcefully; balk.
12. to undergo strain.
13. to filter, percolate, or ooze.
n.
14. any force or pressure tending to alter shape, cause a fracture, etc.
15. strong muscular or physical effort.
16. great effort in pursuit of a goal.
17. an injury to a muscle, tendon, etc., due to excessive tension or use; sprain.
18. deformation of a solid body or structure in response to application of a force.
19. condition of being strained or stretched.
20. severe or fatiguing pressure: the strain of hard work.
[1250–1300; Middle English streinen (v.) < Old French estrein-, s. of estreindre to press tightly, grip < Latin stringere to bind, tie]

strain2

(streɪn)

n.
1. the body of descendants of a common ancestor, as a family or stock.
2. any of the different lines of ancestry united in a family or an individual.
3. an artificial variety of a species of domestic animal or cultivated plant.
4. a variety, esp. of microorganisms.
5. ancestry or descent.
6. hereditary or natural character, tendency, or trait: a strain of insanity in a family.
7. a streak or trace.
8. a kind or sort.
[before 950; Middle English strene, Old English gestrēon presumably, begetting, generation, c. Old Saxon, Old High German gistriuni]

strain3

(streɪn)
n.
1. a flow or burst of language, eloquence, etc.: the lofty strain of Cicero.
2. a melody; tune.
3. a passage or piece of poetry.
4. a pervading style; spirit: a humorous strain.
[1555–65; compare obsolete strain to play (an instrument), use (one's voice) in singing]

strain

(strān)
1. A group of organisms of the same species, sharing certain characteristics not typical of the entire species but minor enough not to warrant classification as a separate breed or variety: a drug-resistant strain of bacteria.
2. The extent to which a body is distorted when it is subjected to a deforming force, such as stress. The distortion can involve both a change in shape and in size. ♦ In elastic strain the distorted body returns to its original shape and size when the force is removed. ♦ In plastic strain the distorted body does not return to its original shape and size even after the force has been removed. Compare stress. See more at Hooke's law.

Strain

 a family of people or animals; a group of plants bred away from the original species.

strain


Past participle: strained
Gerund: straining

Imperative
strain
strain
Present
I strain
you strain
he/she/it strains
we strain
you strain
they strain
Preterite
I strained
you strained
he/she/it strained
we strained
you strained
they strained
Present Continuous
I am straining
you are straining
he/she/it is straining
we are straining
you are straining
they are straining
Present Perfect
I have strained
you have strained
he/she/it has strained
we have strained
you have strained
they have strained
Past Continuous
I was straining
you were straining
he/she/it was straining
we were straining
you were straining
they were straining
Past Perfect
I had strained
you had strained
he/she/it had strained
we had strained
you had strained
they had strained
Future
I will strain
you will strain
he/she/it will strain
we will strain
you will strain
they will strain
Future Perfect
I will have strained
you will have strained
he/she/it will have strained
we will have strained
you will have strained
they will have strained
Future Continuous
I will be straining
you will be straining
he/she/it will be straining
we will be straining
you will be straining
they will be straining
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been straining
you have been straining
he/she/it has been straining
we have been straining
you have been straining
they have been straining
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been straining
you will have been straining
he/she/it will have been straining
we will have been straining
you will have been straining
they will have been straining
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been straining
you had been straining
he/she/it had been straining
we had been straining
you had been straining
they had been straining
Conditional
I would strain
you would strain
he/she/it would strain
we would strain
you would strain
they would strain
Past Conditional
I would have strained
you would have strained
he/she/it would have strained
we would have strained
you would have strained
they would have strained

strain


click for a larger image
1. Deformation due to stress.
2. To separate solids from liquids using a sieve or muslin.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.strain - (physics) deformation of a physical body under the action of applied forcesstrain - (physics) deformation of a physical body under the action of applied forces
natural philosophy, physics - the science of matter and energy and their interactions; "his favorite subject was physics"
deformation - alteration in the shape or dimensions of an object as a result of the application of stress to it
overstrain - too much strain
2.strain - difficulty that causes worry or emotional tension; "she endured the stresses and strains of life"; "he presided over the economy during the period of the greatest stress and danger"- R.J.Samuelson
difficulty - a condition or state of affairs almost beyond one's ability to deal with and requiring great effort to bear or overcome; "grappling with financial difficulties"
3.strain - a succession of notes forming a distinctive sequencestrain - a succession of notes forming a distinctive sequence; "she was humming an air from Beethoven"
tucket, fanfare, flourish - (music) a short lively tune played on brass instruments; "he entered to a flourish of trumpets"; "her arrival was greeted with a rousing fanfare"
glissando - a rapid series of ascending or descending notes on the musical scale
roulade - (music) an elaborate run of several notes sung to one syllable
music - an artistic form of auditory communication incorporating instrumental or vocal tones in a structured and continuous manner
leitmotif, leitmotiv - a melodic phrase that accompanies the reappearance of a person or situation (as in Wagner's operas)
theme song - a melody that recurs and comes to represent a musical play or movie
signature tune, theme song, signature - a melody used to identify a performer or a dance band or radio/tv program
melodic theme, musical theme, theme, idea - (music) melodic subject of a musical composition; "the theme is announced in the first measures"; "the accompanist picked up the idea and elaborated it"
part, voice - the melody carried by a particular voice or instrument in polyphonic music; "he tried to sing the tenor part"
musical phrase, phrase - a short musical passage
4.strain - (psychology) nervousness resulting from mental stressstrain - (psychology) nervousness resulting from mental stress; "his responsibilities were a constant strain"; "the mental strain of staying alert hour after hour was too much for him"
psychological science, psychology - the science of mental life
nerves, nervousness - an uneasy psychological state; "he suffered an attack of nerves"
tension, stress, tenseness - (psychology) a state of mental or emotional strain or suspense; "he suffered from fatigue and emotional tension"; "stress is a vasoconstrictor"
5.strain - a special variety of domesticated animals within a species; "he experimented on a particular breed of white rats"; "he created a new strain of sheep"
animal group - a group of animals
variety - (biology) a taxonomic category consisting of members of a species that differ from others of the same species in minor but heritable characteristics; "varieties are frequently recognized in botany"
bloodstock - thoroughbred horses (collectively)
pedigree - line of descent of a purebred animal
species - (biology) taxonomic group whose members can interbreed
6.strain - (biology) a group of organisms within a species that differ in trivial ways from similar groups; "a new strain of microorganisms"
biological science, biology - the science that studies living organisms
taxon, taxonomic category, taxonomic group - animal or plant group having natural relations
species - (biology) taxonomic group whose members can interbreed
7.strain - injury to a muscle (often caused by overuse); results in swelling and pain
harm, hurt, injury, trauma - any physical damage to the body caused by violence or accident or fracture etc.
8.strain - the general meaning or substance of an utterance; "although I disagreed with him I could follow the tenor of his argument"
meaning, substance - the idea that is intended; "What is the meaning of this proverb?"
purport, drift - the pervading meaning or tenor; "caught the general drift of the conversation"
9.strain - an effortful attempt to attain a goalstrain - an effortful attempt to attain a goal
attempt, effort, try, endeavor, endeavour - earnest and conscientious activity intended to do or accomplish something; "made an effort to cover all the reading material"; "wished him luck in his endeavor"; "she gave it a good try"
jehad, jihad - a holy struggle or striving by a Muslim for a moral or spiritual or political goal
10.strain - an intense or violent exertionstrain - an intense or violent exertion  
elbow grease, exertion, effort, travail, sweat - use of physical or mental energy; hard work; "he got an A for effort"; "they managed only with great exertion"
11.strain - the act of singing; "with a shout and a song they marched up to the gates"
vocal music - music that is vocalized (as contrasted with instrumental music)
carol - a joyful song (usually celebrating the birth of Christ)
cradlesong, lullaby - the act of singing a quiet song to lull a child to sleep
Verb1.strain - to exert much effort or energy; "straining our ears to hear"
extend oneself - strain to the utmost
kill oneself, overexert oneself - strain oneself more than is healthy
labor, labour, tug, push, drive - strive and make an effort to reach a goal; "She tugged for years to make a decent living"; "We have to push a little to make the deadline!"; "She is driving away at her doctoral thesis"
bother, inconvenience oneself, trouble oneself, trouble - take the trouble to do something; concern oneself; "He did not trouble to call his mother on her birthday"; "Don't bother, please"
2.strain - test the limits ofstrain - test the limits of; "You are trying my patience!"
afflict - cause great unhappiness for; distress; "she was afflicted by the death of her parents"
rack - stretch to the limits; "rack one's brains"
3.strain - use to the utmost; exert vigorously or to full capacity; "He really extended himself when he climbed Kilimanjaro"; "Don't strain your mind too much"
apply, employ, use, utilise, utilize - put into service; make work or employ for a particular purpose or for its inherent or natural purpose; "use your head!"; "we only use Spanish at home"; "I can't use this tool"; "Apply a magnetic field here"; "This thinking was applied to many projects"; "How do you utilize this tool?"; "I apply this rule to get good results"; "use the plastic bags to store the food"; "He doesn't know how to use a computer"
overextend, overstrain - strain excessively; "He overextended himself when he accepted the additional assignment"
task, tax - use to the limit; "you are taxing my patience"
4.strain - separate by passing through a sieve or other straining device to separate out coarser elements; "sift the flour"
separate - divide into components or constituents; "Separate the wheat from the chaff"
rice - sieve so that it becomes the consistency of rice; "rice the potatoes"
resift - sift anew
riddle, screen - separate with a riddle, as grain from chaff
winnow, fan - separate the chaff from by using air currents; "She stood there winnowing chaff all day in the field"
5.strain - cause to be tense and uneasy or nervous or anxious; "he got a phone call from his lawyer that tensed him up"
affect - act physically on; have an effect upon; "the medicine affects my heart rate"
stretch, extend - extend one's limbs or muscles, or the entire body; "Stretch your legs!"; "Extend your right arm above your head"
make relaxed, unlax, unstrain, unwind, relax, loosen up - cause to feel relaxed; "A hot bath always relaxes me"
6.strain - become stretched or tense or taut; "the bodybuilder's neck muscles tensed;" "the rope strained when the weight was attached"
tighten - become tight or tighter; "The rope tightened"
7.strain - remove by passing through a filter; "filter out the impurities"
separate - divide into components or constituents; "Separate the wheat from the chaff"
8.strain - rub through a strainer or process in an electric blender; "puree the vegetables for the baby"
cookery, cooking, preparation - the act of preparing something (as food) by the application of heat; "cooking can be a great art"; "people are needed who have experience in cookery"; "he left the preparation of meals to his wife"
rub - move over something with pressure; "rub my hands"; "rub oil into her skin"
9.strain - alter the shape of (something) by stress; "His body was deformed by leprosy"
shape, form - give shape or form to; "shape the dough"; "form the young child's character"
jaundice - distort adversely; "Jealousy had jaundiced his judgment"

strain

1
noun
1. pressure, stress, difficulty, demands, burden, adversity The prison service is already under considerable strain.
2. stress, pressure, anxiety, difficulty, distress, exhaustion, weariness, nervous tension She was tired and under great strain.
3. worry, effort, struggle, tension, hassle the strain of being responsible for the mortgage
worry ease, relaxation, effortlessness, lack of tension
4. burden, tension, tightness, tautness Place your hands under your buttocks to take some of the strain off your back.
5. injury, wrench, sprain, pull, tension, tautness, tensity (rare) a groin strain
6. tune, air, melody, measure (poetic), lay, song, theme She could hear the tinny strains of a chamber orchestra.
verb
1. stretch, test, tax, overtax, push to the limit Resources will be further strained by new demands for housing.
2. injure, wrench, sprain, damage, pull, tear, hurt, twist, rick, impair, overexert He strained his back during a practice session.
3. strive, struggle, endeavour, labour, go for it (informal), bend over backwards (informal), go for broke (slang), go all out for (informal), bust a gut (informal), give it your best shot (informal), make an all-out effort (informal), knock yourself out (informal), do your damnedest (informal), give it your all (informal), break your back or neck (informal), rupture yourself (informal) Several thousand supporters strained to catch a glimpse of the new president.
strive rest, relax, idle, take it easy, slacken
4. sieve, filter, sift, screen, separate, riddle, purify Strain the stock and put it back in the pan.

strain

2
noun
1. trace, suggestion, suspicion, tendency, streak, trait There was a strain of bitterness in his voice.
2. breed, type, stock, family, race, blood, descent, pedigree, extraction, ancestry, lineage a particularly beautiful strain of Swiss pansies

strain 1

verb
To exert one's mental or physical powers, usually under difficulty and to the point of exhaustion:
noun
1. The use of energy to do something:
Informal: elbow grease.
2. The act, condition, or effect of exerting force on someone or something:

strain 2

noun
1. An intermixture of a contrasting or unexpected quality, especially in a person's character:
2. A pleasing succession of musical tones forming a usually brief aesthetic unit:
Obsolete: note.
Translations
إجْهاد، إرْهاقأنْغامجُهْدرَضُّ العَضَلَهسُلالَه، نَوْع
přepínatvypětízatíženýceditcloumat
belastningfiltrereforstrækkeforstrækningislæt
kiristäärasittaarasitussiivilöidä
napornaprezati se
afbrigîi, kynbættur stofnálagganga fram afhneigî, tilhneigingleggja sig allan fram, streitast viî
極度の緊張緊張させる
긴장시키다부담
ciltsfiltrētizkāstmelodijanoslieksme
dispozícianamáhaťnaťahovaťplemenopresilenie
obremenitevprecediti
anstränga sigpåfrestning
ความตึงเครียดทำงานหนักเกินไป
làm căng thẳngsự căng thẳng

strain

1 [streɪn]
A. N
1. (= physical pressure) (on rope, cable) → tensión f; (on beam, bridge, structure) → presión f
the strain on a ropela tensión de una cuerda
this puts a strain on the cableesto tensa el cable
that puts a great strain on the beamesto pone mucha presión sobre la viga
to take the strain (lit) → aguantar el peso
to take the strain off [+ rope, cable] → disminuir la tensión de; [+ beam, bridge, structure] → disminuir la presión sobre
to break under the strain [rope, cable] → romperse debido a la tensión
to collapse under the strain [bridge, ceiling] → venirse abajo debido a la presión
2. (fig) (= burden) → carga f; (= pressure) → presión f; (= stress) → tensión f
I found it a strain being totally responsible for the childme suponía una carga llevar toda la responsabilidad del niño yo solo
it was a strain on the economy/his pursesuponía una carga para la economía/su bolsillo
the strains on the economylas presiones sobre la economía
the strains of modern lifelas tensiones de la vida moderna
mental straincansancio m mental
to put a strain on [+ resources] → suponer una carga para; [+ system] → forzar al límite; [+ relationship] → crear tirantez or tensiones en
it put a great strain on their friendshipcreó mucha tirantez en su amistad
his illness has put a terrible strain on the familysu enfermedad ha creado mucha tensión or estrés para la familia
he has been under a great deal of strainha estado sometido a mucha presión
see also stress
3. (= effort) → esfuerzo m
the strain of climbing the stairsel esfuerzo de subir las escaleras
4. (Physiol)
4.1. (= injury) (from pull) → esguince m; (involving twist) → esguince m, torcedura f
back straintorcedura de espalda
muscle strainesguince muscular
4.2. (= wear) (on eyes, heart) → esfuerzo m
he knew tennis put a strain on his heartsabía que el tenis le sometía el corazón a un esfuerzo or le forzaba el corazón
see also eyestrain, repetitive
5. strains (liter) (= sound) → compases mpl
we could hear the gentle strains of a Haydn quartetoíamos los suaves compases de un cuarteto de Haydn
the bride came in to the strains of the wedding marchla novia entró al son or a los compases de la marcha nupcial
B. VT
1. (= stretch) (beyond reasonable limits) [+ system] → forzar al límite; [+ friendship, relationship, marriage] → crear tensiones en, crear tirantez en; [+ resources, budget] → suponer una carga para; [+ patience] → poner a prueba
the demands of the welfare state are straining public finances to the limitlas exigencias del estado de bienestar están resultando una carga excesiva para las arcas públicas
to strain relations with sbtensar las relaciones con algn
2. (= damage, tire) [+ back] → dañar(se), hacerse daño en; [+ eyes] → cansar
to strain a musclehacerse un esguince
to strain o.s.: you shouldn't strain yourselfno deberías hacer mucha fuerza
he strained himself lifting somethingse hizo daño levantando algo
don't strain yourself! (iro) → ¡no te vayas a quebrar or herniar!
3. (= make an effort with) [+ voice, eyes] → forzar
to strain one's ears to hear sthaguzar el oído para oír algo
to strain every nerve or sinew to do sthesforzarse mucho por hacer algo, hacer grandes esfuerzos por hacer algo
4. (= filter) (Chem) → filtrar (Culin) [+ gravy, soup, custard] → colar; [+ vegetables] → escurrir
to strain sth into a bowlcolar algo en un cuenco
strain the mixture through a sievepase la mezcla por un tamiz
C. VI (= make an effort) to strain to do sthesforzarse por hacer algo
he strained to hear what she was sayingse esforzaba por oír lo que decía
he strained against the bonds that held him (liter) → hacía esfuerzos para soltarse de las cadenas que lo retenían
to strain at sthtirar de algo
to strain at the leash [dog] → tirar de la correa (fig) → saltar de impaciencia
to strain under a weightir agobiado por un peso
strain off
A. VT + ADV [+ liquid] → escurrir
B. VT + PREP to strain the water off sthescurrir el agua a algo

strain

2 [streɪn] N
1. (= breed) (of animal) → raza f; (of plant) → variedad f; (of virus) → tipo m
every year new strains of flu developcada año aparecen nuevos tipos de gripe
2. (= streak, element) → vena f
there is a strain of madness in the familytienen vena de locos en la familia
there is a strain of cynicism in her writinghay cierta vena de cinismo en sus escritos

strain

[ˈstreɪn]
n
(= pressure) (on person, relationship, organization, finances, system)pression f
to put a strain on sb → mettre les nerfs de qn à rude épreuve
to put a strain on sth [+ relationship, organization, system] → mettre qch à rude épreuve, peser sur qch
This policy puts a greater strain on the economic system than it can bear → Cette politique met le système économique à trop rude épreuve.; [+ economy, finances] → grever qch
to put considerable strain on sth → peser d'un poids considérable sur qch
to be under strain [person] → être sous pression
He's been under a lot of strain → Il a été soumis à une pression importante.
to be a strain → être éprouvant(e)
It was a strain → C'était éprouvant.
(= anxiety) → tension f (nerveuse)
to suffer from strain → être stressé(e)
(on structure, bridge)tension f, pression f
(MEDICINE) (= injury) → entorse f
(= aspect, tendency) (in person)tendance f; (in thing)élément m
(= type) [plant, animal] → variété f; [virus] → souche f strains
npl (of music)accents mpl
vt
(= stretch) [+ rope] → tendre
to strain one's ears → tendre l'oreille
(= injure) to strain a muscle → se froisser un muscle
I strained my back → je me suis fait mal au dos
to strain one's eyes (= tire) → se fatiguer les yeux
(= put pressure on) [+ system, resources, relations] → peser sur, mettre à l'épreuve
(so as to remove solids)passer au chinois (= drain) → égoutter
vi (= make great effort) → peiner
to strain to hear sth → s'efforcer d'entendre qch
to strain to see sth → s'efforcer de voir qch
to strain at the leash [dog] → tirer sur sa laisse

strain

1
n
(Mech) → Belastung f, → Beanspruchung f; (on rope, arch) → Spannung f, → Belastung f; (on beams, floor) → Druck m; the strain on a ropedie Seilspannung; can you take some of the strain?können Sie mal mit festhalten/mit ziehen?; to put a (great) strain on somethingetw (stark) belasten; to show signs of strainZeichen plvon Überlastung or Überbeanspruchung zeigen; to take the strain off somethingetw entlasten
(fig, mental, economic etc) → Belastung f(on für); (= effort)Anstrengung f; (= pressure, of job etc also) → Beanspruchung f(of durch); (of responsibility)Last f; to be under a lot of straingroßen Belastungen ausgesetzt sein; to suffer from (nervous) strain(nervlich) überlastet sein, im Stress sein; I find her/it a bit of a strainich finde sie/das ziemlich anstrengend; to put a (great) strain on somebody/somethingjdn/etw stark belasten; to put too great a strain on somebody/somethingjdn/etw überlasten; to show signs of strainZeichen plvon Überlastung or Überanstrengung zeigen; to take the strain off somebody/somethingjdn/etw entlasten; the strain of six hours at the wheeldie Anstrengung, sechs Stunden am Steuer zu sitzen
(= muscle-strain)(Muskel)zerrung f; (on eyes, heart etc) → Überanstrengung f (→ on +gen); back strainüberanstrengter Rücken
strains pl (of instrument, tune)Klänge pl; to the strains ofzu den Klängen (+gen)
vt
(= stretch)spannen
(= put strain on) rope, beams, relationship, faith, budgetbelasten; nerves, patience, resourcesstrapazieren; (= put too much strain on)überlasten; meaning, worddehnen; it strains my nervesdas zerrt an meinen Nerven; to strain one’s ears/eyes to …angestrengt lauschen/gucken, um zu …; to strain every nervejeden Nerv anspannen; to strain oneselfsich anstrengen; (excessively) → sich überanstrengen; don’t strain yourself! (iro inf)überanstrenge dich bloß nicht!, reiß dir bloß kein Bein aus! (inf)
(Med) musclezerren; ankle, arm, neckverrenken; back, eyes, voiceanstrengen, strapazieren; (excessively) → überanstrengen; heartbelasten; (excessively) → überlasten
(= filter)(durch)sieben, (durch)seihen; (= pour water off) vegetablesabgießen; to strain off waterWasser abgießen; to strain out solidsfeste Stoffe aussieben
vi (= exert effort)sich anstrengen, sich abmühen; (= pull)zerren, ziehen; (fig: = strive) → sich bemühen, streben; to strain to do somethingsich anstrengen or abmühen, etw zu tun; to strain at somethingsich mit etw abmühen; (= pull)an etw (dat)zerren or ziehen; to strain at the leash (dog)an der Leine zerren; (fig)aufmucken, aufmüpfig werden (inf); to strain after somethingnach etw streben, sich um etw bemühen; to strain against somebodysich an jdn drücken; to strain against somethingsich gegen etw stemmen; to strain at a gnat and swallow a camel (prov) → Mücken seihen und Kamele verschlucken

strain

2
n
(= streak)Hang m, → Zug m; (hereditary) → Veranlagung f; a strain of madnesseine Veranlagung zum Wahnsinn
(= style)Anflug m; there is a humorous strain in his writingseine Schriften haben einen humorvollen Anflug or Zug
(= breed, of animal) → Rasse f; (of plants)Sorte f; (of virus etc)Art f

strain

1 [streɪn]
1. n
a. (Tech) (on rope) → tensione f; (on beam) → sollecitazione f; (on person, physical) → sforzo; (mental) → tensione f; (tiredness) → fatica
to take the strain off sth → ridurre la tensione di (or la sollecitazione su) qc
the bridge is showing signs of strain → il ponte mostra segni di deformazione
the rope broke under the strain → la corda si è spezzata a causa della tensione
she's under a lot of strain → è molto tesa, è sotto pressione
I can't stand the strain → non resisto, non ce la faccio più
the strains of modern life → il logorio della vita moderna
to put a great strain on (marriage, friendship) → mettere a dura prova (person, savings, budget) → pesare molto su
b. (Med) (sprain) → strappo
c. to the strains of (Mus) → sulle note di
he continued in that strain (fig) → e continuò su questo tono
2. vt
a. (stretch) → tendere, tirare
b. (put strain on) → sottoporre a sforzo (fig) (relationship, marriage) → mettere a dura prova; (resources) → gravare su; (meaning) → forzare (Med) (back, muscle, ligament) → farsi uno stiramento a; (eyes, heart) → affaticare
don't strain yourself! (also) (iro) → non affaticarti troppo!
to strain the truth → deformare la verità
to strain every nerve to do sth → fare ogni sforzo per fare qc
to strain one's voice → sforzare la voce
to strain one's ears → aguzzare le orecchie
to strain (one's eyes) to see sth → aguzzare la vista per vedere qc
c. (soup) → passare; (tea) → filtrare; (vegetables, pasta) → scolare
3. vi to strain at sth (push/pull) → spingere/tirare qc con tutte le forze
to strain against (ropes, bars) → far forza contro
strain off vt + adv (liquid) → togliere

strain

2 [streɪn] n (breed) → razza; (lineage) → stirpe f; (of virus) → tipo; (streak, trace) → tendenza

strain1

(strein) verb
1. to exert oneself or a part of the body to the greatest possible extent. They strained at the door, trying to pull it open; He strained to reach the rope.
2. to injure (a muscle etc) through too much use, exertion etc. He has strained a muscle in his leg; You'll strain your eyes by reading in such a poor light.
3. to force or stretch (too far). The constant interruptions were straining his patience.
4. to put (eg a mixture) through a sieve etc in order to separate solid matter from liquid. She strained the coffee.
noun
1. force exerted; Can nylon ropes take more strain than the old kind of rope?.
2. (something, eg too much work etc, that causes) a state of anxiety and fatigue. The strain of nursing her dying husband was too much for her; to suffer from strain.
3. (an) injury especially to a muscle caused by too much exertion. muscular strain.
4. too great a demand. These constant delays are a strain on our patience.
strained adjective
(of a person's manner, behaviour etc) not natural, easy or relaxed. a strained smile.
ˈstrainer noun
a sieve or other utensil for separating solids from liquids. a coffee-/tea-strainer.
strain off
to remove (liquid) from eg vegetables by using a sieve etc. When the potatoes were cooked, she strained off the water.

strain2

(strein) noun
1. a kind or breed (of animals, plants etc). a new strain of cattle.
2. a tendency in a person's character. I'm sure there's a strain of madness in her.
3. (often in plural) (the sound of) a tune. I heard the strains of a hymn coming from the church.

strain

جُهْد, يُجْهِدُ nápor, přepínat belastning, lægge pres på belasten, Belastung ένταση, καταπονώ tensar, tensión rasittaa, rasitus effort, s’efforcer napor, naprezati se sforzare, tensione 極度の緊張, 緊張させる 긴장시키다, 부담 belasten, spanning belaste, belastning napiąć, napięcie pressionar, tensão растягивать, растяжение anstränga sig, påfrestning ความตึงเครียด, ทำงานหนักเกินไป stres, strese sokmak làm căng thẳng, sự căng thẳng 使超过负荷, 负担

strain

n. esfuerzo, torcedura. V.: sprain; [inherited trait] rasgo, cepa;
vt. forzar;
to ___ a muscletorcer un músculo; [filter] colar, pasar; esforzarse demasiado;
to ___ the eyesforzar la vista.

strain

n (stress) estrés m, presión f; (of bacteria, etc.) cepa; (muscle, tendon) distensión f (muscular), tirón m (muscular), desgarro parcial de un músculo o tendón debido a uso excesivo o incorrecto; vt (a muscle or tendon) sufrir una distensión (muscular), sufrir un tirón (muscular), lastimar por uso excesivo o incorrecto (un músculo o un tendón); (one's eyes, one's voice) forzar (la vista, la voz); (urine for stones) colar (la orina para piedras); vi es-forzarse, hacer un gran esfuerzo; (at stool) pujar (para defecar)
References in classic literature ?
After pacing to and fro in much agitation, he struck his forehead, and burst out in a wild strain, singing of his hatred to Roderigo, his love for Zara, and his pleasing resolution to kill the one and win the other.
She went on in this strain until I began to think that I had longed for this opportunity, and had hailed it with joy.
A strain of melancholy, however, blended with his triumph, rendering his voice, as usual, soft and musical.
She possessed the gift of song, and that, too, so naturally, that you would as little think of inquiring whence she had caught it, or what master had taught her, as of asking the same questions about a bird, in whose small strain of music we recognize the voice of the Creator as distinctly as in the loudest accents of his thunder.
At times this deep strain of pathos was all that could be heard, and scarcely heard sighing amid a desolate silence.
That, for myself, was a sound simplification: I could engage that, to the world, my face should tell no tales, but it would have been, in the conditions, an immense added strain to find myself anxious about hers.
The prodigious strain upon the main-sail had parted the weather-sheet, and the tremendous boom was now flying from side to side, completely sweeping the entire after part of the deck.
For a few minutes the struggle was intensely critical; for while they still slacked out the tightened line in one direction, and still plied their oars in another, the contending strain threatened to take them under.
In addition to all their physical hardships, there was thus a constant strain upon their minds; they were harried all day and nearly all night by worry and fear.
When the boat, creaking, and groaning, and puffing, had loosed from the wharf, and was beginning slowly to strain herself along, the woman returned to her old seat.
There are some intervals which border the strain of the wood thrush, to which I would migrate--wild lands where no settler has squatted; to which, methinks, I am already acclimated.
I then begged him to go and suggest a distance, for my mind was growing weak and confused under the strain which had been put upon it.